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Part I. Annual report of the Librarian 5 

Appendix I. Appropriations and expenditures 

(tables) 51 

II. Annual report of the Register of 

Copyrights 52 

III. Joint resolution to regulate the 

distribution of public docu- 
ments to the Library- of Con- 
gress : . . . 67 

IV. Distribution of catalogue cards. — 

Circular 69 

V. Select list of recent piu-chases. . . 75 

\'I. List of manuscript accessions . . . 151 
VII. List of newspapers currently on 

file in the Library- of Congress. 157 

P.^RT II. (Manual): — Constitution, organization, methods 177 

Staff 179 

Prefatory note 181 

Historical sketch ' 183 

Constitution 198-208 

Organization 209-291 

General administration 210 

Mail and supply 211 

Order Dinsion 212 

Printing office and bindery 221 

Catalogue Division 224 

Di\-ision of Bibliography 241 

Main Reading Room and dependencies 243 

Di\nsion of Periodicals 24S 

Di\-ision of Documents 253 

Division of Manuscripts 261 

Division of ^laps and Charts 263 

Division of Music 266 

Division of Prints 268 

Smithsonian Di\-ision 270 

Law Library' 276 

Copyright Office 278 

The present collections 292 

Libran,- building and grounds 352 

Appendix I. Appropriation act, 1901-1902 35S 

II. List of Publications of the Library 

of Congress 362 

III. List of present depositories (inter- 

national exchanges) 368 

IV. Appointment application blanks . 370 




The Library of Congress. Exterior view Frontispiece. 

Facing page. 

The Main Reading Room 178 

Library of Congress — Plan of the cellar 180 

Library of Congress — Plan of the basement. , 180 

Library of Congress — Plan of the first or main floor 180 

Library of Congress — Plan of the second floor 180 

Librarj- of Congress— Plan of the attic 180 

Order Division 212 

Branch Government Printing Office 221 

Bindery, branch of Government Printing Office 221 

Portion of the Catalogue Division 224 

Division of Bibliography 240 

Exterior of the north book stack 244 

A floor of the north book stack 244 

Senators' Reading Room ( north end) 246 

Representatives' Reading Room (south end) 246 

Reading Room for the Blind 246 

Current Newspaper and Periodical Reading Room 248 

Division of Documents 252 

Division of Manuscripts 260 

Portion of the Division of Maps and Charts 262 

Portion of the Music Division 266 

Portion of the Division of Prints 268 

Division of Prints, Exhibition hall, 2d floor, room Q 4 270 

Division of Prints, Exhibition hall, 2d floor, S 4 270 

The Law Library', basement of the Capitol 276 

Copyright Office 278 

Dynamo Engine Room 352 

Boiler Room 354 

Part of heating apparatus 354 

Book Carrier, No. i, receiving side, north stack, floor 7 356 

Book Carrier, No. 2, delivery side, north stack, floor 7 356 

Book Carrier, No. 3, overhead view, cellar, U i 356 

Book Carrier, No. 4, to south stack, Reading Room terminal . 356 

Book Carrier, No. 5, to Capitol, driving gear, cellar, U i 356 

Book Carrier, No. 6, to Capitol, Library terminal. Basement, U 2. 356 

Book Carrier to Capitol, tunnel view 356 


Catalogue (author) card 74 

Order card 220 

Catalogue (author) card 236 

Catalogue ( subject heading) card 237 

Catalogue ( editor ) card 238 

Serial record card 25 1 

Serial record card (for missing numbers) 252 



Library of Congress, 
Washington, D. C, December 2, ipoi. 

Sir: I have the honor to submit m)- report as Libra- 
rian of Congress for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1901. 

The Library- was removed to the new building in the 
fall of 1897. B^t it did not enter the new building equip- 
ped for the activities which it was to pursue there. The 
physical equipment was incomplete, the organization was 
but partial; the collection itself, though large in mass, was 
inorganic. Indeed, the work to be done : the development 
to be sought, the service to be rendered, the apparatus to 
be pro%nded, had not ^et ftdh* been defined. 

The past four years, in particular the past two, have seen 
the collections, formerly indiscriminate, di\'ided into certain 
main groups and in large part arranged and digested; most 
of these groups conveniently located; and the phj-sical 
equipment and personal service appropriate to each deter- 
mined, and in part pro\-ided. They have seen determined 
also, and initiated in each group, a system of classification 
which not merely recognizes present contents but provides 
elasticall}- for future development; and catalogues which, 
also elastic, when brought to date will exhibit adequately 
the collections as thej* stand and be capable of expansion 
without re\nsion. The larger appropriations of the past 
four years have enabled the imperfections in the collections 


6 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

themselves iu a measure to l^e remedied. Particular prog- 
ress has been made in the completion of standard sets and 
bibliographies, which are the tools of the classifier and cat- 
aloguer, and guides in selection; and considerable progress 
in the acquisition of miscellaneous material important to 
serious research, but impossible of acquisition with the 
small funds ^rmerly available. 

The lyibrar}' begins the new century, therefore, in a con- 
dition far advanced over that in which it began its career 
in the new building. During the past four years it has been 
active in direct service, but still more active in preparation 
for a larger and wider service. It is now in a position to 
consider and determine what the service shall be: — to Con- 
gress, to the Executive Departments and scientific bureaus 
of the Federal Government, to other libraries, and to schol- 
arship at large. What the Library may do for these is not 
to be estimated by the nature, still less by the extent, of 
what it has done in the past. Its future opportunities 
appear in its constitutional relations, its present and de- 
veloping equipment, its organization, the character of the 
material which it now has, and its resources for increase. 
I have thought fitting, therefore, to incorporate with this 
Report a summary of the present facts concerning each of 
these. It forms Part II of the Report. Part I is limited 
to a brief resume of the operations of the past fiscal year. 
Included in the appendices is a list of selected titles illus- 
trating the character of the printed material added during 
the past two years in certain departments of literature which 
have received special reinforcement. 


The following table exhibits the appropriations and ex- 
penditures of the Library proper and of the Copyright 
Office for the past fiscal year, and the appropriations for the 
year preceding, and the year now current. Details are 

Report of the Librana?t of Congress. 

given in Appendix I. Included also are the appropriations 
for the equipment and care of the building and grounds, 
expended by the Superintendent: 

Object of expeuditure. 

Appro- 1 Appro- 
priations, ; priations, 
1900. 1901. 

tures, 1901. 

.Appro- a » a expendi- 
priations, tures. 

Library and copyright office: 

Salaries, general se^^•ice 

Salaries, special service 




» 31, 680. 00 








50, "5-05 










Salaries. Copyright Office 

Contingent expenses 

Printing and binding (allot- 

lotal, Librarj-and Copyright 

Building and grounds: 

Care and maintenance 




67, 065. 00 






Fuel, lights, and miscellaneous . 

Grand total 

341,080.25 514,053.00 




' Balance of amounts appropriated by acts of April 17, 1900. and March 3, 1901. 
" Exclusive of 11,500 to be expended by the marshal of the Supreme Court for 
new books of reference for that body. 

The appropriation of $2,000 for special service was, by 
the act of March 3, 1901 (the deficiency bill), made immedi- 
ately available. Of this sum and the sum previously pro- 
vided for special service there remained on June 30, 1901, 
an unexpended balance of $1,412.77, which, under the 
provision of the act, "continues available until expended." 

Of the amount appropriated for salaries $5,827.97 was 
unexpended and covered into the Treasury. This sum 
represents not a surplus provision for service, but salaries 
for a time undrawn, those of employees temporarily absent 
without pa\', or of new appointees who failed to qualify 
promptly after appointment. 

Copyright Office. — The report of the Register of Copy- 
rights appears as Appendix II to this report. 



8 Report of the Libratian of Congress. 

The jirincipal statistics of the business done are as follows: 

Kees received ajid applied. 

Domestic (50 cents) entries. 

Foreign ($1 ) entries 

Kor certificates 

For assignments recorded . . 
For searches ^ 


Total number of entries of 
titles , 

Total number of deposits received 
(material of all classes, including 

Total number of entries , 

Fiscal year. 

1S97-9S. 189S-99. 1899-1900. I 1900-1901 


7. 731- 00 






$36, 507- 50 





58, 267. 00 


120, 143 

$43,219.00 I $11,906.50 

8,360.00 I 8,538.00 

12,631.00 i 12,569.50 

980.00 641.00 

16.00 i 32.50 

65, 2o6. 00 





162, 283 


Total communications received (includine 
parcels, but not articles enumerated above) . 

Total communications .sent out (including let- 
ters written ) 





KfCfipls a n d 

. The fees from copyright are covexed into the Treasury 
and not applied directly to the maintenance of the Copyright 
Ofl&ce. They form a regular revenue of the Government, 
however, and more than cover the expenses of the office, 
as appears from the following compari.son: 


Pees covered in fluiing the fiscal year 1901, as aljove JP63, 6.S7. 50 


Salaries, as stated I50, 1 15. 05 

Printing and binding (estimated) 6, 000. 00 

Stationery and sundries i, 076. 31 


Net cash earnings 6, 496. 14 

The alx)ve statement includes all disbursements, but 
only cas/i receipts. In addition to cash fees the copyright 
business brings each year to the Government, in the arti- 
cles deposited, property to the value of many thousands of 

Report of the Librarian of Congress. 9 

dollars. During the past fiscal year 162,283 such articles 
were received, whose value must have far exceeded the 
amount of the net cash earnings. 


On July I, 1900, the Library ser\nce consisted of 230 ^'*''arr- 
employees, 185 in the Library- proper and 45 in the Copj'- 
right Office. On July i, 1901, it consisted of 256 employ- 
ees, 207 in the Library proper, and 49 in the CopjTight Office. 
Of the 207 in the Library proper, 67 are in the Catalogue 
Division; 36 of the 207 fill the more subordinate positions 
of messengers, attendants in cloakrooms, etc., and 112 of 
the remaining 171 fill positions at salaries ranging from 
S480 to $900, inclusive. The complete present organization 
is given in Part II of this report. 

The force under control of the Superintendent of t'^e cfoH^"^ "'^ 
LibrarA- Building and Grounds, for the business of the Dis- 
bursing Office and for the care and maintenance of the build- 
ing and grounds, is not included in the above. It consists 
now of 1 1 6 persons. 

Estiitiates. — M 3- estimates for the present 3ear (i 901-2) 
called for 31 new positions — 26 in the Catalogue Division, 
I in the Law Librar>% and 4 in the Copyright Office. Twenty- 
six of the positions asked for were granted. The 5 not 
granted were all in the Catalogue Division — 2 at Si. 400, i 
at $1,200, 2 at $1,000. 

The work of this division invohnng various interdependent catalogue m- 


processes, the omission of 5 of the additional assistants asked 
for has thrown it out of adjustment. Too much of the time 
of $1,500 employees is now diverted to the revision of work 
of the $600 and $700 employees. It has become necessarj', 
therefore, to ask that the omission of these 5 cataloguers for 
the whole year be partiallj- remedied by the employment of 
twice the number for the balance of the year, and the 
request has been made that a provision to this end be 
inserted in the in-gent deficiency bill. 

lo Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

At the session of 1899-1900 I submitted a statement of 
existing conditions in the Library, of the work to be done, 
and of the equipment, the organization, and the resources 
for increase which would be requisite. I stated what 
seemed to me the normal^n both organization and appro- 
priation for increase. But I advised that this normal 
should be reached not at once, but by gradual instalments 
during the three succeeding years. 

My subsequent estimates have been in pursuance of that 
plan. I had stated that in classification and cataloguing 
the arrears of work alone would occupy 91 persons five 
years. I proposed, however, to attempt to cover with this 
force not merely the arrears, but the current work as well. 
I asked a total of 46 classifiers and cataloguers for the first 
year (1900-1901), and of 72 for the second (1901-2). Of 
these 72 there were 67 provided. The normal of 91 was 
to be reached on July i, 1902. My estimates for 1902-3 
call for precisely this number. The increase asked for is 
therefore not arbitrary nor unanticipated, but merely the 
third instalment of a force deliberately planned two years 
ago for a work then fully explained and for which the 
initial force was then granted. 

For the ordinary routine and for the direct service to 
readers, although this is constantly enlarging, I have asked 
no additional assistants. The only increase in force asked for 
the coming year is the additional cataloguers, and certain as- 
sistants in the Copyright Office, whose salaries will l^ reim- 
bursed by the receipts of the office. There are, however, cer- 
tain inequalities in the present organization which interfere 
with the general efficiency of the .ser\'ice. They existed 
when I took office; I have urged that they be remedied; I 
urge it again in my estimates for next year. 
AtlnuLVitts "^ There is no division in the Library more important in its 
possible service to historical than the Division of 
Manuscripts. There is none in whose conduct thorough, 
authoritative scholarshio is more necessary. It is to this 

Report of the LibrariaH of Congress. 1 1 

di\-ision particularly (as to the Division of Prints) that 
gifts must be attracted; the expert judgment must be there 
to attract them. The material bought has not, like most 
printed matter, a normal or standard market value. Each 
lot, being unique, is sold for the most that it will bring. 
Onlj' expert judgment can determine for the Librar>- the 
fair limit to be paid; for to determine this means not merely 
to know the market in general, but to estimate justly the 
value of the particular manuscript to histor\- and the loss 
to the Librarj' if its purchase be foregone. The chief of 
this division, among other qualifications, must have academic 
training, facility in at least a half dozen languages, a knowl- 
edge of political and literarj' histor>', a thorough and pre- 
cise knowledge of American histor}', a discriminate knowl- 
edge of ' ' original sources, ' ' a considerable knowledge of 
paleography, and familiarity with the character and conduct 
of the manuscript collections in other libraries and in the 
archive offices abroad as well as in this country. 

The salan,- now appropriated for this position is but $1,500 
a jear — the salary- of an ordinan," clerk in the Government 
employ. The position became \^cant over a jear ago. I 
have not filled it. I can not fill it properl)- until the salar>' 
shall be placed upon a reasonable basis. It should be $3,000. 
This is but the salars' paid to a professor in a minor college 
for work invohnng no greater learning, no administrative 
duties, less consecutive attention, longer vacations, and many 
incidental privileges not attending a position in the Govern- 
ment ser\-ice. It is the salary' now paid to the chiefs of four 
divisions in the I,ibrar>'. It should be paid in at least two 
others now occupied; and it is the minimum for which I can 
secure a person competent to the conduct of the Division of 



Under the appropriation for additional shehnng and furni- 
ture there have been pro\nded, since my last report, storage 
cases and administrative fmniture for the Di\'ision of Maps, 


Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

some exhibition cases and an inclosure with folio cases for the 
Division of Prints, set shelving in the cellar for storage of 
documents and copyright deposits, a considerable number of 
movable book presses, and desks and other administrative 
furniture for the cataloguers. The new stack in the north- 
east curtain, second floor, for the Smithsonian serials; and 
the two covered wajs to connect the Catalogue and Order 
Divisions \yith the main stacks are under way and will te 
completed by Januarj^ i. 

Two divisions have as yet received no permanent equip- 
ment. One is the Division of Documents, the other the 
Division of Music. For these and for the Orientalia and the 
special collections requiring to be kept separate, shelving 
and administrative furniture must be provided. A begin- 
ning may be made during the present j-ear; the major por- 
tion of the expense will, however, have to be deferred until 
the appropriation for next year shall become available. 


The following is a summary of the accessions to the Library 
during the fiscal year and of the total contents at its end, as 
accurately as these ma}' be stated. The copyright deposits 
retained in the files of the Copyright Office are not included 
nor unaccessioned duplicates. There are included, how- 
ever, the contents of the Law Library and its appendages. 

For convenient comparision the corresponding accessions 
for the year 1900 also are given. 

Printed books and pamphlets (vol- 

Manuscripts (pieces) 

Maps and charts (pieces) 

Music (pieces) 

Prints (pieces) 

Law library (volumes) 





July 1, 1900. 





















June 30, 


63, 025 

' Eight thousand two hundred and ciRhtv-one pieces were received by eift; 
1.051 hj' purchase: 9 bj- transfer. The official and personal letter Ixxjks of feonert 
Morris, reckoned in iriis as 10 pieces, contain copies of 5,73s letters. 

■•'Tnc collection last year was only roughly estimated. 

Report of the Librarian of Congress. 13 

The increase in the appropriation over that for the pre- 
ceding year has enabled progress to be made in the comple- 
tion of sets and in the acquisition of standard material in 
each great department of knowledge. But the present sum 
is below that requisite if the Library is to become a collec- 
tion comprehensive in scope. It has no endowments, no 
emergency fund, absolutely no resources for purchase save 
the appropriation for the current year. 

The material which it lacks is, if manuscript, unique ; if 
printed, existing only in a small number of copies constantly 
diminishing through absorption by other libraries. For this 
it must compete, at auction or private sale, with institutions 
and individual collections either already further advanced 
than the Librarj^ of Congress toward completeness, and thus 
able to concentrate expenditures upon a few items, or special 
in scope, and thus similarly free to do so. It is not now 
competing successfully. At sales of important material it 
rarely secures more than one in four of the items it bids 

The gifts have indeed been numerous, and show gratifying 
increase over those for last 3ear. But they have consisted 
for the most part of documents or ordinan,- pubUcations, and 
they were gifts of material solely. Not a single gift of 
money has ever come to the Library; not a single gift, 
therefore, which added to its collections b}' deliberate selec- 
tion. The acceptance of a gift by such an institution implies 
that the material given will be creditably supported b}' other 
material w-hich it is within the power of the Library to buy. 
The Libran,- can indeed hope to attract gifts only by three 
means: First, by a building which will house them safely 
and commodiously — this it has. Second, by administration 
which will safeguard them and render them useful — this it 
is developing. Third, by considerable expenditures of its 
own in the acquisition of material which will bring the 
material given into honorable company and will attract 

14 Report of the Librarian oj Congress. 

notice to it by increasing the reputation of the general col- 
lection. These expenditures it must be prepared to make. 
All three of these factors have operated in the case of the 
British Museum. Priceless collections have come to it by 
gift. They have come largely for the distinction of associa- 
tion and service with a collection already the most distin- 
guished in the world, made so by the direct effort of the 

The accessions in detail, classified by source, have been 
as follows: 

p R I :» T E D Volumes. 

PA.MPH Lett's" Acquired by purchase 26, 194 

Acquired by copyright 7, 933 

Acquired by international exchange 6, 476 

Acquired from the United States Government Departments and 

the Smithsonian Institution 13, 347 

Acquired by exchange of duplicates 6, 066 

Acquired by gift 9, 678 

Added to Smithsonian deposit 6, 787 

Total accessions (books and pamphlets) 76, 481 

Giftt. We should be gratified to publish a full list of the givers. 

They number, however, over 2,000, and a full list of them 
would occupy 50 pages of this report. We are obliged, 
therefore, to content ourselves with the specific acknowledg- 
ment sent to each. 

Orientalia. — In Part II of this Report is given a special 
summary of the oriental literature in the Librar>-, by Mr. 
Solyom, the only person in the ser\-ice facile in the oriental 
languages. The collection now numbers over 9,500 volumes 
and pamphlets, and is understood to be, in certain directions, 
the most important in the United States. With proper atten- 
tion it is thus capable of conferring great distinction upon 
the Library. It justifies a separate divi.sion for its custody 
and administration, and expenditure for its suitable develop- 

It includes, among recent accessions, fine sets of the 
Vinaya (Discipline), the Sutra (Precepts), and the Abhid- 

Report of the Librarian of Congress. 15 

anna ( Metaphysics) ; various historical works; the writings 
of Confucius; a catalogue, in 200 volumes, of the Imperial 
Libran*: and many works in Buddhist literature which do 
not appear in the Chinese catalogue of the British Museum, 
the Wade Collection of Cambridge University, or in Wy lie's 
Chinese Literature. The Tibetan books recently acquired — 
thirteen in number — are in form highly curious. They are 
long, narrow, and consist of loose leaves between boards, 
some of which are richly inlaid and are wrapped in silk or 
tied with ribbons. 

The collection is almost wholly the result of gift. Its 
basis was the collection formed by the Hon. Caleb Cushing. 
It was added to by the gift of a number of volumes from the 
Sultan. But its great development has come from the gift 
from the Hon. William Wood\'ille Rockhill of oriental books 
collected by him at various times. 

The debt to Mr. Rockhill for the interest he has displaced, 
and the time, effort, and monej' which he has expended in 
securing to the Library- a collection which is to bring oriental 
students to Washington cannot be lightly estimated. His 
great learning in the languages and literature, as well as in 
the histor\-, habit, and usage of the East, has enabled him to 
supplement the Caleb Cushing collection and other collec- 
tions already here and indeed to raise the Library- to emi- 
nence in a department of literature in which it has been 
httle suspected of anj- representation whatever. 

Character of purchases. — The printed books and pamphlets 
acquired are too numerous to be Usted in full. The general 
course of purchase has continued along the natural lines, the 
Library- of Congress endeavoring an approximation to com- 
pleteness in Americana, in bibliography-, general history- , 
political and social science, legislation, administration, public 
law, economics, finance, and kindred subjects, and a represen- 
tation of at least the standard and fundamental material in 
everj' other department of knowledge, including belles-lettres. 

1 6 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Among the important purchases of the past fiscal year the 
following may be mentioned: 
Important pur Complete sets of the following periodicals: Algemeene 
Periodicals. j^^jj^j. ^^ letterbodc, 91 v., 8°, Haarlem, 1 788-1861; Ana- 
lecta Bollandiana, 18 v., f°, Paris, etc., 1882-1900; Bijdra- 
gen tot de taal-, land- en volkenkunde van Nederlandsch- 
Indie, 56 V., 8**, Amsterdam, 1852-1901; DeGids, 175 v., 8°, 
Amsterdam, 1837-1893; Jahresberichte dergeschichtswissen- 
schaft, 23 v., 8°, Berlin, 1878-1900; Jahresbericht iiber die 
fortschritte der classischen alterthumswissenschaft, 98 v., 8", 
Berlin, 1873-1898; Litterarischer Verein in Stuttgart, Biblio- 
thek, 218 v., 8°, Stuttgart, 1839- 1899; Onze tijd, 58 v., 8°, 
Amsterdam, 1848-1876; Zeitschrift fiir deutsches alterthum 
unddeutsche litteratur, 69 V. , 8°, Leipzig, 1841-1900; Zeit- 
schrift fiir vergleichende litteraturgeschichte, neue folge, 13 
v., 8°, Berlin, 188 7- 1899. 

Partial sets of the following: L'Esprit des journaux, 247 
v., 16°, Paris, 1772-1793; Journal des sgavans, 233 V., 24°, 
Amsterdam, 1 665-1 769. 
Important pur. The following works: Chatelain, Pal^ographie des classi- 


Books. ques latins, 2 v., f°, Paris, 1884-1900; Coleccion de docu- 

mentos ineditos para la historia de Espaiia, 53 v. , 8°, vol. 60- 
112, Madrid, 1874-95, vols. 1-59 (1842-1873) being already 
here; Du Sommerard, Les arts au moyen age, 5 V., text, 8°, 
and album, f°, Paris, 1839-46; Geschichtschreiber der 
deutschen Vorzeit, 2te gesammtausgal:)e, 92 V., 8°, Leipzig, 
1876-99; Mansi, Sacrorum conciliorum nova et amplissima 
coUectio (Facsimile reproduction), 1 1 v. (as far as published), 
f**, Paris, 1901; Monumenta Germaniae historica, 37 V. (as 
far as published), f°, Hannover, 1826-96; Recueil des his- 
toriens des croisades, 14 v., f°, Paris, 1841-98; Restaurations 
des monuments antiques, 7 v., f°, Paris, 1877-90; De Vic 
and Vaissete, Histoire gen^rale de Languedoc, 15 v., f°, 
Toulouse, 1872-92. 

The accessions of the past two years have, however, 
included so many which are significant that it has seemed 

Report of the Librarian of Congress. 17 

worth while to print a larger selection of titles of the books 
added (Appendix V). Even this list is, of course, limited, 
but it is, within the subjects which it covers, illustrative. 

Documaits. — The documents acquired have been almost 
wholly the result of gift or exchange. The Division of 
Documents was organized in July, 1900. Its first work was 
a systematic investigation of the present contents of the 
Library'; and among these its attention was given to the 
publications (i) of the Federal Government, (2) of the State 
governments, (3) of the governments of foreign countries. 
The publications of the United States Government are by no 
means all to be found in the Library* of Congress. The law 
providing for distribution to the Library was in times past 
defective. Many publications of importance issued by the 
Executive Departments, for instance, were found to be lack- 
ing. An effort is being made to supply these gaps, particu- 
larly by an appeal to the departments themselves. The 
publications of foreign governments are due to the Library 
in return for the Federal documents distributed to them under 
the system of International Exchange. It is ob\'ious, how- 
ever, that any general agreement of this nature must be 
supplemented by constant specific solicitation. 

The State governments are, of comrse, not embraced in this 
system. Thej' receive, however, the Federal documents, each 
State libran,' being a depositor^'. A return is reasonable; and 
the natural return is the distribution to the Library- of Con- 
gress of each pubhcation issued by them. The obligation 
has been called to their attention and cheerfully recognized. 
There is recognized, also, the benefit to a State in a complete 
exhibit at Washington of its constitution, legislation, re- 
sources, and undertakings. The distribution of State docu- 
ments is, however, by no means uniformly on an adequate 
or effective basis. In certain States (e. g., New York, New 
Hampshire, and Ohio) it is now intrusted to the authorities 
of the State Hbrar>'. In such it is being operated with 
9957-^1 2 

1 8 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

especial eflficiency. The Library's files of State documents 
are exceedingly imperfect. The effort to perfect them has 
Inet with courtesy and partial success. During the past year 
the files for Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin have been 
completed, and many addititions made to those of Minne- 
sota, Montana, Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington. 
The following action on the part of the State of Virginia 
will, we trust, offer useful example: 

A JOINT RESOLUTION of the two houses of the general assem- 
bly of Virginia authorizing and directing the secretary of the 
Commonwealth to furnish the Library of Congress certain of 
the State publications necessary to complete the files in said 

Resolved by the Senate and House of Delegates, That 
the secretary of the Conmionwealth and general libra- 
rian, be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed to 
furnish to the Librarian of Congress, for use in the 
Congressional Library at Washington, D. C, such 
copies of the annual reports, journals of the two houses 
of the fourth general assembly, public documents and 
debates, codes, and acts as may be necessary to complete 
the files of the State publications in said library. 

Provided that by so doing he does not reduce the 
number of any of the aforesaid volumes below the 
amount now required by law to be kept for the use of 
the State. 

(Introduced and passed in Senate February' 6, 1901. 
Agreed to by House February 7, 1901.) 

From January i to June 30 the total additions of docu- 
ments were 4,756 volumes and 2,624 pamphlets. These 
include 817 volumes and pamphlets received through the 
Smithsonian Institution. 

The publications of important miniicipalities (American 
and foreign), the reports of boards of trade, and all other 
publications of a stati.stical nature are also being sought. 

A particular effort is being made by special arrangement, 
even by purchase, to secure to the Library publications con- 
taining recent statistics, or new legislation, or reports or 
blue books upon topics having possible relation with Fed- 

Report of the Librarian of Congress. 19 

eral legislation, immediately upou their issue, and with . 
the delay involved in the ordinary- operation of international 

The resources of the Library- for exchange have been Exchange*. 
improved, as well as the completeness of its own collection 
of documents rendered more nearly certain, by the passage at 
the last session of a joint resolution which defines more spe- 
cificallj- the title of the Library- to all pubhcations of the 
Government, and enlarges the number of those at its dis- 
posal for exchange with foreign countries. The resolution 
is given in full in Appendix III. 

The accessions of manuscripts appear unduly large from maxtscripts: 
the practice of estimating bs- pieces where the material comes 
unboimd. Of the 9,341 pieces added, 28 bound volumes 
and 1 ,023 unbound were acquired by purchase; and 42 bound 
and 8,239 unbound hy gift. Nine pieces were transferred 
from other di\nsions of the Library*. The material received 
from the Government ofl&ces at San Juan during the year 
1899 consisted of 2,246 bundles in 289 large cases. It has 
been roughh- sorted, and about two-thirds returned to Porto , 
Rico as ha\'ing more appropriate ser\nce there. Of the one- 
third retained about one-half consists of printed books, news- 
papers, and periodicals. 

The gifts have been as follows (alphabetically, b}' givers): 

Mr. Arba Blodget, Philadelphia: maxtscripts: 

Petition of Philadelphia citizens respecting the 
Slave Law, 1861. 

Fragment of a manuscript relating to Kansas, 

A patented plan for harbor defense. 

Mr. Arthur Crisfield, Washington, D. C. : 

Letter. W. C. Rives to Senator Pierce and the 
Joint Committee on Library-. 1856, Decem- 
ber 22. 

Hon. A. B. Hagner, Washington, D. C: 

Photograph of Longfellow's autograph memo- 
randum of an inter\-iew with Hawthorne. 

20 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Mr. Max Lansbiirgh, Washington, D. C: 

A manuscript of Robert Morris. Record of land 
tracts in Wythe County, Va. 

Mr. E. G. Lind, Baltimore: 

The Music of Color. [26 hand-painted plates.] 
Mr. F. D. Millet, New York: 

Memorial of Fr. Mig. Galan de la Soledad, 
Philippine Islands, to Alfonso XII. Haci- 
enda Memoria. [Report of Governor-General 
Weyler on the Philippine Islands, 1891.] 

Mr. William Urquhart, Luzon, P. I.: 

Petition of various officers of the insurgent 
army, 1898, September 19. 

The Washington National Monument Association, 
Washington, D. C: 

Records of the Washington National Monument 
Association. 8,176 papers. 

Mr. David Watterston, Washington, D. C. 

The papers of George Watterston. (The first 
Librarian of Congress, 18 15-1829, who was 
not also Clerk of the House of Representatives. ) 

The Watterston papers presented to the Library consist 
of 94 pieces and include 6 interesting memoranda by Mr. 
Watterston, as well as many letters of men noted in 
American political and literary history. In presenting 
them Mr. David Watterston has set an example of public 
spirit to other possessors of family archives. 

The papers of the Washington Monument Association 
give many interesting details regarding the means em- 
ployed for the erection of the Washington Monument in 
this city, as well as the difficulties which attended that 

The purchases are listed in full in Appendix VI. 


y^/tor/a«< pur- Among the most significant of them are the following. 

The Robert Morris papers. — These papers comprise the 
diary and the letter books of the United States Department 

Report of the Librarian of Congress. 21 

of Finance during the years 1781-1784, when Morris was at 
its head; the pri\'ate letter books of Morris from 1794 to 
1798; official copies, over the signature of Charles Thomson, 
of the Journals of the Continental Congress, transmitted to 
Morris as Superintendent of Finance; an account of Pierre 
Caron de Beaumarchais against the United States for sen'- 
ices during the Revolution, and a letter from Beaumarchais 
to Morris in relation to the settlement of this account. The 
diarj-, in 3 volumes, contains summaries of the official cor- 
respondence of the Df>partment, and notes of significant 
interviews from September 7, 1781, to September 30, 1784. 
The official letter books, in 7 volumes, contain copies of over 
3,000 letters written by Morris during the same period. 
The private letter books, in 3 volumes, contain over 2.700 
letters, many copied in his own hand. They cover the 
period of his later speculations, including those in lands in 
the District of Columbia and on the western border; and of 
his business reverses; and end pathetically with several 
dated from the debtor's prison. 

Of the 5,738 letters contained in the 10 letter books but 
248 are known to have been printed. Of the official letters 
the originals, so far as addressed to the President of the 
Continental Congress, are in the State Department. But 
the official letter books with the diary form a consecutive, 
certain, and absolute record of the financial operations of 
the Continental Government during the critical years when 
Morris was endeavoring to organize the finances of the 

The entire collection comprises 15 folio volumes and the 
two individual manuscripts of Beaumarchais. As long 
ago as 1876 it was summarily described by Dr. Homes, State 
librarian of New York, as in the possession of Gen. John 
Meredith Read General Read permitted this description 
to be made; but he was not prepared to give access to the 
manuscripts for the purpose of detailed investigation Not 

22 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

even Professor Sumner was able to avail himself of them 
in the composition of the work for which they were indis- 
pensable, his "Financier and Finances of the Revolution." 

The collection remained thus secluded in the hands of 
General Read until his death. It has been acquired from 
his widow. 

The accotmt books of the Carroll family . — These are in two 
volumes. In the first are the accounts of John Digges, 
assignee, to the first Charles Carroll of Carrollton, covering 
a period of thirty years, from 1720 to 1749. In the second 
are the accounts of the Signer himself during the latter por- 
tion of the 1 8th century. These last entries were made 
upon the unfilled pages of the volume used as a financial 
record by his father, Charles Carroll, the second of that name, 
and thus furnish a connected history of family finance 
for nearly a century. 

Daybook and ledger of Martin Cockburn. — ^These two 
volumes are for the years 1767- 18 18. The entries are in 
Cockburn's own hand, and contain accounts with many of 
the men most prominent in Virginia at that time, including 
Richard Henry Lee, Col. George W. Fairfax, George 
"Mason, and various members of the Washington family. 

British forces i7i America. — A collection of papers (231 ff. ) 
relating to the equipment of the British forces in America, 
1 728-1 792, including many papers signed by George II, 
George III, and their secretaries. 

Letters of Gen. Henry Seymour Conway. — A volume of 
159 pages, containing official copies of the letters of H, S. 
Conway, secretary of state, to the various American colonial 
governors during the stamp-act troubles, 1765-66. 

The Ellis papers. — This collection, as yet undigested, is 
contained in 6 trunks and 19 boxes. It comprises the 
mercantile records of the firms of EUis & Allen, Charles 
Ellis & Sons, Thomas and Charles Ellis, and Thomas and 
Charles Ellis & Co., of Richmond, from 1805 to 1853. The 


Report of the Librarian of Congress. 23 

house, under its successive names, was concerned with for- 
eign trade ; was a large importer and one ot the largest ex- 
porters in Virginia of tobacco, cotton, and other Southern 
products. Its journals, ledgers, daybooks, and letter books, 
e\'idencing the entire course of its business in ever>' detail 
for nearly half a centur\% are a record for the student of 
economic history, of prices, of trade usage, such as it would 
be difficult to parallel. 

The Spanish occupation of Florida. — In 1899 Miss A. M. 
Brooks, of St. Augustine, Fla., made search in the archives 
and Columbian Collection at Seville for original documents 
relating to the Spanish occupation of Florida. With assist- 
ance she transcribed and in part translated the documents 
which she discovered. The transcripts and translations 
have been acquired by the Library of Congress. They num- 
ber 327, of which only 3 appear to have been printed. It 
is our supposition that the remaining 324 will furnish infor- 
mation to the historian not heretofore conveniently accessi- 
ble in this country. 

The Coliimbics Codex. — This volume is a sixteenth century 
copy of the various hereditary- grants, charters, and privi- 
leges made to Columbus by Ferdinand and Isabella. Tran- 
scripts of the bulls issued by Pope Alexander VI in May and 
October, 1493, are also inserted. The interest attaching to 
this copy is heightened by the possibility that it was made 
by a public notarj- under the personal direction of Columbus. 
He had been warned that all grants made by the Spanish 
Crown to foreigners were void. He therefore took every 
means in his power to secure to his descendants certain 
evidence of the privileges and grants accorded him. Before 
starting on his fourth voyage to America in 1502 he had 
attested copies made of all the documents upon which these 
were based. Three copies were written upon parchment 
and one upon paper. The latter was intrusted to Alonzo 
Sanchez de Carvajal, was carried by him to Hispaniola in 
1502, and has disappeared. 

24 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Of the parchment copies one is in the palace of the 
Genoese municipaUty, the other is in the Government 
archives at Paris, whither it was taken from Genoa by 
Napoleon in 1811. But one copy remains to be accounted 

In 18 18 Edward Everett purchased in Florence a manu- 
script volume which was on parchment, covered 80 folio 
pages, and contained 37 documents which appeared to him 
to "coincide precisely with the text of the first 37 docu- 
ments" of the codex of Genoa. 

It is this volume which has come into possession of the 
Library of Congress. For over seventy years it remained 
in the library of Mr. Everett, without further publicity, 
comment, or allusion even within his own family. It was 
referred to by Mr. Winsor in his ' ' Columbus ' ' as not ' ' con- 
veniently accessible. ' ' But at that date Mr. Edward Ever- 
ett had passed away and his son Dr. William Everett had no 
knowledge of the whereabouts or even of the existence of 
the manuscript. It was, however, rediscovered by him four 
years ago, and from him has been acquired for the Library. 

The copies at Genoa and at Paris have been the objects 
of reverence and of enthusiasm. They have been printed, 
translated, facsimiled in sumptuous form. The one at 
Genoa is deposited in a marble custodia (a pillar) which, 
surmounted by a bust of Columbus, .stands in the main hall 
of the palace of the municipality. A facsimile was made for 
the great festival in 1892, and a copy of the facsimile exhib- 
ited at the Chicago Exposition. The one at Paris, discov- 
ered by Mr. Harrisse, has been reproduced with elaborate 
and scholarly solicitude. 

I have described this acquisition at some length, both of its intrinsic interest and because it is practically 
the only item of this nature purchased by the Library during 
the past four years. Our funds have had to be applied 
almost exclusively to printed books and the few manu.scripts 


Report of the Librarian of Congress. 25 

representing original sources in American history* which 
could be obtained without excessive competition. For the 
acquisition of literary or historical memorials, such as the 
Codex, many tempting opportunities have at present to be 

Since July i, 1901, there have been several noteworthy 
accessions, which for convenience are included in the list in 
Appendix VI. Among them are: 

The Porter papers. — (a) The letter book of Captain (after- 
wards Commodore) Porter, 1805-1807. while in command 
of the U. S. schooner Enterprise, containing also a few let- 
ters of 1808. 

(J)) Letter books of Captain Porter, 1807-8, containing 
copies of his correspondence with the Secretary of the Xa\'>' . 
Some of the letters are in Porter's own hand and valuable 
as preliminarj' to his work at Xew Orleans. 

(f) Miscellaneous papers of Captain Porter, 1808-18 12, 
covering his operations at Xew Orleans, including an 
account of the difl&culties which arose in connection with 
the attempts of Brig. -Gen. James Wilkinson to obtain control 
of affairs at that post. 

Other notable papers are those connected with the Conti- 
nental Xavy during the Revolution. Among them may be 
mentioned the muster roll of the United States frigate 
Allia7ice, in 1782, and the letter book of Commodore John 
Barry when in command of the Alliance, October, 1782 — 
April, 1783. This volume is in 60 pages and contains 
correspondence between Barrj' and Franklin, Lafayette, 
Robert Morris, and others. There is also an attested 
account, signed by Capt. Paul Jappie, of the capture of the 
British ship Free Trade by the American privateer The 
Rhodes, off Xew York in September, 17S1. 

Among the papers relating to American colonial history' 
may be noted an autograph copy of the Constitution and 
Acts of the Xew England Confederation of 1 643-1 657 by 
Rufus King, a manuscript of 24 pages; pages from the Town 


Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Docket of Chesterfield, N. J., 1692-171 1, containing records 
of town meetings and elections during that period; and cer- 
tain articles of agreement of 1762 between [George Keppel] 
Earl of AllDemarle, at that time commander in chief of the 
British forces in the West Indies, and John Kennion, by 
which the latter gives bond for the sole right of importing 
slaves and selling them in Havana, then under British con- 

Franco- Prussian war and the Commune of i8yi. — A collec- 
tion made by Gen. John Meredith Read while consul-general 
of the United States at Paris, 1 869-1873. It consists of 47 
bound volumes of newspapers published in Paris, 1870-71; 
290 original affiches issued both by the Government and by 
the Commune; 403 political cartoons; 9 photographs of 
Paris, and 193 photographs of notable men of the period, 
including nearly every person prominent in the Commune. 
The latter supplement the collection made by Mr. Wash- 
burn, and now in the Library. The cartoons have been sup- 
plemented by 290, secured from Dr. Moncure D. Conway, 
who was much interested in having the collection complete. 

The unusual facilities enjoyed by General Read, resident 
as he was during the entire period and in an oflBcial capacity 
which brought to him every courtesy and privilege, render 
this collection perhaps unique. 

Maps and 
Charts: Acces- 

Sheet maps... 


Pocket maps . 





By gift. 



By pur- 




June 30, 






Total accessions (pieces) 4. 30S 

Grand total in division July I, 1901 (pieces) 60,025 

Music: Acces- By copjrright 16, 845 

iions. By gift 37 

By purchase 65 

By exchange 3 

Total accessions 16, 950 

Grand total in division July i, 1901 (pieces) 3ii,ow 

Report of the Librarian oj Congress. 


Pv copyright 16, XQ\ v^ivr&.Acca- 

By gift 2, 779 

By purchase 2, 250 

Bj' transfer 33 

Total accessions (pieces) 21, 455 

Grand total in di\'ision July i, 1901 (pieces) 106, 326 

Of special note is the accession by purchase of a collection 
of 1,800 prints, mostly portraits, representing the work of 
American engravers, and of a collection of 153 medals of 
representative men of France, valuable as well from an his- 
torical as from an artistic point of \-ie\v. 

The Gardiner Greene Hubbard collection has been received 
and placed and is now ready for reference. 

_^^^ Law ij. 
BRART: Acces- 

By copy- 


By gift. 

Bv pur- * 




471 ; 



Conference room library 






-\ large number of duplicates formerly carried in the total have now been trans- 
ferred or used in exchange, and are therefore deducted from it. 

At the close of the fiscal year the Librar>^ was receiving ct-rrext se- 
rials. See alio 
7,225 serials, an increase of 2,790, or 63 per cent over the-^AA- yu- 

number received the preceding jear. These figures do not 
include any of the publications of State or municipal govern- 
ments, the record of which is kept in the Documents Di^*ision. 
The receipts, classified by sources, are as follows: 

Newspa- Period- , Other se- Total. Total, 
pers. icals. rials. 1900-1901. 1S99-1900. 

546 . I, ': :; 2,612 



Bureau of .American Republics. 

109 57 6 
^ 15S ; 33 
12 ! 951 i.oiS 


142 606 75 S23 666 


Most noticeable is the increase in the number of gifts, 
almost all of which are from American publishers, indicating 
that the knowledge of the Librar\' and its facilities for the 

28 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

presen'ation of current periodical publications is spreading 
throughout the country. Four hundred and sixteen serial 
publications currentl}' received and filed in the Documents 
Division are not included in the above. 


I am gratified at every opportunity to express my appre- 
ciation- of the efficient work of the branch bindery in the 
Library building, and of the cordial and intelligent endeavor 
of the authorities of the Government Printing Offide to 
accommodate the equipment and the service of both the 
binder}' and the branch printing office to the needs of the 

The number of volumes bound during the year was 
12,207, as against 6,724 during the year preceding; 1,585 
volumes were repaired. These figures cover the books 
alone. A large amount of miscellaneous work done by the 
bindery, in cutting and preparing cards, in making up tab- 
lets, etc. , is too detailed to be conveniently summarized. 


The classification and cataloguing of the material in each 
of the special divisions has continued normally. The 
progress with the printed books and pamphlets has, how- 
ever, owing to the increased force of cataloguers^ consider- 
ably increased over that of last year. Since January i, 
1 901, the entire section of American history and descrip- 
tion (some 25,000 volumes) has been reclassified. This 
has meant that a jiew scheme of arrangement and notation 
has been devised and applied; that a shelf list has been 
compiled of the entire section as newly arranged; and that 
each volume has received a specific symbol and numl^er. 
A new accession in this department of literature, as in that 
of bibliography (also reclassified), can now be located in its 
permanent place and receive a permanent number. The 
55,534 volumes and pamphlets added in other departments 

Report of the Librarian of Congress. 29 

of literature had to be inserted into the old classification. 
When it is considered that each insertion of this sort means 
a piece of work to be undone later, it is obvious how impor- 
tant in mere economy is speed in the reclassification. The 
force that I have requested for ' ' cataloguing ' ' includes the 
force for classifying. I beg again to call attention to the 
urgent need of it, of everj' member of it. 

The sections next to be dealt with are British histor\' and 
topography and the poHtical and social sciences. All this 
work is carried on without interruption of the use of the 
books by the reader. 

As each book is reclassified it is recatalogued; that is, the 
old manuscript author card is revised and printed and sub- 
ject cards compiled. These cards are inserted, with the 
cards for accessions, in the pubUc-card catalogue in the Read- 
ing Room as well as in the official catalogues. There have 
also been inserted in this public catalogue over 150,000 titles 
cut out of the old book catalogues of the Library- (prior 
to 1880) and pasted upon cards "for temporary use." By 
gradual insertion, therefore, and substitution, this catalogue 
will be built up into a complete and authoritative catalogue, 
both author and subject, of the existing collection of printed 
books and pamphlets. 

In addition to 3,140 "parts" of volumes; 

The number of volumes and pamphlets catalogued during 

the year was 58, 1 15 

The number recatalogued was 42, 900 

Total catalogued and recatalogued loi, 015 

a considerable accomplishment for a force nearly one-half of 
which consisted of new employees. The mere filing of cards 
in proper alphabetic order in the several catalogues is a 
work of no small volume. The total number filed during 
the year was 329,049! 

The Librar>' is beginning a distribution of copies of these q/^'p "' x"e°d 
cards, which has two purposes: First, to place in each local cALs^ '' ° *^ ^ ^ 

30 Report of the Librarian of Congress, 

center of research, as complete as possible a statement of the 
contents of the national collections at Washington; second, 
to enable other libraries to secure the benefit of its expert 
work in cataloguing and in printing cards for, books acquired 
by them as well as by it, and to secure this benefit at a cost 
which, while a full reimbursement to the Government, is to 
the subscribing library but a fraction of the cost of doing 
the entire work independently. In pursuance of the first 
purpose there is being sent to certain public libraries a copy 
of every card printed by the Library of Congress. In time 
there will result, in the New York Public Library, for in- 
stance, a complete card catalogue of the Library of Con- 
gress, at least of such books in the Library of Congress as 
are likely to interest an investigator in New York City and 
may not be available there. In return the Library of Con- 
gress receives a copy of every card printed bj^ the New York 
Public Library. There will thus eventually result a state- 
ment in the Library of Congress of ever>' book in the New 
York Public Library of interest to investigators. This sys- 
tem of exchange being extended and the other Government 
libraries also being brought into it, there may result in each 
local center of research throughout the United States a cata- 
logue of the national collections at Washington, and a state- 
ment at Washington of every book of interest to investi- 
gators to be found in the important great collections outside 
of Washington. To supply this in catalogues in book form 
would cost hundreds of thousands of dollars, and the first 
volume of each would be out of date before the last was 
ready to issue. To supply it on cards involves but the 
trifling expense of multiplying copies from forms already 
on the press, and results in a catalogue always up to date 
and capable of indefinite expansion without revision or a 
"new edition," 

A chief purpose of the first class of distribution is to sup- 
ply libraries with information of books which they do not 

Report of the Librarian of Cmigress. 31 

possess. The chief purpose of the second is to enable them 
to avoid expense in the preparation for use of those which 
the)- do possess. What this means is indicated in a state- 
ment recenth- given by me to the press, from which I 

"Practically all American libraries to-daj- have card 
catalogues. In these everj- book appears under its 
author, under the subjects of which it treats, and 
sometimes under its title if the title differs from the 
subject. Some books have to appear in perhaps only 
two places, others in forty or fift^-, where there are 
many authors and many subjects treated by them. On 
an average, a book appears in from three to five differ- 
ent places. The cards that libraries have used were 
in the first instance written; then they came to be 
t^'pewritten, and in recent 5ears they have in some 
hbraries come to be printed. Printing is possible, of 
course, only for the libraries which are handling a large 
number of books and making elaborate catalogues — 
the New York Public Libran.- prints, the Boston Public 
Library-, the Har\-ard College Library*, the John Crerar 
Librarj-, of Chicago, and the Carnegie Libran.-, at 

■ ' The Library of Congress has for some time been 
printing. It has now within its walls a branch plant 
from the Government Printing Office. 

"The cost of getting any particular book into the 
card catalogue is far greater than the public supposes. 
There are various elements of cost. There is the 
work of the cataloguer, who is an expert; then there 
is the work of the transcriber, if you multiph* copies 
of the card by transcription or by typewriter. If 
you print, there is the cost of composition and press- 
work. The stock would cost the same whether ^-ou 
transcribe or print. But the two most costly factors 
are the work of the cataloguer, the expert, and the 
work of the compositor or transcriber. It has been 
estimated that on the average the total cost of getting 
a single book into a library- catalogfue is from 25 to 35 
cents. Not a single volume, of course. A book may 
be in a hundred volumes and yet represent only one 

32 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

title to be handled; it may be in one volume and repre- 
sent twenty subjects to be handled; but on the average 
the cost is from 25 to 35 cents for each book, or what 
the librarians refer to as a "title." 

"Now, the interesting thing is that until now libraries 
have been, in effect, duplicating this entire expense — 
multiplying it, in fact, by each one undertaking to do 
the whole work individually for itself. There are thou- 
sands of books which are acquired by hundreds of libra- 
ries — exactly the same books, having the same titles, 
the same authors and contents, and subject to the same 
processes. But each library has been doing individually 
the whole work of cataloguing the copies received by it, 
putting out the whole expense. Forty years ago Pro- 
fessor Jewett, then librarian of the Smithsonian Insti- 
tution, conceived the notion of a central bureau which 
might attend to these processes, the most expensive part 
of them, once for all, and make available its results to 
the various libraries receiving identical material; but 
the project never came to anything. 

' ' There have been distributions of printed cards on a 
small scale or covering special subjects. The United 
States Department of Agriculture distributes its card 
indexes to subscribers paying the cost of the extra 
copies provided for the purpose, and is thus making 
generally available in convenient form, at a nominal 
cost, information of great value to investigators. The 
American Library Association (not as a scheme for 
profit, since it is not a commercial body, but merely as 
a measure of professional cooperation) has issued cards 
indexing certain scientific serials, and even cards cata- 
loguing certain current lx)oks. But the association has 
no library nor any corps of expert cataloguers. For 
the material to be catalogued it had to depend upon 
voluntary gift or loan from the publishers. The cards 
issued did not cov'er enough titles to interest a large 
library; they covered too many to interest a small one. 
Yet a subscription had to be required for the entire 
series. There were never more than a hundred sub- 

' ' Since the Library of Congress moved into the new 

Report of the Librarian of Congress. 33 

building expectation has turned to it. It has already 
the largest collection of books on the Western Hemi- 
sphere; it is increasing more rapidly than any other 
single tollection. It receives without cost two copies 
of ever\- book entered for copyright in the United States. 
It receives these on or before the date of publication, 
and thus in advance of any other librarj'. It receives 
an enormous mass of material through exchange. And 
it is buying a number of other books, current and non- 
current, which includes a large portion of material in 
current acquisition by the other libraries of the United 
States. It is classifying and cataloguing this material 
on its own account It is printing the results in the 
form of cards. It is reclassifying and recataloguing its 
existing collection (excluding duplicates, over 700,000 
books and pamphlets), and is printing these results also 
on cards. These cards are of the standard form, size, 
type, and method of entry. The Library has been in 
consultation for over a year past with a committee of 
the American Library* Association — a committee of 
experts — in order to arrive at standards, and we have 
now arrived at what might be called a standard in all 
these respects. The card we use is called the ' ' postal 
size," about 3 by 5 inches. There is another size (also 
standard) in use in some libraries, called the "index 
size," about 2 by 5 inches. The entrj' on our card is so 
located, however, that in almost every case the ' ' postal 
size ' ' can be cut to the ' ' index size ' ' without sacrific- 
ing anj' of the text essential to the catalogue. What 
the Library' prints is an author card. It prints by way 
of memorandum on the card the subject headings that 
it will use on the copies destined for subject cards. 
The cost to it of the first author card, including the 
work of the cataloguer, is doubtless over 30 cents for 
each book, but a second copy of the card can be run off 
for a fraction of a cent. 

"Now it is receiving this urgent appeal: To permit 
other libraries to order extra copies of the cards which 
will cover books that they are acquiring; just as they 
are permitted to secure extra copies of the card indexes 
of the Agricultural Department, or, indeed, of an}- Gov- 
ernment publication, paying the cost plus 10 per cent. 

9957^01 3 

34 Report of the Librarian of Co7igress. 

" Should this course be adopted, the Libran' of Con- 
gress would be expending no greater expert lalxjr than 
before ; the Government would l^e fully reimbursed for 
the additional mechanical work and material, and the 
other libraries of this countrj' would be saved an expense, 
which in the aggregate is now an enormous expense, of 
duplicating, indeed of multiplying many times over, 
the outlay on the two factors of cost which are the 
largest factors — the work of the cataloguer and the work 
of the transcriber or compositor. Between 1891 and 
1896 there were 7,000,000 volumes added to 4,000 
libraries in the United States. These may have repre- 
sented 500,000 different ' ' books "or " titles. ' ' The cost 
to catalogue these once at 35 cents a title, would have 
been but $175,000. They were catalogued many times 
over; how many times can only be guessed, for, of 
course, some books were acquired b}' only one library, 
others by hundreds of libraries. Assuming that on the 
average each book was catalogued only six times, the 
total cost to the 4,000 libraries was $1,050,000. Could 
they have acted as a unit, having the books catalogued 
and the cards printed at some central bureau and multi- 
plying copies to supply the need of each, the total cost 
would certainly have been kept within $300,000. The 
saving effected during this short period alone would 
therefore have been two-thirds of the total ; on the basis 
assumed, over $700,000. 

' ' American instinct and habit revolt against multipli- 
cation of brain effort and outlay where a multiplication 
of results can be achieved by machinery. This appears 
to be a case where it may. Not every result, but 
results so great as to effect a prodigious saving to the 
libraries of this country. The Library of can 
not ignore the opportunity and the appeal. It is, as I 
have said, an opportunity unique, pre.sented to no other 
library, not even to any other national library. For 
in the United States alone are the library interests 
active in cooperative effort, urgent to ".standardize" 
forms, methods, and processes, and willing to make 
concession of individual preference and convenience in 
order to secure results of the greatest general benefit. 

Report of the Librarian of Congress. 35 

"The distribution of cards for the current publica- 
tions may beg^n at once. Very likely it will cover also 
the publications of the present calendar year, so that 
the undertaking will be coeval with the centur}'. The 
cards first issued will doubtless be those fw the current 
American copyrighted books. These are listed in full 
in a publication compiled at the Library, but issued 
weekly by the Treasurj' Department, entitled ' ' Cata- 
logue of title entries of books entered in the ofiice of 
the Register of Copyrights. ' ' A hbr^r>' subscribing to 
this can check in each number the titles for which it 
desires cards and forward the number as an order. 
There need be no requirement of a subscription to 
the full series. Any card asked for can be furnished. 
And the charge, according to our best estimate, will 
not exceed a cent a card. The subscriptions received 
will, under the law, be covered into the United States 

"The Librar>' is now printing cards at the rate of 
200 titles a da J', or 60,000 a year. The copyrighted 
books form, of course, but a small fraction of these. 
Thousands of the others will be of interest to other libra- 
ries and sought bj- them. Those of them which represent 
books that they possess or are about to acquire will save 
them expense; those that do not will still contain for 
them bibliographic information of value. The Librar>- 
of Congress will itself include a large percentage of the 
books to be found in anj- other particular collection in 
the United States. The remainder will certainly be 
included in the contents and accessions of a half dozen 
of the other great libraries. Cooperation may enable 
the titles of these also to be brought into the scheme of 
distribution, so that finally- there shall actually be a cen- 
tralization of this work. 

' ' The possible and actual use of the printed cards is 
not confined to the main catalogues, nor, indeed, to the 
catalogues at all. Thej' can be used in catalogues of 
special subjects, in the "shelf list " of the Ubran,-, and 
in various different records. Indeed, over a dozen dif- 
ferent uses have been planned out for them, and in part 
adopted by hbrarians. ' ' 

36 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

The above statement has now been fon\'arded to some 500 
hbraries in the United States, with a circular (see Appen- 
dix IV) setting forth the details of the distribution and the 
procedure requisite. 

The distribution must be begun under the authority in 
the Public Printer to take subscriptions for extra copies of 
Government publications at cost, plus 10 per cent. It may 
be simplified by an authority in the Librarian of Congress. 
The cost of the extra copies of the cards, as of other library 
publications, must of necessity be charged to the allotment 
of the Library for printing and binding; the subscriptions 
received, on being covered into the Treasury, should there- 
fore go to the reimbursement of that allotment. Following 
the provision governing the sale of publications by certain 
of the Executive Departments, I have, under advice of the 
Public Printer, drawn a provision as follows: 

And the Librarian of Congress is hereby authorized 
to furnish such institutions or individuals as may desire 
to buy them such copies of the card indexes and other 
publications of the Library as may not be required for 
its ordinary transactions, and charge for the same a price 
which will cover their cost and 10 per cent added; and 
all moneys received by him shall be deposited in the 
Treasury to the credit of the appropriation for public 
printing and binding; and the Public Printer shall credit 
the allotment for printing and binding for the Librarj' 
of Congress with such moneys. 

I have submitted this with my estimates to be incorpo- 
rated into the appropriation bill for the next fiscal year. 

A centralization of cataloguing work, with a correspond- 
ing centralization of bibliographic apparatus, has been for 
a quarter of a century an ambition of the librarians of 
the United States. It was a main purpose in the forma- 
tion of the American Library Association in 1876. The 
above projects, if they succeed, may go far to realize this 
purpose. The economies effected to the libraries of the 

Report of the Librarian of Congress. 37 

couutrj' might alone justify the maintenance expenses of 
the Librar>' of Congress even without a single direct servnce 
to scholarship. The countrj- at large might indeed save 
great expense bj- purchasing a copy of a book merely to 
be catalogued at Washington, even if that cop}* should never 
go outside of the walls of the Library nor find a reader 
within it. 

There are man}- difl&culties of detail, and the whole proj- 
ect will fail unless there can be built up within the Librar>- 
a comprehensive collection of books, and a corps of cata- 
loguers and bibhographers adequate in number and repre- 
senting in the highest degree (not merely in a usual degree, 
but in the highest degree) expert training and authoritative 
judgment. But the possible utilities are so great; they 
suggest so ob^'ious, so concrete a return to the people of 
the United States for the monej' expended in the mainte- 
nance of this Library; and the ser\nce which they involve 
is so ob\'ioush' appropriate a ser\-ice for the National 
Library- of the United States, that I communicate the proj- 
ect in this report as the most significant of our undertak- 
ings of this first year of the new centur\\ 


The publications of the Librar)' since Juh' i, 1900, have 
been the most important within its historj*. They have 
included the following (see also Part II, Appendix II): 

I. A union list of Periodicals, Transactions, and alhed pub- 
lications currenth- received in the principal libraries of the 
District of Columbia. Compiled under the direction of 
A. P. C. Grifi&n, Chief of Di\-ision of Bibliography. 1901. 
(6), 315 pp. 4°. 

This is the first cooperative pubhcation of ^he Library, 
and the beginning of what we trust will be an effective 
cooperation among the Federal libraries at Washington. 
A preliminary- to anj- effective cooperation among 
Ubraries is information, convenient for comparison, of 

38 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

the material which exists in each. The present list fur- 
nishes such information as to a class of material which 
is costly to acquire and to administer, and in which 
duplication within a small area like the District should 
be avoided where possible. It includes 1 1 ,000 entries — 
6,000 more than a similar list published at Boston; 
4,000 more than the list published at Chicago; 2,400 
more than Bolton's Catalogue of Scientific and Tech- 
nical Periodicals; 3,000 more than Grassauer's Cata- 
logue of Periodicals received by the Universities of 

The libraries contributing were the following: 

The Library of Congress; Department of Agricul- 
ture; Coast and Geodetic Surv^ey; Bureau of Education; 
Bureau of American Ethnology; Geological Survey; 
Naval Observatory; Patent Olfice; Smithsonian Insti- 
tution; Department of State; Treasury Department, 
Bureau of Statistics; War Department; Surgeon-Gen- 
eral's Office; Weather Bureau. 

Each of the alx)ve libraries supplied the titles of the 
publications received by it. The Library of Congress, 
in addition to this, consolidated the various returns, 
edited the whole, and has published it. 

This first edition of the list is printed with wide 
margin and blank verso page, for additions and correc- 
tions. A later revised edition will, we hope, include a 
classified index. 

II. A check list of American Newspapers in the Library 
of Congress. Compiled under the direction of Allan B. 
Slauson, chief of Periodical Division. 1901. 293 pp. 4°- 

This list also is printed in a form convenient for addi- 
tion and correction. It is not, like the union list of 
serials, a list merely of current issues, but includes the 
volumes on the shelves — that is, the files. 

A series of historical notes, which would add greatly 
to the value of such a list, has been in process of com- 
pilation by Mr. Ralph M. Mackenzie, of the Periodi- 
cal Division, during several years past. They could 
not conveniently be incorporated in the first edition of 
the list, but unless publi.shed as a .separate document 
might well go into a second. 

Report of the Librarian of Congress. 39 

As the collection of American newspapers in the 
Library- of Congress is the largest in the United States, 
a full list, with the notes, would be a valuable contri- 
bution to the history of the American press. 

In a review of the two foregoing lists and of the 
Calendar of Washington Manuscripts [infra] , which it 
describes as ' ' three volumes of conspicuous utility, ' ' the 
New York Evening Post, after remarking that "the 
wealth of periodicals," revealed by the union list, "is 
surprising," continues: "Mr. Griflfin has, judiciously, 
we think, adopted a system of alphabetizing conformable 
to the first significant word in a title, so that Evening 
Post, for example, is entered under E. A different sys- 
tem has been employed, also, we think, judiciously, by 
Mr. Allan B. Slauson in his ' Check List of American 
Newspapers in the Library- of Congress.' Here the 
arrangement is geographical and the subarrangement 
regards the essential and familiar name, putting Evening 
Post under P. The succeeding general index disarms 
all criticism by placing the same paper under both E 
and P." 
III. A List of Maps of America in the Library of Congress, 

preceded by a list of works relating to Cartography. By P. 

Lee Phillips, chief of the Division of Maps and Charts. 

1901. 1.137 pp. 8°. 

This list is the result of over a dozen years of accu- 
mulation of titles and references hy Mr. Phillips, now 
chief of the division. It includes not merel}' separate 
maps, but maps in books, atlases, and geographical jour- 
nals. It thus brings to the surface an immense amount 
of material ordinarily submerged. As the Library of 
Congress contains the largest single collection in exist- 
ence of maps relating to America, this publication — of 
over 1,100 octavo pages — is an elaborate and important 
contribution to cartography'. 

The list of works relating to cartography has also 
been issued in separate form. 

The list of maps has been welcomed by cartographers 
and bibliographers with a praise that recognizes the 
labor of detail involved in its preparation. "A won- 

40 Report of the Librarian of Co7igress. 

derful catalogue," "A really great work," "A splendid 
piece of work," "A royal contribution," "Indispensa- 
ble for all those interested in American geography" — 
are some of the phrases used in appreciation of it. It is 
admitted to contain a "wonderful collection of mate- 
rial," and admiration is expressed of the "full and 
thorough way in which the descriptions are made. ' ' 

Its publication was too recent to admit as yet of 
extended reviews. In short notices, however, one 
journal regards its bibliography as "invaluable;" 
another {The Nation) refers to it as follows: 

The series of publications by the Library of Congress 
is notably advanced by the quarto volume "A list of 
maps of America ' ' belonging to the Library down to 
November, 1897, preceded by a list of works relating 
to cartography, by P. Lee Phillips, chief of the divi- 
sion of maps and charts. The bibliography alone fills 
86 pages. The MS. maps of the Revolutionary war 
contained in the Faden, Force, and Rochambeau col- 
lections are here revealed. The arrangement is geo- 
graphically alphabetical, without subdivisions, but with 
cross references to the counties under each State, and 
the order is chronological. The rubric "World" re- 
quires 45 pages, and the last of all, Zispata Bay (for 
the list embraces both Americas), is on page 1137. It 
is needless to praise this labor or to descant on its utility. 
A .supplemental volume is in preparation. — The Nation, 
V. 73, p. 322. 

IV. A Calendar of Washington Manuscripts in the Li- 
brary of Congress. Compiled under the direction of Her- 
bert Friedenwald, Ph. D. 1901. 315 pp. 8°. 

This calendar was compiled by Dr. Friedenwald before 
he severed his connection with the Library, in September, 
1900. It is after the best model of such compilations, 
and also, in form, paper, and typography, a most cred- 
itable example of the work of the Government Printing 
Office, It has been adopted as a standard in these 
respects for all the future bibliographic publications of 
the Library. 

It has not yet Ixren reviewed at length. It has, how- 

Report of the Librarian of Congress. 41 

ever, received generous commendation from experts as 
"an admirable piece of work," "a most important con- 
tribution to the bibliography of American history," "a 
noble volume indeed," and as "an honor" both to the 
editor and the Library'. Admiration is expressed for 
the thoroughness of the entries and for ' * the excellent 
workmanship of the printer and binder. ' ' 

\ . The Division of Bibliography, under the direction of 
Mr. Griffin, has compiled the following topical lists issued 
by the Library since July i. 1900: 

x\ list of books (with references to periodicals) relating to 
the theory of Colonization, government of Dependencies, 
protectorates, and related topics. Second edition, with addi- 
tions. 1900. 156 pp. 8°. 

A list of books (with references to periodicals) on Mer- 
cantile Marine Subsidies. 1901. 18 pp. 8°. 

A list of books (with references to periodicals) on the 
Danish West Indies. 1901. 18 pp. 8°. 

A list of books (with references to periodicals) on Porto 
Rico. 1901, 55 pp. 8° 

The second edition of the list on Colonization was due 
to the exhaustion of the first and the intense general 
interest in the questions covered. The principal features 
of the new edition are a list of recent accessions upon 
Dutch colonies and a revised section upon the Far East, 
wdth an introduction giving an estimate of authorities 
upon special phases of the question, as follows: History 
of China; Anglo-French expedition of i860; later politi- 
cal history of China; political economic conditions; 
railroads; Russia in the Far East; United States in the 
Far East; social life in China; travels; missions; periodi- 
cals; siege of Pekin in 1900. Of this list the Phila- 
delphia Press remarks: "This bibliograph}- is only 
one of a group now in process of issue, of which the 
last, on the Danish West Indies, has just appeared. 
The other issues in the series are Porto Rico, Hawaii, 
and Cuba. They constitute the most useful issues of 
this character which ha\e appeared anvwhere of the 

42 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

many which have come from American Hbraries during 
the past year." 

The Ust on Colonization has elsewhere been desig- 
nated as of "especial significance and usefulness," and 
as ' ' especially serviceable in the latest diplomatic ques- 
tions." Requests for it have been received from 
places as remote as China and Australia. 

A list upon the Samoan Islands and Guam, compiled for 
the use of a committee of the Senate, is in press. 

In addition, moreover, to the lists which have been pub- 
lished there have been compiled by the Bibliographic Divi- 
sion various others in typewritten form, accessible, however, 
to any inquirer. Among other subjects these cover the 

The Monroe doctrine; Books on the Spanish- American 
war as they relate to the Cuban campaign, 1898; The Trans- 
Siberian Railway. 

The following are on cards, but equally accessible: 

Alaska, American State archives, British Columbia, 
Budget, Clayton- Bui wer treaty. Comparative legislation, 
Genealogy, Cabinet Government, English local history, 
Immigration, International arbitration. International law, 
Irrigation, Land tenures, Library training, Monroe doctrine. 
Municipal ownership, National university, Negro, Nine- 
teenth century, Philippines, Popular election of Senators, 
Postal affairs. Proportional representation, Siberia, Spain, 
Spanish- American war. Sugar. 

Specific aid on its premises to a particular reader is but 
one form of service of a library such as this. Published 
bibliographies, .such as the various lists i.ssued by the 
Library of Congress during the two years, based upon 
the expert use of a great collection, give aid to a multitude 
of readers and add efficiency not merely to the library 
which compiles them, but to every library which they 
reach. I am disposed constantly to emphasize this: That 
the service of the Library of Congress is little to be esti- 

Report of the Librarian of Congress. 


mated by the number of inquirers who frequent it in 
person. It maj- render services in value immeasurably 
exceeding its cost without issuing a single volume to a 
reader within its walls. 

There are, nevertheless, a considerable number of readers 
who do frequent it in person. There is a large use upon 
the premises. And although it can not properly be tabu- 
lated, although the most important of it is not recorded at 
all and of the remainder the statistics are but superficial, 
yet I include the figures, according to usage. 


The following summar>' is suggestive: 

Fiscal year 

Fiscal year 


Total number of visitors to the Library building . . i 655, 439 

Daily average 2, 150 

* Readers, main reading room 123, 844 

Readers, periodical reading room Not recorded. 


Books issued, main reading room 

Highest number in one day 

Books issued for home use (to classes privileged 

by statute ) 

Use of manuscripts, maps, music, and prints 

Reading room for the blind, total attendance at 


Not recorded. 



112. S94 

Not recorded. 



Not recorded. 


*T\ie decrease in the number of readers in the main Reading Room was due to 
the transfer to the Periodical Division of the issue of all current periodicals. 
Though the number of readers in the main room decreased, the number of books 
issued there increased 10 per cent over the preceding year. 

The great increase in the number of visitors was due in 
part to the inaugural ceremonies. On March 4 last 72,572 
persons entered the Library- building. 

The character of the use has varied somewhat from last 
year. A larger percentage of scientific works have been 
called for in the Reading Room for reference use, and a 
larger percentage of fiction for home use (by the few persons 
privileged to draw books for home use). A marked increase 
has been obser\-ed in the number of reference readers from 

44 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

outside of the District, and in the number of calls for books 
for official use by the Government Departments, Bureaus, and 
Commissions, and by the members of the Diplomatic Corps. 

bymesse^g^"^'^ '^^^ purchase of au electric automobile has enabled the 
Library to make a delivery twice daily at any point within the 
ordinary- limits. Such a delivery is regularly made as of 
course at the Smithsonian Institution, and books called for 
by the scientists there in the morning can l^e delivered to 
them at their desks in the afternoon. The Library is ready 
to undertake a similar service for any of the scientific bureaus 
of the Government. 

The present vehicle is indeed, as are the attendants having 
charge of this work, severely taxed. The attendants, in- 
cluding the motorman on the wagon, are but 5 in number. 
During the past year they have had to handle 94,895 letters 
received, 1,674 heav)' sacks of material, 1.094 packages, and 
273 cases; to speak only of the material coming into the 
Library. The current periodicals and newspapers received 
during the year aggregated over 500,000 issues. Every 
letter and everj' article has to be stamped with the date of its 
receipt and forwarded to the appropriate division or official. 
Hours. f he Librar>' hours have remajned as heretofore, excepting 

in the Music Division. Beginning October 22, 1900, this 
division has continued open until 10 p. m. The extension 
of the hours was experimental. It has been a success; but 
it can not be managed permanentlj' with the present force. 

for'hfbimd'""" There has been an increase in the number of blind visit- 
ors of 560 over the preceding year. This is due to the 
kindness of some 50 ladies and young girls, who have 
acted as escort to the blind to and from the Library. It is 
due also to the generosity of various persons who have con- 
tributed to the fund for car fare, which alone enables many 
of the blind residents of the District to avail themselves of 
the privileges of the room. 

One hundred and eighty-eight readings have been given 

Report of the Librarian of Congress. 45 

by 190 volunteer readers, including many well-known 
authors, and others who showed generosity in sparing the 
time from their professional or social duties. In addition 
to the readings, there have been, as usual, musicales (on 
Wednesday afternoons), 45 in all, to which 100 musicians 
have contributed their services. 

These readers and musicians have made this room, for an 
hour of ever)' day throughout the winter, a paradise of 
interest and enjo^nnent for the unseeing, whose emotion in 
music and whose imagination in literature are only the 
more keen because of the one sense which they lack. 

The collection of books in raised type has been enlarged 
b)' the purchase of 88 volumes and the gift of 57. The 
givers have been: 

Prof, E. E. Allen, Ch-erbrook, Pa., 28 vols. Ameri- 
can Braille; Mrs. Rebecca Colfelt, Philadelphia, Pa., 
8 vols. X. Y. point and linetype; Mrs. S. T. Postle- 
thwaite, Washington, 2 vols. N. Y. point and linetype; 
Mr. Randolph Latimer, Maryland, 5 vols, hnet^-pe; 
Mrs. Mar\- Ridgely, Washington, 3 vols. N. Y. point; 
Prof. Frank Hall, Jackson\nlle, 111., 7 vols. American 
Braille; Mr. Henry W. Miles, Bristol, Conn., 2 vols, 
In addition, the following persons have copied certain 
books in New York point type and presented them to the 

Miss Florence H. Behrend, Washington, 2 vols.; 
Rev. J. B. Becker, Georgetown University, Washing- 
ton, 6 vols.; Miss Alice Brown, Putne), Vermont, i vol.; 
Miss Hattie V. Keim, Washington, 8 vols.; Miss 
Madeline Wallace, New York, i vol.; Miss H. Man- 
ning, Washington, 2 vols.; Miss S. Duffj-, Washington, 
2 vols ; Miss Lilian Latimer, Hyattsville, Mar\-land, 
6 vols.; Miss M. LeDuc, Washington, 3 vols.; Mrs. 
Gertrude Keith, Washington, i vol.; Miss Catherine 
M. Keith, Washington, 10 vols. 

46 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

h^bUs.^^^' '^'" '^^^ exhibit of prints from the Gardiner Greene Hubbard, 
and other collections has continued, and has led to the loan 
to the Library of other valuable material whose owners 
were willing that it should give pleasure and instruction to 
the public, and felt confidence that it would be properly 
safeguarded while in the custody of the Library: 

Mr. George f^othrop Bradley, of Washington, has 
lent his collection, containing 1,466 carefully selected 
prints of all schools. 

Mr. Thomas F. Richardson, of Washington, has lent 
a collection of cuttings from richly illuminated manu- 
scripts of the twelfth to the fifteenth century. 

Mrs. T. Harrison Garrett, Mr. John W. Garrett, 
and Mr. Robert Garrett, of Baltimore, have permitted 
selections to be made without limit from their superb 
collection, which comprises over 50,000 prints. 

The generous public spirit of owners enables 
their contributions to reach over 2,000 persons a day, 
coming from all parts of the United States. 
All the use and enjoyments of these exhibits, of the inte- 
rior architecture and decorations of the building, and of the 
books themselves are absolutely forbidden to the public ex- 
cept on the six secular days of the week. For one-seventh 
of the year the entire institution, this great plant, with all its 
energy for good, lies idle. 

At the last session of Congress, while the appropriation 
bill was pending, an amendment was offered in the Senate 
by the chairman of the Committee on the District, making 
provision for the opening of the Library during a portion of 
each Sunday (after 2 p. m.). The amendment was referred 
to the Committee on the Library, reported favorably by 
them, and referred to the Committee on Appropriations. It 
was adopted by that committee and incorporated in the 
appropriation bill as it passed the Senate. But it fell out in 

This may have been through some misapprehension of its 

Sunday Opf.n- 


Report of the Librarian of Congress. 47 

purpose or effect. The Sunday opening of libraries and 
museums is, however, now so general that the application 
to a particular institution has ceased to be discussed as a 
question of utility, much less as a rehgious question, but 
purel}' as a question of local need and of pecuniary ability. 
Compulsory Sunday labor is not involved. In the Librarj' 
of Congress, as generally elsewhere, the pro\'ision would be 
for a "special ser\-ice." This might consist, in part at 
least, of week-day employees, but only at their own solici- 
tation, for extra pay; and in no case would an 5^ employee 
ser\*ing during the week be permitted to work every Sundaj", 
nor more than four hours of any Sunday. 

The Sunda\- use would not be tri\nal. Experience of 
other libraries proves it to be superior in orderliness and in 
seriousness to the week-day use. It would be in part by 
\nsitors from out of town, to whom now every Federal insti- 
tution in Washington, save the Zoological Park, is closed 
from Saturday evening till Monday morning; it would be 
in part b^' the men whose profession is in books, but whose 
week-day hours are occupied with routine research within 
their respective bureaus; it would be in part by emploj^ees 
in the Executive Departments who are interested in serious 
reading, and it would be in a large degree by men and 
women whose week-daj' hours must be devoted to the mere 
business which is their livelihood and the work-day evenings 
to mere physical recuperation, and whose only opportunity' 
for cultivation comes on Sunday. The Corcoran Galler>" is 
open on Sundaj' afternoons. The crowds which visit it are 
evidence of the need and the appreciation. 

To open the Library- (that is, the building, the exhibits, 
the main Reading Room, and the Reading Room for Peri- 
odicals and Newspapers) on Sunday afternoons and evenings 
would cost but $13,000 a year — less than 5 per cent of 
the present annual expenditure for maintenance. I can not 
believe that Congress will ignore an o^iportunity for such 

48 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

great benefit at so slight additional exj^nse, and I have 
included the provision in my estimates for the next fiscal 


The report of the Register of Copyrights is, as custom- 
arily, appended in full (Appendix II), It shows in detail 
the copyright business of the past fiscal year. It concludes 
with a passage with reference to the needs of copyright legis- 
lation; in effect, for a general revision of the copyright law. 
I quote the passage: 

' ' I have frequentl)' had occasion to call attention to 
the need for new copyright legislation. The law now 
in force consists of the act of July 8, 1870, as edited 
to become title 60, chapter 3, of the Revised Statutes, 
and ten amendatory acts passed subsequently. Natur- 
ally there is lacking the consistency and homogeneity 
of a single well-considered copyright statute. The 
existing legislation is antiquated; inadequate in some 
directions, inconsistent and confusing in others. The 
Attorney-General of the United States, in a recent opin- 
ion concerning .some provisions of the copj'right law, 
after setting out the precise stipulations of the statutes 
relating thereto, .says: ' Under this kind of legislation 
it is impossible to arrive at any satisfactor}' conclusion 
as to what Congress really did intend by it.' The 
expression of such an opinion by the head of the law 
department of the Government is sufficient evidence 
that revision of the law is urgently required. 

' ' Our copyright laws are based upon antiquated mod- 
els — the early copyright statutes — and the 
amendments made from time to time to the original 
enactment have been aimed at improvement of the law 
in certain particulars rather than a thorough revision, 
and have not given to it a form corresponding to mod- 
ern ideas of legislation relating to literary and artistic 

' ' No attempt at a general revision of the law has been 
made since that by the commissioners appointed in 1868 
to revise the general statutes, and their treatment of 

Report of the Librarian of Congress. 49 

copyright was necessarily a partial one, that being only 
one of a great many subjects requiring consideration. 
Many and greatly diverse interests are affected by copy- 
right legislation, and it would seem more probable that 
each and all of these would receive proportional atten- 
tion if the task of preparing a codification of the copy- 
right laws was intrusted by Congress to a commission 
adequately representing the dififereut interests con- 
cerned, and that a project of law thus formulated would 
more likely be on a par with the existing progressive 
copyright legislation of other countries. ' ' 


The space forming the third level above the committee 
rooms, constructed out of the old library- wing in the Capi- 
tol, is being made ready for the uses of a general reference 
library-, • in accordance with the resolution of Congress 
adopted in June, 1900. Should the main front of the Capi- 
tol be extended to the eastward, provision could be made in 
this extension for a library' far more commodious, and more 
accessible, both to Congress and to the main Library-, than 
can be contrived on the upper level on the west side. The 
latter can not be reached by a book railway from the main 
Library, and would be uninhabitable in summer. 

In view of the possibility of accommodation in the east 
extension so much more fitting and convenient, I would not 
recommend the expense of elaborate equipment of the space 
now being finished off. But simple shelving (chiefly wall 
cases) could be placed there which would be useful perma- 
nently for storage of legislative files, etc. ; and the small 
amount of tables, chairs, and administrative furniture neces- 
sary- could be made of a standard pattern equally available 
in any better room subsequently provided. The books also 
would be movable. The center room on the second level 
between the courts, at present unassigned, could be used to 
great advantage for the administrative office. The chief 
oflScer in charge could be stationed here; certain catalogues 
9957—01 4 

50 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

and other bibliographic tools; even a few of the more gen- 
eral reference works. 

A temporary provision of this sort would thus entail no 
subsequent waste. It would enable a service to be rendered 
to Congress during the several years which would in any 
event intervene before the extension, if determined upon, 
could be completed. 
Conclusion. The two rcports which I have submitted prior to this 

have had to deal particularly with needs to be supplied. It 
is a satisfaction that the present one can exhibit substan- 
tial progress made. With a building commodious and effi- 
cient, collections rapidly developing, equipment keeping 
pace, the systems of classifying and of cataloguing deter- 
mined, and the actual work upon them well under way; 
with an organization representing already each type of req- 
uisite capacity, and needing only to be expanded; and a 
present staff, interested, enthusiastic, and devoted; with all 
these, the pro.spect is now cheerful for meeting in reasonable 
course both the intentions of Congress and the expectations 
of the public. 

Respectfully submitted: 

Herbert Putnam, 
Librarian of Congress. 

The Honorable 

The President pro tempore of the Senate. 

Appendix I. 
Appropriations axd Expenditures. 

i Appropriation.! Expended. Unexpended. 


Library service . 
Copyright Office. 
Special service . . 

J178, 780.00 
« 3, 9+8. 00 



2, 535- 23 



Purchase of books 

235, 80S. 00 226, 567. 26 

I^urchase of periodicals 

Purchase of law books 

Exchange of public documents. 













a 59, 680. 00 



Contingent expenses . 
Printing and binding. 

Grand total 

75. 000. 00 


376.988.00 j 368,324.71 



7, 240. 74 



I Balance of amount appropriated by acts of .\pril 17, 1900. and March 3, 1901. 
'Exclusive of $1,500 to be expended by the marshal of the Supreme Court for 
new books of reference for that bodv. 

Contingent Expenses in Detail. 

Object of expenditure. 

Stationery supplies 

Automobile ( electric ) delivery wagon 

Care of automobile (three months) , 

Care of horse and wag^n (nine months) .. 

Traveling expenses , 

Rubber stamps 

T yjjew riter supplies 

Postage stamps (foreign correspondence) 



Post-office box rent 














Appendix II.. 

Washington, D. C, September y, igor. 

Report of the Register of Copyrights for the 
Fiscal Year i 900-1 901. 

The copyright business and the work of the Copyright 
Office for the fiscal year from July i, 1900, to June 30, 1901, 
inclusive, is summarized as follows: 


The gross receipts during the year were $69,525.25. A 
balance of $1 ,486.29, representing trust funds and unfinished 
business, was on hand July i, 1900, making a total of 
$71,011.54 to be accounted for. Of this amount $6,077.35 
was refunded, having been sent to the Copyright Office as 
excess fees, or as fees for articles not registerable, lea\'ing 
a net balance of $64,934. 19. The balance carried over July 
I, 1901 — representing trust funds, $992.67, and unfinished 
business since July i, 1897, $257.52 — was $1,250.19, leav- 
ing for fees applied during the fiscal year 1 900-1 901, 
$63,684, and for fees applied which were received in the 
Copyright Office prior to July i, 1897, $3-50. making a total 
of $63,687.50. (See Exhibit A.) 

Of this sum of $63,687.50, representing applied fees, 
$63,684 was paid into the Treasury by weekly checks, as 
per Exhibit B, and credit was allowed for $3.50 applied as 
fees out of fees received prior to July i, 1897. 


The appropriations made by Congress for salaries for the 
Copyright Office for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1901, 
amounted to $51,080, and the expenditures for supplies, 
stationery, all other articles not designated as "furniture," 


Register of Copyrights. 53 

postage on foreign matter, etc., was $1,076.31, making a 
total of $52,156.31, leaving a credit balance when this 
amount is deducted from the amount of fees earned of 
$11,531.19. The cost of maintaining the Library building, 
in which the Copyright Office is located, is covered by spe- 
cial appropriation by Congress, and the furniture required 
for the office is supplied out of the general appropriation for 
furniture for the Librar>^ of Congress. The necessarj-- 
expenditure for record books, blanks, and other printing 
and binding is made out of the printing allotment of the 
Library- of Congress, and the cost of printing the "Cata- 
logue of Title Entries " is paid by the Treasury* Department. 
The amount of these various expenditures is not accessible. 

The copyright fees received and paid into the United 
States Treasury during the last four fiscal years, from July 
I, 1897, to June 30, 1901, amount to $243,087, and the 
appropriations for salaries during that period to $160,800, 
leaving an excess of fees over appropriations of $82,287. 

The necessary expenditure for record books, blanks, and 
other printing and binding, stationery, and other suppUes, 
etc., amounted to $22,000, leaving a net balance to the 
credit of the Copyright Office during the four years of some- 
thing over $60,000. 

In addition to this excess of fees over appropriations for 
ser\-ice and expenditure for supplies, it should be remem- 
bered that two copies of each article (exclusive of original 
works of art) are required to be deposited for the use of the 
Library. This deposit for the fiscal year 1 900- 1 90 1 amounted 
to 162,283 articles, including books, maps, engravings, musi- 
cal compositions, photographs, etc., many of them of con- 
siderable money value and such as would otherwise have 
required to be purchased and paid for by direct appropriation 
by Congress. 


The total number of entries of titles during the fiscal year 
was 92,351. Of this number 83,813 were titles of produc- 
tions of persons citizens or residents of the United States, 
and 8,538 were titles of productions of persons not citizens 
or residents of the United States. The fees for these entries 

54 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

were: United States, $41,906.50; foreign, $8,538, or a total 
of $50,444.50. 

Of the foreign entries, 1,995 were with certificates, as well 
as 21,810 of the United States entries, or a total of 23.805 
certificates, at fees amounting to $11,902.50. In addition, 
1,334 copies of record were furnished at fees amounting to 
$667; 550 assignments were recorded and certified at a charge 
of $641, and search fees charged to the amount of $32.50. 
The details of the Copyright Office business and applied fees 
are set out in Exhibit C. 

With the beginning of the year 1901 and the new century 
the record books were divided into nine separate series to 
correspond with the nine classes of articles named in the 
copyright law. This was done primarily to allow oppor- 
tunity for a distribution of the work of recording among a 
larger number of clerks at times of special congestion, but it 
also results in a considerable saving of time, as the designa- 
tions can thus be printed in the record books instead of 
requiring to be written in, and doing this insures against 
errors of transcription. Moreover, it gives opportunity to 
secure an automatic classification and enumeration of the 
entries. The number of entries in each class from January 
I to June 30, 1 90 1, is as follows: 

Class A, books, pamphlets, leaflets, and periodical contri- 
butions, 12,515; Class B, periodicals, 11,656; Class C, musi- 
cal compositions, 9,787; Class D, dramatic compositions, 
718; Class E, maps or charts, 751; Class F, engravings, 
cuts, or prints, 3, 192; Class G, chromos or lithographs, 808; 
Class H, photographs, 5,690, and Class I, original works of 
art — paintings, drawings, and sculpture, 1,409. Total, 


The various articles deposited in compliance with the copy- 
right law, which have been receipted for, stamped, credited, 
indexed, and catalogued during the fiscal year amount to 
162,283. This is a gain of 20,839 over the previous fiscal 

There has been a steady growth in the luimber of these 
deposits during the last four fiscal years, the total dejKJsits 
being in each year respectively, 112,805; 120,143; 141,444, 

Register of Copyrights. 55 

and 1 62 , 283. These deposits for the four years are classified 
in Exhibit F. Periodicals (newspapers, magazines, and 
other serial publications) lead in the number of deposits, 
music coming second and photographs third, deposits to 
complete entries for magazine contributions fourth, books 
(Hterature) fifth, leaflets, circulars, etc., sixth, engravings 
seventh, chromos eighth, maps ninth, and dramas tenth. 
Comparing the deposits with the entries it is found that only 
in the case of periodicals is the deposit complete, although 
in music it is substantially so, the deposits amounting to 
about 99 per cent of the entries, while in the case of the 
various entries necessarily classified under the term ' ' book, 
only about 70 per cent are completed by deposit as required 
by law— a large proportion of the entries probably being for 
projected works produced later or never completed at all — 
and in the case of the remaining articles about 80 per cent 
of the entries are perfected by deposits. 


The titles filed for record are carefully indexed, each 
entr\' having a card under the name of the proprietor; and 
books, periodicals, dramatic compositions, and maps have, 
in addition, title or author cards. These index cards, num- 
bering 115.025 for the fiscal year, become part of the per- 
manent indexes of the Copyright Office, and are also used as 
the copy for the Catalogue of Title Entries required to be 
printed weekly by act of Congress of March 3, 1891 (Fifty- 
first Congress, second session, chapter 565). The articles 
referred to in the preceding paragraph were catalogued 
during the fiscal year, and the catalogue printed in four 
volumes, as follows: 


Volume 24, third quarter 1900, 13 numbers i. 172 

Volume 25, fourth quarter 1900, 13 numbers i,499 

Volume 26, first quarter 1901, 13 nimibers i, 43° 

Volume 27, second quarter 1901, 13 numbers i, 537 

Total 5, 638 

5,638 pages of octavo print in all. 

The following volumes have been previously issued: v. 
1-12, July I, 1891-June 30, 1897, 4°; V. 13, July-Decem- 

56 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

ber, 1897, 1.450 PP-. 4°; ^'- ^4- January-March, 1898, 963 
pp., 8°; V. 15, April-June, 1898, 1,075 PP-. 8°; v. 16, July- 
September, 1898, 1,001 pp., 8°; V. 17, October- December, 
1898, 902 pp., 8°; V. 18, January-March, 1899, 746 pp.. 8°; 
V. 19, April-June, 1899, 1,044 PP-. 8°; v. 20, July-Septem- 
ber, 1899, 901 pp., 8°; V. 21, October-December, 1899,938 
pp., 8°; V. 22, January-March, 1900, 1,009 PP-. 8"; v. 23, 
April-June, 1900, 1,127 pp., 8°. 

An improvement has been made in the Catalogue of Title 
Entries, beginning with volume 26, the first volume of this 
year, by furni.shing a complete volume index. This it is 
hoped to keep up, so that hereafter a search for any 
particular entry will require reference to only four printed 
indexes for each year. This catalogue is much relied upon 
in the office in searches made to answer the questions re- 
ceived daily as to copyright entries. 

The copyright entries from July 10, 1870, to August 31, 
1901, number 1,238,304. The index to these entries con- 
sists of upward of 700,000 cards, and more than 100,000 
cards are added annually. These cards index the entries 
primarily under the names of the proprietors of the copy- 
rights, and it is believed that this index of proprietors is 
substantially complete from July, 1870, so that under the 
name of each copyright proprietor there is a card or cards 
showing the titles of all articles upon which copyright is 
claimed. In addition to cards under the proprietors' names, 
cards are now made: For books, under the names of their 
authors; for anonymous books, periodicals, and dramatic 
compositions, under the first words of the titles (not a, and, 
or the), and for maps, under the leading subject words of 
the titles, i. e. , the names of the localities mapped. 

No attempt is made to index the titles as such ; that is to 
say, in order to show that any given title has been used. 
So long as the copyright law does not secure the use of a 
registered title to some one person to the exclusion of all 
others, there would .seem to be no justification in adding to 
the already large index upward of 100,000 cards annually 
simply to show that certain forms of words have been u.sed 
by one or more persons as designations for books, maps, 
music, photographs, etc. , registered for copyright protectiou. 

Register of Copyrights, 57 


Balance on hand July r, 1900 Ji, 486. 29 

Gross receipts, July i, 1900, to 

June 30, 1901 69, 525. 25 

Total to be accounted for ^71, on. 54 

Refunded 6, 077. 35 

Balance to be accounted for 64, 934. 19 

Applied as fees earned J63, 684. 00 

Balance carried over to July i, 1901: 

Trust funds $992. 67 

Unfinished business. July i , 1897, to June 30, 

1901, inclusive 257. 52 

I, 250. 19 

64. 934. 19 

Total fees earned and paid into Treasury during the fotir 

fiscal years from July i, 1S97, to June 30, 1901 243, 087. 00 

Total unfinished business for the same four years 257. 52 

Number of entries of United States productions recorded 83, 813 
Number of entries of foreign productions recorded .... 8, 538 

Total number of titles recorded 92, 35? 

Number of certificates of United States entries 21, Sio 

Number of certificates of foieign entries i, 995 

Total number of certificates 23, 805 

Number of certified copies of record i, 334 

Number of assignments recorded 550 

Fees for entry of titles, United 

States productions, at 50 cents 

each (less $3.50 fees received 

prior to July i, 1897) %\\, 903. 00 

Fees for entry of titles of foreign 

productions, at %i each 8, 538. 00 

Total fees for titles recorded $50, 441. 00 

Fees for certificates. United States 

entries, at 50 cents each 10, 905. 00 

Fees for certificates, foreign en- 
tries, at 50 cents each 997. 50 

Total fees for certificates it, 902. 50 

Fees for certified copies of record, at 50 cents 

each 667. 00 

Fees for recording assignments 641. 00 

Eleven searches made, and charged for at the 
rate of 50 cents for each hour of time con- 
sumed 32. 50 

Total fees 63, 684. 00 

58 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 


(a) Current work. 

The exact status of the current work of the Copyright 
Ofl&ce at this date (September 7, 1901) is as follows: 

1. All remittances have been recorded and acknowledged 
to September 6, inclusive. 

2. The account books of the bookkeeping division are 
written up and posted to August 31, and the accounts ren- 
dered to the Treasury Department are settled up to and in- 
cluding the month of August, and earned fees to August 31, 
inclusive, paid into the Treasury. 

3. Copyright applications received up to and including 
September 4 have been passed upon and refunds mace up 
to August 3r. The total unfinished and pending business 
from July i, 1897, to August 31, 1901, inclusive, four years, 
amounts to $169.65. 

4. The titles filed for record (all classes) are dated, clas- 
sified, and numbered to September 3, inclusive. 

5. The titles filed are indexed as follows: Class A, books, 
to No. 16026, of August 31; Class B, periodicals, to No. 
14040, of September 3 ; Class C, musical compositions, to 
No. 1 1506, of August 10; Class D, dramatic compositions, 
to No. 810, of August 28 ; Class E, maps and charts, to No. 
990, of August 28 ; Class F, engravings, cuts, and prints, to 
No. 3987, of 28 ; Class G, chromosand lithographs, 
to No. II 36, of August 28; Class H, photographs, to No. 
8287, of August 28 ; Class I, original works of art, to No. 
1820, of August 28. 

6. The articles deposited are stamped, catalogued, and 
credited as follows: Clars A, books proper, to No. 16026, 
of August 31; circulars and leaflets, to No. 15049, of August 
15; periodical contributions, to No. 15049, of 15; 
Class B, periodicals, to No. 14040, of Septemljer 3; Class C, 
musical compositions, to No. 11247, of August 5; D, 
dramatic compositions, to No. 764, of August 15; Class E, 
maps and charts, to No. 968, of August 2 1 ; Class F, engrav- 
ings, cuts, and prints, to No. 3871, of August 21; Class G, 
chromos and lithographs, to No. 1059, of August 21; Class 
H, photographs, to No. 8012, of August 21; Class I, origi- 
nal works of art, photographs of drawings, paintings, and 
sculpture, to No. 1774, of 21. 

Register of Copyrights. 59 

The Catalogue of Title Entries has been brought forward 
to No. 10, of volume 28, to September 5, 1901. 

7. The certificate entries have been recorded, all classes, 
to August 29, inclusive, and certificates made, revised, and 

The non-certificate entries have been recorded as follows: 
Class A, to Xo. 15849. of August 28; Class B, to Xo. 13991, 
of August 31; Class C, to Xo. 12173, of August 34; Class 
D, to Xo. 815, of August 31: Class E, to Xo. 1004, of Au- 
gust 31 ; Class F, to Xo. 4020, of August 31 ; Class G, to Xo. 
II 13, of August 31; Class H. to Xo. 7935, of August 21; 
Class I, to Xo. 1794. of August 31. 

The total entries remaining to be made to date. 1,039, 
number 95 more than the entries made for one class (peri- 
odicals) in a single day. viz, December 31, 1900, when 944 
periodical entries were made. 

{b) Copyright business prior to July i, i8pj. 

Congress, in the appropriation act for the fiscal year, pro- 
vided a special force of three clerks, a porter, and a mes-sen- 
ger boy for bringing up the arrears in the Copyright Office 
work prior to Juh- i, 1897. The first task was to arrange 
the mass of articles deposited since July 10, 1870, which 
bore indications of having been properly treated — stamped, 
dated, numbered, and credited — so that each article could be 
produced upon demand without unreasonable loss of time. 
Of the whole mass of deposits 77,325 books, 36,666 pamph- 
lets, and 5,856 photographs have been arranged by ^ear and 
number (119,757 articles in all), and 6,420 blank books and 
1,079 atlases, 6.888 etchings and engravings, 9,858 cuts 
and prints, 568 roll maps, 100 insurance maps, and 294 
posters (25,207 articles) have been arranged by year of de- 
posit. In addition, 5,965 books. 100 newspapers, 413 pho- 
tographs and prints, and 3,783 leaflets, fly-leaves, etc., 
received prior to July, 1870, have been properl}' arranged, 
making a total of 155,225 articles in all. 

The second desideratum was tentatively to arrange the 
uncredited deposits received prior to July i, 1897, and these 
have been roughly classified and assorted, and are as follows: 
Books, 1,773; pamphlets, leaflets, etc., 46,855; newspapers 
and periodicals, 12,700; photographs, 6.974; engravings, 
1,490; insurance maps, 6,700; roll maps, 275; posters, 1,120; 

6o Report of the Librarian oj Congress. 

miscellaneous articles, 1,952; a total of 79,839 articles or 

There have also been arranged 18,623 titles filed prior to 
July 10, 1870, these being additional to the 60,719 reported 
in my last annual report. This makes a grand total of 
233.689 pieces thus far handled of the entire deposits made 
prior to July i, 1897. 

There still remain the credited deposits for the years 1886 
to 1890 to be arranged, the more detailed treatment of the 
25,000 articles now only arranged by years, and the neces- 
sarily very slow and laborious task of examining the 80,000 
uncredited deposits with a view to properly crediting them. 


I have frequentl}' had occasion to call attention to the 
need for new copyright legislation. The law now in force 
consists of the act of July 8, 1870, as edited to become title 
60, chapter 3 of the Revised Statutes, and ten amendatory 
acts passed subsequently. Naturally, there is lacking the 
consistency and homogeneity of a single well-considered 
copyright statute. The existing legislation is antiquated; 
inadequate in some directions, inconsistent and confusing in 
others. The Attorney-General of the United States, in a 
recent opinion concerning some provisions of the copyright 
law, after setting out the precise stipulations of the statutes 
relating thereto, says: " Under this kind of legislation it is 
impossible to arrive at any satisfactory conclusion as to what 
Congress really did intend by it." The expression of such 
an opinion by the head of the law department of the Govern- 
ment is sufficient evidence that revision of the law is urgently 

Our copyright laws are based upon antiquated models — 
the early English copyright statutes — and the amendments 
made from time to time to the original enactment have l^een 
aimed at improvement of the law in certain particulars 
rather than a thorough revision, and have not given to it a 
form corresjxjnding to modern ideas of legislation relating 
to literary and artistic property. 

No attempt at a general revision of the law has lieen made 
since that by the commissioners appointed in 1868 to revise 
the general .statutes, and their treatment of copyright was 
necessarily a partial one, that being only one of a great many 

Register of Copyrights. 


subjects requiring consideration. Many and greatly diverse 
interests are affected by copyright legislation, and it would 
seem more probable that each and all of these would receive 
proportional attention if the task of preparing a codification 
of the copyright laws were intrusted by Congress to a com- 
mission adequatel}- representing the different interests con- 
cerned, and that a project of law thus formulated would 
more likely be on a par with the existing progressive copy- 
right legislation of other countries. 
Respectfully submitted 

Thorvald Solberg, 

Register of Copyrights. 
Herbert Putnam, 

Librariati of Congress, Washing to7i, D. C. 

Exhibit A. — Statement of gross receipts, refunds, net receipts, and 
fees applied for fiscal year ending f line JO, igoi. 


Gross cash 


Net j Fees 
receipts. applied. 



September . 


December . . 



February. . . 






5.068. II 

6, 049. 07 
S 580. II 



493- 31 






566. 48 




429- 56 



S 175- 49 


6, 410. 50 

69,525.25 6,077.35 



Balance brought forward from June 30, 1900 $1, 486 

Gross receipts, July i, 1900, to June 30, 1901 69.525. 

Less refunds, July i, 1900, to June go, 1901 6,077, 

To be accounted for 64, 934. 19 

Balance carried forward, July i, 1901: 

Trust fund ,. $992-67 

Unfinished business 257.52 

t, 250. 19 

Fees applied, July i, 1900, to June 30, 1901 63,684.00 

Fees received and paid into the Treasurj- prior to July i, 1897, and applied 
fiscal year 1900-1901 3-50 

Total amount of fees applied 63, 687. 50 

62 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Exhibit B. — Statement of fees paid into Treasury. 



July 9 




August 6 . . . 
13- •• 

September 4 




October I . . . 



15- •• 



November 5 




December 3 






January 7 . . 

10 .. 




















$J, 000. 00 





115- 00 












1, 200.00 00 










I, 200.00 

339- 00 

2, 250. 00 



January 28 . 
February 4 



March 5 . . . 


II . .. 



April I 

4 .... 
8 .... 
15 .... 


29 ... . 

May 6 





June 3 





July I 








Fees received and paid into 
the Treasury prior to 
July I, 1897, and applied 
for entries, 1900-1901 

Total , 







t, 200.00 



I, 200.00 


t, 200.00 




1. 500.0c 

900. ot 


I, 200.0a 






3- 50 


Register of Copyrights. 
Exhibit Q..— Record of applied fees. 




Fees at 
|i each. 

ber of 

Fees at 

50 cents 


ber of 

fees for 
titles re- 


Fees at 

50 cents 





783- 00 
739- 00 


743- w 


7. "5 



fi. St:; 


3. 079- 50 











III. 00 



September . . 


•November . . 
December . . . 







Total . . 


8, 538. 00 




50, 444- 50 







September , 
October . . . . 
November . 
December . . 



1901. I 

January 1.981 

February i 1,615 

March 2,034 

April 2,062 

May { 1,882 

June I 1,728 

Total. .21,810 

Fees at 








501 I, 

00^ 2,012 

50! 1.942 

50J 2,045 

ooj 1,735 

50! 2,044 




Fees at 


Fees at 




1, 022. 00 

r, 102.00 
1. 127.50, 






59- .so; 


$48.00 $3 
46. 00 5 
42. ool . . . 

52- 00 5, 
72.00 3, 

48 49.00 
32| 49-00 

74: 76.00 

60, 60.001 12. 

•■ I 

50; 59- 00 
40 44.00 

10,905.0023,80511,902.501,3341 667.00; 550641.00! 32. 

50 $5, 115.00 
50! 5.404.50 
..I 4.73S.00 
00' 5.494-50 
00 4,500.50 
. 1 6,339.00 

50. 6,410.50 
5o| 4.546.50 
50 5.416.50 
oof 5,653-50 
-I 5.045.50 
00 5.023.50 



Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Exhibit D. — Copyright business ( monthly comparison). Annual re- 
port for the fiscal year July /, i^oo, to June JO, igoi. » 

[Comparative monthly statement of gross cash receipts, executed busi- 
ness, number of entries, daily average, etc.] 

Gross receipts. 

Business executed. 


ly re- 

ly in- 

ly de- 















6, 027. 36 
6, 049. 07 
5. 789- 03 
5. 580. II 


223. 23 
275- 22 
222. 65 

$5, "5- 00 
5, 494- 50 
4. 500. 50 
6, 339- 00 


180. 03 


$293- 17 













194. 05 



69. 525- 25 


Number of entries. 




Total. ; Increase. 


cr?a*^. 'Average. 



September . . . . 






1. 137 


" ^ "'■ 


79" ^,-.-- 

739 8,954 
626 9, 245 
674 5, 747 

6081 7- li»"» 













Total .... 


83, 813 


Register of Copyrights. 



Exhibit E. — Statement of gross cash receipts, executed business, num- 
ber of entries, etc., for four fiscal years, 1S97-98, 1898-^g, i8g^ 
J goo, I goo- 1 go I. 




September . 


November . 
December . . 


February . . 






Gross receipts. 

1897-9S. 1S9&-99. 11899-1900. 1900-190:. 

$4. 257- 70 
5. 556- 21 
4, 292. 8S 
6, 512. 60 
4, 606. 92 
4, 476. 16 

|5, 102. 74 
4. 675- 96 

; 6,050.86 
6, 300. 02 
5. 034- 73 

fc. 156.87 
4, 846. 97 

, 5,583-59 
5. 479. 15 
5, 762. 86 

61,099.56 64,185.65 .71,072.33 

4, 9S6. 62 
6, 027. 36 

6, 049. 07 

69, 525- 25 

Business executed. 

1897-98. 1898-99. 

$3, 769. 00 
4, 610. 50 
4, 339- 50 

%\, 724- 50 
4, 266. 50 
6, 192. 50 
4, 651. 00 

55,926.50 I 58,267.00 

Business executed. 

Number of entries. 

J1899-1900. ,1900-1901. 1S97-9S. j 1898-99. 1899-1900. 1900-1901. 

July [$4,789.50 


5, 317- 00 
4, 810. 50 
5 032.50 
5, 871. 50 
5, 229. 50 


September . 


November . 
December . . 


February. . . 




June 5.369.50 

;$5, 115.00 

6, 410. 50 
5, 416. 50 
5, 045. 50 
5. 023- 50 

6, 106 
6, 222 





Total l6.s 206. 00 163,687.50 ■ 75.545 I 80,9681 94,798 




1897-98... 161,099.56 
1898-99 . . . I 64, 185. 65J3, 086. 09 
1899-1900. 1 71,072.336,886.68 
1900-1901. j 69,525.25 

De- I Yearly \ In- | De- 
crease. I fees. I crease. | crease. 

I55.926.50 ' 


I 65,2o6.oo;6,939.oo 

1,547.08 63,687.50! ;*,5i8.5o 

ber of 








Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Exhibit F. — Table of articles deposited during four fiscal years, 
/8gj-g8, i8g8-gg, /agg-igoo, igoo-igor. 





1. Books: 

(a) Books proper (volumes) 

{fi) Miscellaneous articles entered 
under the term " book " as used 
in the copyright law — e. g., cir- 
culars, leaflets, etc 

(c) Newspapers and magazine articles 

2. Dramatic compositions 

3. Periodicals (number) 

4. Musical compositions 

5. Maps and charts 

6. Engravings, cuts, and prints 

7. Chromos and lithographs 

8. Photographs 

9a Miscellaneous (unclassified articles) . . . 

« • 4< * 

Two copies of each article were re- 

9. Photographs with titles of works of art 

for identification, one oopy each 

Grand total 












55. 976 

"1. 952 







5. 073 



14, 147 





". "5 

59. 217 



139. 830 

120, 143 







Appendix III. 

JOINT RESOLUTION to regulate the distribution of public docu- 
ments to the Librarj' of Congress for its own use and for international 

Resolved by the Senate and House of Repi^esentatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled. That of the 
publications described in this section the number of copies 
which shall be printed and distributed by the Public Printer 
to the Library of Congress for its own use and for interna- 
tional exchange in heu of the number now provided by law 
shall be sixty-two, except as such number shall be enlarged 
to not exceeding one hundred copies by request of the 
Librarian of Congress, to wit: The House documents and 
reports, bound; the Senate documents and reports, bound; 
the House Journals, bound; the Senate Journals, bound; all 
other documents bearing a Congressional number and all 
documents not bearing a Congressional number printed by 
order of either House of Congress, or by order of any de- 
partment, bureau, commission, or officer of the Govern- 
ment, except confidential matter, blank forms, and circular 
letters not of a public character; the Re\-ised Statutes, 
bound; the Statutes at Large, bound; the Congressional 
Record, bound; the Official Register of the United States, 

Sec. 2. That in addition to the foregoing the Public 
Printer shall supply to the Library of Congress for its own 
use two copies of each cf the above-described publications, 
unbound, as published ; five copies of all bills and resolu- 
tions; ten copies of the daily Congressional Record, and 
two copies of all documents printed for the use of Congres- 
sional committees not of a confidential character. 

Sec. 3. That of any publication printed at the Government 
expense by direction of any department, commission, 
bureau, or officer of the Government elsewhere than at the 


68 Report of the Librarian of Co?igress. 

Government Printing Office there shall be supplied to the 
Library of Congress for its own use and for international 
exchange sixty-two copies, except as such number shall l)e 
enlarged to not exceeding one hundred copies by request ot 
the Joint Committee on the Library. 
Approved, March 2, 1901 


Appendix IV. 



The Library of Congress, 
Washing to7i, D. C, October 28, 1901. 

The Library' of Congress is now prepared to furnish a cx)py 
or copies of any of the catalogue cards {a) which it is cur- 
rently printing; {b) which it has heretofore printed, so far 
as copies of these can be supplied from stock. 

The Library is currently printing cards for the following 
classes of accessions. 

(a) Books currently copyrighted under the laws of the 
United States. 

{b) Miscellaneous material, both current and noncurrent, 
so far as acquired by it. 

(r) The printed books in its present collection as these 
are reached in the process of reclassification. 

The cards already printed have included the following: 

{a) Cop3'righted books since July i, 1898. 

(^) Miscellaneous accessions since January' i, 1901, and 
in part since January i, 1900. 

(r) The two groups in the existing collection already 
reclassified, to wit: Bibliography and Library Science;. Amer- 
ican History. (The group next to be dealt with is Political 
and Social Science. ) 

Samples of the printed cards are inclosed herewith. They 
are author cards mereh\ Subject headings will, however, 
l3e suggested on cards in the following groups at least: 

1. Copyrighted books; 

2. Bibliography and Library Science; 

3. American History; and 

4. Each new group as reclassified. 

In the Library' of Congress these subject headings are pre- 
fixed, with pen or typewriter, to the author cards in order 
to form subject cards. 



70 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Subscription price. — The charge will be based upon the cost 
(including handling) of the extra copies, plus lo per cent. 
What this charge will be will depend upon the number of 
copies subscribed for, both in the aggregate and by any par- 
ticular library. For a single copy of a single card it will 
not exceed 2 cents. 

Orders. — i. Orders will be accepted in any form which 
specifically identifies the book (i. e., the card desired). For 
copyrighted books the most convenient form of order would 
be a checked copy of the weekly Catalogue of Title Entries, 
containing the titles desired. This catalogue is a publi- 
cation of the Treasury Department. It is av^ailable to any 
subscriber at a cost of $5 per year. Subscriptions for it 
should be addressed to the Treasury Department, at Wash- 

2. The Publishers' Weekly contains almost all the titles 
in the Bulletin that would interest the ordinary library, and 
many of the uncopyrighted books also. Orders may be sent 
in the form of a checked copy of the Publishers' Weekly. 

3. The Library of Congress takes proofs of all its cards 
upon galley .strips. Copies of these strips will be sent cur- 
rently to any library ordering, or likely to order, a consider- 
able number of these cards. This distribution will have to 
be limited, at the begiiniing at, to not more than 25 
libraries. A .set of the strips will, however, be .sent cur- 
rently to every State library commission, with the expecta- 
tion that the commission will undertake to receive requi.sitions 
for cards from the smaller libraries, will consolidate them, 
and will forward them as orders to the Library of Congress. 
The cards can then be di.stributed, either through the vState 
commissions (as would be more convenient to the Library 
of Congress), or perhaps direct to the particular institution 

The galley strips will, of course, contain all the titles for 
which cards are currently printed. 

On the proofs each title receives a consecutive printer's 
number. The strips themselves may be cut and the titles 
desired forwarded as the order, with the designation of the 
number of copies of each card required. But the order need 
consist of no more than the numbers of the titles in tlie 

Distribution of Catalogue Cards. 71 

printer's series, as indicated upon the slips. Any library 
not receiving nor having access to the strips, nor choosing 
to employ as a check list the Copyright Catalogue of Title 
Entries or the Publishers' Weekly , will be at liberty to send 
its orders in the form of a brief memorandum on sheet or 
slip. The description must, however, be sufficiently precise 
for absolute identification, to wit, author, brief title, number 
of volumes, date, publisher, and place of publication — in 
short, the imprint. In the case of a current book the 
information ordinarily sent to a dealer in ordering will be 

In fact, libraries desiring these cards, for all or most of 
their accessions, might do well to forward to the Library of 
Congress, at the time of placing the order with the dealer, 
a duplicate (carbon copy) of their order sheet. 

Orders for cards on sheets must be on sheets of standard 
letter size; on slips, must be of the size of the 33° catalogue 
card. (Size of the inclosed. ) 

Orders should be addressed: 

The Librarian of Congress, 
PRINTED CARDS. Washington, D. C. 

Price. — Under the existing law the Librarian of Congress 
will act merely as the agent for the Public Printer in receiv- 
ing orders and subscriptions for the cards. The law requires 
payment in advance. The normal charge can be determined 
only after experience. In the meantime, in order to initiate 
the undertaking, it is necessary to fix a charge which shall 
serve for the present. The follomng rates have, for this 
purpose, been determined upon: 

{a) For one copy of any card, 2 cents. 

{b) For each additional copy, five- tenths of i cent. 

{c) For each additional copy of any one card where the 
order is received before the title goes to print, four-tenths of i 
cent per copy. 

Thus the cost per title will be: 

1. To a library' requiring one copy of a card, 2 cents. 

2. To a library' requiring two or more copies, 2 cents for 
the first copy; one-half cent for each additional copy where 
the order is received subsequent to printing. 


72 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

3. To a library placing an order for two or more copies of 
a card, before printi?ig, 2 cents for the first copy and four- 
tenths of I cent for each additional cop3'. 

Fractions of a cent in any final accounting will be reck- 
oned as a whole. 

Payment. — Subscribers can not determine whether theii 
orders will reach the Library in advance of printing. They 
can not, therefore, determine the precise amount to remit 
with their orders. They may follow one of these 

1. If they remit with each order the remittance should 
cover the higher charge (2 cents for the first copy; five- 
tenths of I cent for each additional copy). Any balance in 
their favor will be duly credited. 

2. They may deposit in advance with the Librarian of 
Congress a lump sum. They will receive a receipt and 
credit for this, and any work done for them will be debited 
against it. This method is recommended as decidedly more 
simple and convenient. 

Remittances. — Must be by check or money order, payable 
to "The Public Printer, Washington, D. C." But they are 
to be inclosed to the Librarian of Congress. 

The above arrangement is to take the place of any and all 
arrangements heretofore proposed for the distribution of 
these cards by the publishing board of the American Library 
Association, in cooperation with the Library of Congress. 

Various details with reference to the distribution can be 
settled only after information as to what and how many, 
libraries are likely to subscribe. 

Please respond to this cirailar, therefore, stating — 

(a) Whether or not you intend to sub.scribe, and to what 
probable extent; 

{b) If you do not intend to subscribe, what modifications 
of the plan proposed would alter your decision ? 

A self-addressed envelope is inclosed. 

Hekbekt Putx.\m. 
Librarian of Congress. 

Dishibtition of Catalogue Cards. 


Note i . Orders for cards will be received at once. 

Note 2. The inclosed sample cards represent style and 
quality now in use. Cards heretofore printed by the Library', 
though of the same size, have varied from these as follows: 

(a) Stock used prior to Januan,- i, 1901, was somewhat 

ib) Prior to April i, 1901, spaced type was used for head- 
ings; 6-point instead of 8-point for notes and contents. 

(r) Arrangement and spacing of entry have varied 

(See Facsimile of catalogue card, p. 74. ) 

74 Report oj the Librarian of Congress. 

Vm I 


o y o 



.JC V- 


f 1 +j ^^ 



,n in 





ro u 



£ •4-> 




*<U •> >H 



XI ""^ 


J." ;h 




'S '-if 

+j >=• 



n life 
w Yo 





















alifornia and 
d Rocky mo 
. G. Bourne. 
















on by 











Appendix X"^. 



The purchases of the Librar>' since July i, 1899. have 
been in large measure directed toward remedying deficien- 
cies in certain subjects. The departments of bibliography, 
monumenta, archseolog}-, art and architecture, French his- 
tory and memoirs, political economy, institutional histon,', 
international law, ethnology, voyages and travel, have 
received special attention. The Library has acquired also 
a large body of Dutch literature rich in original historical 
and literary material. Certain significant additions in these 
departments have been made the subject of a special list 
here presented. This list comprises upward of 700 titles. 
It is, even within the area which it covers, merely illustrative, 
not comprehensive; and it omits several subjects in which 
there have been notable additions: for instance, Continental 
literature, British local and family history^ and Genealogy and 

Continental literature. — The great deficiencies in conti- 
nental literature have been alleviated by purchase of defini- 
tive editions of many standard authors in French, German? 
Italian, Spanish, and Scandina\-ian (as well as in Dutch), 
and also of collections such as ' ' Les anciens poetes de la 
France," " Bibliothek der altesten deutschen Litteratur- 
Denkmaler," "Deutsche Xational-lileratur. Historisch- 
kritische Ausgabe," " Les grands ecrivains de la France," 
" Les litteratures populaires de toutes les nations." 

The principal writings of recent French literary critics 
have been added, noticeably: Brunetiere, Anatole France, 
Lemahtre, Faguet, Rene Doumic, Hennequin, Georges Re- 
nard, Seailles, Larroumet, Deschamps, Pellissier, Henry 
Berenger, Victor Bourget, Charbonnel, Maurice Pujo: also 
the representative works of foreign novelists of established 


76 Report of the Librarian of Cotigress. 

British local history. — In British local and familj' history 
there have been important additions to a collection already 
strong. The publications of the Parish Register societies, 
the British Record S(x:iety (containing county documents, 
etc.), Phillimore's Parish Registers, the Borough records of 
Leicester, Lincoln's Inn records, calendar of Inner Temple 
records, are characteristic. 

Heraldry — Genealogy. — Notable additions in general works 
in heraldry and genealogy have included: Beauchet-Filleau 
" Dictionnaire historique et genealogique des families du 
Poitou;" Bethencourt, " Historia genealogica y heraldica 
de la monarquia espaiiola; " Bonneville de Marsangy, "La 
legion d'honneur, 1802-1900;" Cokayne, "Some account 
of the lord mayors and sheriffs of the city of London;" 
Dorregaray, " Historia de las ordenes de caballeria y de las 
condecoraciones espaiiolas; " Hozier, "Armorial general de 
la France; " Magny, " Nobiliaire de Normandie; " Mailhol, 
' ' Dictionnaire historique et heraldique de la noblesse fran- 
gaise; ' ' Oyen, ' ' Stam- en wapenboek van aanzienlijke Neder- 
landschefamilien; " Rietstap, "Armorial general;" "Sveriges 
ridderskaps- ocli adelswapenlx)k." 

Bibliography. — The acquisitions in Bibliography have 
been numerous and important. But they are omitted from 
this list because of an intention to issue within the near 
future a complete list of this department of literature in the 
Library. It may suffice here to note that many of- the 
great national bibliographies hitherto lacking have been 
acquired: Kayser, " Biicherlexicon," 1877-date, 12 v.; 
Heinsius, "Allgemeines Biicher-Lexikon," 1880-1892, 6 v.; 
" BibHographie de la France," 1879-Klate, 69 v.; Lorenz, 
"Catalogue de la librairie fran^aise," 1886-date, 3 v.; Jor- 
dell's ' 'Catalogue annuel de la librairie, ' ' 1893-date, 
6 v.; Vicaire, " Manuel del" amateur des livres," 4 V.; " Bole- 
tfn de la hbreria," Madrid. 25 v.; " Biographie nationale," 
Brussels, 15 v.; "BibHographie nationale," 1830-1880, 4 
v.; " Revue historique," 1896-date, 8 v.; " Revue critique," 
1897-date, 6v. ; "Literari.sches Centralblatt," 1898-date, 3 
v.; Miihlbrecht, " Uebensicht der ge.sammten staatswis.sen- 
.schaftlichen Litteratur," 32 v.; Linn.strom, " Sven.skt lx>k- 
lexikon, " 2 v. ; Broberg ' ' Svensk Ixsk-katalog, " 3 v. ; Bricka, 
" Dansk lex ikon. 14 v.; Kiir.schner, " Litteratur- 
Kaleiider," 23 v.; "AUgemeinedeutsche Biographie," 44 v., 

Select List of Recent Purchases. 77 

Potthast, "Bibliotheca historica medii aevi," 2 v.; "Biblio- 
otheca scriptorum classicorum," 1882. 2 v; Bursian's 
" Jahresberichte fiir Alterthiimswissenschaft," 104 v.; 
Chevalier, "Repertoire des sources historiques, " 2 v.; 
Goedeke's "Grundriss der deutschen Dichtnng," 7 v.: 
Miiller's " Handbuch der klassischen Alterthumswissen- 
schaft,"9v. : " Orientalische Bibliographie," 12 v.; Rus- 
sell's " Gesammt-Verlags-Katalog des deutschen Buchhan- 
dels," 28 v.; Poggendorf. " Biographisch litterarisches 
Handworterbuch;"' Van der Aa, "Biographisch woorden- 
boek," 21 v.; Scifoni, " Dizionario biografico universale." 
5 V. ; " Revue des bibliotheques, " 8 v. ; " Ri\-ista delle 
bibliotheche." 1900; Dziatzko, "Sammlung bibliotheks- 
wnssenschaftlicher Arbeiten," 14 v. 

Typical purchases of specialized works are: Backer's 
" Bibliotheque de la Compagnie de Jesus," 9 V.; Bertrand, 
" Bibliotheque sulpicienne, " 3 V.; Bonnet's " Bibliographic 
du diocese de Montpellier;" Elias de Molins's ' ' Diccionario 
biografico y bibliografico de escritores catalanes," 2 v.; 
Ker\nler, " ' Repertoire general de bio-bibliographie bre- 
tonne," 12 v. 

LaTv. — The Law Librar>' has been specially strengthened 
by recent additions of standard treatises; by many volumes 
of State session laws, and of Canadian statutes, filling gaps; 
by the Spanish " Coleccion legislativa " nearly complete; 
various publications, such as the " Codigo Civil," exhibiting 
the Spanish laws in force in Cuba and other possessions of 
Spain at the close of the Spanish- American war; and by 
some of the important colonial law reports of British depend- 
encies. Much remains to be done in the direction last named ; 
and, of course, in general jurisprudence. 

Other subjects omitted. — Subjects which have received but 
sparing attention within this period are: Science, pure and 
applied, the useful arts (and most branches of the fine arts), 
medicine, jurisprudence, theology-, philosophy and education, 
philolog}', and music. 

There have been accessions in all these, but no consider- 
able expenditure for them. Medicine is naturally left to 
the library- of the Surgeon-General's Office, education and 
the interrelated branches of philosophy to the Bureau of 
Education. Extended purchases of scientific literature by 

78 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

the Library of Congress must await information more spe- 
cific than is yet available as to the contents and facilities in 
cooperation of the scientific libraries in the several Federal 
bureaus of Washington. Theology, philology, the literature 
of music and of the useful arts have awaited determination 
of certain questions of policy. 

Meantime, however, it is to be remembered that to all of 
these departments of literature accessions are constant 
through the operation of the copyright law, and to some of 
them accessions of great importance through international 
exchange and the exchanges of the Smithsonian Institution. 
Additions to the files of serials (periodicals, newspapers, 
transactions, and proceedings) are incessant from miscella- 
neous exchange and from actual purchase, great effort being 
exerted to complete deficiencies in standard sets. The recent 
purchases of Americana are not included in this select list, 
although these are also incessant, nor history, other than 
that of France and Holland, excepting the fundamental works 
appearing under monumenta, institutions, etc. 

Incunabula do not appear because the Librarj^ has within 
the period bought practically none. 

Manuscripts, maps, music, and prints are not within the 
scope of the list. The present strength and inferential 
weakness of each of these collections is indicated by the 
analyses in Part II of the report. 

The list is therefore not inclusive nor completely repre- 
sentative. Its purpose is to exhibit by illustrative titles 
the significant accessions of printed material in certain 
departments of literature which have recently received 
extraordinary' reinforcement. 

Herbert Putnam, 
Librarian of Congress. 

Washington, D. C, December 2, iqoi. 


[These titles are largely drawn from Potthast's Bibliotheca historic medii aevi 
which was used as a basis of selection for completing the Librarj-'s possessions 
in this field.] 

Analecta Bollandiana. 

Paris, Bnixelles [printed], Geneve, Societi genirale de librairie 
catholique, 1882-99. iS v. 8°. quarteriy. 

This indispensable supplement to the Acta Sanctorum Bollandiana 
contains: i, Inedited documents on the lives and cult of saints; 2, 
Acta unnoticed by earlier editors; 3, Acta of which corrupt texts or 
Latin translations alone have previously been g^ven; 4, Variants of 
the acta pre\-iously published; 5, Recently discovered documents 
regarding saints treated in preceding volumes; 6, Critical researches 
of the authors; 7, Descriptions of important hagjiologic manuscripts; 
S, Liturgical memorials: also works of nou-Bollandists. 

Bibliotheque des m^moires relatifs a Thistoire de France pendant 
le 18^ siecle, avec avant-propos et notices par F. Barriere [et 
par M. F. A. de Lescure] . 
Paris, Firmin-Didot et cie., rS6r-go. 37 v. 12°. 

This set is in part a reprint of the Collection des ra^moires relatifs 
d. la Revolution fran^aise and constitutes the second series of the 
Collection de chroniques . . . pour servir 3. I'histoire de France 
depuis le . . . 136 siecle jusqu'i la mort de Louis XIV. It includes 
among others the memoirs of Marquis de Bouill^, C16ry, Mme. de 
Genlis, Marmontel. Richelieu, Vaublanc, and Weber. 

Bibliotheca historica Italica cvu-a et studio Societatis Longobardicae 
historiae studiis promovendis. 
Mediolani, C. Brigola, 1876-S5. 4 z'. 4° . 

Consists of texts of early chronicles and other documentary ma- 
terial relating to Lombardy, with critical introduction by A. Ceruti. 
Includes chronicles by Vegio, Merula, Speciari, with anonymous 
chronicles relating to Cremona. 

Vols. 2-4 contain documentary- records of Lodi at the time of 
Frederic Barbarossa, edited by Vignati. 

Birch, Walter de Graj-. 

Cartularium Saxonicum: a collection of charters relating to 

Anglo-Saxon history-. 
London, Whiting & company, etc., 1885-^3. j v. 8°. 

Index Saxonicus: an index to all the names of persons in 

Cartularium Saxonicum: a collection of charters relating to 
Anglo-Saxon history. 
London, Phillimore & CO., i8gg. 8°. 
Brom, Gisbertus, ed. 

Bullarium Trajectense. Romanorum pontificum diplomata, quot- 
quot olim usque ad Urbanum papani VI (an. 1378 ) in veterem 
episcopatum Trajectensem destinata reperiuntur, coUegit et 
auspiciis Societatis hist. Rheno-Trajectinse edidit G. Brom. 

8o Report of the Libranaii of Congress. 

Brom, Gisbertus, ed. — Continued. 

Haga-Comitis, Nijhoff, iSgi-^6. 2 v. 4°. 

Consists of texts from the Vatican, Dutch, Belgian, and French ar. 
chives, heretofore unpublished, relating to the history of the bishop- 
ric of Utrecht, which comprised the larger part of the present Neth- 
erlands during the Middle Ages. 

Collection de textes pour servir d. I'^tudeetd I'enseignementdel'his- 
Paris, A. Picard, 1886-/90/. j2/asc. 8°. 

This publication was instituted by members of the 6cole des char- 
tes, Ecole des hautes etudes of the Institut and University of Paris, 
on the plan of Pertz's "Scriptores rerura Germanicarum," for the 
presentation of original documents, chronicles, and biographical ma- 
terial. The set now 27 independent treatises, including 
"Histoire des Francs de Gr^goire de Tours,'' in its primitive text; 
Fagniez. "Documents relalifs k I'histoire de I'industrie et du 
commerce de France:" "Textes relatifs aux institutions priv^s et 
publiques aux 6poques m^rovingienne et carlovingienne;" "Docu- 
ments relatifs aux rapports du clerg€ avec la royaut6 de 1682 si 1705;" 
■' Coutumes de Beauvais." 

Collection des historiens anciens et modernes de TArm^nie; pub. en 
fran^ais sous les auspices de son excellence Nubar- Pacha . , . 
et avec le concours des niemi)res de TAcadeniie arnieniennede 
Saint-Lazare de Venise et des principaux arm^nistes franfais 
et Strangers, par Victor Langlois. 
Paris, F. Didot freres,fils et cie., 186 j. 2 v. 4°. 

Duchesne, Andr^. 

Historix' Francoruni scriptores coaetanei ab ipsius gentis orig^ne 
ad Philippi IV tempora quorum plurinii nunc priniutn ex 
variis codd. tnss. in luceni prodeunt, alii vero auctores et 
eniendatores; cum epistolis regum, reginarum, pontificum, 
ducum . . . etaliisveteribusrerumFrancicarum monumentis. 
Lutetia: Paris, 16^6-49. 5 v. F°. 

According to Duchesne's original plan this collection was to com- 
prise 74 volumes. The first two volumes appeared in 1636; two others 
were under press in 1640, when Duchesne died. His son Franjois 
Duchesne undertook the continuation, and three more volumes 
appeared. The work was then discontinued. 

Florian, Matthias. 

Historiae Hungaricae fontes domestic!. 
Leipzig & Budapest, 1881-85. 4'"- ^°- 

Comprises texts of mediaeval Hungarian chronicles, with recensions, 
collection.s, critical notes, and variants. 

Oeschichtschreiber der deutschen Vorzeit. 2. Gesamnitau.sgabe. 
Leipzig, F. Duncker, i84j-g2. 92 parts in 84 v. /2°. 

This publication was begun under the direction of G. H. Pcrti. first 
editor of the Monumenta Gernianiac hi.storica. It consi.sts of trans- 
lations into the German of the chronicles printed in the original 
Latin in the Monumenta. The scries contains upward of 80 dis- 
tinct chronicles and tfocuments, with critical introductions and notes 
by G. H. Pertz, J. Grimm, K. I.achjnann, I,. Rankc. K. Kilter. Since 
1885 n complete new edition to be conipletc in tSy volumes has l)een in 
course of publication. 

Select List of Recent Purchases. 8i 

Historiee patriae monvmenta edita ivssv regis Karoli Albert!. 

Avgvst^ Tavrinorz'tn, e regis typographeo, /8J6S4. ij v. pi. 
Facsini. F°. 

This is the most considerable body of documents devoted to early 
Italian history. The Monumenta Germanise historica served as its 
prototype. It embraces original texts of charters, municipal stat- 
utes, comitia relating to Savoy from the seventh to the seventeenth 

liiebermann, F., ed. 

Ungedruckte Anglo-Normannische Geschichtsquellen. 
Strassburg, Karl J. Triihner, iSjg. 8°. 
Iiitterarischer Verein in Stuttgart. Bibliothek. 
Stuttgart, Tubingen. 1842-1900. 220 v. S°. 

This societj- was founded in 1S39 as the Bibliophilengesellschaft in 
Stuttgart. Its object is the reproduction of rare texts. In addition 
to works of purely local interest it has published such works as the 
Vite of JEneas Sylvius Piccolomineiiis [Pius II] ; the Carmina Burana; 
Das Leben der heiligen Elisabeth; Ludolphi. De Itinere Terrae 
Sanctae Liber: Endres Tuchers Baumeisterbuch der Stadt Niimberg 
( 1464-75 >; Livlandische Reimchronik; Die Geschichten und Taten 
Wilwolts von Schaumburg. 

Mansi, Giovanni Domenico. 

Sacrorum conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio, in qua praeter 
ea quae Phil. Labbeus, et Gabr. Cossartius S. J. et novissime 
Nicolaus Coleti in lucem edidere ea omnia insuper suis in 
locis optime disposita exhibentur, quae Joannes Dominicus 
Mansi lucensis, Congregationis Matris Dei e\-ulga\nt. Editio 
Florentice [et Venetiis], 17^9-98. 31 v. F°. {Editio iterata ad 
edit ion is principis exempt urn ab Huberto Welter, bibliopola, 
via dicta Bernard Palisay 4, Parisiis, igoi, \etc.'\.) 

Reproduction en fac-simil6 tir^e & 250 exemplaires seulement par 
lesprocW&anastatiques . . . pour H. Welter, 6diteur . . . Paris . . . 
et a Leipzig . . . 1901. 

This editor first compiled a supplement to Coleti's collection pub- 
lished in 6 v. in 174S-52. Several years afterwards undertook a 
new collection of the acts of the councils, which should be more com- 
plete than all those which had hitherto appeared. He kept his word, 
and at the commencement of 1759 31 volumes in folio of this edi- 
tion app>eared at Florence. This edition was not completed, and the 
thirty-first ■^olume reached only to the fifteenth century. The chief 
value of Mansi's collection lies in its accuracj- of texts and in its 
critical apparatus. Thus far, in the present edition, volumes 1-7, 9, 
and 51 A hqve appeared and are in the Library. 

lEsyrifitia kXXj;ytKj}i idropia?. Documents inedits relatifs a I'his- 
toire de la Grece au moyen age, pub. sous les auspices de la 
Chambre des deputes de Grece par C. N. Sathas. 
Paris \etc.'], Maisonneuve, iSSo-go. 9 v. pi. maps. 4°. 

Devoted to original Byzantine chronicles with extensive bit^raph- 
ical introductions. 

Monumenta Germaniae historica inde ab anno Christi quingen- 
tesimo usque ad annum millesimum et quingentesimum axis- 
piciis Societatis aperiendis fontibus rerum germanicarum medii 
ae\-ii edidit Georgius Heinricus Pertz. 

9957 — 01 6 

82 Report of the Librarian of Congress, 

Monumenta Gemianiae, etc. — Continued. 

Hantwvercc [^/r.], 1826-4)6. j6 v. iti j/, facsimiles and index. 

This collection was directed for a period of fifty years by (leorg 
Heinrich Pertz. In 1873 a commission composed of members of the 
academies of Herlin, Vienna, and Munich took direction of the work. 
The presidents of the commission have been successively Waitz, 
Wattenbach, and Diimmler. As originally planned the work was 
di\-ided intofi%'e sections: Scriptores, Leges, Diplomatn, Epistolx, An- 
tiquitates. In the reorganization of 1873 several sections with subdi- 
visions were added: Auctores antiquissimi; Scriptores rerum Mero- 
vingicannn; Scriptores rerum Langobardicanim et Italicarum; 
Libelli de lite imperatorum et pontificum sKculis XI et XII con- 
scripti; Scriptores qui vernacula lingua usi sunt. 

For a detailed account of the history and scope of this publication, 
see Wattenbach: Deutschlands Geschichtsquellen im Mittelalter, 
vol. I, pp. 17-28. 

The extent of the work is shown by the fact that approximately 
1,200 authors are represented in the Scriptores alone. 

duellen und Forschungen zur altesten Geschichte der Stadt Flor- 
Marburg, N. G. Elwert, 18 J5. 2 pts. in i v. 4°. 

Composed mainly of mediaeval Florentine chronicles. 
Recueil des historiens des croisades, public par les soins de I'Aca- 
d^mie des inscriptions et belles-lettres. 
Pans, Imprimerie royale, \etc.'\, 1841-gS. ij v. pi. 

The Greek, Arabic, and Armenian texts are accompanied by trans- 
lations: Historiens occidentaux; t. 1-5, 1844-95; Historiens orientaux, 
Arabes, t. 1-4, 1872-98; Historiens grecs, t. i, 1S75; Documents arm6- 
niens, t. i, 1869, Lois; Assises de Jerusalem, t. 1-2. 1841-43. 

This collection was originally planned by the Benedictines, but 
was put a.side by them, and a century later taken up by the Aca- 
d6mie des inscriptions, which named a commission and instructed it 
to submit a detailed scheme for the publication of the historians of 
the crusades. The texts are accompanied by explanatory documents, 
letters, treaties of alliance, public and private acts, maps, plans, etc. 
The collection being limited to original sources, the middle of the 
fourteenth century has been made the limit of the matters included. 

Romanin, Samuele. 

Storia documentata di Venezia. 

Venezia, P. Natatovich, 1853-61. 10 v. 8°. 

Forms a continuous narrative of the hi.story of Venice, from A. D. 
42: to 1798. IncoriKjrates in the text and in appendices numerous 
documents, including dispatches, decrees of the .Senate, Decemvirs, 
with capitularies of the Inquisition. 

Saige, G. 

Documents historiques relatifs k la principaut^ de Monaco depuis 
le XV' si^cle. 

Monaco, Imprimerie du gouverncmeni, iSS^-gr. j v. 4°. 
The editor, who is custodian of thearchivesof the House of Monaco, 
draws upon these archives for the principal part of the docunicnts 
here presented. The first volume, containing documents relating to 
the history of the Crimaldi from 1412-94, includes documents from 
the archives of France, Naples, Genoa, Milan, and the Vatican, and 
elsewhere. The second volume is devoted to deeds, letters, complete 
transcriptions for the period i4<M-'540. The third volume comprises 
the Grimaldi documents down to ib4i. 

Select List of Recent Purchases. 83 

Scriptores rerum Lusaticaruiii. Sammlung Ober- und Niederlausitzi- 
scher Geschichtschreiber. Herausgegeben von der Oberlau- 
sitzischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften. Neue Folge. 
GorlitZy 1839-70. 4 V. S°. 

The second series is mainly devoted to chronicles of Gorlitz. The 
first volume was published under the direction of C. L- Haupt, con- 
taining: Jahrbiicher . . .. Annals of Gorlitz; Chronicles of the Fran- 
ciscans of Gorlitz, with illustrative documents. 

Vol. II contains Meltzers Gorlitzer Rathsannalen, covering the 
period from 14S7-96. 

Vols. Ill and IV contain Hass's Gorlitzer Rathsannalen. edited by 
Dr. Th. Neumann, covering the periods froni 1509-20, 1521-42. 

Scriptores rerum Prussicarum. Die Geschichtsquellen der preus- 

sischen Vorzeit bis zum Untergange der Ordenherrschaft. 

Herau.sgegeben von Dr. Theodor Hirsch, Dr. Max Toppen 

und Dr. Ernst Strehlke. 

Leipzig, S. Hirzel, 1861-74. 5 '*■'• facsim. 4°. 

Devoted to the original sources of the histor\- of the Province of 
Pru.«sia to the year 1525. Includes not only native historical writings, 
but all material concerning Prussia contained in contemporary non- 
Prussian chronicles. The texts have been critically edited and vari- 
ants noted. The work of publishing original material relating to 
Prus-sia, which ended with the fifth volume, has been carried on since 
by the Verein fiir Geschichte der Provinz Preussen. 

Scriptores rerum Silesiacarum. Herausgegeben vom Vereine fiir 
Geschichte und Alterthum. 
Breslau, 1 8 35-97. 16 v. 4°. 

The first volumes of the set were published by Adolph Stenzel in 
the name of the Schlesische Gesellschaft fiir vaterlandische Cultur. 
Then the work was taken up by the Verein fiir Geschichte und 
Altertum Schlesiens. 


Allgemeine Geschichte in Einzeldarstellungen. 

Berlin, G. Grote, 1879-93. 43 v. Ill us., pi., port., maps,/acsim. 

Les Anciens poetes de la France. Publics sous les auspices 
de M. le ministre de I'instruction publique et sous la direction 
de F. Guessard. 
Paris, F. Vieweg, 1850-70. 14 v. in 10. 16° . 

Consists of the texts of fourteen chansons de gestes of the Carlo- 
vingiau cycle, with bibliographical and critical Jiotes and collections 
of variants. 

Anecdota Oxoniensia, Texts, documents, and extracts chiefly from 
manuscripts in the Bodleian and other Oxford libraries. 
Oxford, Clarendon press, 1882-1900. 34 v. facsim. S" . 

Arber, Edward. 

An English gamer; ingatherings from om: history- and literatvu^. 

Westminster, A. Constable Of CO., 1880-^7. 8 z\ 8°. 
Berliner Beitrag^e zur gernianischen und romanischen Philologie 
veroffentlicht von Emil Ebering. 

Berlin, C. Vogt, 1893-1901. 21 v. 8°. 

84 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Biblioteca critica della letteratura italiana, diretta da Francesco 
Firense, G. C. Sansoni, 189^-ig — . 59 v. in jj. 12°. 
Bibliothek der altesten deutschen Litteratur-Denkmjiler. 

Padcrboniy F. Schoiiiugh, iSj4-gS. /j v. in 22. S°. 
Bibliothek der angelsachsischen Poesie. Begriindet von C. W. M. 
Grein. Neu bearbeitet, vermehrt und nach neuen Lesungen 
der Handschriften hrsg. von Richard P. Wiilcker. 
A'assel, G. H. Wigand, 1SS3-9S. j v. in 5. Port.,facsim. 8°. 
Bibliothek der angelsachsischen Prosa. Begriindet von C. W. M. 
Grein. Fortgesetzt unter Mitwirkung mehrerer Fachgenossen 
von R. P. Wiilker. 
JCassel [etc.'\ G. H. Wigand, 1872-1900. 5 v. 8°. 
Bibliothek der gesammten deutschen National-Literatur von der 
altesten bis auf die neuere Zeit. 
Quedlinburg und Leipzig, G. Basse, 1835-72. 47 v. in 48. 8°. 
Biblioth^que choisie, pour servir de suite a la Bibliotheque uni- 
verselle. Par Jean Le Clerc. 
Amsterdam, H. Schelte, 1704-13. 27 v. 24°. 
Bibliothfeque d'histoire contemporaine. 

Paris, F. Alcan, 1877-1900. 10 v. 12° & 8°. 
Bibliotheque des ^coles fran^aises d'Ath^nes et de Rome. 
Paris, E. Thorin {etc.l 1877-/900. Ss/asc. 8°. 

Consists of monographs by the students of the French schools at 
Athens and Rome. The larger part are devoted to Italian history and 
antiquities, with some on Greek antiquities. 

Bibliotheque universelle et historique. t. 1-25, 1686-93; t. 26,1718. 
Amsterdam, Wolfgang, IVaasberge, Boom & van Someren [etc.] 
1686- 17 1 8. 26 V. in 25. pi. 24° . 
Bonner beitrage zur Anglistik, hrsg. von M. Trautmann. 

Bonn, P. Hanstein, 1898-1900. 6 v. 8°. 
Briefe und Acten zur Geschichte des dreissigjahrigen Krieges in 
den Zeiten des vorwaltenden Einflusses der Wittelsbacher. 
Auf Veranlas.sung und mit Unterstiitzung Seiner Majestiit des 
Konigs von Bayern. 
Miinchen, M. Rieger, 1870-95. 6 v. S°. 

Cape of Good Hope. Archives. 

Precis of the archives of the Cajje of Good Hope ... by H. C. V. 

Leibbrandt, keeper of the archives. 
Cape Town, IV. A. Rictiards & sons, 1896-1900. 12 v. Port., 
facsim. 8°. 
Coleccidn de libros espaiioles raros 6 curiosos. 

[J/adrid, M. Rivadeneyra, 1871-^2]. 21 v. in 22. Port., facsim, 
Collection des principaux codes Strangers. 

Paris, Imprimerie nationale, 1885-88. j v. S°. 

Includes A. Gourd's "Les chartes coloniales et Ics constitutions 
des ivtats-Unis," 2 v., 1SS5. and C. L. Lyon-Caen's " Loi anglaise sur 
la faillite du 25 aoOt 1S.S3," jS88. 

Select List of Recent Purchases. 85 

Collection desprincipaux codes Strangers. 

Paris, Cercle de la librairie [^/f.] iBSg-gS. j v. 8°. 

Includes C. Lyon-Caen and P. A. Delalain's " Lois f ran^aiseset ttran- 
gSressurlapropri6t€ litttraireetartistique," 18S9. 2v..and the "Sup- 
plement " in one volume, issued in 1S96 and covering the period 


Das Deutsche Jahrhundert in Eiazelschriften . . . Hrsg. von G. 
Stockhausen . . . 
Berlin, F. Schneider & co . \etc.'\ igoi. 6 pis. in i v. 8°. 

Contexts. — abt. 1. Busse, C. Geschichte der deutschen Dichtung 
im neunzehnten Jahrhundert. — abt. 11. Osbom, M. Die deutsche 
Kunst im neunzehnten Jahrhundert. — abt. ill. Duboc, J., and Wiegler, 
P. Geschichte der deutschen Philosophie im neunzehnten Jahr- 
hundert. — abt. IV. Berthold, A. Wirtschaft und Recht im neun- 
zehnten Jahrhundert. — abt. v. Schmitt, R. Geschichte Deutsch- 
lands im neunzehnten Jahrhundert. — abt. ^^. Schmidt, L. Ge- 
schichte der Musik im neunzehnten Jahrhundert. 

Deutsche National-Iiitteratur. Historisch-kritische Ausgabe . . . 
herausgegeben von J. Kiirschner. 
Berlin & Stuttgart^ W, Spemann, [1882-^g]. 164 i'. in 220. 12°. 

An undertaking planned and carried out to present the master- 
pieces of German literature from the beginnings using the best texts 
with skilled editing. Abundantly provided with biographical intro- 
ductions, footnotes, reproductions of title-pages, facsimiles of texts 
and illustrative manuscripts. 

Deutsche Zeit- und Streit-fragen. Flugschrift en zur Kenntnis 
der Gegenwart. 
Berlin, C. Hobel, 1872-92. 20 v. 8°. 

Jahrgang 1-14, 1S72-S3. 14 v. 224 monographs. Xeue Folge, 
Jahrgang 1SS6-92. 6 v. 96 monographs. 

Contains upward of 200 monographs upon current topics in poli- 
tics, social science, etc., by Bluntschli. Hoetzendorff, Gareis. Paul, 
Orelli. Kalischer, l,ang, Baumgarten, Stammler. and other German 

Drucke und Holzschnitte des xv. und xvi. Jahrhunderts in getrefcer 
Strassbttrg, J. H. E. Heitz, 1899-1900. 5 v. 12° & 4°. 

Diintzer, Johann Heinrich Josef. 

Erlauterungen zu den deutschen Klassikem. 
Leipzig, E. Wartig, 18/4-/900. 83 v. in 62. 16°. 

Literarj- analysis of the works of Goethe. Wieland, Schiller, Her- 
der. Klopstock, Lessing. and Uhland. 

Pabricius, Johann Albrecht. 

Bibliotheca latina mediae et infimae setatis, cum supplemento C. 

Schoettgenii, jam a p. Joanne Dominico Mansi. 
Florentice, 1858-59. 6 v. in 5. Front., port. 4°. 

Germanistische Abhandlungen hrsg. von K. Weinhold. 

B re si ail, W. Koebner, 1 88 2-99. 17 v. 8°. 

Les Grands ecrivains de la France. Nouvelles ^d. Ed by [J. A.] 
A. Regnier. 
Paris, Hachette & de., 1862-99. 86 v. 8^ & 4°. 

Consists of critical and definitive editions of French writers. 

86 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Hervieux, Auguste Leopold. 

Les fabulistes latins depuis le si^cle d'Auguste jusqu'i la fin du 

moyen &ge. 
Paris, Firtnin-Didoi &cie., iSgj-gg. 5 v. 8°. 

Contents. — t. i-ii. Phddre et ses anciens iniitateurs. 1S93-94. — 
* t. III. Avianuset ses anciens iniitateurs. 1S94.— t. iv. Etudes de Cheri- 

ton et ses d6riv6s. 1896. — t. v. Jean de Capoue et sesd^rivte. 1899. 

Historisches Taschenbuch. 

Leipzig, F. A. Brockhaus, /Sjo-So. 50 tk /3°. 
L' Italia sotto 1' aspetto storico, artistico e statistico. 

Mi/afio, F. Vallardi, 187J-80. J2i v. in /jj. 4° . 
Das Kloster. Weltlich und geistlich; meist aus der altern deutschen 
Volks-, Wunder-, Curiositaten- und vorzugsweise komischen 
Literatur. Zur Kultur- iind Sittengeschichte in Wort und 
Bild. Von J. Scheible. 
Stuttgart y J. Sdieible, 1845-49. 12 v. Illus.,pl.,port.,facsim.y 
tab. 16°. 
Kunstler-Monographien, in Verbindung mit Andern hrsg. von H. 
Bielefeld und Leipzig, Velhagen & Klasing, i8g^-igoi. jj v. 4°. 
La Croix du Maine, Francois Grudd de. 

Les bibliotheques fran9oises de La Croix du Maine et de DuVer- 
dier, sieur de Vauprivas. Nouv. ^d . . . rev., cor. & augni. 
d'un Discours .sur le progres des lettres en France & des re- 
marques historiques, critiques & litt^raires de M. de la Mon- 
noye et de M. le president Bouhier . . . de M. Falconet . . .» 
Par M. Rigoley de Juvigny . . . 
Paris, Saillant & Nyon, 1772-7^. 6 v. 4°. 

Liege. UniversitL 

Bibliotheque de la Faculty de philosophie et lettres. 
Bruxclles, Societe beige de librairie, 1897-1900. 9 v. S°. 
Literaturblatt fiir germanische und romanische Philologie. 

Heilbronn, G. Henninger \^i88o-89'\; Leipzig, O. R. Reisland 
1890-igoo']. 21 V. in 9. 4°. 
Litterarhistorische Forschungen. Hrsg. von J. Schick und Frh. von 

Weimar, E. Felber, 1898- 1900. 2 v. 8°. 
Les Littdratures populaires de toutes les nations; traditions, l^gendes, 
contes, proverbes, devinettes, superstitions. 
Paris, Maisonneuve et cie., /88/-88. 27 V. 16°, 
Monographien zur deutschen Kulturgeschichte. 

Leipzig, E. Diederichs, 1S99-/900. 71: Illus., pl.,facsim. ./**. 
"Alterthiimliche Ausg. mit Abbildungen und Beilagen nach den 
Originalcn aus den 16.-18. Jahrhunderten. " 

Monumenta Gennanioe ptedagogica. 

Schulordnungen, Schulbiicher und padagogische Miscellaneen 

aus den Landen deut.scher Zunge. Hrsg. von Karl Kehrbach. 
Berlin, A. Hoffman & camp., / 686-/900. 20 v. Port., facsim.^ 

diagr. 8°. 

Select List of Recent Purchases. 87 

Neudrucke deutscher Litteraturwerke des xvi. und xvii. Jahrhmi- 
derts. Hrsg. von Theodor Wilhelm Braune. 
Halle S. S., Jf. Nietneyer, iSj6-Tgoo. ij2 nos. in /j v. 12°. 
Pitre, Giuseppe. 

Biblioteca delle tradizioni popolari siciliane. 
\^Palenno, i8j2-jgo6\. 21 v. Illus.,pl. 12°. 
Quellen und Forschungen zur Sprach- und Culturgeschichte der 
gemianischen Volker. 
Strassburg. K. J. Triibner, i8j4-igoi. 86 v. Illus.,facsim. 8°. 
Collection of S6 monographs upon th " origins of Germanic literature 
and ci\-ilization. 

Shakespeare, William. 

Shakespeare-quarto facsimiles. 

London, W. Griggs, C. Prcetorius, i8SoSg. 42 v. 8°. 

Issued under the superintendence of F.J. Fumivall. Facsimiles in 
photo-lithography, by W. Griggs and C. Prsetorius. 

Societe des bibliophiles de Belgique. Publications. 

lBnixelles,F.J. Olivier'^ 1S67-84. /g v. 8°. 
Studien zur englischen Philologie, hrsg. von L. Morsbach. 

Halle, M. Xietneyer, i8gj-igoi. 7 v. 8°. 
Wiener Neudrucke. [Herausgegeben von A. Sauer.] 

IFien, C. Konegen, 18S3-86. 11 v. in 4. 12° . 

Reprints of Vienna publications of the seventeenth and eighteenth 

Zeitschrift fiir vergleichende Sprachforschung auf dem Gebiete der 
indogemianischen Sprachen. 
Giitersloh \etc.'\ 1852-g^. j2 v. 8°. 

Register, v. 1-20, 2 pts. in i v. Berlin, 1S62. S°. 


Annales archeologiques. 

Paris, 1844-81. 28 V. PI. 4°. 
Barriere-Flavy, Casimir. 

Etude sur les sepultures barbares du midi et de I'ouest de la 

France; industrie wisigothique. 
Toulouse, P. E. Privat; Paris, E. Leroux, \^i8g2'\, Illus., pi., 
map. E°. 

Ballu, Albert. 

Les mines de Timgad (Antique Thamugadi). 

Paris, Ernest Leroux, iSgj. P^., plans, illus., map. I. 8°. 
Bertrand, Alexandre Louis Joseph. Nos origines. 

Paris, E. Leroux, iSSg-gj. 4 v. 8°. 

Investigation of French origins by the aid of archaeology. 

Biardot, E. Prosper. 

Les terres-cuites grecques funebres dans leur rapport avec les 
mysteres de Bacchus, accompagn^ d'un atlas de 54 planches 
noires et coloriees. 
Paris, F. Didotfrires,fils et de., 1872. 2 v. 4°. 

88 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Blouet, A. 

Expedition scientifique de Mor^e, ordonnde par le gouvernement 
fran9ais. Architecture, sculptures, inscriptions, et vues du 
P^loponese, des Cyclades et de I'Attique niesurdes, dessinees 
. . . par A. Blouet ... A. Ravoisid, A. Poirot, F. Trezel et 
F. de Gournay. 
Paris, F. Didotfreres, 1831-3S. j v. PI. F°. 
Bodin, Jean Francois. 

Recherches historiques sur I'Anjou et ses nionumens. Angers et 

le Bas-Anjou. 
Saianur, Degouy, aiti^, 1S21-23. 2 v. Front. , pi. 8°. 
Boehlau, Johannes. 

Aus ionischen und italischen Nekropolen ; Ausgrabungen und 
Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der nachmykenischen grie- 
chischen Kunst. 
Leipzig, B. G. Teubner, iSgS. Illus., 15 pi., map. 4°. 
Boetticher, Adolf Gustav. 

Die Akropolis von Athen nacli den Berichten der alten und den 

neusten Erforschungen. 
Berliti , J. Springer, 1888, Front. , illus. , 33 pi. 8° . 
Borghesi, Bartolommeo, conte. 
Qiuvres completes. 
Paris, Imp. imperiale, 1862-97. ^o v. PI. 4°. 

Contents: — t. 1-2. CEuvres numismatiqucs. 2 v. 1862-64. — ^- 3-5. 
CEuvres 6pigraphiques. 3 V. 1864-69. — t. 6-8. Lettres. 3 V. 1S68-72. — 
t.9, ptie. I. Nouveaux fragments des Pastes coiisulaires. 1879. ptie. 
2. Les pr^fets de Rome. 1S84. ptie. 3. Table des lettres. 1S93. — 
t. 10. Les pr^fets du Pr^toire. 

Borlase, William Copeland. 

The dolmens of Ireland, their distribution, structural character- 
istics, and affinities in other countries, 
London, Oiapman & Hall, j8gj. 3 v. Front., illus., cot. pi., 
port., tnaps. 4°. 
Bosc, Ernest. 

Dictionnaire g^n^ral de I'arch^ologie et des antiquit^s chez les 

divers peuples. 
Paris, Firmin-Didot et cie., 1881. Illus. 12°. 
Botta, Paul Emile and Eugene N. Flandin. 

Monument de Ninive ddcouvcrt et ddcrit par M. P. E. Botta; 

mesur^ et dessin^ par M. E. Flandin. 
Paris, Imprimerie nationale, 1849-30. 3 v. F°. 
Br^al, Michel Jules Alfred. 

Les tables eugubines, texte, traduction, et comnientaire; avec uue 

grammaire, une introduction historique et un index. 
Paris, F. Vieweg, 1875. 2 v. PI. 8° and F°. 
Brunn, Heinrich, ed. 

I rilievi delle urne etrusche. 

Roma, Tip. delta R. Accademia dci Lincei \etc.'\: Bertino, G. 
Reimer, i8jo-g6. 2 v. in 3. 218 pt. F^. 

Select List of Recent Purchases. 89 

Brutails, Jean Auguste. 

. . . L'arch^ologie du moyen age et ses m^thodes; Etudes 

Paris, A. Picardet fits, 1900. Illus., pi. 8°. 

[Buonarroti, Filippo]. 

Osservazioni sopra alcuni frammenti di vasi antichi, di vetro 
ornati di figure tro\-ati ne' cimiteri di Roma. 

Firetize.J. Guiducci, iji6. j/ numb, and 3 unnuvtb. pi. F°. 
BumoTif, Eniile Louis. 

La ville et racrop\-le d'Athenes aux diverses ^poques. 

Paris, Maisonneuve <Sf cie., 1S77. 4°. 
Castanier, Prosper. 

Histoire de la Provence dans I'antiquit^, depuis les temps quater- 
naires jusqu'au V^ siecle apres J.-C. 

Paris, Marpon et Flamtnarion, iSgs-96. ' 2 v. 8°. 
Caumont, Arcisse de. 

Statistique ludhumentale du Calvados. 

Caen, A. Hardel, 1830-62, F. Le Blanc Hardel, 1867-98 {irreg.'\ 
Sv. Illus., pi. .<?=. 

Cave, Henry William. 

The ruined cities of Ceylon . . . New ed. 

London, S. Low, Marston & co., igoo. Front., pi., maps. 8^^. 

Colligrnon, L^on Maxime. 

Essai sur les monuments grecs et romains relatifs au m^ithe de 

Paris, E. Thorin, 1877. 8°. 

Pergame; restauration et description des monuments de 

I'acropole; restauration par E. Pontremoli, texte par M. Col- 
Paris, L. H. May, 1900. Illus., pi. F°. 

Comparetti, Domenico Pietro Antonio. 

La villa ercolanese dei Pisoni; i suoi monumenti e la sua biblio- 

teca; ricerche e notizie. 
Torino, E. Loescher, /S8j. F°. 

Cowper, Henry Swainson. 

The Hill of the Graces, a record of investigation among the trili- 

thons and megalithic sites of Tripoli. 
London, Methuen & co., 1897. Front., illus., maps. 8°. 

Cumont, Franz. 

Textes et monuments figures relatifs aux mysteres de Mithra, pub. 

avec une introduction critique. 
Bruxelles, H. Lameriin, 1S96-99. 2 v. Illus., pi., map. F°. 

Curtius, Ernst. 

Die Stadtgeschichte von Athen. ]Mit einer Ubersicht der Schrift- 

quellen zur Topographic von Athen, von A. Milchhoefer. 
Berlin, Weidmannsche Buchhandlung,i89i. Illus., maps. 8°. 

90 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Diehl, Charles. 

L'Afrique Byzantine. Histoire de la domination Byzantine en 

Afrique (533-709)- 
Paris, Ernest LeroHx, i8g6. Il/us., pL, platis, maps. 8°. 
Dieulafoy, Marcel Auguste, 

L'acropole de Suse, d'apr^s les fouilles ex^cutdes in 1884, 1885, 

1886, sous les auspices du Mus^e du Louvre. 
PariSy Hachette et cic, iSg^. Illus., pi., maps. F°. 

The first explorations at Susa were made by Kenneth Loftus in 
1851, who obtained inscriptions of the Acha:nienian kings. The site 
of his explorations was not, however, thoroughly explored until 
1884-86, when the author of this work gathered the fine specimen* 
of Persian sculpture now deposited in the Louvre. 

DOrpfeld, Wilhelm, and Emil Reisch. 

Das griechische Theater; Beitrage zur Geschichte des Dionysos- 
Theaters in Athen und anderer griechischer Theater. 

Athen, Barth & von Hirst, i8g6. Illus., pi. 4°. 
Duinont, Charles Albert Auguste Eugene, and JiHes C. Chaplain, 

Les ceramiques de la Grece propre. 

Paris, F. Didot & de., 18SS-90. 2 v. So pi. {partly col. ). F°. 
Durant, Simon, and Henri Durand, and Eugene Laval. 

Album arch^ologique et description des monuments historiques 
du Gard. 

Nlmes, Impr. Soustelle-Gaude , 1853. PI., plans. F°. 
Dutreuil de Rhins, Jules L^on. 

L' Asie centrale, Thibet et regions limitrophes. Texte et atlaf . 

Paris, E. Leroiix, j88g. 4° and atlas F°. 
Mission scientifique dans la Haute Asie, 1890-95. 

Paris, E. Leroux, i8g8. j v. Illus., pi., pott., facsim. 4° arid 
atlas 0/ maps in port/olio F°. 
Engelmann, Richard. 

Archaologische Studien zu den Tragikern. 

Berlin, Weidmannsche Buchhandltiug, igoo. PI. 4°. 
Feydeau, Ernest Aim^. 

Histoire des usages funebres et des sepultures des peuples anciens. 

Paris, GideetJ. Baudry, 1856-58. 2 v. and atlas. F°. 
Fleury, Edouard. 

La France arch^ologique; antiquit^s et monuments, du d^parte- 
ment de I'Aisne. 

Paris, J. Claye, 1877-82. 4 V. Illus., pi. F°. 
Fournereau, Lucien. 

Les mines khm^res Cam bodge ct Siam; documents compl^men- 
taires d 'architecture, <le sculpture et de c^ramique. 

Paris, E. Leroux, i8go. PI. F°. 
Fournereau, Lucien, and Jacques Porcher. 

Les mines d'Angkor; etude artistique et historique sur les mon- 
uments khmers du Cambodge siamois. 

Paris, E. Lerou.v, /8g<). Illus., 100 pi., map. F°. 


Select List of Recent Purchases. 91 

Purtwangler, Adolf. 

Masterpieces of Greek sculpture; a series of essays on the history 

of art . . . Ed. by Eugenie Sellers. 
London, W. Heinemann, iSg^. Front., pi. 4°. 
Gardthausen, Viktor. 

Griechische Palaeographie. 
Leipzig, B. F. Teubner, 1S79. 13 fold. pi. 8?. 
Garrucci, Raffaele. 

Storia della arte cristiana nei primi otto secoli della chiesa. 
Prato, G. Cuasti, etc., iSjs-Si. 6 v. Illus., 500 pi. F°. 
Geymueller, Heinrich, baron von. 

Documents inedits sur les thermes d'Agrippa, le Pantheon et les 
thermes de Diocl^tien. 
Lausanne, G.Bridel; Paris, J. Baiidry\etc.'\ 1S83. F°. 
Guattani, Giuseppe Antonio. 

;Monumenti Sabini, descritti da G. A. Guattani. 
Roma, C. Piiccinelli, iSs-j-js. j v. PI. 8°. 
Gusman, Pierre. 

Pompei, la ville — les moeurs — les arts. Preface de Max. Col- 
lignon . . . ou\Tage ome de 600 dessins dans le texte et de 
32 aquarelles de Tauteur. 
Paris, L. H. May, 11900']. Illiis., col. pi. F°. 
Helbig, Wolfgang. 

Fiihrer durch die offentlichen Sanunlungen klassischer Alterthii- 

mer in Rom. 
Leipzig, Karl Baedeker, iSgi. 2 v. 12°. 

Hermann, Karl Friedrich. 

Lehrbuch der griechischen Antiquitaten . . . neu hrsg. von . . . 

H. Bliimner und \V. Dittenberger. 
Freiburg i. B., J. C. B. Mohr, 1S82-95. 4 v. in 6. 8°. 

Heuzey, Leon. 

Les figurines antiques de terre cuite du ilusee du Louvre par L. 

Heuzey . . . gravees par. A. Jacquet. 
Paris, V". A. Morel et de., 1883. 60 pi. F°. 

Hicks, Edward Lee. 

A manual of Greek inscriptions. 
Oxford, Clarendon press, 1882. 8°. 

Hiller von Gaertingen, Friedrich, y>r/A^rr von, ed. 

Thera Untersuchungen, Vermessungen und Ausgrabungen in den 

Jahren 1S95-1898. 
Berlin, G. Reimer, i8gg. Maps. F°. 

Inghirami, Curzio. 

Ethrvscarvm antiqvitat\-m fragmenta, quibis vrbis Romae. alia- 
rumque gentium primordia, mores, & res gestae indicantur 
a Cvrtio Inghiramio reperta, Scomelli prope Vulterram. 

Francofvrti, Anno salutis M. DCXXX VII. Pt.,facsim. F°. 

92 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Joseph, D. 

Die Paliiste des homerischen Epos, mit Riicksicht auf die Aus- 

grabungen Heiiirich Schlieinaiins. 
Berlin, G. Siemens, /S93. PI. S°. 
Kiepert, Heinrich. 

Topographisch-historischer Atlas von Hellas und den hellenischen 
Colonien . . . unter Mitwirkung des Professors Carl Ritter 
bearb. von H. Kiepert. 2. berichtigte Ausg. 
Berlin, Nicolai, /^f/. 24 maps. obi. F° . 
Xondakov, N. P. 

Antiquit^s de la Russie m^ridioiiale (^d. franjaise des Rousskoi 
drevnosti); par N. Kondakof, le comte J. Tolstoi et S. 
Paris, LeroHX, iSgi. PL F°. ^ 

Exposition of Greek antiquities in the Bosphorus, based on the 
collections of the Hermitage. 

Xiaborde, L^on Emmanuel Simon Joseph comte de. 

Le Parthenon; documents pour servir k une restauration, r^unis 

et publics par L. de Laborde. 
Paris, Leleux, 1848. 30 pi. {partly col.). F°. 

Voyage de I'Asie Mineure par A. de Laborde, Becker, Hall, 

et L. de Laborde. 

Paris, F. Didot, 1S38. Illus. , 79 pi. {partly col. ) F°. 

Voyage de la Syrie par A. de Laborde, Becker, Hall, et L. de 


Paris, F. Didot, 1837. Illus., SS pi. (partly col.) F°. 
Xiafaye, Georges Louis. 

Histoire du culte des divinit^s d'Alexandrie: S^rapis, Isis, Har- 

pocrate et Anubis, hors de I'Egypte depuis les origines jusqu'4 

la naissance de I'^cole n(?o-platonicienne. 
Paris, E. Thorin, 1884. Col. pi., plans. 8^. 

Xiajard, Jean Baptiste F61ix. 

Recherches sur le culte public et les mysteres de Mithra en Orient 

et en Occident. 
Paris, Imprimerie impSriale, 1867. F°. 

Xialouz, V. , and P. Monceaux. 
Restauration d'Olympe. 
Pans, Qnantin, /8S9. Plates. F°. 
Xtechat, H. 

Epidaure. Restauration & description des principaux monuments 
du sanctuaire d'Ascl^pias. Relev^s et restaurations par Al- 
phonse Defrasse. Texte par Henri Lechat. 
Paris, Quantin, 1895. Illus. m te.vt, pi. F°. 

This is a companion volume to Laloux's " Restauration d'Olympe." 
Xienormant, Charles Fran9ois. 

Lettres as.syriologiques, .seconde s^rie: Etudes accadiennes. 
Paris, Maisonneuve et cie., 1873-79. 3^'- 4^- 

Select List of Recent Purchases. 93 

Lenonnant, Charles, and Jean J. A. M. baron de Witte. 

Elite des monuments c^ramographiques; materiaux pour I'his- 

toire des religions et des moeurs de I'antiquite, rassembl^s 

et commentes. 
Paris, Leleitx, 1S44-61. 41: Illus.,pl. F°. 

li'^pinois, Henri de. 

Les catacombes de Rome. Nouv. ^d. rev. et augm. de plusieurs 

appendices par Paul AUard. 
Bruarel/es [etc.] A. Frotnant <Sf cie., 1896. PI. 8°. 

lietronne Antoine Jean. 

CEu\Tes choisies . . . assemblies, mises en ordre et augmentees 

d'un index par E. Fagnan. 
Paris, E. Leroitx, 18&1-S5. 6 v. Front, {port.), pi. 4°. 

Contexts. — i. s^r. Eg>-pte ancienne. 2 v. — 2. s^r. Gtog^raphie et 
cosmographie. 2 v. — 5. s6r. Arch&>logie et philologfie. 2 v. 

Longperier, Henri Adrien Prevost de. 

(Eu\Tes . . . reunies et mises en ordre par G. Schliunberger. 

Paris, E. Leroux, 1S83-S6. 7 v. ill us., pi. 8°. 

Contexts. — t. i. Arch6ologie orientale. Monuments arabes. — t. 2. 
Antiquites grecques, romaines et gauloises (1S38-61). — t. 3. Antiqui- 
tfe grecques, ixjmaines et gauloises (1S62-S3). — t. 4. Moyen age et 
renaissance (1S37-58).— t. 5. Moyen Sge et renaissance (1S5S-6S).— 
t. 6. Moyen 4ge et renaissance (1S60-S3). Antiquitfa ani6ricaines 
Supplement: Bibliographic g6n6rale. — t. 7. Xouveau supplement et 
Table g^nerale. 

Mariette, Francois Auguste Ferdinand. 

Le S^raj>eum de ^lemphis par Auguste Mariette-Pacha, pub. 

d'apres le inanuscrit de I'auteur par G. Maspero. 
Paris, F. Vieweg, 1882-83. i v. 4° and atlas F°. 

Marini, Gaetano Luigi. comp. 

Iscrizioni antiche delle \-ille e de' palazzi Albani; raccoltee pvb- 

blicate con note dall' abate G. Marini. 
Roma, P. Givnchi, 17S3. It I us. 4°. 

Martha, Jules. 

L'art etrusque, illustre de 4 planches en couleurs et de 400 gra- 
wu-es dans le texte, d'apres les originaux ou d'apres les doc- 
uments les plus authentiques. 

Paris, Firmin-Didot et cie., iSSg. Illiis., pi., map. 4°. 

Martin, William Gregon.- Wood-. 

Pagan Ireland; an archaelog^cal sketch; a handbook of Irish pre- 
Christian antiquities. 

London, Longmans, Green cf co., iSg^. Front., ill us., pi., map. 

The rude stone monuments of Ireland. ( Co. Sligo and the 

island of Achill ). 
Dublin, Hodges, Figgis <Sf co.; London, IVilliams <Sf Norgale, 
iSSS. Illus., pl.,map. 8°. 


94 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Michaelis, Adolf Theodor Friedrich. 

Ancient marbles in Great Britain . . . translated from the Ger- 
man by C. A. M. Fennell. 
Cambridge, University press, I SS2. Illus.,pl. 4°. 
Monuments grecs, publics par I'Association pour I'encouragement 
des Etudes grecques en France. 
Paris, U Association, & J. Maisonneuve, 1882-^7. 2 v. Illus., 
pi. {partly col.) F°. 
Morgan, Jacques de. 

Compte rendu sommaire des travaux arch^ologiques de la D^l^- 
gation fran^aise en Perse, ex^cutds du 3 novembre 1897, au 
I" juin 1898. 
Paris, Leroux, 1900. 8°. 

D^l^gation scientifique fran^aise en Perse. Travaux ex^- 

cut^s par la delegation de 1897 a 1899. 

Paris, Leroux-, i8gg-igoo. 2 v. 

Vol.1. Introduction g6ographique et historique. Compte rendu des 

Vol. 2. Inscriptions susiennes. 

These volumes g^ive the results of De Morgan's excavations upon 
the site of Susa, an ancient Elarao-Persian city. M. Marcel A. 
Dieulafoy conducted explorations in the larger of the two mounds 
which cover the ruins of the ancient city. De Morgan selected the 
smaller mound for his work in 1S9.S-1900 and recovered many impor- 
tant inscriptions relating to Babylonian history. 

Mission scientifique au Caucase. Etudes arch^ologiques et 


Paris, Leroux, igoo. 2 v. 8°. 

Recherches sur les origines de I'Egypte. L'Sge de la pierre 

et les m^taux. 
Paris, E. Leroux, 1S96. Illus.,, maps. 4°. 

Recherches sur les origines de I'Egypte. Ethnographie pr^- 

historique et tombeau royal de Negadah par J. de Morgan, 
avec la collaboration de MM. le professeur Wiedemann, G. 
J^quier et le dr. Fouquet. 
Paris, E. Leroux, 1S97. Illus. , pi. , tab. 4°. 

MUllenhofif, Karl. 

Deutsche Altertumskunde. [Herau.sgegeben von Max Roediger. ] 
Berlin, Weidmann, /S87-1900. 5 v. Maps. 8°. 

Vol. I. Die Phoenizier; Pytheas von Ma.ssalia. 

Vol.2. DieNord-undOstnachharenderGermancn; Die (lallier und 
Vol. 3. Der Ursprung der Germanen. 
Vol. 4. Die Germania des Tacitus. 
Vol. 5. I'eber die Voluspw; Ueber die iiltcrc Edda. 

O'Brien, Henry. 

The rouncl towers of Ireland; or, The hi.story of the Tuath-de- 
Danaans. New ed. with intnxluction, synopsi.s, index, etc. 
London, W. T/iacker <2f co.; Calcutta, Tliac/cer, Spink &• co., 
/SgS. Illus., front, (port.) 8°. 

Select List of Recent Purchases. 95 

Ohnefalsch-Richter, Max Hermann. 

K\-pros, the Bible and Homer. Oriental civilization, art, and 
religion in ancient times. Elucidated by the author's own 
researches and excavations during twelve years' work in 
London, Asher & co., 1S93. 2 v. Front., illus., pi., maps, 
facsim. F°. 
Pauly, August Friedrich von. 

Pauly's Real-Enc}xlopadie der classischen Alterthumswisson- 

schaft. Neue Bearbeitung herausgegeben von G. Wissowa. 

Sttittgart,/. B. Metzler, iSg^-gg. j v. illiis. maps, folded tab. S°. 

This is practically a new work, the material of the first edition of 
Pauly being completely reworked by an association of archjelogists, 
composed of Berger, Cichorius, Crusias, Cumont, Domaszewski, Hart- 
mann, Hirschfeld, Hiibner, and others. 

Perrot, Georges, and Edmond J. B. Guiliaixme, and Jules Delbet. 

Exploration archeologique de la Galatie et de la Bithynie, d'une 
partie de la INIysie, de la Phrj-gie, de la Cappadoce et du Pont, 
executee en 1S61. 

Pan's, F. Didot freres, fits & cie., 1S62-J2. 2 v. Illus., So 
pi., 7 maps. F°. 
Pettier, Edmond, and Salomon Reinach. 

La necropole de Myrina; recherches archeologiques ex^cutees au 
nomet aux frais de I'Ecole fran^aise d'Athenes par E. Pot- 
tier, S. Reinach, A. Veyries. 

Paris, E. Thorin,iS87-8S. 2 v. Illus., pi. F°. 

Premerstein, Anton, ritter von. 

Romische Strassen und Befestigungen in Krain. 

U'ien, K. K. Hof-und Staatsdruckerei, iSgg. Maps, facsim. 4°. 

Quatrefages de Breau, Jean Louis Armand de. 

Les ages pr^historiques de I'Espagne et du Portugal par M. 
Emile Cartailhac. Preface par M. A. de Quatrefages. 
Paris, C.Reinwald, [/556]. ^°. 

Quatremere de Quincy, Antoine Chrysostome. 
Recueil de dissertations archeologiques. 
Paris, A. Le Clere et cie., 1S36. PI. 8°. 

Ramsay, William Mitchell. 

The cities and bishoprics of Phrygia; being an essay of the local 
history of Phrygia from the earliest times to the Turkish 
Oxford, Clarendon press, 1893. i v. in 2. Illus., maps. 4°. 

B-ayet, Olivier, and Maxime Collignon. 
Histoire de la ceramique grecque. 
Paris, G.Decaux,i8SS. Illus., pi. F°. 

Reinach, Salomon. 

Antiquites nationales. Description raisonn^ du Mus^e de Saint- 

96 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Reinach, Salomon — Continued. 

Paris, Finnin-Didot et cie., i8Sg. Illus. 8°. 
Repertoire de la statuaire grecque et romaine. 

Paris, E. Leroux, iSgj-gS. 2 v. Illus. i2°. 

Vol. I is a reproduction in reduced size of plates from the Mustede 
sculpture de Clerac; the second volume gives 6,ooo antique statues 
drawn from the great repositories; the third volume will be devoted 
to descriptive text. 

B«staurations des monuments antiques par les architectes pension- 
naires de 1' Academic de France a Rome, depuis 1788 jusqu' d 
nos jours, pub. avec les m^moires explicatifs des auteurs sous 
les auspices du gouvernement fran^ais. 
Paris, Firmin-Didot et cie., i8j7-go. 7 v. PL F°. 

Contents.— I. Percier, C. Colonne trajane. 1877. — 2. Lesueur, J 
B. C. Basilique ulpienne. 1877. — 3. Labrouste, P. F. H. Temples de 
Paestum. 1S84.— 4. Dubut, L. A. Temple de la Pudicit^. 1879. — 
Coussin, J. A. Temple de Vesta. 1S79. — 5. Garnier, J. L. C. Temple 
de Jupiter Panhell^nien k Egine. 18S4. — 6. Villain, A. Temple de 
Marc-Aur^le. 1881. — 7. Paulin, E. Thermes de Diocl6tien. 1890. 

Riemann, Othon. 

Recherches archeologiques sur les iles loniennes. 
Paris, E. Thorin, iSjg-So. s v. PL, maps, plan. 8°. 

Contents. — [v. i] Corf on. 1879. — [v. 2] C^phalonie. 1879. — [v. 3] 
Zante. C^rigo. Appendice. 1880. 

King, Bernard Jacques Joseph Maximilien de. 

Tombes celtiques de I'Alsace; suite de m^moires pr^sentds au 

comite de la Societe pour la conservation des monuments his- 

toriques a Strasbourg. 2. ed. 
Strasbourg, G. Silbermann, 1861. 14 pL 7''°. 

Rochette, Ddsird Raoul. 

Monumens inedits d'antiquite figuree, grecque, ^trusque et 
romaine, recueillis et publics par M. Radul-Rochette. 
Paris, Imprinterie royale, 1833. PL {partly col. ) F°. 
Contents.— I. partie. Cycle h^roique. 1833. 

Sammlung der griechischen Dialekt-Inschriften . . . Hrsg. von H. 
Gottingen, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1 884-1901. 18 pts. Fac- 
sini., tab. 8°. 

Sarzec, Gustave Charles Ernest Chocquin de. 

D^couvertes en Chaldee par Ernest Sarzec . . . pub. parlessoins 

de Leon Heuzey. 
Paris, E. Leroux, i88g-g6. F°. 

Schrader, Eberhard. 

The cuneiform inscriptions and the Old Testament; tr. from the 

2d enl. Gennan ed., with an introductory preface by O. C. 

Loudon & Edinburgh, IVitliams df Norgate, 1885-88. 3 v. 

Map. 8°. 

' Select List of Recent Purchases. g-j 

Ussing, Johan Ludvig. 

Pergamos, seine Geschichte und Monumente. Nach der danis- 

chen Ausg. neu bearb. 
Berlin [etc.'\, W. Spetnann, 1899. Illus., 6 pi. F\ 
Valentini, Agostino. 

La patriarcale basilica Lateranense, illustrata per cura di A. 

Roma, A. Valentini, 1S3J. 2 v. in i. 136 pi. F°. 

La patriarcale basilica Liberiana, illustrata per cura di A. 


Roma, A. Valentini, iSjg, 'j/. 2 v. PI. F°. 

La patriarcale basilica Vaticana: illustrata per cura di A. 


Roma, A. Valentini, 1845-55. 2 v. PI., map. F°. 
Valeriani, Domenico. 

Nuova illustrazione istorico-monnmentale del basso e dell' alto 

Egitto, con atlante. 
Firenze, P. Fuinagalli , 1S36-40. 2 v. Ftvnt. {port. ) 8° and atlas, 

2 V. in I. F°. 
Venuti, Ridolfino. 

Accurata e succinta descrizione topografica delle antichitd di 

Roma, G. B.Bemabd&G. Lazzarini, 1J63. 2 v. in i. Front., 

96 pi. F°. 
Villanueva, Joaquin Lorenzo. 

PhcEnician Ireland. Auctore Joachimo Laurentio Villanueva . . . 

Tr. and illus. with notes ... by H. O'Brien. 
London, Longman & co. \etc.'\ 1S33. Fold, map, facsitn. 8°. 
Visconti, Ennio Quirino. 

Illustrazioni de" monumenti scelti borghesiani gia' esistenti nella 

\-illa sul Pincio. 
Roma, Stamperia de Romanis, 1S21. 2 v. 80 pi. F°. 
Wheeler, Sir George. 

Voyage de Dalmatie, de Grece, et du Levant . . . Bnrichi de 

medailles, & de figures des principales antiquitez qui se 

trouvent dans ces lieux, avec la description des coutumes, 

des villes, riWeres, ports de mer. & de ce qui s'y trouve de 

plus remarquable. Tr. de I'anglois. 
A Anvers, et se vend a Paris, chez D. Horthemels, i68g. 2 v. 

PI., map. 16°. 


Allier, Achille. 

L"ancien Bourbonnais (histoire, monumens, moeurs, statistique). 
Moulins, Desrosiers, 1833-3S. 2 v. Front, {port. ) F^. and atlas 
{136 pi., 2 maps) F°. 

9957—01 7 

98 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Ballu, Theodore. 

Monographie de I'^glise Saint-Amboise ^rig^e par la ville de 

Paris, Ducher et de, /S74. Illus., 24 numb. pi. F°. 
Baltard, Victor. 

Monographie des halles centrales de Paris, construites sous le rtgne 
de Napoleon III. et sous radministration de . . . Haus.suiann 
... par V. Baltard . . . et . . . F. Callett. 
Paris, A. Morel, 1863. 35 pi. F°. 
Barbet de Jouy, Joseph Henri. 

Les gemmes et joyaux de la couronne au Musde du Louvre; ex- 
pliqu^s par M. Barbet de Jouy . . . dessines et graves a 
I'eau-forte d'apres les originaux par J. Jacquemart . . in- 
troduction par A. Darcel. 
Paris, L. Techener. jSS6. 60 pi. F°. 
Begule, Lucien. 

Monographie de la cath^drale de Lyon . . . pr^c^d^e d'une notice 

hi.storique par M. C. Guigue. 
Lyon, Inipr. Mongin-Rusand, 1S80. Illus., 34 pi. {partly col.) 
Blondel, Fran9ois. 

Cours d'architecture enseigne dans I'Acad^mie royale d'architec- 

ture ... 2. ed., augm. & cor. 
Paris, chez fauteur, 169S. 5 pts. in i v. Illus., pi. F°. 
Bode, Wilhelm. 

The complete work of Rembrandt. History, description, and 
heliographic reproduction of all the master's pictures, with a 
study of his life and his art. The text by W. Bode . . . 
assisted by C. Hofstede de Groot . . . from the German by 
Florence Simmonds. 
Paris, C. Sedelmeyer, i8gj-igoi. 5 v. PL, port. F°. 
Bonnetain, Paul. 

Le monde pittoresque et monumental: L'extreme orient . . . 
Ouvrage illus. de nombreux dessins d'apres nature et accom- 
pagn^ de cartes dress^es d'apres les documents les plus 
Paris, Maison Quantin, [/887'\. Illus., port., maps. F°. 
Bottari, Giovanni Gaetano. 

Raccolta di lettere sulla pittura, scultura ed architettura scritte da 

piu celebri personaggi dei secoli xv, xvi, e xvii. 
Milano, G. Silvestri, 1822-25. ^ ^' Port. 16°. 
Bouchot, Henri. 

La Frauche-Comtd . . . illustrations par E. Sadoux. 
Paris, E. Plan, Nourril et cie., iSgo. Illus., pi. F°. 
Bourassd, Jean Jacques. 

Le Touraine: histoire et monuments; public sous la direction de 

... J. J. Bourass^. 
Tours, A. Mame et cie., 1S55. Col. front., illus., pi. {partly 
col.), maps. /"". 

Select List of Recent Purchases. 99 

Brossard, Charles. 

Geographic pittoresque et monumentale de la France: la France 

du nord. 
Paris, E. Flawmarioti , igoo. Illus. (partly col.), maps. 4° 

Chipiez, Charles. 

Le Temple de Jerusalem et la maison du Bois-liban restitutes 

d'apres Ezechiel et le Livre des Rois pdr C. Chipiez [et] G. 

Paris, Hachette et cie., 18S9. Illus., 10 pi. {partly col.) F°. 

Cicognara, Leopoldo. 

Le fabbriche e i monumenti cospicui di Venezia; illustrati da L. 
Cicognara, da A. Diedo e da G. A. Selva; edizione con copiose 
note ed aggiunte di F. Zanotto, arrichita di nuove tavole e 
della verzione francese. 
Vefiecia, G. Afitonelli, fSjS. 2 v., in i atid atlas of 2^9 pi. F° 
Collection Dutuit, livres et manuscrits. 

Paris, D. Morgand, i8gg. Illus., facsim. F°. 

Facsimiles of art bindings, reproductions from early illustrated 
books. Collation and description of De Brj-'s voyages, in 64 pts. 

Dieulafoy, Marcel. 

L'art antiquedela Perse ; Achemenides, Parthes, Sassanides. 
Paris, Librairie centrale d" architecture , etc., iSS4-\8g\. § i\ 
Illus., pi. F°. 

Contents. — i. Monuments de la valine du Polvar-Roud. — 2. Moniu 
ments de Pers^polis. — 3. i,a sculpture pers^politaine. —4. Les monu- 
ments vout^s de r^poque ach^m^nide. — 5. Monuments parthes et 

Duplessis, Georges Victor Antoine Gratet. 

Histoire de la gra\Tire en Italie, en Espagne, en Allemagne, dans 

les Pays-Bas, en Angleterre et en France. 
Paris, Hachette & cie., iSgo. Illus., pi. 4°. 
Du Sommerard, Alexandre. 

Les arts au moyen age, en ce qui conceme principalement le 
Palais romain de Paris, I'Hotel de Cluny, issus de ses mines, 
et les objets d'art de la collection classee dans cet hotel. 
Paris, Techener, 18^8-46. 5 v. 8° and atlas, loj pi. [partly col. ) , 
F° . and album, 402 pi. [paHly col.) 2 v. F° . 
Encyclopedie des arts decoratifs de 1' Orient. 
Paris, Canson, 1SJ3-83. 6 v. F°. 

Ed. by Victor Champier and Fran9ois Favre. 

Contents. — CoUinot. E., and Beaumont, A. Omements du Japon, 
1873; Omements arabes, 18S3; Orneraents de la Chine, 1883: Ome- 
ments de la Perse. 1883; Omements turcs, 1SS3: Omements v^nitiens, 
Froehner, Christian Eduard Ludwig Wilhelm. 

La oollection Tyszkiewicz; choix de monuments antiques, avec 

texte explicatif de \V. Frohner. 
Munich, I'erlagsanstalt fiir Kunst und Wissenschaft, \_iSg4'\. 48 
pi. {partly col.). F°. 

loo Report of the Librarian of Cotiffress. 

Oestoso y Perez, Jos^. 

Sevilla nioiniiiiental y artistica. Historia y descripci6n de todos 
los edificios notables, religiosos y civiles, que existen actual- 
niente en esta ciudad y noticia de las preciosidades artisticas 
y arqueol6gicas que en ellos se conservan. 
Sevilla, \^El Conservador'\,iS8g-g2. j v. PI., plans. 4°. 
Goncourt, Edniond and Jules de. 

L'art du dix-huitienie si^cle. 3' edition, revue et augment^e. 
Paris, A. Quantin, 1SS/-S3. 2 v. PL F°. 
Havard, Henry. 

Histoire et philosophic des st}-les (architecture, ameublement, 
decoration) . . . Ouvrage enrichide 50 planches horstexteet 
de plus de 4oogravures d'apres les dessins de Yp>emian, Man- 
gonot, Boudier, Hotin, Melin, Roquet, etc. 
Paris, C. Schmid, iSgg-igoo. 2 v. Illus., 50 numb. pi. {partly 
col). F°. 
Hirth, Georg. 

Kulturgeschichtliches Bilderbuch aus drei Jahrhunderten. 
Leipzig 6f Miinchen, G. Hirth, \_i8Si-^o'\. 6 v. Illus., port., 
pi. F°. 

Facsimiles of woodcuts, copperplptes, etchings [etc.], by German, 
French, Dutch, and other artists, illustrative of the history and cus- 
toms of the 16th to the iSth century. No text. 

Hittorff, Jacques Ignace. 

Architecture antique de la Sicile. Recueil des monuments de 
Segeste et de S^linonte, mesures et dessin^s, suivi de recher- 
ches sur I'origine et le ddveloppement de I'architecture re- 
ligieuse chez les Grecs. 
Paris, E. Donnaud, iSjo. i v. 4° and atlas F°. 
Hoffbauer, Theodore Joseph Hubert. 

Paris, a. travers les ages. Aspects successifs des monuments et 
quartiers historiques de Paris depuis le xiii' si^cle jusqu'a 
nos jours fidelement restitu^s d'apres les documents authen- 
tiques . . . Texte par A. Bonnardot, J. Cousin, E. Druniont, 
V. Dufour, E. Fournier, F. C. Jourdain, P. Lacroix, A. Lenoir, 
L. M. Tisserand. 2. ed. 
Paris, Firmin-Didot et cie., 18S5. 2 v. Illus., pi. {partly col.), 
maps, plans, facsim. F°. 

Consists of monographs by the collaborators named on the title 

HUbsch, Heinrich. 

Monuments de I'architecture chr^tienne depuis Constantin jusqu'4 
Charlemagne et de leur influence sur le style des construc- 
tions religieuses aux ^poques post^rieures . . . Tr. de I'alle- 
mand par V. Guerber. 
Paris, A. Morel, j866. 63 pi. F°. 

'Knight, Henry Gaily. 

Saracenic and Norman remains, to illustrate the Normans in 

London, f. Murray, [1840]. 30 pi. {partly col. \, incl. t.-p. F°. 

Seiect List of Recent Purchases. loi 

gutschmann, Th. 

Meisterwerke saracenisch-normannischer Kutist in Sicilien und 
Unteritalien; ein Beitrag zur Kunstgeschichte des Mittelal- 
BeHin, F.Jager, [/goo^. jS pi. {partly col.) F°. 
Laborde, Alexandre Louis Joseph, covite de. 

Description des nouveaux jardins de la France et de ses anciens 

ch&teaux. Les dessins par C. Bourgeois. 
Paris, Ivipr. de Delance, /SoS-is. 94 pi-, map. F°. 
English, French, and German. 

Voyage pittoresque et historique de I'Espagne. 

Paris, P. Didot Va'mi, 1S06-20. 2 v. in 4. PI., maps. P°. 

lie Pautre, Jean. 

[180 plates from the different series of engra\-ings by Le Pautre, 
comprising friezes, fireplaces, mirrors, gardens, alcoves, foun- 
tains, medallions, landscapes, battle scenes, vases, mj-tholog- 
ical figures, etc.] 

[Paris, /6jj-67]. 180 pi. F° . 

liOth, Arthur. 

Les cathedrales de France. 

Paris. H. Laurens, igoo. 100 pi. F°. 

Perez-Villamil, ^Manuel. 

Estudios de historia y arte. La catedral de Siguenza . . . con 

noticias nuevas para la historia del arte en Espaiia, sacadas 

de documentos de su archivo. 
Madrid, Tipografia Herres, 1S99. Ill us., pi. S°. 

Petit, John Le^vis. 

Architectural studies in France . . . With illustrations from 

drawnngs by the author and P. Delamotte. New edition, 

re\nsed by E. Bell. 
London, G.Bell & sons. 1S90. Front., illus., pi. , map. S°. 

B^ymond, Marcel. 

La sculpture florentine; le x\"i^ siecle et les successeurs de I'^cole 

Florence, Alinarifreres, igoo. Front., illus., pi. F°. 

Bis-Paquot, Oscar Edmond. 

Dictionnaire encyclopedique des marques & monogrammes, chif- 
f res, lettres, initiales, signes figm-atifs, etc. , etc. , contenant 
12,156 marques. 
Paris, H.Laurens, iSgs. 2 v. Illus. 4°. 

Rouyer, Jean Eugene. 

L'art architectural en France depuis Francois i" jusqu'a Louis 
XIV; motifs de decoration interieure et exterieure. dessin^s 
d'apres des modeles executes et inedits des principales ^po- 
ques de la Renaissance . . . par E. Rouyer, texte par A. 

Paris and Li^ge, Noblet & Baudry, 1S63-66. 2 v. 200 pi. F°. 

I02 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Rubens, Pieter Paulus. 

Correspondance de Rubens, et documents ^pistolaires concemant 

sa vie et ses ceuvres; pub., tr., annot^s par Ch. Ruelens. 
Anvers, De Backer, 1 8S7-9S. 2 v. Port., facsim. F°. {Codex 
diplomaticus Riibenianus; doainients relatifs h la vie et aux 
(etivres dc Rubens. /,^2.) 
Schoy, Auguste. 

Histoire del 1' influence italienne sur I'architecture dans les Pays- 

Bruxelles, F. Hayez, 1879. Front, {port.) F°. 
Schreiber, W. 

jManuel de Tamateur de la gravure sur bois et sur m^tal au xv. 

Berlin, A. Cohn, iSgi-igoo. 6 :•. Facsim. 4° and F°. 
TJng'er, William. 

Les ceuvres de William Unger: eaux-fortes d'aprds les maitrec 

anciens et modernes, commentees par C. Vosmaer. 
Leyde, A. IV. Sijtho^, f 874-79. 2 v. 141 pi. F°. 
Valentini, Agostino. 

I capi d' opera di pittura, scultura ed architettura della basilica 
Vaticana, rappresentati in 47 tavole incise a bulino; si aggi- 
ungono le incisioni della Madonna di Foligno, della Battaglia 
di Constantino e del Laoccoonte. 
Rouia,In cominissione pressoi pnncipalinegozianti . . . [/5— ]• 
47 pi. F°. 
Ysendyck, J. J. van. 

Documents classes de I'art dans les Pays-Bas du X* au XVIII* 

siecle, recuellis et reproduits par J. J. van Ysendyck. 
Anvers: J. Maes, 1880-S9. 20 pts. in ^ v. Illus.,pl. F°. 

Balustrades, broderies, chaires, chasses, chateaux, chemin^s, 
cl6tures fonts, halles, h6tels-de-ville, jub^s, lucames, luminaires, 
maisons, tneubles, monuments com m^nioratifs, orf^vreries, portails, 
portes, retables, sculptures, stalles, tabernacles, tombeaux, uten- 
siles, etc. 


Allou, Roger, and Charles Chenu. 

Barreau de Paris. Grands avocats du siecle . . . Pr^fac de J. 

Paris, A. Pedone [/i^p./]. Port. 4°. 
Andign^ de la Blanchaye, Louis Marie Augfuste Fortune, comle d\ 
M^moires du gdndral d'Andign^, publics avec introduction et 

notes par Ed. Bird. 
Paris, E. Plon, Nourritt et cie., /goo-o/. 2 v. Front. 
{port.) S°. 

Covers the period from 1765 to 1857. 

Arbois de Jubainville, H. d'. 

Histoire des dues et des comtes de Champagne. 
Paris, A. Dtirand, 1859-67. 6 z: in 7. 8°. 

Select List of Recent Purchases. 103 

Avenel, Georges d'. 

Rich -lien et la tnonarchie absolue. 
Paris, E. Hon, Nourrit et cie., /Sgj. 4 v. 8°. 
Ayroles, Jean Baptiste Joseph. 
La vraie Jeanne d'Arc. 

Paris, Gaume et cie. \_etc.'\ 1890-1898. 4 v. /*. 
Bardoxix, Agenor. 

Etudes sociales et politiques. La jeuness^ de La Fayette, 1757-1792. 
Paris, C. Lh'y, 1892. 8°. 

Etudes sociales et politiques. Les demi^res annees de La 

Fayette, 1792-1S34. 
Paris, C Lezy, 1S93. ^• 

Etudes sociales et politiques. La duchesse de Duras. 

Paris, C. Uiy, 1S9S. 
Bastard-d'Estang, Henri Bruno de, vicotnte. 

Les parlements de France; essai historique sur leurs usages, leur 

organisation et leur autorite. 
Paris, Didieret cie., 185J 2 v. Front. 8-. 

Bazaine, Achille Fran9ois. 

L'armee du Rhin, depuis le 12 aout jusqu'au 29 octobre 1870. 
Paris, H. Hon, 1S72. Maps. 8°. 
Beaucourt, Gaston Louis Emmanuel Du Fresne, ntarquia de. 

Capti\-ite et demiers moments de Louis x\"i; recits originaux 
& documents officiels recueillis et publies pour la Society 
d'histoire contemporaine. 
Paris, A. Picard, 1S92. 2 v. 8°. 

Belleval, Rene, marquis de. 

Les fils de Henri II. La cour, la ville et la society de leur temps. 

Francois II. 
Paris, E. Lechevalier. 189S. 8°. 
Blocqueville, Louise Adelaide d'Eckmiihl, marquise de. 

Lc marechal Davout, prince d'Eckmiihl, raconte par les siens et 

par lui-meme. 
Paris, Didier et cie., 1879-80. 4V. Front., port. 8°. 

Bonnal dc Ganges, Edmond. 

Les represenlants du peuple en mis-sion pres les armees 1791- 
1797; d'apres le Depot de la guerre, les seances de la Con- 
vention, les archives nationales. 

Paris, A. Savaete [etc.'\ 1898-99. 4 v. 8°. 
Bonnefoux, Pierre Marie Joseph, baron de. 

Memoires du b"" de Bonnefoux. capitaine de vaisseau, 1 782-1855. 

. . . Publies avec preface et des notes par E. Jobbe-Duval. 

Paris, Hon-Xourrit et cie., 1900. 8°. 
Bonnemere, Joseph Eugene. 

La France sous Louis xrv, 1643-1715 ... 3. ^d. 

Paris, Fischbacher, 1889. 2 v. 12°. 

I04 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Bonneval, Amiand Alexandre Hippolyte de. 

M(Jmoires anecdoliques du gdn^ral marquis de Bonneval (1786- 

Paris, Flon-Nourrit et de., igoo. 12°. 

Bonneville de Marsang^, Louis. 

Le chevalier de Vergennes; son ambassade k Constantinople. 

Paris, E. Plan, Noiirrit et cie., 1894. z v. S°. 

Le comte de Vergennes; son ambassade en Su^de, 1771- 

Paris, E. Plan, Nourrit et cie., /SpS. Front, {port.) 8°. 

Boudet, Marcellin. 

. . . Documents historiques in^dits du xiv* si^cle. Thomas de 

la Marche, batard de France, et ses aventures (1318-61). 
Riom, U. Joiivet, igoo. PI., port. 4°. 
Boulay de la Meurthe, Alfred, comte. 

Les dernieres annees du due d'Enghien (1801-1804). 
Paris, Hachette et cie., 1886. 12°. 
Bourelly, Jules. 

Cromwell et Mazarin; deux campagnes de Turenne en Flandre; 

la bataille des Dunej. 
Paris, Perrin et cie., 1886. PI. 12°. 
Bioglie, Albertine Ida Gustavine de Stael, duchesse de. 

Lettres de la duchesse de Broglie, 1814-1838— pub. par son fils le 

due de Broglie ... 4. ^d. 
Pat is, C. LH>y, i8g6. Front, {port.) 12°. 
Broglie, Jacques Victor Albert, due de. 

Maurice de Saxe et le marquis d'Argenson. 
Paris, C. Leiy, 1893. 2 v. 12°. 
Chalmel, Jean Louis. 

Hi.stoire de Touraine, depuis la conquet^ des Gaules par les 
Romains, jusqu'a I'ann^e 1790; suiviedu dictionnaire biogra- 
phique de tous les hommes celebres nes dans cette pro\4nce. 
Paris [etc.} H. Fourtiier [etc.] 1S28. 4 v. 8°. 
Chantelauze, K. 

Louis XIV et Marie Mancini, d'apres de nouveaux documents. 
Paris, Didiet et cie., 1880. 8°. 
Chevalier, Cyr Ulysse Joseph, coinp. 

Choix de documents hi.storiques inddits sur le Dauphine, publics 
d'apres les originaux conser\-^s d la biblioth^que de Grenoble 
et aux archives de I'ls^re. 
Lyon, A. Brun, 1874. 4°. {Collection de cartulaires dauphinois. ) 
Coligny, Louise I' K2\iVi\\x\, marquise de. 

Correspondance de Louise de Coligny, princesse d'Orange ( 1555- 

1620), recueillie par P. Marchegay. 
Paris, O. Doin [etc.'] J887. Front, (port.) 8°. 
Combes, Francois. 

L'ahbd Suger. Hi.stoire de tvm miTiistere et <le sa r(;gence. 
Paris, Imprimeric de W. Remqiut& cie., iS^j. Front, {port. ) 8^. 

Select List of Recent Purchases. 105 

Cosnac, Gabriel Jules, conite de. 

Souvenirs du regne de Louis xiv. 
Paris, V've. J. Renonard, 1S66S2. 8v. 8°. 
Ougnac, Gasper Jean Marie Rene de. 

Cainpagne de I'armee de r^ser\-e en 1800. 

Pan's, R. Chapeloi et cie, /goo. 2 v. Charts, autographs, folded 
maps. 8°. 
Du Bled, Victor. 

La soci^t^ frangraise du xvi* siecle au xx* siecle . . . xvi« et 
XVII* siecles: la soci^te, les femmes au xvi' siecle, le roman 
de I'Astree, la cour de Henri iv, I'hotel de Rambouillet, les 
amis du cardinal de Richelieu, la soci^te et Port-Royal. 
Paris, Perrin et cie., igoo. 12°. 
Du Casse, Robert Emmanuel Leon, baron. 

L'amiral Du Casse . . . (1646-1715). Etude sur la France mari- 
time et coloniale (regne de Louis xiv). 
Paris & Nancy, Berger-Levratilt & cie., 1876. 8°. 
Ducere, E. 

Bayonne sous I'empire. Le blocus de 1814, d'apres les contem- 

pon ns et des documents inedits. 
Bayonne, Lamaignere, igoo. 8°. 
Ducrot, Auguste' Alexandre. 

La defense de Paris ( 1S70-1871). 
Paris, E. Dentu, iSyj-gS. 4 v. Maps. 8°. 
Fabry, Joseph Gabriel Andre. 

Campagne de Russie ( 1812) par L. G. F. 
Paris, L. Gougy, igoo. 2 v. 8°. 
Gaulot, Paul. 

Les grandes journees revolutionnaires. Histoire anecdotique de 
la Convention nationale (21 septembre 1792-26 octobre 1795). 
Paris, E. Plan, Nourrit et cie., iSgj. PI. 8°. 
Gauthier-Villars, Henrj-. 

Le mariage de Louis xv d'apres des documents nouveaux et une 

correspondence inedite de Stanislas Leczinski. 
Paris, Plon-Nourrit et cie., igoo. Poti. 8°. 
Oourgaud, Gaspard, baron. 

. . . Sainte-Helene; journal inedit de 1815 a i8i8avec preface et 

notes de vicomte de Grouchy et A. Guillois. 
Paris, E. Flatnniarion, \_i8gg'\. 2 i\ 8°. 
Haussonville, Joseph Othenin Bernard de Citron, comte d' . 

Histoire de la reunion de la Lorraine a la jFrance, avec notes, 
pieces justilicatives et documents historiques entierement 
inedits. 2. ^d., rev. et corrigee. 
Paris, M. Levyfreres, i860. 4 v. 12°. 
Herpin, Clara Adele Luce. 

La fin du xviii^ siecle. Le due de Nivernais, 1763-1798. Par 

Lucien Percy [pseud.] 4. ed. 
Pans, C. LH'y '8gi. Front, [port.) 8°. 

io6 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

[Herpdn, Clara Ad^le Luce.] — Continued. 

La fin du xviii* sidcle. Le president Renault et Madame du 

Deffand. La cour du regent, la cour de Louis xv et de Marie 

Leczinska. 4. 6d. 
Paris, C. Lh>y, 1893. Front, {port.) S°. 

Un petit-neveu de Mazarin. Louis Mancini-Mazarini, due de 

Nivernais. 7. ed. 

Pans, C. Levy, iSgg. Front, {port. ) 8°. 

Le ronian du grand roi, Louis xrv et Marie Mancini, d'apr^s 

des lettres et documents inedits. 3. ^d. 

Paris, C. Levy, 1894. Front, {port. ) 8°. 
Jourdan, Jean Baptiste cotnte. 

Memoires militaires du Mar^chal Jourdan (guerre d'Espagne) 
Merits par lui-meme; publics d'apres le manuscrit original 
par M. le vicomte de Grouchy. 
Paris, E. Flatninarion, [/ipp]. Front, {port.) 8°. 
Lacombe, Bernard de. 

Les debuts de guerres de religion (Orleans 1559- 1564) Catherine 

de M^dicis entre Guise et Conde. 
Pans, Perrin & cie., 1889. S°. 
La Ferronnays, Pierre Louis Auguste Ferron, comte de. 

En emigration; souvenirs tires des pa piers du cte. A. de La 

Ferronnays (1777-1814) par le m'*. Costa de Beauregard. 
Paris, Plon-Nourrit 6f cie., 1900. Front {port.) 8°. 
La Gorce, Pierre de. 

Histoire du second empire ... 5. ^d. 
Paris, E. Plon, Aourrit & cie., 1899-1900. 4 v. <9°. 
Langlois, Charles Victor, ed. 

. . . Textes relatifs k I'bistoire du Parlement depuis les origines 

jusqu' en 13 14. 
Farts, A. Picard, 1888. 8°. 
La Sicotifere, L^on de. 

Louis de Frott^ et les insurrections normandes, 1793-1832. 
Paris, E. Plon, Nourrit et cie., 1889. j v. in 2. Front, [port.), 
map. 8°. 
Louis, due de Bourgogne, dauphin de France, 1682-1 7 12. 

. . . Le due de Bourgogne et le due de Beauvillier. Lettres 

in^dites, 1700- 1708. 
Paris, Plon-Nourrit & cie., 1900. Front, {port.), facsim., 
map. 8°. 
Louvet de Couvrai, Jean Baptiste. 

Memoires de Louvet de Couvrai sur la Revolution franfaise. 
!*"= Edition complete, avec preface, notes et tables par F. A. 
Paris, lAbrairie des bibliophiles^ 1889. 2 v. 12". 
Mollien, Francois Nicolas, comte. 

Memoires d'un ministre du tr^sor public 1780-1815; avec une 

notice par M. C. Gomel. 
Paris, Guillaumin et cie, \_/898.'\ 3 v. Tables. 8°. 

Select List of Recent Purchases. 107 

Parisot, Robert. 

Le royaume de Lorraine sous les Carolingiens (^843-923). 
Paris, A. Picard etjils, iSgS. Folded maps. 4°. 

Pasquier, Etienne Denis, due 

Histoire de mon temps. M^moires du Chancelier Pasquier 

publics par :M. le due d'AudifiFret-Pasquier de TAcad^mie 

Patis, E. Pion, Xotirrit et de., 1893-95. 6 v. Front., port. 8°. 

Poinsot, Edniond Antoine. 

Journal du siege de Paris. Decrets, proclamations, circulaires, 
rapports, notes, renseignements, documents divers ofiBciels et 
autres, publics par Georges d'Heylli [pseud.] 

Paris, Librairie generate, [/<!?7j]-7-/- 3 ^'- '^°- 

Bemacle, L.. comte. 

Bonaparte et les Boiu-bons. Relations secretes des agents de 
Louis x\'iii a Paris sous le consulat ( 1802-1803 ) publiees 
avec une introduction et des notes par le Comte Remade. 

Paris, E. Plan, Nourrit et cie., iSgg. S°. 

B^musat, Claire Elisabeth Jeanne Gravier de Vergennes, comtesse de. 
Memoires de Madame de Remusat, 1S02-180S. Pub. par son 

petit-fils P. de Remusat. 
Paris, C. Levy, 1S93. 3 v. 8°. 

Lettres de Madame de Remusat, 1804-1814. Pub. par son 

petit-fils P. de Remusat. 
Paris, C. Leiy, 188 1. 2 v. Front, (port.) 8°. 

Bobinet, Jean Eugene Fran9ois. 

. . . Le mouvement religieux a Paris pendant la revolution ( 1789- 
180 1 ) par le docteur Robinet. 

Paris, L. Cerf,C. Xoblet\etc.'\ 1896-08. 2 v. Table. {Collec- 
tion de documents relatifs a V histoire de Paris pendant la 
Revolution fran^aise. ) 

Buble, Joseph Etienne Alphonse, baron de. 
La premiere jeunesse de Marie Stuart. 
Paris, E. Paul, L. Huard et Guillemin, iSgi. 8°. 

Saint-Hilaire, Emile Marc Hilaire, known as Marco de. 

Histoire militaire du consulat et de I'empire; souvenirs intimes. 
Ed. illustree de gra\-ures hors teste par les meilleurs artistes. 
Paris, A. Moveau etC. Caroll, [/^d?]. 6 z: in 3. PI. 4°. 

Valois, Noel. 

La France et le grand schisme d'occident. 
■^ Paris, Alphonse Picard etjils, 1896. 2 v. 8°. 

Vandal, Albert. 

Louis XV et Elisabeth de Russie; ^tude sur les relations de la 
France et de la Russie au dix-huitieme siecle d'apr^s les 
archives du Ministere des affaires ^trangeres. 

Paris, E. Plon & cie., 1882. 5°. 

io8 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

V^ron, Eugene. 

La troisienie invasion. 

Paris, Librairie de Tart; Charles Delaf^rave, 7576-77. 2 v. F°. 

Vic, Claude de, and Jean Joseph Vaissete. 

Histoire g^ndrale de Languedoc avec des notes et les pieces justi- 
ficatives par Dom CI. Devic & Dom J. Vaissete. [Edition 
accompagn^e de dissertations & notes nouvelles contenant le 
Recueil des inscriptions de la Province . . . continude jusques 
en 1790 par Ernest Roschacli.] 

Toulouse, E. Privat, 1872-92 [/<>Vj]- ^5 ^- Maps. 4°. 


[A feature of this acquisition is a collection of the ordinances and placards of the 
estates of the various provinces, contained for the most part in the provincial 
placard and charter books.] 

Aa, Abraham Jacob van der. 

Aardrijkskundig woordenboek der Nederlanden, bijeengebragt 
door A. J. van der Aa, onder medewerking van eenige vader- 
landsche geleerden. 
Gorinchem,J. Noorduyn, 183^51. /j v. 8°. 

Geographical dictionary of the Netherlands, with historical infor- 
mations regarding towns, vnllages, castles, and other localities 
nowhere else to be found. ' 

De Aarde en haar volken. Geillustreerd volksboek. 
Haarlem, 1865-gg. S5 '^'- P° • 

Corresponds to the " Tour du monde." 

Aitzema, Lieuwe van. 

Saken .an staet en oorlogh, in, ende onitrent de Vereenigde 

'5 Graven-Haghe, J. Veely, J. Tongerloo, ende J. Doll, /669-J2. 
6 V. in 7. Port. F°. 

For continuation see Bos, Lambert van den. Historien onses tyds, 
behelzeiide saken van staat en oorlogh . . . Amsterdam, 1685. 

'•This great work of Aitzema is an extremely valuable compilation 
of important documents and other papers, and the l>est source for the 
histor>' of the years 1621-1668."' 

Verhael vande Nederlandsche vrede-handeling. Op nieuvvs 

gecorrigeert, en met eenige stucken vermeerdert, door t,. van 
Aitzema. 'sCrazt'n/iage,J. \'eely,J. Tongerloo, ende J. Doll, 
167 1. F°. 

Algemeen, Nederland.sch faniilieblad. Orgaan van de Vereeniging 
het Nederlandsch faniilie-archief. 
Oisternijk [etc.l/SSj-^j. 13 v. in 12. F° . 

Algemeene konst- en letterlx)de; 4 July 1788-4 Jan. 1S62. 

Haarlem [<•/<.] ./. I.oosjes \ete.'\ /7SS-I/862]. /jgv.ingo. PI., 
tab. 4° and 8°. IVeekly. 

Select List of Recent Ptirchases. 109 

Almanak van Nederlandsch Indie . . . 1854-64. 

Batavia, Lands-drukkerij [/5j^]-<5ij. j/ v. PI., tab. 8°. 

Axasterdam in de zeventiende eeuw; door A. Bredius, H. Brugmans, 
G. Kalff, G. W. Kernkamp, D. C. Meijer. jr., H. C. Rogge, 
D. F. Schenrleer, A. W. Weissman; met een voorrede van 
P. J. Blok. 
""s-Gravenhage, W. P. van Stockum & zoon, iSgj. Front., illus., 
pi. ( partly col. ) , port. , maps, facsim. F^. 

Monographs on the histor>-, cxjramerce, domestic, social, and relig- 
ious life, literature and art of Amsterdam in the 17th century. 

Archief voor de geschiedenis der Oude Hollandsche zending. 
Utrecht, C. Van Bentiim, jS84-gi. 6 v. 8°. 

Collection of documents covering 1603-43 relating to Dutch mis- 
sions to Formosa, and the Moluccas. 

Arcliief voor kerkelijke en wereldlijke geschiedenis van Nederland, 
meer bepaaldelijk van Utrecht. 
Utrecht, 183S-33. 10 V 4°. 

Unpublished documents concerning the history of Utrecht and 
other provinces of the Netherlands, mostly during the middle ages. 

Archief voor kerkelijke geschiedenis, inzonderheid van Nederland. 
■^'erzameld door N. C. Kist en H. J. Royaards. 
Leyden \etc.'\. S. & J. Luchtmans \etc.'\ 182^-34. 22 v. 8°. 

The leading Dutch review for the history- of the church, especially 
in the Netherlands, in early periods. 

Archives ou correspondance inedite de la maison d'Orange-Nas- 
Leide, S. & J. Luchtmans, 18^5-47, Utrecht; Kemink & fils, 
18S7-61. 14 V. Facsrm. 8°. 

Covers documents of the period from 1552-1688. 

Baudartius, Wilhelmus. 

. . . Memon.-en ofte Cort verhael der gedenck-weerdichste so 
kercklicke als werltlicke gheschiedenissen van Nederland, 
Vranckrijck, Hooghduytschland, Groot Britannyen, His- 
panyen, Italyen, Hungaryen, Bohemen, Savoyen, Seven- 
burghen, ende Turkyen, van den iaere 1603, tot in het iaer 
1624. 2. ed. grootelicx vermeerdert. 

Arnhem, J. Jansz, 1624. 11 bks. in i v. Front., port. F°. 

This is the best book for the historj- of the twelve years truce. It 
consists chiefly of documents, pamphlets, diaries, etc., and as such is 
a source of great importance. 

Bems, J. L. 

Verslag aangaande een onderzoek naar archiefstukken, belangrijk 
voor de geschiedenis van Friesland, uit het tijdperk der 
Saksische hertogen. Op last der regeering ingesteld. 
's-G raven hage, M. Nijhoff, i8gi. 8°. 

Report concerning archivalia (in Dresden, etc.), important for the 
history of Frisia, during the time of the Saxon dukes. 

Bibliotheque raisonnee des ouvrages des savants de TEurope. 
Amsterdam, IVetstein [etc.}, 1728-33- 5-? ''■'■ ^6°. 

no Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Bilderdijk, Willem. 

De dichtwerkeii van Bilderdijk. 

Haarlem, ^l. C. Kruseiuau, /S^6-^g. /j v. Front. 8°. 

Geschiedenis des vaderlands, door Mr. W. Bilderdyk; uitg. 

door Prof. H . W. Tydenian. 

Amsterdam, P.M. IVarnars [etc. 1^ 1 8 j2-^3. /^ v. 8°. 
From the earliest period to 1813. 
Historj- of the Netherlands by the celebrated ix)et and historian. 

Blok, Petrus Johannes. 

Geschiedenis van het Nederlandsche volk. 
Groiiingen,J. B. Walters, iSg^-gg. 4 v. Maps. 8°. 

Historv' of the Dutch people from the earliest time. The first 
complete history of the Netherlands, based upon .substantial research. 
Will be completed in .seven volumes. 

Bondam, Pieter. 

Charterboek der hertogen van Gelderland en graaven van Zut- 
phen; behelzende de handvesten, privilegien, vrA'heden, 
voorrechten en octroyen, als mede andere voornaame hande- 
lingen, verbonden, en overeenkomsten, derzelven. 
Utrecht, J. Altheer, ijj^-/8o<). 4 v. in 2. PL F°. 
Contains the earliest charters down to 1286. 

Bos, Lambert van den. 

Historien onses tyds, behelzende saken van staat en oorlogh, 
voorgevallen in, en omtrent de Vereenigde Nederlanden, en 
door geheel Europa, niitsgaders in nieest alle de andere 
deelen des werelds. 1669-79. 
Amsterdam,], ten Hoorn, en J. Bouman, 1685. 4pts. in i v. PL, 
port. F°. 

For a continuation see the author's Vervolgh van Saken van staat 
en oorlogh . . . Amsterdam, 1688-99. 

't Oude nieuws der ontdeckte weereld: vervaetende een 

duydelijcke beschryvingh van uytstekende hedendaeghsche 
en aloude steden, gebouwen, bergen, wateren, fonteynen, 
vruchten, vogelen, beesten en menschen &c. door L. v. B. 

Amsterdam, C. Jansz. Swoll, 1 66j. PL, map. 24°. 

Ver\'olgh van Saken van staat en oorlogh, in, en omtrent de 

Vereenigde Nederlanden, en door geheel Europa voorge- 

Amsterdam, J. ten Hoorn, /6S8-99. j v. F°. 

A continuation of the author's Historien onses tyds, and of L. ^'an 
Aitzema's Saken van staet. 

Bosch, Johannes van den. 

Nederlandsche bezittingen in Azie, Anierika, en Afrika, inderzelver 

toestand en aangelegenheid voor dit rijk. 
'j Gravenhage en Amsterdam, Gebroeders van Cleef, 18/8. 2 v. 

8° and atlas F°. 

Dutch possessions in Asia, Americn, and Africa. 

Select List of Recent Purchases. 1 1 1 

Brandt, Geeraert. 

G. Brandts Historic der reformatie en andere kerkelyke geschie- 

denissen in en ontrent de Nederlanden. 
Amsterdam, J. Riemvertz., H. en D. Boom, 1677, '74; Rotterdam, 
Barent Bos, 1704. 4 v. Port. S°. 

History of the Reformation; describes in the first volume the re- 
ligious movement of the i6th centurj-, but the other volumes treat 
particularly of the cx)nflict between Gomarus and Arminius. con- 
tinuing the historj- to 1633. 

Brink, Jan ten. 

Geschiedenis der Nederlandsche letterkunde . . . Geillustreerd 

onder toezicht van J. H. W. Unger. 
Amsterdam, Uitgevers-maatscbappy'^ Elsevier,'" t Sgj. Col. front., 

illus. , pi. , port.,facsim. 4° . 
Brouwer, Petrus Abraham Samuel van Limburg, comp. 

Boergoensche charters. 142S-14S2 ... 3. afdeelingvan het Oor- 

kondenboek van Holland en Zeeland, uitg. van wegen de 

Kon. Akademie van wetenschappen. 
Amsterdam, F. Mutter; 's Gravaihage, M. Nijhoff, /86g. 4^. 

Bru^mans, Hajo. 

\'erslag van een onderzoek in Engeland naar archivalia, bela- 
ngrijk voor de geschiedenis van Nederland, in 1S92, op last 
der regeering ingesteld. 
^s Gravenhage, M. Nijhoff, iSgs. S°. 

Guide to the manuscript collections of England, as regards Dutch 
history, beginning with the Public Records, and containing also a 
brief inventory of the principal contents of the British Museum and 
the college libraries of Oxford and Cambridge universities. 

Bussemaker, C. H. Th. 

De afscheiding der Waalsche gewesten van de Generale Unie, 

door . . . C. H. T. Bussemaker. 
Haarlem, De Erven F. Bohn, iSg^-gd. 2 v. 8°. 

History of the separation of North and South Netherlands in 1579. 
Incorporates many documents from the Belgian archives. 

Cloppenburg, Jan Evertszoon. 

Le Miroir de la Cruelle, & horrible Tyrannie Espagnole perpetree 
au Pays Bas, par le Tyran Due de Albe, & aultres Comman- 
deurs de par le Roy Philippe le deuxiesme. On a adjoinct la 
deuxiesme partie de les Tyrannies commises airx Indes Oc- 
cidentales par les Espagnols. Nouvellement exome avec 
taille douce en cuy\Te. 
Tot Amsterdam Ghednickt by Ian Evertss Cloppenburg, 1620. 4°. 

Commelin, Izaak, ed. 

Begin ende voortgangh van de Vereenighde Nederlantsche geoc- 
troyeerde Oost-Indische compagnie. Versatende de voor- 
naemste reysen, by de inwoonderen der selver pro\-incien 
dervvaerts gedaen. 
Amsterdam, 1645. 2 v. H. obi. 12°. 

Title of V. 2: •• Begin ende voortgangh der Vereenighde Neder- 
lantsche geoctroyeerde Oost-Indische compagnie . . ." 
Early history of the Dutch East India Company. 

112 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Corpus documentorum Inquisitionis hseriticae pravitatis Neerlandicae. 
Cent, 1SS9-96. 2 V. Maps. 8°. 

Collection of unpublished documents relating to the papal and 
episcopal inquisition in the Netherlands from 1024 to 1518. 

Daendels, Herman Willeni. 

Staat der Nederlandsche Oostindische bezittingen, onder het 
bestuur van den gouverneur-generaal H. W. Daendels . . 
in de jaren 1808-1811. 
*s Gravenhage, /S/4. 4 v. F°. 

The Dutch East India possessions in 1S08-1811. 
Deventer, Mariims Lodewijk van. 

Geschiedenis der Nederlanders op Java. 

Haarlem, H. D. Tjeenk Will ink, 1SS6-87. 2 v. 8° 

The Dutch in Java. 

Deventer, S. van, ed. 

Bijdragen tot de kennis van het landelijk stelsel op Java, op last 
van zijneexcellentie den minister van kolonien, J. D. Fransen 
van de Putte, bijeenverzameld door S. van Deventer. 
Zalt-Bommel,J. Nonian & zoon, 1865-66. j v. 4°. 

Exposition of the land system of Java. 

Encyclopsedie van Nederlandsch-Indie met medewerking van ver- 
schillende ambtenaren.geleerden en officieren. 
'5 Gravenhage [^etc.'\ M. Nijhoff, [/595-/900]. 2 v. 4°. 

official encyclopaedia of the Dutch East Indies. 

Friesland. {Province). 

Groot placaat en charter-boek van Vriesland . . . aanvang nee- 
mende met de oiidste wetten der Vriezen [en eindigende met 
het jaar 1604] . . . Verzamelt door G. F. baron thoe 
Schwartzenberg en Hohenlansberg. 
Leeuwarden, W. Coulon, /•]68-82. 4 V. F° . 

Nieuw placaat en charter-boek van Vriesland. Vervattende 

de wetten, placaateii ordonnantien ... en andere stukken. 
Leeuwarden, H. Post, I jgs. F°. {Groot placaat en charter-boek 
van Vriesland— {^Verzamelt door G . F. baron thoe Schwartz- 
enbergen Hohenlansberg'\.) 

Great Charterbook of Friesland, beginning with the old statutes 
and laws, down to 1686. Added is the indispensable Index of Charters 
which are missing in the principal work, by G. Colmjon, Leeu- 
warden, 18S4. 8°. 

Fruin, Robert Jacobus. 

Tien jaren uit den tachtigjarigen oorlog, 1588-1598 ... 5. uitg. 

laatste, door den schrijver herziene druk. 
'5 Gravenhage, M. Nijhoff, i8gg. 8°. 

Ten years of the 80-years war. Study of the development of the 
Seven Provinces, after the time of Leicester. 

De Gids. 

Amsterdam, 18^7-igor. 173 v. in 164. 8°. 
The leading literarj- journal in Holland. 

De Globe. Album van buitenlandsche letter\'ruchten. 
Middelburg [etc.] /S4/-/S89. 49 v. 8°. 

Select List of Recent Purchases. 1 1 3 

Gouw, Johannes ter. 

Geschiedenis van Amsterdam. 

Amsterdam, Scheltema & Holkema, 1879-93. 8 v. Front., illus., 
pi. 8° and atlas {12 col. pi. ) obi. F°. 
Heraldieke bibliotlieek; tijdsclirift voor geslacht- en wapenkunde 
uitg. door J. B. Rietstap. 1S72-76; nieuwe reeks, 1.-5. 
deel [1878-83]. 
'5 Gravenhage, H. L. Smits, 11872-76]; M. Nijhoff, 1879-83. 10 v. 
PI. {paiily col.), lab. 8°. 

Publication suspended during 1877. 

Collection of genealogical history, titles of nobility, anns, etc. 

Holland. Graaven. 

Groot charterboek der graaven van Holland, van Zeeland en 
heeren van Vriesland ... in orde gebragt door Frans van 

Leyden, P. van der Eyk, 1733-56. 4 v. F°. 
Holland [Province). Staten. 

Register gehouden by Meester Aert van der Goes, advocat van de 
Staten's lands van Hollandt, ^^n alle die dachuaerden by 
deselve Staten gehouden, mitsgaders die resolutien, propo- 
sitien, ende andere gebesongneerde in de voirsz dachuaerden 

['5 Gravefi/mge, 1750?]. 6 v. 8°. 

Administrative documents covering period fro:n 1524-1560. 
Hooft, Pieter Cornelisz. 

P. C. Hoofts Neederlandsche histoorien, sedert de ooverlraght 
der heerschappye van kaizar Karel den Vyfden, op kooning 
Philips zynen zoon. 
Tot Amsterdam, By Louys Elzevir, 1642. F° . 

One of the leading Dutch histories of the revolt of the Nether- 
lands. " He worked for ten years (162S-38) upon his story, and then 
delayed several more before he published the first twenty books, 
which came down to the death of the prince [of Orange]." 

Jonckbloet, William Jozef Andries. 

Geschiedenis der Nederlandsche letterkunde . . . 4. druck, her- 
zien en tot den tegenwoordigen tijd bijgewerktdoor C. Honigh. 
Groningen, J. B. Walters, 1 888-1 892. 6 v. 8°. 
Jonge, Johannes Cornelius de. 

Geschiedenis van het Nederlandsche zeewezeu ... 3. uitg. 

. . . uitg. . . . van J. K. J. de Jonge. 
Zwolle, Van Hoogstraten & Gorier, 1869. 5 v. Front. , pi. , port. , 
plans, facsim . 8° . 

v.2, 2d ed. Haarlem, A. C. Kruseman, 1859. 

"Dutch marine. Written before the fire in the Naval Department, 
in 1844, vvhen the greater part of the original documents concerning 
the naval history were destroyed, and a great number of which have 
been reprinted here." 

Kalff, Gerrit. 

Geschiedenis der Nederlandsche letterkunde in de 16. eeuw. 
[Leiden,']E. J. Brill, [1889']. 2 v. 8°. 

9957—01 8 

114 Report of the Librarian of Congress, 

Kemp, P. H. N'an der. 

De adniinistratie der geldmiddelen van Neerl. -Indie, door P. H. 

van der Kemp. 
Amsterdam, J. H. de Bussy; Samarang, C. L. Baier, tSSt-Sz. 
4 V. in 3. 8\ 

Contents. — i. deel, boek i. Het leggen van den grondslag voor 
de jaarlijksche adniinistratie.— 2. deel, boek 2. Het lieheer. i. 
gedeelte. Van de beheerders en van het beheer in het algemeen. — 
3. deel, boek 2. Het beheer. 2. gedeelte. Van het l)ehecr der 
outvangsten en van het beheer der uitgaven.— 4. deel, lioek 3. Van 
• de verantwoording. 

Kerkhistorisch archief, verzameld door N. C. Kist en W. Moll. 

Amstodam, P. N. van Kampen, 1857-66. 4 v. S°. 
Lauts, Ulrich Gerard. 

Geschiedenis van de vestiging, uitbreiding, bloei en verval van 

de magt der Nederlander.s in Indie. 
Groningen [etc."] IV. van Bockcren \etc.'\ 1852-66. 7 v. 8°. 

v. 1-5: Groningen, W. van Boekeren; v. 4-7: Amsterdam, F. Muller 
V. 4-5 have added title: Geschiedenis van het verval der magt van de 
Nederlanders in Indie, tot op het verlies van Java in 1811. v. 6-7 have 
added title: Geschiedtnis van de Nederlandsche regering in Indie, 
gedurende :8i6-i858. 
History of the rise and decline of the Dutch power in the East Indies 

liinsclioten, Jan Huygen van. 

Twee journalen van twee verscheyde voyagien, gedaen door Jan 
Huygen van Linschooten, van by Noorden om, langhs Noor- 
wegen, de Noordt-Caep, Laplandt . . . na Vay-gats. 
t' Amsterdam, G.y. Saeg/iman [n. d.'\ Illus., fold. map. sq. 12°. 
Pnb. "orastr. 1660-1670" (Tiele). 

The woodcuts are reproductions in reduced size of the original 
plates. Double columns; gothic type; marginal notes. 

Loon, Gerard van. 

Beschrijving der Nederlandsche historie-penningen, 1555-1713. 
'5 Gravenhage, 1723. 4 v. F°. 

Beschrijving van Nederlandsche historie-penningen, ten ver- 

volge op het werk van Mr. G. van Loon. Uitgegeven door de 
Tweede klasse van het K.- Nederlandsche in.stituut van wet- 
enschappen, letterkunde en schoone kunsten. 
Amsterdam, Pieper & Ipenbutir iS2i-6g. 10 v. PI. F° . 

Medallic history of the Netherlands, with njaiiy thousands of 

Groot Gelders placaet-boeck, inhoudende de placaeten ende 

ordonnantien, soo by wylen keyser Kaerle en coninck Philips 
als hertogen van Gelre ende graven van Zutphen, alsby de 
edele Staeten des furstendoms Gelre ende graeffschaps Zut- 
phen, .sedert den jaere 1543. tot den jaere 1700. uytgegeven, 
als niede de principaelste resolutien raekende .saecken van 
politie en ju.stitie by de selve heeren Staeten .sedert <lcn jaere 
1577. tot den jaere 1700. succes.sivelyck genonien, en voorts 
sovdanige prseliminaire puncten als by resolutien van . . . 
beeren Staeten. den 19. martii en 14. junii 1699. genomen is 



Select List of Recent Purchases. 1 1 5 

liOOn, Gerard van — Continued. 

vast gestelt ende goet gevonden. Alles door ordre van 
. . . heeren Staeten bj'-een versamelt, in twee deelen ver- 
deelt, en u^-tgegeven door W. van Loon. 
Nymegen, S. van Goor, ijoi-40. j v. F°. 

Ordinances and placards for Gelderland. 1543-1700. 

Marnix, Philippe do, seigneur de Sainte-Aldegonde. 

Philips van ilamix van St. Aldegonde godsdienstige en ker- 

kelijke geschriften. 
'^ Gravenhage, M. Nijhoff, iSji-^i. j v. 8°. 

Verscheidenheden uit- en over de nalatenschap. 

's Gravenhage,M. Xijhoff, i8j8. Front. {poji.),/acsim. 8°. 

Published as a supplement to v i and 2, and in this copy bound 
with V. 3. Collection of reprints of the works of the friend of Wil- 
liam The Silent, his correspondence, etc. 

Meerbeeck, Adriaan van. 

Chroniicke vande gantsche werelt, ende sonderlinghe vande seven- 
thien Nederlanden; begr^-pende de tweedrachten, oorloghen, 
veltslaghen, belegeringhen ende inneminghen van landen 
ende steden, ende alle andere ghedenckweerdighste saken, 
die geschiedt zijn vanden tijdt des keysers Caroli v. af, m.d. 
tot het jaer onses Heeren m.dc.xx. 
hntzcerpen, H. Verditssen, 1620. PL, port. F°. 

\ chronicle of the history of the Netherlands from 1500 to 1620, par- 
ticularly ecclesiastical events. 

Merteus, Frans Hendrik. 

Geschiedenis van Antwerpen . . . uitg. door de Rederykkamer 

de Olyitak, bewerkt door F. H. Mertens en H. L. Torfs. 
Antwerpen, Dnikkery van J. P. van Dieren en cie., 1845; J. E. 
Biischmann, 1 8 46-48 ; G. van Merlen en zoon, 184^^3. 7 v. 
and app. Illus., pi. {partly col.) port., maps, facsitn. 8°. 
Meteren, Emanuel van. 

Belgica. Emanvels van Meteren historie der Nederlandscher ende 
haerder na-buren oorlogen ende geschiedenissen tot den iare 


's Graven-haghe , H. lacobssz, 161 4. Port., maps. F°. 

The first connected narrative of the revolt of the Netherlands down 
to 1609, based upon original documents. 

Moll, Willem. 

Kerkgeschiedenis van Nederland v66r de her\-omiing. 
Utrecht, Kemint: en zoon, [/^d^]-//. 2 pts. and index in 6 v. 8°. 
Ecclesiastical history of the Netherlands before the Reformation. 
Muller, Pieter Lodewijk. 

Onze gouden eeuw; de republiek der Vereenigde Nederlanden in 
haar bloeitijd geschetst door . . . P. L. Muller . . . geil- 
lustreerd onder toezicht van J. H. W. Unger. 
Leiden, A. \V. Sijthoff, \_i8g6-^8'\ 3 v. Front., illus., pi. (partly 
col. ) port. , maps, facsim . 4° . 

Contexts. —I. Be opkomst. — 2. De bloeitijd. — 3. De laatste jaren. 

ii6 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Muller, Samuel, cd. 

Bijdragen voor een oorkondenboek van het sticht Utrecht. Reges- 

ten van het archief der Stad Utrecht [1021-1487]. 
Utrecht, C. H. E. Breijer, 1896. 4°. 
De Navorscher, een niiddel tot gedachtenwisseling en lettetkundig 
verkeer tusschen alien die iets weten, iets te vragen'hebben 
of iets kunnen oplossen. 
Amsterdam, [etc] /SJ/-/900. jorots. 4°. Bijblad, v. j-^, Am- 
sterdam, 18^3-55. 3 vols. 4°. Register, Amsterdam, 1S61-S2. 

A p>eriodical devoted to curious information. Corresponds to 
the Hnglish "Notes and Queries." 

Nederlandsche jaerboeken, inhoudende een verhael van de nierk- 
waerdigste geschiedenissen, die voorgevallen zyn binnen den 
omtrek der Vereenigde provintien, sedert het begin des jaers 


Atnsteldam, F. Houttuyn, /748-[6j] . 23 v. in 41. PI. , maps, tab. 


' Nieuwe Nederlandsche jaerboeken, of Vervolg der merkwaer- 

digste geschiedenissen, die voorgevallen zyn in de Vereenigde 
provincien, de generaliteits landen, en de volkplantingen van 
den staet. 
Amsteldam,etc., IJJ6-98. 33 v. in yg. PI., maps, tab. 8°. 

Netherlands. United provinces, i^8f-iyg^. 

Verzameling van placaaten, resolutien en andere authentyke stuk- 
ken enz. betrekking hebbende tot de gewigtige gebeurtenis- 
sen, in de maand September mdcclxxxvii en vervolgens, in 
het gemeenebest der Vereenigde Nederlanden voorgevallen. 

Campen, J. A. de Chalmot, ij88-<)3. 50 v. 8° 

Placards, resolutions, etc., concerning events in the Netherlands 
from September, 1787-1793. 

■ Nieuwe verzameling van placaaten, resolutien en an- 

dere authentyke stukken. Betrekking hebbende tot de 
gewigtige gebeurtenissen sedert het begin van het jaar 
MDCCXCiii in het gemeenebest der Vereenigde Nederlanden 
Campen, J. A. de Chalmot, I jgy-gs. 3 V. 8°. 

New collection of placards, resolutions, etc., concerning events since 
the beginning of 1793 to Nov. i, 1794. 

Netherlands. United provinces, 1581-1793. Stouten generaal. 

Groot placaatboek, vervattende de placaaten, ordonnantien en 
edicten van de hoog mog. heeren Staaten generaal der Veree- 
nigde Nederlanden; en van de edele groot mog. heeren Sta- 
ten van Holland en Westvriesland; mitsgaders van de edele 
mog. heeren Staaten van Zeeland . . . [15. junij, 1097-19. 
Jan., 1795]. 
5' Gravenhage, 1658-/ 770; Amsterdam, /795-96. 9 v, F°. 

Select List of Recent Purchases. 117 

Netherlands. United provinces, rsSi-ijgs, etc. — Continued. 

Repertoriuni of Generaal register over de negen deelen van het 
Groot placaatboek . . . Eerst over de zes deelen in den jaare 
1752 uitgegeven: en nu over de verdere deelen aangevult 
en verbeterd door Mr. Joannes van der Linden. 

Amsterdam, J. Allart, 1797. F°. 

Recueil van alle placaten, ordonnantien, resolutien, 

instructien, lysten en waarschouwingen betreffende de admi- 
raliteyten, convoyen, licenten, en verdere zee-saaken. 
's Graz-enhage, //OI-73. 11 v. S°. 

Recueil van alle placaten, ordonnantien, resolutien. 

instructien, lysten en waarschouwingen betrefiFende de admi- 
ralite>-ten, convoyen, licenten, en verdere zee-saaken, i.-ii. 
deel. Generaale index over de elf deelen van het Recueil 
der placaaten, ordonnantien, resolutien en reglementen, 
betrefiFende de convoyen, en verdere zee-zaaken. 
's Gravenhage, I. Scheltus, 1773-73. ^ '• '" ^- ^°- 

CosTEjrrs.— [i] Xa ordre der respective jaaren en datums gesteld 
. . . 1492-1771 inclusive. — [2] Volgens de letters van het alphatietb. 

Nijhofif, Dirk Christiaan. 

De hertog van Brunswijk; eene bijdrage tot de geschiedenis van 

Xederland gedurende de jaren 1750-17S4. 
'5 Gravenhage, M. Nijhoff, i88g. 8°. 

NijhofF, I. 

Gedenkwaardigheden uit de Geschiedenis van Gelderland. 
Am/i., 's Hage, 1830-73. 6 v. in 8. F°. 

History of Gelderland. from the beginning of the 14th century to 
the year 1535, with numerous unpublished charters, documents, etc 

Nuyens, Willem Johannes Franciscus. 

Geschiedenis der Xederlandsche beroerten in de x\'i* eeuw. 
Amsterdam, C. L. van Langenhiiysen , 1S63-70. 8 v. in 4. 8°. 

Contexts. — i. Geschiedenis van den oorsprong en het begin der 
Nederlandsche beroerten. U559-1367) 2v. ini. — 2. Geschiedenis van 
den opstand in de Xederlanden. van de komst van Alva tot aan de 
be\Tediging van Gend. 1, 1567-1576) 2 v. in i. — 3. Geschiedenis van 
den opstand in de Xederlanden. van de Gentsche bevrediging tot aan 
den dood van Willem van Oranje. ( Kalvinistische overheersching 
en katholieke reactie) (1576-15S41 2v. ini. — ^4. Geschiedenis van de 
vorming \-an de republiek der zeven vereenigde provincien. 1584- 
1598. 2 V. in 1. 

History of the revolt of the Netherlands in the i6th century, from 
a Roman Catholic point of view, 1559-1598. 

Onze tijd. Studien en berichten over personen, zakeu en gebeurte- 
nissen van den dag. i.-io. deel; 11. -20. deel(2. ser. i.-io. deel); 
21.-30. deel 13. ser. i.-io deel); 31. -36. deel ( 4. ser. 1.-6. deel); 
nieuwe ser. I.-II. jaarg.; 1848-76. 
Amsterdam, Gebr. Diederichs, 1848-63; C. F. Stetnler, 1866-76. 
38 V. Pi., maps. 8°. 

ii8 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Oorkondenboek der Graafschappen Gelre en Zutphen, tot op den 
slag bij Woeringen. 
'5 Graven has;e 1SJ2-J5. j v. facsim. 
Oorkondenboek van Groningen en Drente, bewerkt door P. J. Blok, 
J. A. Feith, S. Gratama, J. Reitsma en C. P. L. Rutgers. 
Groningen, J. B. Walters, 1896-^9. 2 v. F°. 

Charterbookof the Northern provinces Groningen and Drente, from 
750-1405; mostly published for the first time. 

Oorkondenboek van Holland en Zeeland. Uitg. von wege de K. 
akademie von wetenschappen. 

Amsterdam [etc."^ F. Mutter, 1866-1901. F°. 
Penon, Georg. 

Bijdragen tot de geschiedenis der Nederlandsche letterkunde. 

Groningen,/. B. IVolters, 1880-84. s ^'- "' ^- ^^°- 
Het Recht in Nederlandsch-Indie. Rechtskundig tijdschrift. 

Batavia, H. M. l^an Dorp & co. [etc.] 1S49-1900. -js v. in j8. 

Devoted to acts, regulations, etc., referring to the Dutch East Indies. 
B.ees, Otto van. 

Geschiedenis der staathuishoudkunde in Nederland tot het einde 

der achttiende eeuw. 
Utrectit, Kemink en zoon, 1865-68. 2 v. 8°. 

Contents. — 1. deel. Oorsprong en karakter van de Nederlandsche 
nijverheidspolitiek der zeventiende eeuw. — 2. deel. Geschiedenis der 
koloniale politiek van de Republiek der Vereenigde Nederlanden. 

Beitsma, J., ed. 

Acta der provinciale en particuliere synoden, gehouden in de 
Noordelijke Nederlanden gedurende de jaren 1572-1620, 
verzameld en uitg. door J. Reitsma en S. D. van Veen. 
Groningen, J. B. IVolters, 1892-99. 8 v. 8°. 

Important publication of the Acts of the provincial and particulaf 
Synods held in the Netherlands, published for the time 

Seyd, Everhard van. 

Oorspronk ende voortganck vande Nederlantsche oorloghen, 
Ofte waerachtige historic vande voornaeniste geschiedenissen 
inde Nederlanden ende elders voorgevallen zedert den jare 
1566 tot het jaer 1601 ... 3. ed. Ende hier is nu nieulijcks 
by gevoeght 't vervolgh van 1601 tot . . . 1644. 
Amsterdam, Wed. E. Cloppenburgti, 1644. 2 pts. in i v. Front. ^ 
port. 4°. 

A contemporary histor>' of the revolt of the Netherlands. 
Staatskundige historic van Holland, benevens de Maandelijksche 
Nederlandsche Mercurius. 
Amsterdam [etc.] 1651- 1S06. 119 v. 12°. 

1650-1690, Hollandsche Mercurius. 
1690-1741, Europische Mercuriu.s. 

1741-1754, Nederlandsch Grdenkboek of Europisch Mercurius. 
1756-1806, Nedcrlancl<!ch Mercurius. 
Library lacks 1752, 55, 50, 81-84. 
T^dschrift voor het zeewezen . . . Nieuwe serie. 
Amsterdam, 1871-18S0. 9 v. 8°. 

Continuatiuii ui Verhandelingen en berigten betrekkelijk het zee- 

Select List of Recent Purchases. 1 19 

Trigrland, Jacobus, 15S3-1654. 

Kerckelycke geschiedenissen. Uv-t autentycke stucken getrou- 
welijck vergadert, ende op begeerte der Zuyd en Noort- 
Hollantsche synoden uytgegeven, tot nodige onderrich tinge. 
Leydeti, A. U'yngaerden, 16^0. F°. 

History of the controversies in the Protestant church of the Nether- 
lands during the 12 years truce. 

Utrecht {Provittce) Staien. 

Groot placaatboek vervattende alle de placaten, ordonnantien en 

edicten der edele mogende heeren Staten 's lands van 

Utrecht, J. van Poolsum, ij2g. j v. F°. 

Collection of ordinances and placards of Utrecht, 1528-1728. 

Mr. Johan van de Water's Groot plakkaatboek' s lands van 

Utrecht aangex-uld en vervolgd tot het jaar iSio. Door Mr. 
C. W. Moorrees ... en Dr. P. J. Vertneulen. 
Utrecht, Kemink en zoon, 1S36-60. 2 v. 7^°. 

Collection of ordinances and placards of Utrecht, 1724-1820. 
Vereeniging tot uitgave der bronnen van het oude vaderlandsche 
recht. Werken. 
's Gravenhage , Xijhoff, /8S0-9S. j/ v. 8°. 

Collection of statutes and laws of of the Netherlands of the middle 
ages w-ith commentaries, glosses, etc. 

Verhandelingen en berigten betrekkelijk het zeewezen, de zeevaart- 
kunde, de hydrographie, de kolonien en de daarmede in ver- 
band staande wetenschappen. 
Amsterdam, iS^j-iSjo. 30 v. PI. S°. 

Periodical devoted to navigation. Contains material illustrating 
development of na\-igation, marine history, and biographies of nav- 
igators. Continued as Tijdschrift voor het zeewezen. 

Wicquefort, Abraham de. 

L'histoire des Provinces-Unies des Pais-Bas. Depuis le par- 

fait etablissement de cet etat. par la paix de Munster . . . 

Le tout accompagne d'un recueil . . . de trait^s, actes, ^dits 

... & autres pieces authentiques, qui servent de fondement 

& de preuves a cette histoire. 
La Have, T.Johnson, ijig-45. 2 v. F°. 

The cocuments, comprising ofl&cial papers in French and Dutch 
have parallel French translations of Dutch originals and separate 
t.-p: "1,'Histoire des Pro\-inces-Unies, confirm^ & 6claircie par 
des preuves authentiques; ou, Recueil de traitfe," &c., 1719-1743. 

Witt, Johan de. 

Brieven, geschreven ende gewisselt tusschen den Heer Johan de 
Witt . . . ende de govolmaghtigden van den staedt der 
Vereenighde Nederlanden, so in Vranckryck, Engelandt, 
Sweden, Denemarcken, Poolen, enz. Beginnende met den 
jaere 1652 tot het jaer 1669 incluys. 

^s Cravenhage,H.Scheurleer, ij2j-2^. 6 v. Front, {port.) 4°. 

Correspondence of John De Witt with the Dutch Ambassadors in 
France, England, Sweden, Denmark, Poland, etc. Resolutions and 
secret resolutions taken by the states of Holland during the time of 
John De Witt. 


I20 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 


Bemer Beitrage zur Geschichte der NationalOkonomie. 

Bern, A'. J. IVyss, /SS6-gS. /> v. S°. 

Contains contributions by Oncken, Lange, Lauterbet^, Bid, Muntz. 
and others. 

Biblioteca di scienze social!. 

Torino, Fratclli Bocca, iSS^igoo. 6 v. 8°. 

This publication presents in collected form the more extensive 
writings of modern Italian economists. The following are included 
in the series: Sociali.smo antico, by Salvatori Cognetti de Martiis; 
Analisi della proprieti. by A. Loria; Teoria della transformazione 
del capitali, by C. Supino; I^a question fondiaria, by U. Rabbeno; 
and Un principe mercante, by 1,. Einaudi. 

Biblioth^que du luus^e social. 

Paris, A. Jxoiisseau \etc.'\ iSgg-igoo. 4V. 12 & 8°. 

Ouyot, Yves. 

Dictionnaire du commerce, de I'industrie et de la banque, pub. 

sous la direction de Yves Gujot et A. Raffalovich. 
Pans, Guillaumtn et cie., \_i8gg'\. 2 v. 4°. 

HandwOrterbuch der Staatswissenschaften. 

Herausgegeben von J. Conrad, L. Elster, W. Lexis, E. Loening. 

2te ganzlich umgearbeitete Aufl. 
Jena, G. Fischer, iSgS-igoo. 6 v. 4^. 

MUnchener volkswirtschaftliche Studien. Herausgegeben von 
Lujo Brentano und Walther Lotz. 
Stuttgart, J. S. Cotia'sche Buchhandlimg Nachfolger, iSg^-igoo. 
42 V. 8°. 

Consists of 42 indep>endent treatises. Their scope is indicated by 
the following subjects of monographs: Venetian silk industry, Eng- 
lish mining laws; Development of glass industry in Bavaria; Rou- 
manian tariff policy; Genesis of agrarian ideas in Pru.s.sia; Commer- 
cial taxation of the unearned increment in England. 

La Pbilosopliie de I'avenir. Revue du socialisme rationnel. 

Bruxelles [etc.l iSj^-gj. 22 v. 8°. 

Sanunlung nationalOkonomischer und statistischer Abhand- 
lungen des Staatswissenschaftlichen Seminars zu Halle a. d. 
S. Herausgegeben von ... J. Conrad. 
Jena, G. Fischer, i8jj-igoo. 2g v. 8°. 

Consists of 29 separate treatises mostly by students of Profcs-sor 
Conrad at the University of Halle. Their character and .scope are 
indicated from the following: Diehl. "Proudhon's I.chrc;" Fetter. 
"Versuch einer Bevolkerungslchre;" Freyniark. "Reform der 
preussischen Handelsixjlitik;" Klemnie. "Die volkswirtschaftlichen 
Anschauungen David Hume's." 

Say, Jean Baptiste LA)n, comp. 

Dictionnaire des finances; publid . . . par Louis Foyot [et] A. 

Paris [etc.'] Berger-Levrault et cie., /SS9-94. 2 v. 4°. 

Select List of Recent Purchases. 121 

Staats- imd socialwissenschaftliche Forschungen. Herausge- 
geben von G. Schmoller. 
Leipzig, j8jS-igoi. ig v. 8°. 

This series now embraces Si distinct historico-economical mono- 
graphs brought out by the best pupils of Gustav Schmoller. 

Staatswissenschaftliche Studien . . . hrsg. von Ludwig El- 
Jena, G. Fischer, iSSj-igoo. j8 v. in 6. 8°. 


Baudrillart, Henri Joseph Leon. 

Philosophie de I'economie politique. Des rapports de reconomie 

politique et de la morale ... 2. ^d. rev. et augm. 
Paris, Guillauntin et cie., iSgj. 8°. 

Les populations agricoles de la France ... 3. s^r. 

Paris, Guillautnin et cie, J8gj. 8°. 
Beauregard, Paul. 

Elements d'economie politique. 
Paris, L. Larose & Forcel \_i88g'\. 8°. 
Bienayme, Gustave. 

Le cout de la vie a Paris a diverses ejxxjues. 
Nancy. Berger-Levt aiilt et cie., i8g&-gg. Paris, G. Roustan, igoo. 
J v. tab. 4°. 
Block, Maurice. 

Les progres de la science economique depuis Adam Smith; 
re\-ision des doctrines economiques . . . 2. dd. considerable- 
ment augmentee. 
Paris, Guillaumin & cie., i8gj. 2 v. S°. 
Cadoux, Gaston. 

Les finances de la ville de Paris de 179S a 1900 suivies d'un essai 
de statistique comparative des charges communales des 
principales villes fran9aises et etrangeres, de 1878-1898. 
Paris et Nancy, Berger-Levraidt et cie, igoo. 8°. 
Cauwes, Paul. 

Coiu-s d'economie politique, contenant avec I'expose des principes, 
I'analyse des questions de legislation Economique . . . 3* ed. 
Paris, L. Larose & Force/, /8gj. 4 v. 8°. 
Courcelle-Senevdl, Jean Gustave. 

Les operations de banque, traite th^orique et pratique. 7. ed. rev. 

■ et mise a jour par A. Liesse. 
Paris, Guillaumin et cie., i8g6. 8°. 
Gamier, Joseph. 

Traite d'economie politique; expose didactique des principes et 
des applications de la science Economique ... 9. ed. rev. et 
augm. par A. Liesse. 
Paris, Guillaumin et cie., j88g. 12°. 

122 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Gide, Charles. 

Principes d'^conomie politique ... 7. ^d. cor, et augm. 
Paris, L. Larose, igoi. [/900]. 12°. 
Oide, Jean Paul Guillaume. 

Etude sur la condition priv^e de la femme dans le droit ancien 
et moderne et en particulier sur la s^natus — consulte Vel- 
Paris, Duraiid et PMone-Lauriel \etc.'\ 1S67. 8°. 
Laveleye, Emile de 

Le gouvernement dans la democratie. 
Paris, A lean, /8g6. 2 v. S°. 
Leroy-Beaulieu, Pierre Paul. 

Le collectivisnie, examen critique du nouveau socialisme ... 3. 

^d. rev. et augni. d'une preface. 
Paris, Guillaumin et cie., iSgj. 8°. 

Essai sur la repartition des richesses et sm- la tendance ^ une 

moindre indgalit^ des conditions ... 4. 6d. rev. et augm. 

Paris, Guillaumin & cie. [iSg'j']. 8°. 

L'^tat moderne et ses fonctions. 3. ^d. rev. et augm. 

Paris, Guillaumin & cie., igoo. 8°. 
— Traite de la science des finances ... 6. ^d. 

Pan's Guillautnin et cie., i8gg. 2 v. 8°. 
Levasseur, Emile. 

Histoire des classes ouvri^res et de Tindustrie en France avant 

1789 ... 2= ^d. entierement refondue. 
Paris, A. Rousseau, igoi. 2 v. 8°. 

La population franfaise. Histoire de la population <ivant 

1789 et d^mographie de la France compar^e k celle desautres 
nations au XIX= sidcle. 
Paris, A. Rousseau, i8Sg-/8g2. j v. Illus., folded charts. 8°. 
Precis d'^conomie politique. 

Paris, Hachette et cie., iSg8. 12°. 
Molinari, Gustave de. 

Les bourses du travail. 1 

Paris, Guillaumin et cie., i8gj. 12°. ? 

Esquisse de Torganisation politique et ^conomique de la 

soci^t^ future. " 

Paris, Guillaumin et cie., 1 8gg. 12°. 

Precis d'^conomie politique et de morale. 

Paris, Guillaumiipet cie., i8gj. 12° 
Rambaud, Jo.seph. 

Histoire des doctrines ^conomiques. 

Paris, Lyon, L. Larose, 1899. 8°. 
Bambaud, Prosper. 

Precis ei^mentaire d'^conomie politique k I'usagedes facult^s de 
droit et des ^coles ... 5. ^d. 

Paris, E. Thorin, 1885. 12°. 

Select List of Recent Purchases. 123 

Reybaud, Louis. 

Le coton, son regime, ses probl^mes, son influence en Europe. 
Nouvelle s^rie des Etudes sur le regime des manuf acttires. 

Paris, M. Lhyfreres, 1S63. 8°. 
Say, Jean Baptiste L^on. 

. . . Les finances de la France sous la troisi^me rdpnblique. 

Paris, C. LHy, 1 898-1 goo. 3 v. 8°. 
Say, Jean Baptiste L^on, and Joseph Chailley-Bert, ed. 

Nouveau dictionnaire d'economie politique ... 2* ^d. 

Pan's, Guillautnin et de, igoo. 2 i\ /°. 

Supplement au Nouveau dictionnaire d'economie pol- 

Paris, Guillaumin et cie., igoo. /°. 
Tilery, Edmond. 

L' Europe economique et financiere pendant le dernier quart de 
siecle . . . Avec la collaboration de MM. Georges Bougarel, 
Pierre Des Essars, Paul Blanchot, Alphonse Lechenet, Xavier 
Giradot, Jules Montel, Leon Picard, Andre Barthe, C.-R. 
Paris, Imprimerie de la Presse, igoo. F°. 
Villey-Desmerets, Edmond Louis. 

Principes d'economie politique ... 2. ed. 
Paris, Guillaumin et cie., iSg4. S°. 
Walras, Leon. 

Les associations populaires de consommation, de production et 

de credit. 
Paris, Dentu, 1S65. 18°. 

Etudes d'economie politique appliquee (theorie de la pro- 
duction de la richesse sociale). 

Lausanne, F. Rouge; Paris, F. Pichon, i8g8. pi. 8°. 
■Worms, Emile. 

Essai de legislation financiere, le budget de la France dans le 
passe et dans le present ... 2. ed. aug. et mise au courant. 
Paris', V. Giard cr E. Briere, 1S94. 8°. 

Expose elementaire de Teconomie politique a I'usage des 

ecoles. . . . avec une introduction de E. Lavasseur. 

Paris, A. Marescq aine, iSSo. 12°. 


Boccardo, Girolamo. 

Dizionario universale di economia politica e commercio. 

3. ed. , notevolmente ampliata e migliorata dall' autore. 
Milano, Fratelli Treves, 1S81-82. 2 v. 4°. 

L' economia politica modema e la sociologia. Raccolta delle 

prefazioni dettate per la Biblioteca dell' economista. 

Torino, Unione tipografico-editrice, 18S3. 7 pts. in i v. 8°. 

124 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Cognetti de Martiis, Salvatore. 

Le forme primitive nella evoluzione economica. 

Torino \etc.'\, Ermanno Loescher, iSSi. 8°. 
Cusumano, Vito. 

Saggi di economia politica e di scienza delle finanze ... 2a ed. 

Palermo, Tipografia dello ^' Slatuio,'' 1S87. 16°. 

Le scuole economiche della Germania in rapporto alia quis- 

tione sociale; studii. • 

Napoli, G. Marghieri, 1875. ^° {Biblioteca delle scienzi giuri- 
diche e sociali, v. 22. ) 

Storia dei banchi della Sicilia. 

Roma, E. Loescher & C° [etc.'\, 1887-1892. 2 v. 8°. 
Errera, Alberto. 

Storia deir economia politica nei secoli xvii e xviii negli stati 

della Repubblica veneta, corredata de documenti inediti. 
Venezia, G. Antonelli, 1877. illus. 8°. 
Ferrara, Francesco. 

Esame storico-critico di economisti e dottrine economiche del 
secolo XVIII e prima metd del xix; raccolta delle prefazioni 
dettate dal professore Francesco Ferrara alia i* e 2" serie della 
Biblioteca degli economisti. 
Torino [.etc.'], Unione tipografico-editrice, 1889-91. 2 v. in 4. 
Front, {port). 8°. 
Loria, Achille. 

Analisi della propriety capitalista. 

Torino, Fratelli Bocca, 1889. 2 v. 8°. {Biblioteca di scienze so- 
ciali, 8-9. ) 

Ives bases ^conomiques de la constitution sociale ... 2' 

^d. entierement refondue et considdrablement augment^e. 
Traduite de I'italien sur le manuscrit original par A. Bouchard. 

Paris, F. Alcan, 1893. 8°. {Bibliotheque historigueet politique.) 

La rendita fondiaria e la sua elisione naturale. 

Milano, U. Hoepli, 1880. 8°. 
— La terra ed il sistema sociale. 

Venezia, 1892. 8°. 
Kinghetti, Marco. 

Opuscoli litterari ed economici . . . Ed. riveduta. 

Firenze, Successori Le Monnier, 1872. 12°. 
Pantaleoni, Maflfeo. 

Principii di economia pura ... 2. ed. 

Firettzi, G. Barbera, 1894. ^^°- 

Teoria della pressione tributaria e metodi per misiirarla. 

Pt. I. 

Roma, L. Pasqualucci, 1887. illus. 8°. 
Plebano, Achille. 

Storia della Bnanza italiana dalla costituzione del nuovo regno alia 
fine del secolo xix. 

Torino, Ronx Frassati e co., 1899-1900 2 v. S°. 

Select List of Recent Purchases. 125 

Babbeno, Ugo. 

The American commercial policy; three historical essays . . . 

2d ed. partly rewritten and entirely rev. by the author. Tr. 

at the Translation bureau, London, W. C. 
London and New Vork, Macmillan and Co. iSgs. 8°. 

La cooperazione in Inghilterra; saggio di sociologia eco- 


Milano: Fratelli Dumolard, 18S5. diagr. 12°. 

La cooperazione in Italia; saggio di sociologia economica. 

Milano, Fratelli Duinolard, 1SS6. 12°. 

. . . L'evoluzione del lavoro; saggio di sociologia economica. 

Pt. I. 

Torino, Unione tipografico-ediirice. iSS^. 8°. 

Protezionismo americano; saggi storici di politica commer- 


Milano, Fratelli Dumolard, /Sg^t- 12°. 

Le societa cooperative di produzione; contributo alio studio 

della questione operaia. 

Milano, Fratelli Dumolard, 1889. fold. tab. 8°. 

Valenti, Ghino. 

... La proprieta della terra e la constituzione economica, saggi 

critici intomo al sistema di A. Loria. 
Bologna, Nicola Zanichelli, 1901. 8°. 

Vanni, Icilio. 

Prime linee di un programma critico di sociologia. 
Perugia, l\ Santucci, 1888. 4°. 

Saggi critici sulla teoria sociologica della popolazione. 

Citta di Castetlo, S. Lapi, 1886. 4°. 

"Wautrain Cavagnari, V[ittorio]. 

Elementi di scienza dell' amministrazione ... 2. ed. 
Firenzi, G. Barbera, 1894. 16°. 


Adler, Georg. 

Die Geschichte der ersten sozialpolitischen Arbeiterbewegung in 
Deutschland, mit besonderer Riicksicht auf die einwirkenden 
Theorieen. Ein Beitrag zur Entwickelungsgeschichte der 
sozialen Frage. 

Breslau, E. Trewendt, 18S3. 8°. 

Cohn, Gustav. 

Zur Geschichte und Politik des Verkehrswesens. 
Stuttgart, F. Encke, iqoo. 8°. 

Volkswirtschaftliche .\ufsatze. 

Stuttgart, J, G. Cotta, 1882. S''. 

126 Report of the Libratian of Congress. 

Conrad, Johannes. 

GruTidriss zuni Studium der politischen Oekonomie. 2. erweiterte 

Jena, G. Fischer, igoo. 2 v. 4°. 
Hanssen, Georg. 

Agrarhistorische Abhaiidlungen. 
Leipzic;, S. Hirzel, 1SS0-S4. 2 z: 8°. 
Herrmann, Emanuel. 

Cultur und Natur. Studieii im Gebiete der Wirthschaft. 2. 

Berlin, Allgemeiner Verein fi'ir deutsche Literatur, 1887. 8°. 
Herrmann, B. 

Technische Fragen und Probleme der modernen Volkswirth- 
schaft. Studien zu einem Systeme der reinen und okono- 
mischen Technik. 
Leipzig-, C. F. Winter, /Sg/. S°. 
Hermann, Friedrich Benedikt Wilhelm von. 

Staatswirthschaftliche Untersuchungen ... 2. nach dem Tod 

des Verfassers enschienene, verm, und verb. Aufl. 
Miinchen, E. A. Fleischmann, i8-]o. 8°. 
Kautsky, Karl. • 

La question agraire, ^tude sur les tendances de Tagriculture 
moderne . . . traduit de I'allemand par E. Milhaud et C. 
Paris, V. Giard <2f E. Briere, 1900. 8°. 
Mangoldt, Hans Karl Emil von. 

. . . Grundriss der Volkswirtschaftslehre. Zweite, nach dem 
Tode des Verfassers veranstaltete Auflage. Bearbeitet von 
Friedrich Kleinwachter. 
Berlin, Verlagfur Sprach- und Handelswissenschaft {Dr. P. Lan- 
genscheidl), \,i8ji'\. 8°. 

Die Lehre vom Unternehmergewinn. Ein Beitrag zur Volks- 


Leipzig, B. G. Teiibner, 1855. 8°. 

Volkswirthschaftslehre . . . die Lehre von der Giitererzeu- 

gung, von der Vermogenserhaltung und der Vertheilung der 
Stuttgart, J. Maier, [/5<55]. 8°. 
Mayr, Georg von, 1841- 

. . . Bevolkerungsstatistik. 

Freiburg i. B. [_elc.]J. C. B. Mohr, 1897. 4''. 

Die Gesetzmassigkeit im Gesellschaftsleben. Statistische 


Miinchen, R. Oldenbourg, 1877. J 2°. 

Theoretische Statistik. 

Freiburg i. B. [etc.] J. C. B. Mohr, 1895. / 
— Zur Reichsfinanzreform. 
Stuttgart, J. G. Cot la, /S93. 8°. 

Select List of Recent Purchases. 127 

Roscher, Wilhelm Georg Friedrich. 

Politik: geschichtliche Naturlehre der Monarchic, Aristokratie 

und Deniokratie. 
Stuttgart, J. G. Cotta, 1S92. 

System der Volksw-irthschaft; ein Hand- und Lesebuch fiir 

Geschaftsmanner und Studierende. B. i. 

Stuttgart, J .G. Cotta, 1900. S°. 

Schaffle, Albert Eberhard Friedrich. 

Die Aussichtslosigkeit der Socialdemokratie. Drei Briefe an 

einen Staatsmann . . . 4 Aufl. (XeueAusg. ) 
Tubingen, H. Laupp, 1893. S°. 

' Bau und Leben des socialen Korpers. Encyclopadischer 

Entwurf einer realen Anatomie, Physiologie und Psychologic 
der menschlichen Gesellschaft mit besonderer Riicksicht auf 
die Volkswirthschaft als socialen Stoffwechsel. 
Tubingen, H. Laupp^sche Buchhandlung, iSj^-jS. 4 v. 8°. 

Gesammelte Aufsatze. 

Tubingen, H. Laupp. /SSj-S6. 2 v. S°. 

Das gesellschaftliche System der menschlichen Wirthschaft 

ein Lehr- und Handbuch der ganzen politischen Oekonomic 
einschliesslich der \'olkswirthschafts-Politik und Staatswirth- 
schaft ... 3. durchaus neu bearb. Aufl. 

Tubingen, H. Laupp, iSj^. 2 v. S°. 

Die Quintessenz des Sozialismus. 13. Aufl, 

Gotha, F. A. Perthes, iSgi. 8°. 
— Die Steuem. 

Leipzig, C. L. Hirschfeld, 1 895-9 j. ^ *'• "'^''- "f- 

SchmoUer, Gustav, 1838- 

Grundriss der allgemeinen Volkswirthschaftslehre. B. i. 
Leipzig, Duncker & Humblot, 1900. 4°. 

Strassburg zur Zeit der Zunftkampfe und die Reform seiner 

Verfassung und Verwaltung im xv. Jahrhundert. Mit einem 
Anhang: enthaltend die Reformation der Stadtordnung von 
1405 und die Ordnung der Fiinfzehner von 1433. 

Strassburg [etc.'\, K.J. Triibner, iSjj. 8°. 

Strassburgs Bliite und die volkswirtschaftliche Revolution in» 

xin. Jahrhundert. 

Strassburg [^/r.]. A'./. Triibner, 1875. ^- 

Ueber einige Grundfragen des Rechts und der Volkswirth- 
schaft. Ein offenes Sendschreiben an Herm Professor Dr. 
Heinrich von Treitschke. 

Jena, F. Mauke, 1875. 8°. 

Umrisse und Untersuchungen zur Verfassungs- Verwaltungs- 

und Wirtschaftsgeschichte besonders des preussichen Staates 
im 17. und 18. Jahrhundert. 

Leipzig, Duncker & Humblot, 189S. 8°. 

128 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Wagner, Adolf Heinrich Gotthilf. 

Fiir biraetallische Miinzpolitik Deutschlands. 

Berlin, Puttkammcr & Muhlbrecht, 1881. 8°. 
Lehr- und Handbuch der politischen Oekonomie. 

Leipzig, C. F. Winter, 1883-^g. 11 v. 8^. 


BOhm-Bawerk, Eugen voii. 

Capital und Capitalzins. 2. Vielfach vemi. und verb. Aufl. 
Innsbnick, Wagner, /goo. 8°, 

Rechte und Verhaltnisse vom Standpunkte der volkswirth- 

schaftlichen Giiterlehre. Kritische Studie. 

Innsbruck, Wagner, 1881. 8°. 

Einige strittige Fragen der Capitalstheorie. 

Wien und Leipzig, W. Brautniiller, igoo. 4°. 

Kautz, Julius. 

Theorie und Geschiclite der National-Oekonojnik. Propylaen 

zuni volks- und staatswirthschaftlichen Studium. 
Wien, C. Gerald's sohn, 1858-60. 2 v. 8°. 
Mengei, Karl 

Der 'Jbergang zu? Goldwahrung. Untersuchungen iiber die Wert 

problen- dei osterreichisch-ungarischen Valutarefomi. 
Wien und Leipzig , W. Brautniiller i8g2. 8°. 
Pldlippovicli vor Philippsberg, Eugen. 

Die Bank von England im Dienste der Finanzverwaltung des 

Wien, Toeplitz & Deuticke, 1885. 8°. 

Grundriss der politischen Okonomie. 

Freiburg i. B. ietc.'],J. C. B. Mohr, iSgg. 2 v. 4°. 

tjber Aufgabe und Methode der politischen Okonomie. 

Freiburg i. B.,J. C. B. Mohr, 1886. 8°. 

Auswanderung und Auswanderungspolitik in Deutschland. 

Berichte uber die Entwicklung und den gegenwartigen Zu- 
stand des Auswanderungswesens in den Einzelstaaten und im 

Leipzig, Duncker& Humblot, i8g2. 8°. 


Pierson, Nikolaas Gerard. 

Grondbeginselen der staathuishoudkunde. 

Haarlem, Erven F. Bohn, 1875-76. 2 v. 12". 
— • — . . . Koloniale f)olitiek. 

Amsterdam, P. N. van Kampen & zoon, 1877. 8^. 
Leerboek der staathuishomlkunde. 

Haarlem, Erven F. Bohn, 1884-90. 2 v. 8°. 

Select List of Recent Purchases. 129 


Kovalevsky, Maksim Maksinio\-ich. 
Le regime economique de la Russie. 
Paris, V. Ciard & E. Brure, 1S98. 8°. 


Asbach, J. 

Deutschlands gesellschaftliche und wirthschaftliche Entwicke- 

lung. Ein Grundriss fiir Lehrer und Studierende. 
Berlin, ll'eidmannsc/ie Btichhandlung, igoo. 8°. 

Aubert, Joseph Felix. 

Histoire du parhnnent de Paris de I'origine a. Franfois i", 1250- 

Pan's, A. Picard etfils, 1894. 2 v. 8°. 

Avenel, Georges, I'icomte d\ 

Histoire economique de la propriete, des salaires des denrees et 
de tous les prix en general depuis Tan 1200 jusqu'en I'an 
Paris, E. Leroiix \_etc.'\ iSg4-gS. 4 v. 4°. 

Babeau, Albert Arsene. 

La pro\-ince sous I'ancien regime. 

Paris, Firmin-Didot et cie., 1S94. 2 v. 8°. 

Bachofen, Johann Jakob. 

Das Mutterrecht. Eine Untersuchung uber die Gynaikokratie 

der alten Welt nach ihrer religiosen und rechtlichen Natur. 

2. unveranderte Aufl. 
Base/, B. SchTvabe, iSgj. PI. 4°. 

Baudrillart, Henri Joseph Leon. 

Histoire du luxe priv^ et public depuis Tantiquit^ jusqu'a nos 

jours ... 2. ed. 
Paris, Hachette et de., 1880-8 f. 4 v. 8°. 

Beauchet, Ludovic. 

Histoire du droit priv^ de la Republique athdnienne. 
Paris, Chevalier-Marescq & cie., i8gj. 4 v. 4°. 

Beaumanoir, Philippe de. 

Coutumes de Beauvaisis. Texte critique public avec une intro- 
duction, un glossaire et une table analytique par Am. 
Paris, A. Picard etfils, i8gg-igoo. 2 v. 8°. 

Beautemps-Beaupre, Charles Jean. 

Coutumes et institutions de I'Anjou & du Maine ant^rieures an 
xvi* siecle; textes et documents, avec notes et dissertations. 
Paris, A. Durand et Pedone Lauriel, 1877-^^. 8v. 8°. 

9957—01 9 

130 Repcrt of the Librarian of Congress, 

Belart, Hans. 

Der Schutzgenosse in der Levante. Mit besonderer Berucksich- 
tigung der Stellung der Schweizerbiirger als Schutzgenossen 
befreundeter Staaten in der Levante. 
Brvgg, ''Effingerhof 1898. 8°. 
Bellange, Charles. 

Le gonvernenient local efi France, et I'organisation du canton. 
Paris, H. Didier, igoo. 8°. 
^elow, Georg von. 

Das altere deutsche Stadtewesen und BUrgertum. 
Bielefeld & Leipzig, Velhagen & Klasiug, iSgS. Illus., pi. 
[partly col. ) 4°. 

Territorium und Stadt. Aufsatze zur deutschen Verfassungs-, 

Verwaltungs- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte. 
Miinchen mid Leipzig, R. Oldenbourg, igoo. 8°. 

Bemont, Charles, ed. . 

Chartes des libertes anglaises ( 1 100-1305), publides avec une intro- 
duction et des notes. 
Paris, A. Picard, i8g2. 8°. 
Bloch, Camille. 

Etudes sur I'histoire ^conomique de la France (1760-89) par C. 

Bloch . . . Preface de M. Eniile Levasseur. 
Paris, A. Picard etji Is, /goo. Chart. 8°. 

Block, Maurice. 

Dictionnaire de I'administration fran9aise ... 4. ^d. [et 1.-2. 

Paris [etc.] Berger-Levrault et cie., i8g8-gg. i v. and zpts. 8°. 

BOhmer, Heinrich. 

Kirche und vStaat in England und in der Normandie ini xi. und 

XII. Jahrhundert; eine historische Studie. 
Leipzig, T. Weicher, i8gg. 8°. 
Boissouade, Prosper Marie. 

Essai sur I'organisation du travail en Poitou, depuis le xi* si^cle 

jusqu'a la Revolution. 
Paris, H. Champion, igoo. 2 v. 8°. 
Bonet-Maury, Gaston. 

Histoire de la liberty de conscience en France depuis I'edit de 

Nantes jusqu'a juillet 1870. 
Paris, F. Alcan, jgoo. 8°. 
Boutmy, Emile [Gaston]. 

Essai d'une psychologic politique du peuple anglais aux xix' 

Paris, A. Colin, igoi. 12°. 

Bry, Georges. 

Hi.stoire industrielle & ^conomique de PAngleterre, depuis les 

origines jusqu'A nos jours. 
Paris, L. Larosc, igoo. 8°. 

Select List of Recent Purchases. 131 

Biicher, Karl. 

Die Entstehung der Volkswirthschaft. Vortrage und Versuche 

... 2. stark vermehrte .\uflage. 
Tubingen, H. Laitpp, .iSgS S°. 

Etudes d'histoire et d'economie politique. Tr. par Alfred 

Hansay . . . avec une preface de Henri Pirenne. 
Bruxelles, H. Lamertin; Paris, F. Alcan, igoi. S°' 
Cheruel, A. 

Dictionnaire historique des institutions, moeurs et coutumes de la 

France ... 7* ed. 
Paris, Hachette et cie., iSgg. 2 pis. 12^. 
Coville, Alexandre Alfred. 

Les etats de Nomiandie, leurs origines et leur d^veloppement au 

xi\-* siecle. 
Paris, Iinpr. nationale, 1S94. ^°. 
Dareste de la Chavanne, Antoine Elisabeth Cleophas. 

Histoire des classes agricoles en France ... 2. M. entierement 

refondue et beaucoup augmentee. 
Paris, Giiillatimin et cie., /Sj8. 8°. 
Dareste de la Cliavanne, Rodolphe Madeleine Cleophas. 

La science du droit en Grece; Platon, Aristote, Theophraste. 
Paris, L. Larose & Forcel, i8gs- S°. 
Demolins, Edmond. 

Les grandes routes des peuples; essai de geographic sociale. Com- 
ment la route cree le t}-pe social . . . T. i. 
Paris, Finnin-Didot & cie., \^iqoi'\. 12°. 
Doniol, Henri. 

Histoire des classes rurales en France et de leur progres dans 

I'egalite ci\-ile et la propriete ... 2. ed. 
Paris, Guillaumin & cie., iSdj. 8°. 
Doren, Alfred. 

Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der Kaufmannsgilden des Mittel- 
alters. Ein Beitrag zur Wirthschaf ts-, Social- und \'erfassungs- 
geschichte der mittelalterlichen Stadte. 
Leipzig, Diincker & Humblot, i8gj. 8°. 
Eberstadt, Rudolph. 

Der Ursprung des Zunftwesens und die alteren Handwerkerver- 

bande des ilittelalters. 
Leipzig, Diincker & Humblot, igoo. 8°. 
Ehrenberg', Richard. 

Das Zeitalterder Fugger. Geldkapital und Creditverkehr im 16. 

Jena, G. Fischer, 1896. 2 v. 8°. 
Eisenhart, Hugo. 

Geschichte der Xationalokonomik ... 2. verm. Aufl. , 2. unver- 

anderter Abdruck. 
fena, G. Fischer, igoi. 8°. 

132 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Ertl, Moriz, and Stefan Licht. 

Das landwirtschaftliche Genossenschaftswesen in Deutschland. 
In seinen gesaniniten Einrichtuiigen nnd Organisationsformen 
auf Grundlage personlicher Wahrnehmungen systeraatisch 
dargestellt und als Handbuch fiir die genossenschaftliche 
Praxis bestimmt. 
Wien^Manz, iSgg. 2 pis. in 1 v. Tab. 8°. 

Fagniez, Gustave. 

L'^conomie sociale de la France sous Henri iv, 1589-1610, 
PariSyHachette et cie.,i8gj. 8°. 

Finot, Adrien Jules. 

Etude historique sur les relations commerciales entre la Flandre 

& I'Espagne au moyen age. 
Paris, A. Picard eif/s, iSgg. 8°. 

Flach, Jacques. 

Les origines de I'ancienne France, x* et xi' si^cles. 
Paris, L. Larose et Forcel, 1886. 2 v. 8°. 

Fournier de Flaix, Ernest. 

L'impot dans les diverses civilisations. 
Paris, Guillatunin & cie., 1897. 2 v. 8°. 

On the tax systems of ancient and mediaeval times. 

Foville, Alfred de. 

Etudes ^conomiques et statistiques sur la propri^t^ fonci^re; le 

Paris, Guillauniin et cie., i88§. 8°. 

Frazer, J. G. 

The golden bough, a study in magic and religion ... 2d ed., 

revised and enlarged. 
London, Macinillan and co., igoo. 3 v. Front. 8°. 

Glasson, E. D. 

Histoire du droit et des institutions politiques, civiles et judiciaires 

de I'Angleterre. 
Paris, Pedone-Lauriel, 1882-8^. 6 v. 8°. 

GR5tz, Wilhelm. 

Die Verkehrswege ini Dienste des Welthandels. Eine historisch- 
geographische Untersuchung samt einer Einleitung fiir eine 
" Wissenschaft von den geographischen Entfernungen ". 
Stuttgart, F. Enke, 1888. Maps. 8°. 

Goldschmidt, Levin. 

Handbuch des Handelsrechts ... 3. vollig umgearb. Aufl. 
Stuttgart, F. Enke, i8gi. 8°. 

System des Handelsrechts, mit Einschluss des Wechselsee- 

und Versicherungsrechts im Grundriss von L. Goldschmidt. 
4. verb, und durch Einzelausfiihrungen verm. Aufl. 
Stuttgart, F. Enke, 1892. 8°. 

SeUd List of Recent Purchases. 133 

Grasshoff, Richard. 

Des Wechselrecht der Araber. Eine rechtsvergleichende Studie 

iiber die Herkunft des Wechsels. 
Berlin, O. Liebtnann, iSgg. S°. 
Hand- und Lebrbuch der Staatswissenscliaften in selbstandigen 
Banden begriindet von Kuno Frankenstein fortgesetzt von 
Max von Heckel. 
Leipzig, Hirschfield, iSgj-i^oo. 23 v. 8°. 

Contains treatises by Lehr, Adler (G«scb. d. Socialismus ) ; 
Kleinwachter (Die Einkommes und seine Verteilung): Borght (Das 
Verkehrswesen) ; Schaffle (Die Steuem). and others. 

Hehn, Victor. 

Kulturpflanzen und Hatisthiere in ihrem Ubergang aus Asien 
nach Griechenland und Italien sovrie in das ubrige Huropa. 
Historisch-linguistische Skizzen ... 6. Aufl. neu hrsg. von 
O. Schrader. 
Berlin, Gebriider Bomtraeger, 1894. 8°. 
Held m an n, Karl Christian Wilhelm. 

Der Kolngau und die ci\-itas Koln. Historisch-geographische 
Untersuchungen iiber den Ursprung des deutschen Stadte- 
Halle a. S., M. Xiemeyer, igoo. Fold. map. 8°. 
Hertz, Friedrich Otto. 

Die agrarischen Fragen im Verhaltnis zum Socialismus . . . 

Mit einer Vorrede von E. Bernstein. 
Wien. L. Rosner, iSgg. 8^. 
Herzog, Ernst von. 

Geschichte und System der romischen Staatsverfassung. 
Leipzig, B. C. Tetibner, 1884-^1. s v. in 2. 8°. 

Contexts. — i. Bd. Kouigszeit und Republik. 1SS4. — 2. Bd. Die 
Kaiserzeit von der Dictatur Casars bis zum Regieningsantritt Dio- 
cletians: i.Abt. Geschichtliche Cbersicht. 1SS7. 2. Abt. S>-stem der 
Verfassung der Kaiserzeit. IS91. 

Hildebrand, Richard. 

Recht und Sitte auf den verschiedenen wirtschaftlichen 

Jena, G. Fischer, iSg6. 8°. 

HoltzendorfT-VietmansdOTf, Franz von. 
Handbuch des Volkerrechts. 
Berlin & Hamburg, C. Hobel \etc.'\ 1885-Sg. 4 v. 8°. 

Hubert- Valleroux, Paul. 

Les corporations d'arts et metiers et les syndicats professionels en 

France et a I'etranger. 
Paris, Guillaumin & cie., 1885. 8°. 

Huvelin, P. 

Essai historique sur le droit des marches & des foires. 
Paris, A. Pousseaii, /8gy. 8°. 

134 Report of the Librarian of Congress, 

Inaina-Sternegg, Karl Theodor Ferdinand Michael von. 

Deutsche Wirthschaftsgeschichte. 

Leipzig, Dtmcker <2f Humblot, i8jg-i8gg. j v. 8°. 
Jager, Eugen. 

Die Agrarfrage der Gegenwart. Socialpolitische Studien. 

Berlin, Pnttkamvier & Miihlbrecht, iSSs-g^, 4 v. 8°. 
Kiener, Fritz. 

\'erfassungsgeschichte der Provence seit der Ostgothenherrschaft 
bis zur Errichtnng der Konsulate (510-12CX3). 

Leipzig, Dyk, I goo. Tab., map. 8°. 
Kudelka, Thaddaus. 

Das landwirtschaftliche Genossenschaftswesen in Frankreich. 
Unter besonderer Beriicksichtigung der landwirtschaftlichen 

Berlin, Puttkainmer & Muhlbrechi, iSgg. 8^. 

Labande, Honor^ Lambert. 

Histoire de Beauvais et de ses institutions conimunales jusqu'au 

coniiiiencement du xv^ sidcle. 
Paris, Impriinerie nation ale, 1S92. 4°. 

Lampreclit, Karl Gotthard. 

Deutsches Wirtschaftsleben im Mittelalter. Untersuchungen 
iiber die Entwicklung der niateriellen Kultur des Flatten 
Landes auf Grund der Quellen, zunachst des IMosellandes. 
Leipzig, A. Di'irr, 1885-86. j v. in 4. Illus., maps. 4°. 
lieist, Burkard Wilhelni. 
Alt-arisches jus civile. 
Jena, G. Fischer, i8g2-g6. 2 v. 8°. 

liiebenam, W. 

Stadteverwaltung ini romischen Kaiserreiche. 
Leipzig, Dimcker & Humblot, igoo. 8°. 

Contents. — Einnahmen und Ausgabeti der Stadte.— Stadtische 
Vermogensverwaltung. — Staat und Stadt. 

Iiippert, Julius. 

Social-geschichte Bohniens in vorhussitischer Zeit. Ausschliess- 

lich aus Quellen. 
Wien {_etc.'\ F. Tempsky \etc.'\ /8g6-g8. 2 v. Map. 8°. 

Contents. — 1. Bd. Die slavische Zeit und ihre gesellschaftlichen 
Schopfungen. 1896.— 2. Bd. Der sociale Einfluss de'r christlich-kirch- 
lichen Organisationen und der deutschen Colonisation. 189S. 

Lotz, Walther. 

Verkehrsentwicklung in Deutschland, iSoo-1900. Sechs volks- 
tiimliche Vortriige iiljer Deutschland's Eisenbahnen und 
Binnenvva.sserstra.ssen, ihre Entwicklung und Verwaltnng, 
sowie ihre Bedeutung fiir die heutige Volkswirtschaft. 

Leipzig, B. G. Teuhner, /goo. 12°. {Aiis Natur und Geistes- 
welt ... /J. Put. ) 

Select List of Recent Purchases. 135 

Ittunbroso, Giacomo. 

Recherches sur I'^cononiie politique de rEg>"pte sous les 

Turin, Itnprimerie royale, Boaa freres, iSjo. S" . 
I<uro, Jean Baptiste Eliaciu. 

Le pays d'Annam. Etude siu" I'organii^ation politique et sociale 

des Annamites ... 2. ed. 
Paris, E. Leroux, iSgj, S°. 
Maitland, Frederick William. 

Domesday book and beyond. Three essays in the early history 

of England. 
Cambridge, University press^ iSgj. 8°. 

Roman canon law in the chiirch of England. Six essays. 

London, Methuen cf co. /SpS. PI. S°. 

— Township and borough. Being the Ford lectures delivered in 

the University of Oxford in the October term of 1S97. To- 
gether Avith an appendix of notes relating to the history of 
tiie town of Cambridge. 
Cambridge, The University press, iSgS. r pi., 2 maps. S°. 
Makovrer, Felix. 

The constitutional history and constitution of the Chtu-ch of Eng- 
land; tr. from the German. 
London, S. Sonnenscheiu & co., 189^. S°. 

" Deals principaUy with the period since the Reformation, treating 
of the earlier conditions mainly as antiquities useful in the explana- 
tion of later institutions." 

Marquardsen, H., ed. 

Handbuch des oeffentlichen Rechts der Gegenwart in Mono- 

Freiburg i. B.,J. C. B. Mohr, iSS^-99. ^? ^•- <^- 

Consists of upward of thirty treatises on administrative laws of 
states and ptiovinces, by the most competent writers. 

Marsille, Louis. 

Etude sur le communisme agraire; le mir russe. 
Caen, C. Valin, 1899. 8°. 

Martin, Germain. 

Les associations ou\-rieres au x\'ni* siecle (1700-1792). 
Paris, A. Rousseau, iqoo. 7°. 

La grande industrie sous le regnede Louis xr\' {plusparticn- 

lierement, de 1660 a 1715). 

Paris, Arthur Rousseau, 1S9S. 8°. 

M aurer, Georg Ludwig von. 

Einleitung zvu- Geschichte der Mark-, Hof-, Dorf- und Stadtver- 
fassung und der offentlichen Gewalt ... 2. Aufl. Mit ein- 
leitendem Vorwort von H. Cunow. 
Wien^ I. Brand, 1896. 8°. 

136 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

KaTirer, Georg Ludwig von— Continued. 

Geschichte der Dorfverfassung in Deutschland. 
Erlangen, F. Enkc\ 1865-66. 2 v. S°. 

Geschichte der Fronhofe, der Bauernhofe und der Hofver- 

fassung in Deutschland. 
Erlangett, F. Enke, 1862-63. 4 '<■'• ^°- 

Geschichte der Markenverfassung in Deutschland. 

Erlangen, F. Enke, 1856. 8°. 

Geschichte der Stadteverfassung in Deutschland. 

Erlatigen, F. Enke, i86g-ji. 4 v. 8° 
Meitzen, August. 

Wanderungeii, Anbau und Agrarrecht der Volker Europas nord- 
lich der Alpen. i. Abt. 

Berlin, IV. Hertz, /S93. 2 v. 8° and atlas 8°. 
Mommsen, Theodor, and Karl Joachim Marquardt. 

Handbuch der roniischen Alterthiiuier. 

Leipzig, S. Hirzel, j 88 1-88. 7 v. in 10. Illus.,pl. 8°. 

CoNTKNTS. — I. -3. Bd. Mommsen, T. Romische Staatsrecht: i-ii. 
Die Mafdstratur. 3. Aufl. 1SS7. 3 v. iii. Biirgerschaft und Senat. 
1887-88 2 v.— 4.-6. Bd. Marquardt, J. Romische Staatsvenvaltung: 
i. Organisation des Romischen Reichs. 2. Aufl. iSSi. ii. Finanz- 
und Militarwcsen. 2. .\ufl. Besorgt von H. Dessau und A. v. Domas- 
zewski. 1S84. iii. Das SacraUvesen. 2. Aufl. Be.sorgt von G. Wis- 
sowa. 1885. — 7. Bd. Marquardt, J. Das Privatleben der Romer. 2. 
Aufl. Besorgt von A. Mau. 1SS6. 2 v. 

Manuel des antiquites roniaines. Traduit de I'allemand sous 

la direction de M. Gustave Humbert. 
Paris, E. Thorin [A. Fontemoing'], i888-g8. ij vols. 8°. 
Mucke, Johann Richard. 

Urgeschichte des Ackerbaues und der Viehzucht. Eine neue 
licher Probleme auf statistischer Grundlage. 
Grei/swald,J. Abel, 1898. 4°. 
Neumann, Friedrich Julius. 

Grundlagen der Volkswirtschaftslehre . . . i. Abt. 
Tubingen, //. Laupp, /8S9, 8°. 

Nostitz-Drzewiecki, Hans Gottfried von. 

Das Aufsteigen des Arbeitenstandes in England. Ein Beitrag 

zur socialen Geschichte der Gegenwart. 
fena, G. Fischer, 1900. 8°. 
Ochenkowski, Wlady.slaw von. 

Englands wirtschaftliche Entwickelung im Ausgange des Mittel- 

Jena, G. Fischer, 18/9. 8°. 
Pohl, Karl. 

Handbuch des Staats- und Verwaltungsrechts fiir das Konigreich 
Bayern. Mit besonderer Riicksicht auf die Gcschaftsthiitig- 
keit der rechtsrheinischcn Gemeindebehorden, sowie auf die 
einschlagige Litteratur und Recht.sprcchung. 
Miinchen,J. Schweitzer Verlag, 189S-1900. 2 v. 8°. 

Select List of Recent Purchases. 137 

POhlmann, Robert. 

Geschichte des antiken Cotnmunismus und Sozialismus. 
Munchen, O. Beck, iSgj-igoi. 2 z: 8^. 
Quetsch, Franz H. 

Geschichte des Verkehrswesens am Mittelrhein. Von den 
altesten Zeiten bis zum Ausgang des achtzehnten Jahrhun- 
derts nach den Quellen bearbeitet. 
Freiburg im Breisgau, Herder' sche Verlagshandlung, i8gi. J\Iap, 
illus. S°. 
Kagueau, Frangois. 

Glossaire du droit fran^ois contenant I'explication des mots diffi- 
cilesqui se trouventdans les ordonnances des roysde France, 
dans les coustumes du royaume, dans les anciens arrests et les 
anciens titres par F. Ragueau . . . rev. cor. augm. . . . par 
E. deLauriere . . . Nouv.ed. avec additions d'anciens mots. 
JViort, L. Favre, 1SS2. 4°. 
B-atzenhofer, Gustav. 

Wesen und Zweck der Politik als Theil der Sociologie und Grund- 

lage der Staatswissenschaften. 
Leipzig, F. A. Brockhaus, /Sgj. j z>. 8^. 
Reville, Andre. 

. . . Le soulevement des travailleurs d'Angleterre en 1381 . . . 
Etudes et documents pub. avec une introduction historique 
par Ch. Petit-Dutaillis. 
Paris, A. Picard & fih, 1S9S. Map. 8°. 
S.iehl, Wilhelm Heinrich. 

Die Naturgeschichte des Volkes als Grundlage einer deutschen 

Sittttgati, J. G. Cotta, 1S62-69. 4 v. 8°. 
Hound, John Horace. 

Feudal England; historical studies on the xith and xiith cen- 
London: Snan. Sonnenschein <2f co., i8g^. 8°. 

Geoffrej- de MandeWlle; a study of the Anarchy. 

London, New York, Longmans, Green & co., i8g2. Facsim. 8°. 
Schmidt, Charles Guillaume Adolphe. 

Les seigneurs, les paysans et la propriete rurale en Alsace au 

moyen age . . . preface de M, Ch. Pfister. 
Paris cf Nancy, Berger-Levranlt of cie., iSgj. 8^. 
SchmOle, Josef. 

Die sozialdemokratischen Gewerkschaften in Deutschland seit 

dem Erlasse des Sozialisten-Gesetzes. 
Jena, G. Fisher. iSg6-iSg8. 2 v. 8°. 
Schmoller, Gustav. 

Die Strassburger Tucher- und Weberzunft. Urkunden und 
darstellung nebst Regesten und Glossar. Ein Beitrag zur 
Geschichte der deutschen Weberei und des deutschen Gewer- 
berechts vom 13. -17. Jahrhundert. 
Strassburg, A'. J. Triibner, iSjg. 4°. 

138 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

SchUller, Richard. 

Die Wirthschaftspolitik der historischen Schule. 
Berlin^ C. Heymann, i8gg. 8°. 
Schulte, Aloys. 

Geschichte des niittelalterlichen Handels und Verkehrs zwischen 
Westdeiitschland und Italien niit Ausschluss von Venedig. 
Leipzig, Duncker & Hmnblot, /goo. 2 v. Maps. 8°. 
Schurtz, Heinrich. 

Grundriss einer Entstehungsgeschichte des Geldes. 
Weimar, E. Felber, i8g8 <?°. {Beiirage zur Volks- und Volk- 
erkunde,5. Bd.) 
Sch'warcz, Julius. 

Die Demokratie. Erster Band. Die Demokratie von Athen. 

Zweite Ausgabe. 
Leipzig, Eduard Avenarius, igoi. 8°. 
Schwarz, Otto and Georg Strutz. 

Der Staatshaushalt und die Finanzen Preussens. Unter Benutzung 

anitlicher Quellen. 
Berlin,]. Giittentag, igoo. 2 v. in j. 4°. 
Sieveking, Heinrich Johann. 

. . . Genueser Finanzwesen mit besonderer Beriicksichtigung der 

Casa di S. Giorgio. 
Freiburg i. B., Leipzig \etc.'\J. C. B. Mohr, /SgS-gg. 2 v. in i. 

Contents — 1. Genueser Finanzwesen vom 12. bis 14. Jahrhun- 
dert. — 2. Die Casa di S. Giorgio. 

Sinzheimer, Ludwig. 

Der Londoner Grafschaftsrat; ein Beitrag zur stadtischen Sozial 

."Stuttgart, J. C. Cotta, igoo. 8°. 
Speck, E. 

Handelsgeschichte des Altertunis. 

Leipzig, Brandsietier, igoo. 8°. 

Vol.1. Die orientalischen Volker. 
Staatswisenschaftliche Studien . . . hrsg. von Ludwig Elster. 

Jena, G. Fischer, 1887-igoo. 38 v. in 6. <?". 
Stein, Lorenz von. 

Handbuch der Verwaltungslehre ... 3. vollstandig neu bearb. 


.Stuttgart, J. G. Cotta, 1887-1888. 3 v. 8°. 
Stengel, Karl, freiherr von. 

Worterbuch des deutschen Verwaltungsrechts. In Verbindung 
mit vielen gelehrten und hoheren Beamten hrsg. von K., 
Freiherrn von Stengel. 

Freiburg, i. B.,J. C. B. Mohr, i8Sg. 2 v. 4°. 
Vandervelde, Kniile. 

... La propri<5t^ fonci^re en Belgiqiie. 

Paris, Schleicher freres, igoo. Maps. 8°. 

Select List of Recent Purchases, 139 

Viollet, Paul-Marie. 

Droit public. Histoire des institutions politiques et administratives 

de la France. 
Paris, L. Larose et Forcel \etc.'\, iSgo-gS. 2 v. 8°. 
Wiarda, Diddo. 

Die geschichtliche Entwickelung der wirthschaftlichen Verhalt- 

nisse Ostfrieslands. 
Jena, G. Fischer, iSSo. S°. 
Zacharia von liingenthal, Karl Eduard. 

Geschichte des griechisch-romischen Rechts ... 3. verb. Aufl. 
Berlin, Weidtnarin, i8g2. 8°. 
Zittunermann, Alfred. 

Geschichte der preussisch-deutschen Handelspolitik, aktenmassig 

Oldenburg und Leipzig, Schulze, 1S92. 8°. 
Zwiedineck-Sudenliorst, Otto von. 

Lohnpolitik und Lohntheorie tnit besonderer Beriicksichtigung 

des Minimallohnes. 
Leipzig, Duncker & Hutnblot, 1900. 8°. 


Aitchison, C. U. 

A collection of treaties, engagements, and sanads relating to India 
and neighboxiring countries . . . [3d ed.] rev. and continued 
up to the present time. 
Calcutta, Office of the superintendent of government printings 
India, iSg2. 11 v. Maps. 4°. 
Alberi, Eugenio. 

Relazioni degli ambasciatori veneti al Senato; raccolte, annotate, 

ed edite da E. Alberi, a spese di una society. 
Firenze, Societa editrice fiorentina \etc.'\ i8^^6^. i^ v. i tab. 8°. 
Barthelemy, Edouard, Marie comte. de. 

Histoire des relations de la France et du Danemarck sous le 

ministere du comte de Bernstorff, 1751-1770. 
Copenhague, f0rgensen & cie., /88/. 8°. 

Beauchet, Ludo\-ic. 

Traite de 1' extradition. 

Pan's, A. Chevalier-Marescq et cie., 1899. 8°. 
Becker, Jer6nimo. 

Historia politica y diplomdtica desde la independencia de los 
Estados Unidoshasta nuestros dias (1776-1895). 

Madrid, A. Romero, 1897. 8°. 

Benedetti, Vincent, comte. 

Essais diplomatiques (nouv. ser. ) precedes d'une introduction sur 

la question d' Orient. 
Paris, E. Plon. Xourrit & cie., i8gj. 8°. 

140 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Bonfils, Henry Joseph Franjois Xavier. 

Manuel de droit international public (droit des gens) . . , 2. M., 

rev. et mise au courant par P. Fauchille. 
Paris, A. Rousseau, iSg8. 8°. 

Brog-lie, Jacques Victor Albert, due de. 
L'alliance autrichienne. 
Parts, C. Lh'V, 1S79. 12° . 

La diplomatie et le droit nouveau. 

Paris, M. Lhyfr^res, 1S6S. 12° 
— La paix d'Aix-la-Chapelle. 

Paris, C. Livy, /8gj. 12°. 

Chand^ze, Gustave. 

. . . De I'intervention des pouvoirs publics dans I'^migration et 

r immigration au xix* siecle. Etude historique. 
Paris, P. Dupont, 1S9S. 4°. 

Clement, Nicolas, ed. 

Memoires et negociations secretes de la cour de France, touchant 
la paix de Munster. Contenant les lettres, r^ponses, 
memoires, & avis secrets envoiez de . . . Mazarin & . . . de 
Brienne . . . aux plenipotentiaires de France a INIunster . . . 

Amsterdam, Freres Chatelain, ijio. 4 r. 12° . 

Clercq, Alexandre Jehan Henry de and Jules de Clercq, ed. 

Recueil des trait^s de la France public sous les auspices du Minis- 

tere des affaires etrangeres, 17 13-1896. 
Paris, Amyot [etc.'], 1S64-1900. 21 v. 8°. 

Debidour, A. 

Histoire diplomatique de I'Europe depuis I'ouverture du congr^s 
de Vienne jusqu'4 la cl6ture du congres de Berlin ( 1814- 
Paris, F. Alcan, iSgi. 2 v. 8°. 

Despagnet, Frantz. 

Cours de droit international public ... 2*^ ^d. compl^tement 

Paris, L. Larose, 1899. 8°. 

Precis de droit international priv^ ... 3* ^d. revue et mise 

au courant de la loi, de la jurisprudence et des trait^s. 
Paris, L. Larose, i8gg. 8°. 

Dupuis, Charles. 

Le droit de la guerre maritime d'apr^s les doctrines anglaises 

Paris, A. Pedone, 1899. <?". 

Oabriac, Jo.seph Jules Paul Marie Fran9ois de Cadoine, marquis de. 
Souvenirs diplomatiques de Russie et d'Allemagne, 1870-1872. 
Paris, E. Hon, Nourrit et cie., 1896. 8°. 

Select List of Recent Purchases. 141 

Oairal, Fran9ois. 

Le protectorat international: la protection-sauvegarde, le pro- 

tectorat de droit des gens, le protectorat colonial. 
Paris, A. Pedone, [/8g6'\. 8°. 
Jhze, Gaston. 

Etude th^orique et pratique sur I'occupation comme mode d'ac- 

qudrir les territoires en droit international. 
Paris, V. Giard & E. Briere, 1S96. 8°. 

Martens, Fedor Fedorovich. 

Traite de droit international; tr. du russe par Alfred L^o. 

Paris, Chevalier-Marescq et cie., 1883-87. j i'. 8°. » 

Meiem, Johann Gottfried von. 

Acta pacis executionis publica. Oder nii-nbergische Friedens- 

executions-Handlungen und Geschichte ... in einer aus- 

fiihrlichen historischen Erzehlung, mit beygefiigten authen- 

tischen Urkunden, vorgetragen. 
Hannover und Tubingen, J. G. Cotta, 173(^-37. 2 v. Front. 

{port. ) pi. F°. 
Acta pacis westphalicse publica. Oder westphalische Frie- 

dens-Handlungen und GescMchte ... in einera mit richtigen 

Urkunden bestarckten historischen Zusanunenhang verfasset 

und beschrieben. 
Hannover, Gedruckt bey J. C. L. Schultzen, 173^36. 6 v. Front., 

illus. , pi. , port. , tab. F^. 

La Mer Noire et les detroits de Constantinople. (Essai d'histoire 
diplomatique. ) Par * * * 
Paris, A. Rousseau, i8gg. 8°. 

Nys, Ernest. 

. . . Les theories politiques et le droit international en France 

jusqu'au iS^ siecle. 2. ed. 
Bruxelles, A. Castaigne; Paris, A. Fontemoing, /8pg. 8°. 

Pietri, Franfois. 

Etude critique sur la fiction d'exterritorialite. 
Paris. A. Rousseau, iSg^. 8°. 

Pradier-Fodere, P. 

Cours de droit diplomatique a I'usage des agents politiques dn 
ministere des affaires etrangeres des etats europeens et 
americains ... 2^ ed. completement revue, augment^ et 
mise au courant d'apres les plus recents documents oflBciels. 

Paris, A. Pedone, i8gg. 2V. 8°. 

Bibier, Gabriel de. 

Repertoire des traites de paix de commerce, d'alliance, etc. 
conventions et autres actes conclus entre toutes les puis- 
sances du globe, depuis 1S67 jusqu'a nos jours (^faisant suite 
au repertoire de M. Tetot). 

Paris, A. Pedone, iSg^-gg. 2 v. 8°. 

142 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Kothan, Gustave. 

Souvenirs diplomatiques: L' Europe et Tav^nement du second 

Paris, C. Lh<y, 1S90. 8°. 

"Rott, Edouard. 

Histoire de la representation diplomatique de la France aupr^s 

des cantons Suisse, de leurs allies et de leurs conf^d^r^s. 
Bertie, A. Benteli & Co., Paris, F. A lean, /goo. 4°. 

Houard de Card, Edgard. 

Les destinies de I'arbitrage international depuis la sentence rendue 
•^ par le tribunal de Gendve. 

Pans, G. Pedone-Lauriel, iSg2. 8°. 

Les trait^s d^ protectorat conclus par la France en Afrique, 

Paris, A. Durand et Pedone-Lauriel , iSgj. 8°. 

Takahashi, Sakuy^. 

Cases on international law during the Cliino-Japanese war . . . 

With a preface by T. E. Holland, and an introduction by J. 

Cambridge, University press, i8gg. 8° 

Vast, Henri, ed. 

. . . Les grands trait^s du regne de Louis xiv. 
Paris, A. Pieard et fits, i8gj-gg. j v. in i. 8°. 


Andrea, Richard. 

Die Anthropophagie. Eine ethnographische Studie. 

Leipzig, Veit& covip., 1887. 8°. 
Ethnographische Parallelen und Vergleuhe. 

Stuttgart, J. Maier, 1878. Illiis. 6 pi. {parity col.). 8°. 

Ethnographische Parallelen und Vergleiche. Neue Folge. 

Leipzig, Veil und comp., i88g. Illus. g pi. {partly col.). 

Bastian, Philipp Wilhelm Adolf. 

Einiges aus Samoa und andern Inseln der Sudsee. ^lit ethno- 

graphischen Anmerkungen zur Colonialgeschichte. 
Berlin, F. Dummler, /88g. 8°. 

Ethnologisches Bilderbuch mit erklarendem Text. 25 Tafeln, 

davon 6 in Farbendruck, 3 in Lichtdruck. Zugleich als 
lUustrationen beigegeben zu dem Werke Die Welt in 
ihren Spiegelungen unter dem Wandel des Volkergedankens. 

Berlin, E. S. Mittler & sotin, 1SS7. 25 nuwb. pi. i f>aiilv mlA. 
obi. 4°. 

Ideale Welten nach uranographi.schen I'roviiizeii in Wort 

und Bild. Ethnologische Zeit- und Streitfragen, nach 
Gesicht.spunkten der indi.schen Volkerkunde. 

Berlin, E. Felber, iSg2. 3 :: H. ./». 

Select List of Recent Purchases. 143 

Bastian, Philipp Wilhelm Adolf — Continued. 

Indonesien, oder die Inseln des Malayischen Archipel. 
Berlin, F. Ditminler, 1884-1894. 5 v. in i. PI. ( partly col. ) . 4°. 
Contexts: i. Ifg. Die Molukken. Reise-Ergebnisse und Studicn. 
1884.— 2. Ifg. Timor und uinliegende Inseln. 1S.S5.— 3. Ifg. Sumatra 
und Nachbarschaft. 1S.S6.— 4. Ifg. Borneo und Celebes. 18S9.— 5. Ifg. 
Schlussheft unter Bezugnahnie auf Java. 1894. 

Der Mensch in der Geschichte. Zur Begrundung einer 

psychologischen Weltanschauung. 

Leipzig, O. U'igand, i860. 3 z: 8°. 

Contexts: i. bd. Die Psychologie als Naturwissenschaft. — 2. bd. 
Psychologie und M\-thologie.— 3. bd. Politische Psychologie. 

Die mikronesischen Colonien aus ethnologischen Gesichts- 


Berlin, A. Asherandco., i8gg-igoo. 8°. 

Die Volker des oestlichen Asien. Studien und Reisen. 

Leipzig, O. Wigand [etc.'\, /S66-71. 6 v. Map. 8°. 

Contents: i. bd. Die Geschichte der Indochinesen . . . —2. bd. 
Reisen in Birma in den Jahren 1861-1S62. — 3. bd. Reisen in Siam im 
Jahre 1S63. Nebst einer Karte Hinterindiens von . . . Dr. Kiepert. — 
4. bd. Reise durch Karabodja nach Cochinchina. — 5. bd. Reisen im 
Indischen Archipel, Singapore, Batavia, Manilla und Japxan. — 6. bd. 
Reisen in China von Peking zur mongolischen Grenze und Riickkehr 
nach Eurojja. 

Die Volkerkunde und der Volken'erkehr unter seiner Riick- 

wirkung auf die Volksgeschichte. Ein Beitrag zur Volks- und 

Berlin, IViedtnannsc/ie Buchhandlnng. /goo. 8°. 

Volkerstamme am Brahmaputra und Verwandtschaftliche 

Nachbarn. Reise-Ergebnisse und Studien. 

Berlin, F. Diimviler 1S83. Col. pi. 8°. 

Die Vorgeschichte der Ethnologie. Deutschland's Denk- 

freunden gevvidmet fiir eine Musestunde. 

Berlin, Hamcitz und Gossfnann. iSSi. 8°. 
Bertholon, Lucien Joseph. 

Les premiers colons de souche europeenne dans I'Afrique du 
nord. Essai historique sur les origines de certaines popula- 
tions berberes d'apres les documents egyptiens et les 
^crivains de I'antiquite. 
Tunis, L. Nicolas & cie., i8g8. $°. 
Cabeza Pereiro, A. 

Estudios sobre Carolinas; la isla de Ponape; geografla, etnografia, 
historia . . . con un prologo del ... V. Weyler; obra pre- 
miada per la Junta superior consultiva de guerra. 
Manila, Cho/re y comp^. 1893. M., maps, tables. 8°. 
Christian, F. W. 

The Caroline islands; travel in the sea of the little lands. 
London, Methiien & CO., iSgg. Front., pi., map. 8°. 
Codringrton, R. H. 

The Melanesia!! races: studies in their anthropology- and folk-lore. 
Oxford, Clarendon press, igoi. Folded map. 8°. 

144 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Deniker, Joseph. 

Les races et les peuples de la terre; ^l^ments d' anthropologic et 

Paris, Schleicher fr^res, igoo. Front., illus.,pl., map. 12°. 
Ehrenreich, Paul Max Alexander. 

Anthropologische Studien iiber die Urbewohner Brasiliens vor- 
nehmlich der Staaten Matto Grosso, Goyaz und Aniazonas 
( Purus-gebiet ) . Nach eigenen Aufnahmen und Beobach- 
tungen in den Jahren 1S87 bis 1889. 
Braunschweig, F. Vieweg und Sohn, 1897. Illus.,pl. F°. 
Finsch, Otto. 

Neu-Guinea und seine Bewohner. 
Bremen, C. E. iMiiller, 1865. Map. 8°. 
Frobenius, Leo. 

Die Weltanschauung der Naturvolker. 
IVeimar, E. Felber, 1S98. 8". 
Hagen, B. 

Unter den Papua's. Beobachtungen und Studien iiber Land und 

Leute, Thier-und Pflanzenwelt in Kaiser-Wilhelmsland. 
IVieshaden, C. IV. Kreidel, /Sgg. Front, pi. F°. 
Joest, Wilhelm. 

Tatowiren, Narbenzeichnen und Korperbemalen. Ein Beitrag 

zur vergleichenden Ethnologic. 
Berlin, A. Asher & co., 1887. Illus., 12 pi. {partly col. ) F°. 
Kubary, J. S. 

Ethnographische Beitrage zur Kenntniss des Karolinen Archipels. 
Veroffentlicht im Auftrage der Direktion des Kgl. Museums 
fiir Volkerkunde zu Berlin. Unter Mitwirkung von J. D. E. 
Leiden, P. IV. M. Trap, 1893. PL 4°. 

Lesson, A. 

Les Polynesiens, leur origine, leurs migrations, leur langage. 
Ouvrage r^dige d'apres le manuscrit de I'auteur par Ludovic 
Martinet, membre de la Soci^t^ d'anthropologie. 

Paris, Ernest Leroux, 1880-84. 4 v. Folded map. 8°. 

L\imholtz, Karl S. 

Unter Menschenfressern. Eine vierjahrige Reise in Australien , . . 

Autorisierte deutsche Ubersetzung. 
Hamburg, Actien-Gesellschaft, 1892. Illus., pi., port., fold, 
maps. ^8°. 

Luschan, Felix von. 

Beitrage zur Volkerkunde der deutschen Schutzgebiete . . . 
Erweitertc Sonderausgabe aus dem "Anitlichen Bericht 
iiber. die erste deutsche Kolonial-Ausstellung " in Treptow, 

Berlin, D. Reinier{E.Vohsen), 1897. Illus'., pi. F°. 

Select List of Recent Purchases. 145 

Mathe-w, John. 

Eaglehawk and crow; a study of the Australian aborigines, 
including an inquiry into their origin and a survey of Aus- 
tralian languages. 

London, D. Niitl; Melbourne, Melville, Mullen & Slade, 1899. 
Front. , pi. , fold. map. 8° . 
Paulitschke, Philipp. 

Ethnographie Nordost-Afrikas. Die materielle Cultur der 
Danakil, Galla und Somal. 

Bern, D. Reimer, iSgj. 2^ pi., fold. map. 4°. 

Ploss, Hermann H. 

Das Weib in der Natur- und Volkerkunde . . . Anthropologische 

Studien. 4. umgearbeitete Auflage . . . Bearbeitet und 

herausgegeben von M. Bartels. 
Leipzig, T. Grieben, iSgs. 2 v. Illus, pi. 4°. 

Ratzel, Friedrich. 

Anthropogeographie. 2. Aufl. 

Stuttgart, J. Engelhorn, iSgg. S°. {Bibliothek geographischer 
Handbucher. B. /. 

Contents. — i. t. Grundziige der Anwendung der Erdkunde aiif 
die Geschichte. 

Reeves, Edward. 

Brown men and women, or the South Sea Islands in 1S95 and 

1896. With 60 illustrations and a map. 
London, Swan Sonnenschein & co., 1898. PI., fold. map. 8°. 

Biedel, Johann G. F. 

De sluik- en kroesharige rassen tusschen Selebes en Papua. 
'5 Gravenhage, M. Nijhoff, 18S6. PI., maps. 4°. 

Siemiradzki, Jozef von. 

Beitrage zur Ethnographie der siidamerikanischen Indianer. 
IVten, Anthropologische Gesellschaft, i8g8. Illus. 4°. 

White, John. 

The ancient historj' of the Maori, his mj'thology and traditions. 
Wellington, G. Didsbury, 1887-88. 4 v. Front., pi., i fold. tab. 8°. 


Apianus, Petrus. 

Libro de la Cosmographia De Pedro Apiano, el qual trata la 
descripcion del Mundo, y sus partes, por muy claro y lindo 
artificio, augmetado por el doctissimo varon Gemma Frisio 
. . . con otros dos libros del dicho Gemma, de la materia 
mesma. Agora nueuamete traduzidos en Romace Castellano. 

M.D.XL VIII. Vendese en Enveres en casa de Gregorio Bontto 
en el escudo de Basilea . . . Illus., diagr., map. 8°. 

9957—01 10 

146 Report of the Librarian of Congress, 

Banks, .SVr Joseph, bart. 

Journal d'un voyage autour du monde, en 1768, 1769, 1770, 1771; 

. . . traduit del'anglois pat M. de Frdville. 
Paris, Saillant & Nyon, 1772. 12°. 
Bellin, Jacques Nicolas. 

Le petit atlas maritime recueil de cartes et plans des quatre parties 

du monde. 
[Paris'], 1764. J V. Maps, plans. F°. 

Contents. — v. i. I^'Am^rique .septentrionale et Ics isles Antilles.— 
V. 2. l,'Am4riqiie m^ridioiiale et ses details. — v. 3. i. L'Asie. 11. 
L'Afrique. — v. 4. ^'Europe et les divers 6tats qu'elle renferme ex- 
cepts la France. — v. 5. I,es costes de France et les places maritimes 
sur roc6an et sur la M6diterran6e. 

Benjamin, ben Jonah, 0/ Tiidela. 

Voyages . . . en Europe, en A.sie et en Afrique, depuisl'Espagne 
jusqu'a la Chine . . Traduits de I'h^breu et enrichis de 
notes et de dissertations historiques et critiques sur ces 
. voyages. Par J. P. Baratier. 

Amsterdatn, aux dkpens de la Compagnie, 1734. 2 v. Front, 
{port.) 24°. 
Blaeu, W. and J. 

Tonneel des aerdriicx ofte nievwe atlas, dat is beschryving van 
alle landen. ' 

Anisterdami, apud Johannem Giuljeltni F. Blaeu, 1648-165^. 
6 V. F°. 
Bordone, Benedetto. 

Libro di Benedetto Bordone. Nel qua! si ragiona de tutte 1' isole 
del monde con li lor nomi antichi & moderni, historic, fauole, 
& modi del loro uiuere, & in qual parte del mare stanno, & 
in qual parallelo & clima giacciono. 

[ Vinegia, N. d'Aristotile, detto Zoppino\ , 1528. Maps, plans. F°. 
Bou-gainville, Hyacinthe Yves Philippe Potentin de. 

Journal de la navigation autour du globe, de la frigate Thetis et 
de la corvette I'Esp^rance, pendant les ann^es 1824, 1825 et 

Paris, A. Bertrand, 1837. 2 v. 4° and atlas F°. 
[Challes, Gr^goire de.] 

Journal d'un voyage fait aux Indes orientales, par une escadre de 
six vaisseaux commandez par Mr. Du Quesne, depuis le 24 
f^vrier 1690, jusqu'au 20 ao^t 1691, par ordre de la Compagnie 
des Indes orientales. 

La //aye, 1721. 3 v. PI. 16°. 
Charton, Edouard Thomas, ed. 

Voyageurs anciens et modernes; ou, Choix des relations de voy- 
ages les plus int^ressantes et les plus instructives depuis le 
cinqui^me siecle avant Jdsus-Christ ju,squ'au 19. si^cle, 
avec biographies, notes et indications iconographiques. 

Paris, Aux bureaux du Magasin pittoresque, 1857-63. 4 v. /llus. , 
maps. 4°. 

Select List of Recent Purchases. 147 

Dumont-d'TJrville, Jules Sebastien C^sar. 

Voyage au pole sud et dans I'Oceanie sur les con'ettes I'Astrolabe 

etlaZ^l^e . . . pendant les annees 1837-183S-1839-1840. 
Paris, GideetJ. Baiuln; 1S41-54. 23 v. S° and atlas, 7 :-., F° . 

£ast India company. English. 

The dawn of British trade to the East Indies as recorded in the 

court minutes of the East India company 1599-1603; . 

now first printed from the original manuscript by Henry 

Stevens of Vermont; with an introduction bj' Sir George 

London. Henry Stevens & son, 1SS6. S°. 

£g^ermont, Isidore Jacques Marie Ang^lique. 
Voyage autour du globe. 
Paris, C. Delagrave, 1S92. Illus., maps. F°. 

£ntrecasteaux, Joseph Antoine Bruni, chevalier d\ 

Voyage de Dentrecasteaux, envoye a la recherche de La P^rouse 
Paris, Imprimerie imperiale, 1807-0S. 2 v. PI., tad., and atlas. 

Freycinet, Louis Claude Desaulses de. 

Voyage autour du monde, entrepris par I'ordre du roi . . . Exe- 
cute sur les corvettes . . . rUranie et la Physicienne pendant 
les annees 1S17, 181S, 1819 et 1S20. 
Paris, Imprimerie royale, 1S24-44. 6 v. 4° and atlases F°. 

Oaimard, Joseph Paul, ed. 

Voyages de la Commission scientifique du nord en Scandinavie, 
en Laponie, au Spitzberg. et au Feroe, pendant les annees 
1838, 1S39 et 1840 sur la cor\-ette La Recherche, commandee 
par M. Fabvre. Pub. par ordre du roi sous la direction de 
M. P. Gaimard. 
Paris, A. Bertrand. /6 v. 8° a fid pi. F°. 

Hommaire de Hell, Ignace Xavier Morand. 

\oyage en Turquie et en Perse execute par ordre du gouveme- 

ment fran^ais, pendant les annees 1846, 1847 ^t 1848 par X. 

Hommaire de Hell. 
Paris, P. Bertrand, 1834-60. 4 v. 8° and atlas P° 

lanschoten, Jan Huygen van. 

Histoire de la navigation de lean Hvg^-es de Linscot hollandois 
et de son voyage es Indes Orientales: . . . Avec annotations 
de Bernard Palvdanus ... A qvoy sont adiovstees qvelqves 
avtres descriptions tant du pays de Guinee, & autres costes 
d'Ethiopie, que des nauigations des Hollandoisvers le Nord 
au Vaygat & en la nouuelle Zembla. Le tovi: . . . nouuel- 
lement traduict en Fran9ois. 

A Antstelredam, De IHmprimerie de Theodore Pierre, M DC. X. 
57 pL, map, 28 double pi., 4 fold. maps. F°. 

148 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Maffei, Giovanni Pietro. 

Rerutn a Societate Jesu in Oricnte gestarvm tractatus. 
Neapoli, D. Lacha'[us'], 1573. S°. 

Miller, Konrad. 

Mappaemundi; die altesten Weltkarten. Hrsg. und erlautert von 

Dr. K. Miller . . . 
Stuttgart, J. Roth, i8g^-g8. 6 v. Illus., cot. maps {partly 
fold.) 4\ 

Contents.— Hft. i. Die Weltkarte des Beattis (776 11. Chr.)-Hft. 2. 
Atlas von 16 Lichtdruck-Tafeln. — Hft. 3. Die kleiiieren Weltkarten.— 
Hft. 4. Die Herefordkarte.— Hft. 5. Die Ebstorfkarte.- Hft. 6. Rekon- 
struierte Karten. 

Moore, John Hamilton. 

A new and complete collection of voyages and travels. 
LoudoHs ijjS. IV. in 2. Front., pi., maps. F^. 

Olearius, Adam. 

Persiaensche rej-se, uyt Holstej-n, door Lijflandt, Moscovien,Tar- 
tarien in Persien, door Philippvs Crvsivs, en Otto Brvgliman. 
V Amsterdam , VoorJanJansz.,/6^/. 2 v. in/. Engr. illus., maps, 
sq. J 2°. 

V. 2 has title: "Beschrijvinghe koninckryckx Persien. Zijnde het 
tweede deel van de Per.siaensche reyse uyt Holsteyn . . . Met een 
Reyse van daer te lande naer Oost-Indien. Door J. A. van Mandel- 
slo ..." 

Ortelius, Abraham. 

Epitome theatri Orteliani. Praecipuarum orbis regionum delinea- 
tiones, minoribus tabulis expressas, breuioribus que declara- 
tionibus illustratas, continens. Nona editio, multis locis 
emendata & octodecim nouis tabulis aucta. 
AntwerpicB, P. Galkeo cxcudebat A. Coninx, 1595. 109 maps, 
obi. 32°. 

Ptolemseus, Claudius. 

Clavdii Ptolem^ei geographicae enarrationis libri octo, Bilibaldo 
Pirckeymhero interprete. Annotationes loannis de Regio 
Monte in errores commissos a lacobo Angelo in translatione 

[Colophhofi {sig. Q 8^): Argentoragi, Johannes Grieningerus, 
communibus lohannis Koberger impensis excudebat. Anno 
a Christi natiuitate M.D.XXV, Tcrtio Kal. Apriles.] 
Illus., 50 maps. F°. 

Claudii Ptolemei . . . geographic opus novissima traduc- 

tione e Grecorum archetypis castigatissime pressum . . . 
Brevis Gregorij Lilij subsequitur instructio de Greco y nume- 
rali supputatione . . . Pars .secimda mederniormn lustra- 
tionum viginti tabulis, veluti supplementum quoddani anti- 
quitatis obsolete suo loco qu§ vel abstrusa vel erronea vide- 

Select List of Recent Purchases. 149 

PtolemsBus, Claudius — Continued. 

bantur resolulissime pandit. Adnexo ad finem tiactatu sicuti 

lectu iucundissimo, ita & utilissimo de varijs nioribus & 

ritibus gentium. 
[Argentine, I. Schott, I5i3'\. 47 maps. F°. 
Richthofen, Ferdinand Paul '^\^€ira.,freiherr von. 

China. Ergebnisse eigener Reisen und darauf gegriindeter 

Studien ... v. 1-2, 4. 
Berlin, D. Reimer, 1877-83. 3 v. Col. front., pi. {partly cot.), 

maps. 4°. 

V. 3 not yet nublished. 

Sanson, Nicolas. 

Geographia sacra ex \'eteri, et Novo Testamento desumpta, et in 

tabvlas tres concinnata. 
LvteticT Parisiot-'vi, P. Mai-iette, 1663. F°. 
Santarem, Manuel Francisco de Barros e Sousa, viscomte de. 

Atlas compose de mappemondes, de f>ortulans et de cartes 
hydrographiques et historiques depuis le N-i^ jtisqu'au x\-ii« 
Paris, E. Thiinot et cie. \etc.'\ 1842-53. F°. 
Siebold, Philipp Franz von. 

Nippon. Archiv zur Beschreibung von Japan und dessen Neben- 
und Schutzlandem Jezo mit den siidlichen Kurilen, Sacha- 
lin, Korea und den Liukiu-Inseln ... 2. Aufl. 
Wurzburg und Leipzig, L. Woerl, 1897. 2 v. Front., illus., 
port.f map, tab. 4°. 
Spilbergen, Joris van. 

Miroir oost & west-indical, auqucl sont descriptes les deux 
demieres navigations, faictes es annees 1614, 1615, 1616, 1617 
& 1618, I'une par . . . George de Spilbergen, par le destroict 
de Magellan, & ainsitout autour detoute la terre, avec toutes 
lesbattaillesdonnees . . . L'autre faicte par Jacob Le Maire. 
Amstelredam, I. lansz, 1621. 23 maps. obi. 12° 
Tacliard, Gui. 

\'oyage de Siam des peres Jdsuites, envoy^s par le roy, aux Indes 
& a la Chine. Avec leurs observations astronomiques, & 
leurs remarques de physique, de geographic, d'hydrographie, 
& d'histoire. Eruichi de figiu-es. Suivant la copie de Paris 
imprimee. Par ordre exprez de Sa iMajeste. 
A Amsterdam, Chez P. Mortis, 1687. PI. 16°. 
Vaillant, Auguste Nicolas. 

Voyage autom- du monde execute pendant les annees 1836 et 
1837 sur la cor^•ette la Bonite, commandee par M. Vaillant, 
capitaine de vaisseau; pub. par ordre du roi sous les auspices 
du Departement de la marine. 
Paris, A. Bertrand, 1840-66. 13 v. PI. {partly col.), tab., diagr. 
8° and atlases 3 V. F°. 

150 Report of the Librariayi of Congress. 

[Veer, Gerrit de.] 

The True and perfect Description of three Voyages, so strange 
and woonderfuU, that the like hath neuer been heard of 
before: done and performed three yeares, one after the other, 
by the Ships of Holland and Zeland, on the North sides of 
Norway, Muscouia, and Tartaria, towards the Kingdomes of 
Cathaia & China; shewing the discouerie of the Straights of 
Weigates, Noua Zembla, and the Countrie lying vnder 80. 
degrees; which is thought to be Greenland. 
London, T. Pauier, i6og, sq. 12°. 

Tr. from the Dutch by VV. Phillip. Gothic type. 

Vollmer, W. F. 

Die Inseln des Indischen und Stillen Meeres. Reise eines hol- 
landischen Arztes und Naturforschers von Java iiber Timor, 
die Molucken, New-Guinea und Neu-Seeland . . . nach deu 
Sandwichs-Inseln . . . und zuriick nach Batavia. 
Berlin, T. Thiele., 1863-65. j v. Front., illus., map. 8°. 

Appendix VI. 

Accessions, 1900-1901. 

The accessions since July i, 1900. have been grouped for 
convenience in presentation as follows: 


Discovery and exploration: 

Columbus Codex 1502 ? (Transcript.) 

Letter: Americus Vespuccius to Lorenzo de' Medici, 1500. (Tran- 
script. I 
Spanish colonies: 

Petitions to the Spanish Government. Eighteenth century. (54 
documents. ) 

Decrees and regulations of the Spanish Government respecting 
South America and West Indies. 

Papers relating to history of the Spanish • colonies in South 
America. ( Transcripts. ) 

Letter and papers relating to exploration and settlement of Mex- 
ico and South America. ( Transcripts. ) 

Relacion dela revolucioj de losCrioUas, in Buenos Ai^-res, 17S0-81, 
with miscellaneous papers, 1740- 1800. 

Transcripts and translations from the Columbian Library-, Seville. 
(527 documents. ) 

Description of Castle San Marco, 16S6. (Transcript. ) 

Decrees respecting descendants of Montezmna, 1709-1713. 

Diario del Padre Font. (Transcript. ) 

Diario del Padre Garees. (Transcript.) 
West Indies: 

Bond of. and grant to one Kennion respecting slave privileges in 
Cuba. 1762. 

Miscellaneous papers relating to the history of Cuba, eighteenth 
and nineteenth centuries. 

Libro de las actas de la Junta de 1S37. 

Documentos historicos Cubanos, 1597-1S29. (Transcripts.) • 

Orders of Spanish Government for seizure of English property', 
1802-1S2 1 . (10 documents. ) 

Autograph letter of Pere Lesbrun, 1S25. 


152 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

French colonies: 

Memoire sur les dem^les de la France avec 1' Anglcterre aux Indes 

orientales, 1754. 
Observation sur les moyens employes par les corsairs, 1759. 
Certificate of religious qualifications of a French soldier, 1724. 
A letter signed by Landinsiau, 1730, and an autograph letter of 
De Luysieulx, 1749, givingaccountsof conditions in America. 
English colonies: 

Documents relating to equipment of British forces in North 

America, 1728-1792. (131 documents). 
Manuscript diary of a captive among the French, 1749-1750. 
Conway, Henry Seymour. Letters to the various colonial gov- 
ernors, 1765-66. (Official copies of 46 documents). 


Revolutionary currency of Maryland, Connecticut, and Rhode 

The Robert Morris manuscripts. ( 15 bound volumes, 2 manu- 

.scripts. ) 
Letter: Jonathan Hart to Col. John Daurence, 1777. 

Letter: Francis Johnson to General Lincoln, 1777. 
William Livingston: Warrant for the arrest of tories, 1777. 
Letter: John Beatty to Louis Pintard, 1778. 
Letter: J. W. Prevostto Maj. Thomas Pinckney, 1779. 
Letter: William Christey to Col. Moore F'urman, 17S0. 
Muster roll of Captain Westfall's company, 17S0. 
Letter: Due de Luzerne to Maj. Gen. Philippe du Coudray, 

1 781. 
Deposition respecting capture of Paul Jappie, 1781. 
Precis de ce que s'est passe entre I'escadre du Roy aux ordres 

de Compte De Grasse et Admiral Hood, 1781. 
Letter: Elias Boudinot to the governor of New York, 17S3. 
Letter: Zebulon King to Capt. Rufus Lincoln, 1783. 
Massachusetts : 

Articles of Confederation between Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, 

Connecticut, and New Haven, 1643-1654. (Transcript by Rufus 

Governor Belcher's commission to Abraham Harding as captain, 


Letter: Daniel Webster to Jesse Buel, 1836. 

Letter: Edward Everett to R. R. Gurley, 1854. 

Letter: Charles Sumner to R. C. Waterston, i860. 

Letter: John Shirley to Governor Robert H. Morris, 1755. 

Letter: Jacob Orndt to Governor William Denny, 1757. 

Letter: John Irwin to Boynton, Wharton & Morgan, 1767. 

List of taxables in four of the Hundreds of New Castle County, 

Manuscripts — Accessions. 153 

Delaware— Continued. 

Oaths of allegiance to United States, 1778. 

Proclamation of President Vandyke, 1785. 

Account book of John Digges, 1720- 1749. 

Account book of Charles Carroll, 1734-1759. 

Certificate of an election, Queen Anne County, 1776. 

Certificate of an election for council of safety, 1776. 

Ivetter from Anne Arundel County committee to Maryland coun- 
cil of safety, 1 776. 

Letter: W. Brown to the governor aiid council of Maryland, 1778. 

Letter: S. Broughton to Governor Thomas Johnson, 1778. 

Letter: John Murdock to Governor Thomas Johnson, 1779. 

Letter: William Bacon to Governor Thomas Johnson, 1779. 

Letter: Robert Maxwell to Governor Thomas Johnson, 1779. 

Estimate of expenses to be met by taxation. 1779. 

Letter: Mary Hughes to Dr. James Murray, 17S1. 

Account books of Martin Cockbiu-n, 1767-1S1S. 

Grant of land to James Welch, 1S02. 

The Ellis papers, 1S05-1S53. 

Order for witness fees in Loudoun County, 1829. 
Miscellaneous States: 

New Hampshire. Letter: Josiah Bartlett to Isaac Hill, 1S24. 

Connecticut. Letter: Lord Hillsborough to Governor Thomas 
Fitch, 1764. 

New York. A short account of New Netherlands, 1662 (tran- 
script); Letter book of Governor Daniel D. Tompkins, iSoi- 

New Jersey. Chesterfield town docket, 1692- 1702. 

South Carolina. Letter: Boundary commissioners to Georgia 
boundarj- committee, 17S7. 

Ge-irgia. Letter: General Mitchell to Edward Telfair 1S07; Gov- 
ernor Jenkins to James Johnson, 1S65. 

Missouri. Account of Geoige Morgan's attempt to settle New 
Madrid 1 7S9. (Transcript.) 

Kentucky. Letter: John Winlock to Governor Gibson 1812; Bill 
of sale of negro slave, 1S29. 

Kansas. Fragment of manuscript, 1S57. 

Michigan. Rivot, L. E. Voyage au lac Superieur fait en 1S54. 
Northwest Territon.-: 

Act for the suppression of gambling, 1 790. 

Six documents relative to land titles and transfers, 1S03-1837. 

Two manuscripts respecting a negro in Illinois Territory*-, 1807. 

Three papers relating to a divorce proceeding 181 1. 

Bank bill of 1839. 

Mercantile handbill of one Sanford Hill. 
District of Columbia: 

Manuscript and printed matter relating to the American Christian 
University at Washington. 

154 Report of the Librarian of Congress, 

District of Columbia — Continued. 

Records of the Washington National Monument Association. 

(8,176 manuscripts. ) 
Two plans of the House of Representatives, 1830 and 1848. 
Civil war: 

Three letters to Abraham Lincoln, 1861-62. 

Petition of Philadelphia citizens respecting slave law, 1861. 

Muster roll, Forty-sixth Virginia Volunteers, 1862. 

Muster roll. Eleventh North Carolina Regiment, 1862. 

Ruders, R. F. Van. Letter dated The Hague, 1862. 

Quartermaster's return of clothing issued to Companies B and K, 

Eleventh North Carolina Regiment, 1864. 
Act of Confederate Congress, April 19, 1862. 

Relation d'un voyage 1794 dans TAmerique du Nord. 

Letter: Thomas Jefferson to Franjois d' I vernois, 1795. 

Letters: Tobias Lear to David Porter and Charles D. Cox, 1797- 

President Jefferson's official notification to the First Consul of 

the appointment of a minister to France, 1S03. 
Letter: William Eaton to the Bashaw of Tripoli, 1804. 
Letter: James Madison to Jacob Wickelhausen, 1805. 
Letter of Robert Smith relative to West Florida, 1810. 
Letter: Benjamin Parke to Captain Brouillet, 181 6. 
Letter: James Madison to inhabitants of Plymouth, 1817. 
Letter: John Quincy Adams to Jacob Wickelhausen, 1818. 
Letter: Thomas Jefferson to Robert Walsh, 1820. 
Letter: James Monroe to George W\ Erving, 1823. 
Letter: James Monroe to John McLean, 1828. 
Letter: Andrew Jackson to General Coll, 1828. 
Letter: John Quincy Adams to Marquis Martx)is, 1829. 
Letter: John Quincy Adams to Sir Charles Richard Vaughan, 1835. 
Letter: Henry Clay to J. B. Dillon, 1S3S. 
Letter: John C. Spencer, Secretary of Treasury, to Samuel F. B. 

Morse, 1843. 
Letter: W. C. Rives to Senator Pierce and Library Committee, 

Two authorizations of President Benjamin Harrison to affix the 

great seal of United States, 1889. 
Autograph album of signatures of prominent Americans. 
Philippine Islands: 

Memorial of Fr. Galan de la Soledad to Alfonso XH of Spain, 

Hacienda memoria. (General Weyler's report) 1891. 
Memorial of officers of insurgent army, 1898. 

Letters: Robert Morris to John Barry, 1782-83. 

Letter book of U. S. S. Alliance, 1782-83. 

Letters: Thomas Barclay to John Barry, 1782-83. 

Power of attorney of officers of Alliance to John Barrj', 1782. 

Manuscripts — Accessiojis. 155 

Navy — Continued. 

U. S. S. Alliance muster book, 1783. 

John Barry, account against the Alliance, 1783-84. 

Letter: Benjamin Walker to John Barrj-, 17S6. 

Letter: James McHenry to John Barrj-, 1797-98. 

Letters: Benjamin Stoddert to John Barrj-, 1798-1S00. 

Letters: Robert Smith to John Barr^-, iSoi. 

Letters: Commodore John Rodgers to John Barn,-, 1805-1806. 

Letters and orders received by David Porter, 1S05-1808. 

Letter book of Da\nd Porter, 1807-1S0S. 

Letters of Secretar\- of Navy to Da\-id Porter, 1808-1812. 

Letters of David Porter to General Wilkinson, 1809. 



A muster roll of John Le Hunt's company, 1699. 

Extract nytte notulen van de Staten van Zeelant, 1674. (Tran- 
script. ) 
Italy • 

Traduzione libera di un frammento Inglese trovato sulle Alpi. 
Spain : 

Papers relating to the capture of Algiers, 1775. Addiciones al 
Diccionario de la Real Academia Espaiiola, 1S17. (Tran- 
script. ) 
Papeles teologicos y politicos del siglo XVII y principios XVIII. 

Photograph of a Chinese edict decreeing religious honors to the 
memory of General Ward. 
Persian manuscript. 


Miguel Tolon. " Un Casorio" (a comedy). 
Notice des manuscrits de d'Anville. 

Lind, E. G. The music of color. (26 hand-painted plates.) 
Photograph of Longfellow's autograph memorandum of an interv-iew 
with Hawthorne. 


Answers of Zebulon Butler to questions respecting the Indian country, 

Autograph letter of William Few, 1791. 
Two letters of Francis Scott Ke}-, 1841-42. 
Manuscript genealogy of George Little. 
An autograph letter of Dolly Madison to J. P. Todd, 1844. 
Photograph of the Mayhew genealogical tree. 
Robert Morris. Record of land in Virginia. 
An autograph letter of Bushrod Washington, 1S06. 
Letter of George Washington to Joseph Reed, 1779. 
Papers of George Watterston. (94 pieces. ) 

156 Report of the Librarian of Congress, 


A New York broadside calling for recruits, 1S61. 

A Maryland political broadside. 

The Boston Independent Chronicle Supplement, No. 705. 

A plan for harbor defense. 

Proclamation of the governor of Porto Rico, 1901. 


Appendix VII. 

Newspapers Currently ox File in the Library of Congress. 
November 20, igor. 

UNITED states. 

Birmingham Age-Heraid. 

Birmingham News. 

Greenville Li\'ing Truth. 

Huntsville Journal. 

Mobile Daily Register. 

Montgomen,- ^lontgomery Advertiser. 

Tuscaloosa Evening Times. 

Weekly Times. 

Juneau Juneau Dispatch. 

Alaska Record-Miner. 

Sitka Alaskan. 


Phoenix Daily Herald. 

Arizona Republican. 

Weekly Republican. 

St. Johns St. Johns Herald. 

Tombstone Tombstone Epitaph. 

Tucson Arizona Daily Citizen. 

Weekly Citizen. 

Little Rock Arkansas DemocraL 

Arkansas Gazette. 

Newport Evening News. 


Fresno Guide. 

Los Angeles Evening Express. 


Los Angeles Times. 

Napa Napa Register. 

Niles Herald. 

Oakland Oakland Enquirer. 

Oakland Tribune. 
Sacramento Evening Bee. 


158 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Newspapers currently on file w the Library of Congress — Cont'd. 

UNITED STATES — continued. 

California — Continued. 

San Diego San Diegan Sun. 

San Diego Union. 
San Francisco Bulletin. 



Daily Commercial News. 


Journal of Commerce. 

Santa Rosa Republican. 

Stockton Evening Mail. 


Colorado Springs Colorado Springs Gazette. 

Cripple Creek Morning Times-Citizen. 

Denver Denver Republican. 

Rocky Mountain News. 

Leadville Herald-Democrat. 


Bridgeport Evening Post. 

Bridgeport Telegram-Union. 
Hartford Hartford Courant. 

Hartford Times. 
Meriden Daily Journal. 

Morning Record. 

New Haven Evening Register. 

New London Day. 

Morning Telegraph. 

Dover Delawarean. 

State Sentinel. 
"Wilmington Every Evening. 

Evening Journal. 

Morning News. 

Daily Republican. 
District of Columbia: 

Washington Washington Bee. « 

Colore<l American. 

Sunday Morning Globe. 



Washington Sentinel. 

Suburban Citizen. 

Evening Star. 

Evening Times. 

The Times. 

National Tribune. 


Newspapers on File. 159 

Newspapers airrently on file in the Library of Congress — Cont'd. 

UNITED STATES — continued. 

Avon Park South Florida Sun. 

De Funiak Springs Breeze. 

Fernandina Florida Mirror. 

Jacksonville Times Union and Citizen. 

Pensacola Daily News. 

Tallahassee Weekly Floridian. 


Atlanta Atlanta Constitution. 

.\tlanta Journal. 

Augusta Augusta Chronicle. 

Augusta Herald. 

Columbus Columbus Enquirer-Sun. 

Macon Macon News. 

^lacon Telegraph. 

Mount Airy Protectionist. 

Savannah Morning News. 


Boise City Idaho Daily Statesman. 

Hailey Weekly Wood River News-Miner. 

Pocatello Pocatello Tribune. 


Alton Alton Evening Telegraph. 

Bloomington Daily Pantagraph . 

Weekly Pantagraph. 
Trades Review. 

Chicago Hearst's Chicago American. 

Chicago Chronicle. 
Chicago Citizen. 
Daily Inter Ocean. 
Weekly Inter Ocean. 
Chicago Journal. 
Chicago Leader. 
Chicago Daily News. 
. Chicago Post. 

Progressive Thinker. 
Chicago Record-Herald. 
Saturday Blade. 
Chicago Daily Tribune. 
Weekly Drovers' Journal. 

Galesburg Galesburg Labor News. 

Joliet Joliet Weekly News. 

Lagrange Suburban News. 

Moline Moline Review-Dispatch. 

Peoria Peoria Herald-Transcript. 

Quincy Quincy Joxu-nal. 

Quincy Daily ^\'hig. 

i6o Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Newspapers currently on file in the Library 0/ Cotigress—ConVd. 
UNITED STATES — continued. 

Illinois — Continued. 

Springfield Illinois State Register. 

Streator Streator Daily Free Press. 

Indian Territory: 

Ardniore Ardniore Appeal. 

McAlester Daily Capital. 

South McAlester News. 

Evansville Evaiisville Courier. 

Fort Wayne Indiana Staats-Zeitung. 

Fort Wayne Sentinel. 
Indianapolis American Tribune. 

Indianapolis Journal. 

Indianapolis News. 

Indianapolis Sentinel. 

La Porte La Porte Daily Herald. 

Lafayette Lafayette Daily Courier. 

New Albany New Albany Elvening Tribune. 

South Bend South Bend Daily Tribune. 

Terre Haute Terre Haute Express. 


Carroll Carroll Sentinel. 

Cedar Rapids Evening Gazette. 


Chariton Chariton Herald. 

Council Bluffs Daily Nonpareil. 

Davenport Davenport Democrat. 

Davenport Daily Republican. 

Des Moines Iowa State Register. 

Dubuque Evening Globe-Journal. 


Dubuque Daily Times. 

Fonda Fonda Times. 

Mount Ayr Twice-a-Week News. 

Ottumwa Ottumwa Daily Courier. 

Sioux City Sioux City Journal. 

Sioux City Tribune. 

Kansas City Labor Record. 

Lawrence Lawrence Daily Journal. 

Leavenworth Evening Standard. 

Leavenworth Times. 

Topeka Topeka Daily Capital. 

Wichita Wichita Daily Eagle. 

Wilsonton Wilsonton Journal. 


Covington Kentucky Post. 

Newspapers an File. i6i 

Newspapers currently on file in the Library of Cong^ress — Cont'd. 

UNITED STATES— continued. 

Kentucky — Continued. 

Lexington Daily Leader. 

Louis\-ille Louis\nlle CommerciaL 


Evening Post. 

Louis\-ille Times. 

Shelby\nlle Shelby\4Ue News. 


Baton Rouge Daily Advocate. 

Lake Charles Lake Charles American. 

Lake Charles Daily Press. 
New Orleans Daily Item. 

Daily Picayune. 

Daily States. 


L'Abeille de la Nouvelle-Orleans. 

Shreveport Shreveport Times. 


Augusta Daily Kennebee Journal. 

Bangor Bangor Daily Commercial 

Bar Harbor Bar Harbor Record. 

Biddeford Biddeford Daily JoumaL 

Lewiston Lewiston Evening Journal. 

Portland Daily Eastern .\rgus. 

Evening Express. 

Portland Daily Press. 

Annapolis Evening CapitaL 

Baltimore Baltimore .\merican. 

Der Deutsche Correspondent. 

Baltimore Morning Herald. 

Weekly Herald. 

Baltimore News. 
, Baltimore Herald. 

Republican Guide- 
Baltimore Sun. 

Brunswick Brunswick Herald. 

Cumberland Daily News. 

Evening Times. 

Easton Peninsula Democra*' 

Hagerstown Evening Globe . 

Middletown Valley Register. 

Unicn Bridge Union Bridge Pilot- 
Massachusetts : 

Amherst Amherst Record. 

Beverly Saturday Morning Citizen. 

Boston Boston Daily Advertiser. 

9957— oi II 

1 62 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Newspapers currently on file in the Library of Congress— QjonV^. 
UNITED STATKS — continued. 

Massachusetts — Continued. 

Boston— Continued American Citizen. 

Commercial Bulletin. 
-^- Daily Globe. 

Boston Herald. 


Evening Journal. 

Boston Morning Journal. 

New England Statist. 

Boston Post. 

Boston Evening Record. 

Boston Evening Transcript. 

Boston Traveler. 
Fall River Fall River Daily Globe. 

Fall River Morning News. 

'Haverhill Haverhill Evening Gazette. 

Ivawrence Lawrence American and Andover 


Lawrence Daily American. 

Lawrence Daily Eagle. 

Lawrence Sun. 

Lowell Lowell Sun. 

Lynn Daily Evening Item. 

Salem Saturday Evening Obser\-er. 

Salem Daily Gazette. 

Springfield Springfield Daily Republican. 

Weymouth Weymouth Gazette. 

Worcester Worcester Spy. 

Massachusetts Spy. 

Ann Arbor Michigan Daily News. 

Detroit Detroit Free Press. 

Twice-a-Week Free Press. 

Detroit Jourrfal. 

Detroit Informer. 

Evening News. 

Detroit Tribune. 

Grand Rapids Grand Rapids Herald. 

Houghton Daily Mining Gazette. 

Lansing Lansing Journal. 

Marquette Daily Mining Journal. 

Menominee Menominee Democrat. 

Port Huron Port Huron Daily Times. 

Saginaw Saginaw Evening News. 

Saginaw Exponent 

Akely Akely Independent. 

Newspapers on File. 163 

Newspapers currently on file in the Library of Congress— QorHC^ 

UNITED STATES — Continued. 

Minnesota — Continued. 

Austin Austin Daily Register. 

Austin Register. 

Brainerd Brainerd Tribune. 

Duluth Duluth Evening Herald. 

East Grand Forks Valley \'iew. 

Faribault Faribault Republican. 

Fergus Falls Fergus Falls Weekly Journal. 

Little Falls Little Falls Weekly Transcript. 

Mankato Mankato Daily Free Press. 

Minneapolis Minneapolis Joiu-nal. 

Daily Market Record. 
Svenska Amerikanska Posten. 
Minneapolis Times. 
Minneapolis Tribune. 

Moorhead Moorhead Daily News. 

Northfield Northfield News. 

Red Wing Red Wing Daily Republican. 

St. Cloud Daily Journal-Press. 

St. Paul Appeal. 

St. Paul Dispatch. 

St. Paul Globe. 

St. Paul Daily Pioneer Press. 

Stillwater Stillwater Daily Gazette. 

Winona Winona Republican and Herald, 


Aberdeen Aberdeen Examiner. 

Biloxi Biloxi Daily Herald. 

Jackson Weekly Clarion-Ledger, 

Daily Clarion-Ledger. 

Meridian Evening Star. 

Natchez Evening Bulletin. 

Daily Democrat. 

Vicksburg Vicksburg Herald. 


Kansas City Daily Drovers' Telegram. 

Kansas City Journal. 
Kansas City Star. 
Kansas City Times. 

Richmond Missourian. 

St. Joseph St. Joseph Gazette-Herald. 

St. Joseph Daily News. 

St. Louis .\bend-.\nzeiger. 

Mississippi Blatter. 
St. Louis Chronicle. 
Labor Compendium. 

164 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Newspapers currently on file in the Library of Congress — Cont'd 

UNITED STATES— continued. 

Missouri- -Continued. 

St. Louis St. Louis Globe-Democrat. 

Daily National Live Stock Re- 

St. Louis Post-Dispatch. 

St. Louis Republic. 

St. Louis Star. 

We.stliche Post. 

Sedalia Sedalia Daily Capital. 


Anaconda Anaconda Standard. 

Butte • Butte Inter-Mountain. 

Great Falls Great Falls Daily Tribune. 

Helena Helena Evening Herald. 

Helena Independent. 

Hastings Hastings Tribune 

Lincoln Commoner. 

Lincoln Free Press. 

New Republic-Patriot. 

Nebraska State Journal. 

Nebraska City Conservative. 

Omaha Omaha Daily Bee. 

Morning World-Herald. 

Lovelock Lovelock Tribune. 

Reno Evening Gazette. 

Daily Nevada State Journal. 
New Hampshire. 

Concord Concord Evening Monitor. 

Daily Patriot. 

Manchester Manchester Union. 

Portsmouth Daily Chronicle. 

Portsmouth Times. 
New Jersey: 

Atlantic City •. . . . Atlantic Review. 

Cape May Star of the Cape. 

Camden Camden Daily Courier. 

Jersey City Evening Journal. 

New Brunswick Daily Press. 

Newark Newark Daily Advertiser. 

Sunday Call. 

Newark Evening News. 
Paterson Morning Call. 

Paterson Daily Press. 
Perth Amboy Middlesex County Democrat. 

Newspapers on File. 165 

Newspapers currently on file in the Library of Congress — Cont'd. 

UNITED STATES — continued. 

New Jersey — Continued. 

Trenton Daily State Gazette. 

Daily True American. 
New Mexico: 

Albuquerque Albuquerque Daily Citizen. 

Albuquerque Journal-Democrat. 

Santa Fe Santa Fe New Mexican. 

New York: 

Albany Argus. 

Albany Evening Journal. 

Brooklyn Brooklyn Citizen. 

* Brooklyn Daily Eagle. 

Standard Union. 

Brooklyn Times. 
Buffalo Buffalo Courier. 

Catholic Union and Times. 


Buffalo Morning Express. 

Buffalo Evening News. 

Buffalo Re\-iew. 

Elmira Elmira Gazette and Free Press. 

Jamestown Evening Journal. 

Union Advocate. 

Middletown Middletown Daily Times. 

Mount Vernon Movmt Vernon Daily Argus. 

New York New York Age. 

Al-Musheer. (The Counsellor.) 

Amerikanische Schweizer Zeitung. 


Bollettino della Sera. 

Chinese Weekly Herald. 


City Record. 

New York Commercial. 

Commercial Advertiser. 

Courrier des Etats-Unis. 

Daily Dr\- Goods Record. 

Freeman's Journal. 

Gross New Yorker Zeitung. 


New York Herald. 

Irish World. 

Jewish Morning Journal. 

New York Jewish Abend-Post. 

Harlem Local Reporter. 

New Yorker Herald, Abend Zei- 

1 66 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Newspapers currently on file in the Library of Congress— ConV A. 
UNITED STATES— continued. 
New York — Continued. 

New York New York Journal and American. 

Evening Journal. 

Journal of Commerce and Com- 
mercial Bulletin. 

Daily Journal of Finance. 

Narodni List. 

New-Yorsk6 Listy. 

Mail and Express. 


Our Second Century. 

Daily People. 

Evening Post. 

New York Press. 

New Yorker Revue. 


Abendblatt der N. Y. Staats-Zei- 

New Yorker Staats-Zeitung. 

Wochenblatt der New Yorker 

Slovak V Amerike. 

Daily Stockholder. 


Evening Telegram. 

Morning Telegraph. 

New York Times. 

New York Tribune. 

United Irishman. 

New Yorker Volks Zeitung. 

Wall Street Journal. 

Wall Street Daily News. 


Northport Northport Journal. 

Oswego Daily Palladium. 

Daily Times. 
Rochester Democrat and Chronicle. 

Union and .\dvertiser. 

Saratoga Springs Daily Saratogian. 

Syracuse Evening Herald. 

Troy Troy Northern Budget. 

Troy Daily Times. 
Utica Herald-Dispatch. 

Utica Observer. 
Weedsport Cayuga Chief. 

Newspapers on File. 167 

Newspapers currently on file in the Lil^rary 0/ Congress— QxmV A. 

UNITED STATES — continued. 
North Carolina: 

Asheville Asheville Daily Gazette. 

Charlotte Charlotte Daily Observer. 

Greensboro Telegram. 

Raleigh News and Obser%-er. 

Wilmington Morning Star. 

North Dakota: 

Bismarck Bismarck Daily Tribune. 

De\-ils Lake Inter-Ocean. 

Fargo Fargo Forum. 

Grand Forks Daily Plaindealer. 

Wahpeton Richland County Gazette. 


Canton ^ Evening Repository. 

Cincinnati -\merican Israelite. 

Brauer Zeitung. 

Commercial Tribune. 

Cincinnati Enquirer. 

Cincinnati Post- 
Times -Star. 

Tagliches Cincinnatier Volksblatt. 
Cleveland Citizen. 


Weekly Leader. 

Plain Dealer. 

Columbus Evening Dispatch. 

Ohio State Journal. 

Columbus Evening Press. 

Da^•ton Da\-ton Daily Journal. 

Findlay Findlay Morning Republican. 

Hamilton Evening Democrat. 

Daily Republican-News. 

Ironton Ironton Daily Republican. 

Marion Marion Weekly Star. 

Mansfield Mansfield News. 

Springfield Daily Morning Sun. 

Toledo Toledo Blade. 

Toledo Times. 

Youngsto\vii Youngstown Telegram. 


Elreno El Reno Daily .\merican. 

Guthrie Oklahoma State Capital. 

Oklahoma City Daily Oklahoman. 


Albany Albany Daily Democrat. 

1 68 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Newspapers currently on file in the Library of Congress — Cont'd. 
UNITED STATES — continued. 

Oregon — Continued. 

Astoria Astoria Daily Budget. 

Baker City Baker City Herald. 

Eugene Oregon State Journal. 

Heppner '. . . . . Heppner Weekly Gazette. 

Pendleton East-Oregonian. 

Portland Morning Oregonian. 

Salem Daily Oregon Statesman. 

Salem Sentinel. 

Easton Easton Daily Argus. 

Erie Erie Morning Dispatch. 

Harrisburg Patriot. 

Harrisburg Star-Independent. 

Lancaster Daily New Era. 

Lebanon Lebanon Daily News. 

Lebanon Daily Times. 

Oil City Oil City Semi-Weekly Derrick. 

Philadelphia Evening Bulletin. 

Catholic Standard and Times. 

Philadelphia Inquirer. 

Philadelphia Evening Item. 
' North American. 


Public Ledger. 

Philadelphia Record. 

Evening Telegraph. 

Pittsburg Amalgamated Journal. 

Pittsburg Gazette. 

Pittsburg Dispatch. 

Pittsburg Leader. 

Pittsburg Post. 

Pittsburg Press. 

Pittsburg Times. 
Reading Reading Eagle. 

Reading Herald. 
Scranton Scranton Republican. 

Scranton Tribune. 

Scranton Truth. 
Wilkesbarre Wilke.s-Barre Record. 

Wilkes-Barre Times. 
York York Dispatch. 

Rhode Island: 

Newport Newport Mercury. 

Pawtucket Evening Times. 

Newspapers on File. 169 

Newspapers atrrenily on file in the Library of Congress — Cont'd. 

UNITED STATES — Continued. 

Rhode Island — Continued. 

Providence Providence Daily Journal. 

Pro\-idence News. 

W'esterK- Westerly Sun. 

South Carolina: 

Charleston Charleston Messenger. 

News and Courier. 

Coliunbia State. 

South Dakota: 

Aberdeen .\berdeen Daily News. 

Dakota Riu-alist. 
Sioux Falls Daily Argus Leader. 

Sioux Falls Daily Press. 

Pierre Pierre Weeklj- Free Press. 

Yankton Press and Dakotan. 


Chattanooga Chattanooga Press. 

Chattanooga Daily Times. 

Jackson Jackson Daily ^\'hig. 

Knox%-ille Journal and Tribune. 

Memphis Commercial .\ppeal. 

Nashville Nash\-ille American. 

Nash\-ille Banner. 

Nashville Daily News. 


Beaumont Beaumont Daily Events. 

El Paso El Paso Herald. 

Galveston Galveston Daily News. 

Galveston Tribune. 

Houston Houston Daily Post. 

Rockdale Rockdale Messenger. 

San Antonio Daily Express. 

Waco Waco Times-Herald. ' 


Ogden Standard. 

Salt Lake City Salt Lake Herald. 

Deseret Evening News. 

Deseret Semi-Weekly News. 

Salt Lake Tribune. 


Brattieboro Vermont Phoenix. 

Windham County Reformer. 

Burlington Burlington Daily Free Press. 

Montpelier Argus and PatrioL 

Rutiand Rutiand Daily Herald. 

170 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Newspapers currently on file in the Library 0/ Cong^ress—ConVd. 

UNITED STATES — Continued. 

Alexandria Alexandria Gazette. 

Fairfax Fairfax Enterprise. 

Fairfax Herald. 

Hamilton , , .... Loudoun Telephone. • 

Leesburg Record. 

Lynchburg News. 

Manchester Evening Leader. 

Newport News Daily Press. 

Evening Telegram. 
Norfolk Norfolk Landmark. 

Virginian Pilot. • 

Palmyra Midland Virginian. 

Richmond Richmond Dispatch. 

Richmond Planet. 


Roanoke Roanoke Times. 

Staunton Staunton Daily News. 


Chehalis Chehalis Bee-Nugget. 

Everett Everett Daily Herald. 

Seattle Seattle Post-Intelligencer. 

Seattle Republican. 

Seattle Daily Times. 
Spokane Spokane Daily Chronicle. 

Spokesman Review. 
Tacoma Tacoma Daily Ledger. 

Tacoma Daily News. 

Walla Walla Weekly Statesman. 

West Virginia: 

Bluefield Bluefield Daily Telegraph. 

Charlestown Virginia Free 

Parkersburg Daily State Journal. 

• Wheeling Wheeling Daily Intelligencer. 

Wheeling Register. 

Ashland Ashland Daily Press. 

Fond du Lac Daily Commonwealth. 

Janesville Janesville Daily Gazette. 

Janesville Recorder. 

Jefferson ; Jefferson Banner. 

La Crosse La Cro.sse Morning Chronicle. 

Madison Daily Cardinal. 

Madison Democrat. 

Wisconsin State journal. 
Milwaukee Columbia. 

Milwaukee Gerraania. 

Newspapers on File. 171 

Newspapers currently on file in the Library of Congress— Q.ou\:^ 

UNITED STATES — continued. 

WisQonsin — Continued. 

Milwaukee Milwaukee Herald. 

Milwaukee Joumal. 

Milwaukee Sentinel. 

Evening Wisconsin. 

Oshkosh Daily Northwestern. 

Superior Evening Telegram. 


Cheyenne Cheyenne Daily Leader. 

Wyoming Tribune. 
Thennopolis Big Horn River Pilot. 


Cardenas Heraldo de Cardenas. 

Habana Diario de la Marina. 


Honolulu Hawaiian Gazette. 

Semi- Weekly Star. 
Philippine Islands: 

Manila Manila American. 

Manila Freedom. 
El Progreso. 
Porto Rico: 

San Juan La Correspondenciade Puerto 

San Juan News. ' 

El Pais. 



Birmingham Birmingham Weekly Post, 

Leeds Mercurj-. 

Liverpool Liverpool Journal of Commerce. 

Liverpool Mercur\-. 
London Daily Chronicle. 


Daily Financial News. 

Lloyd's Weekly Newspaper. 

Daily News. 


Globe and Traveler. 

Pall Mall Gazette. 

Morning Post. 

172 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Newspapers currently on file in the Library of Congress— Q.oia!C 6.. 
GREAT BRITAIN AND coiX)NiES — Continued. 

England — Continued. 

London Referee. 

St. James Gazette. 

Shipping and Mercantile Gazette 

and Lloyd's List. 
Sporting Life. 
Daily Telegraph. 
Westminster Gazette. 

Manchester .... Manchester Guardian. 


Glasgow Glasgow Herald. 


Dublin Weekly Freeman. 

Weekly Irish Times. 

British Columbia — 

Vancouver Daily News Advertiser. 

Victoria Daily Colonist 

Manitoba — 

Winnipeg Manitoba Morning Free Press. 

New Brunswick — 

St. John St. John Daily Sun. 

Daily Telegraph. . 
Nova Scotia — 

Halifax Morning Chronicle. 

Ontario — 

Ottawa Ottawa Citizen. 

Toronto Globe, 

Daily Mail and Empire. 
Quebec — 

Montreal Gazette. 

La Patrie. 
La Presse. 

Quebec Quebec Chronicle. 


Melbourne Leader. 

Sydney Sydney Morning Herald. 

Bermuda, West Indies: 

Hamilton Royal Gazette. 

British Honduras: 

Belize Colonial Guardian. 

British Guiana: 

Georgetown Demerara Daily Chronicle. 

J\€wspapers on File. 173 

Newspapers currently on file in the Library of Congress — Cont'd. 


Cape Colons- 
Cape Town Cap>e Argus. 

Dm-ban Natal Mercvuy. 

Wynberg Wynberg Times. 

Fiji Islands: 

Suva Fiji Times. 


Bombay Bombay Gazette. 

Calcutta Englishman. 


Kingston Daily Gleaner. 

Newfoundland : 

St. Johns Evening Telegram. 

New Zealand: 

Auckland Auckland "Weekly News. 


Austria : 

Budapest Pester Lloyd. 

Trieste Nea Hemera. 

II Mercvu-io. 

Vienna Neue Freie Presse. 


grussels L'Independance Beige. 

Le Peuple. 

Copenhagen Aftenposten. 


Havre Joiu^al du Havre. 

Paris L'Eco de L'Oise. 

Le Figaro. 

L ' Intransigeant. 

Journal des D^bats. 

Journal Official. 

Daily Messenger. 

Messager de Paris. 

New York Herald. 

Le Pays. 

Le Petit Journal. 

Le Temps. 


Berlin Berliner Tageblatt. 

Koniglich Privilegirte Berlinische 
* Vorwarta 

174 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Newspapers currently on file in the Library of Congress — Cont'd. 

EUROPE — conti n ued . 
Gennanj* — Continued. 

Cologne Kolnische Zeitung. 

Frankfurt Frankfurter Zeitung. 

Hamburg Hamburger Nachrichten. 

Munich Allgemeine Zeitung. 

Strasburg Journal d'Alsace. 


Athens Akropolis. 


Amsterdam Amsterdamsche Courant. 

Hague De Nieuwe Courant. 


Genoa Courriere Mercantil. 

Milan II Secolo. 

Rome II Giorno. 


Norway : 

Christiania Dagbladet. 

Portugal : 

Lisbon O Jornal do Commercio. 


Moscow Courier. 

St. Petersburg Journal de St. Petersbourg. 

Russkija Vyedomosti. 
Novoe Vremya. 

Madrid Gaceta de Madrid. 

El Imparcial. 

Stockholm Aftonbladet. 


Bern Der Bund. 

Geneva Journal de Geneve. 

Lugano Gazzetta Ticinese. 

Zurich Neue Ziircher Zeitung. 

Turkey in Europe: 

Constantinople Levant Herald. 




Hongkong Hongkong Telegraph. 

Overland China Mail. 
Shanghai Celestial Empire. 

North China Herald. 
Tientsin China Times, 

Newspapers on File. 175 

Newspapers currently on file in the Library of Congress — Cont'd. 

ASIA — continued. 

Yokohama Japan Daily Herald. 

Japan Weekly Mail. 

Bangkok Siam Free Press. 

Turkey in Asia: 

Smj-ma Les Afl5ches Smyreenes. 



Algiers Les Nouvelles. 


Alexandria Eg>-ptian Gazette. 


Costarica La Vanguardia. 


Costa Rica: 

San Jos^ La Gaceta. 


Tegucigalpa Gaceta Judicial. 

El Pabellon de Honduras. 

Ciudad de Tepic La Democracia. 

Durango El Domingo. 

La Idea. 

Guadalajara El Chiquitin. 

Guaymas El Correo de Sonora. 

El Trafico. 
City of Mexico Anglo-.-Vmerican. 

El Lazo de Union. 

Mexican Herald. 

El Xacional. 

Two Republics. 

El Tiempo. 
Monterey :Monterey News. 

La Union. , 

Morelia El Centinela. 

Nuevo Laredo La Zona Libre. 

Orizaba El Cosmopolita. 

El Reproductor. 

El Siglo Que Acaba. 

Queretaro El Figaro. 

Tula El Tulteco. 

Zacatecas El Debate. 

176 Report of the Librarian of Congress, 

Newspapers airrently on file in the Library of Congress — Cont'd. 

Nicaragua : 

Bluefields El Atlantico. 

Granada El Periodic©. 


San Salvador El Diario de Salvador. 



Buenos Aires Buenos Aires Herald. 

Buenos Aires Weekly Herald. 
La Prensa. 
Brazil : 

Rio de Janeiro Rio News. 


Santiago El Chileno. 

Diario Oficial. 

Panama La Estrella de Panama. 

Star and Herald. 

Guayaquil Gaceta Municipal. 

Uruguay : 

Montevideo Montevideo Times. 


Caracas Gaceta Medica de Caracas. 

Gaceta Oficial. 
Venezuelan Herald. 
La Hidalguia. 
El Tiempo. 

R E I> O R T 



X^^^IRT II- 



9957— <^i 12 177 



1802-/80/. — ^John Beckley, Clerk of the House of Representatives and 

i8oj-iSij. — Patrick Magruder, Clerk of the House of Representatives 

and Librarian. 
i8i^-iS2g. — George Watterston. 
i82g-i86i. — ^John S. Meehan. 
J861-1S64. — John G. Stephenson. 
1 864- 1 Sg J [June JO \. — Ainsworth R. Spoflford. 
i8gj-Janiiary ij, i8gg. — John Russell Young. 
j8<)g y April 5). — Herbert Putnam. 


Herbert PrTX.\M. — Librarian of Congress. 
Ainsworth R.\nd Spofford. — Chief Assistant Librarian. 
Allen Richards Boyd. — Librarian's Secretan,-. 
Thomas Gold Alvord.— Chief Clerk. 


Reading Rooms. — David Hutcheson, superintendent; John Graham 
Morrison, Hugh Alexander Morrison, chief assistants. Reading 
Room for the Blind. — Etta Josselyn Giffin, assi^ptant in charge. 

Division of Bibliography. — Appleton Prentiss Clark Griffin, chief. 

Catalogue Division. — James Christian Meinich Hanson, chief. 

Division 0/ Documents. — Roland Post Falkner, chief. 

Division 0/ Manuscripts. — Charles Henry- Lincoln, assistant in charge. 

Dii'ision 0/ Maps and Charts. — Philip Lee Phillips, chief. 

Division of Music. — Walter Rose Whittlesey, chief. 

Order Division. — William Parker Cutter, chief. 

Division of Periodicals. — Allan Bedient Slauson, chief. 

Division of Prints. — Arthur Jeffrey Parsons, chief. 

Smithsonian Deposit. — Cjt^s Adler, custodian (Librarian of Smith- 
sonian Institution, office at Smithsonian Institution ; Francis 
Henn,- Parsons, assistant in charge. 

Law Library. — Thomas Harvey Clark, custodian. 


i8o Report of the Librarian of Congress, 


Thorvald Solberg, Register. 


Printing. — William Henry Fisher, foreman. 
Binding. — Henry Clay Espey, foreman. 


Bernard Richardson Green. — Superintendent 

Frank Webber Hutchings, chief clerk. 

Charles Benjamin Titlow, chief engineer. 

Damon Warren Harding, electrician. 

John Vanderbilt Wurdemann, captain of the watch. 

I ■ 

■ ■ r 


> ♦^ k I I I I LX I I 


X ^ #. *^-_ I I I I LX I I ^ 

■ - I i-HH ■ - • =^ ? "r"""-'"i TvirrTii inhpr 


• • « Ar^' ■ I • • • •«• • • 

■ 1 ■ 1.^:^- J • -*L^ ■•■• »-«--w 


The purpose of this section of the report is to set forth 
the more significant present facts in the constitution, equip- 
ment, organization, processes, facilities, and resources of the 
Library-. It does not attempt to de-scribe the building itself; 
that has been done in various handbooks compiled and 
issued by private concerns. It wnll, however, indicate the 
present location of the various divisions by floor plans accu- 
rate to date, and will exhibit by illustration typical portions 
of the work and certain of the mechanical apparatus auxil- 
iary- to it. 

The circulation of this report to other libraries and insti- 
tutions, including many abroad, has seemed to render desira- 
ble an inclusion in the statement of some details as to proc- 
esses which are common to most American libraries, and 
some explanations which are unnecessary- to those familiar 
wdth the usage of the Executive Departments at Washing- 
ton. Certain items of information are designed particularly 
f or the convenience of persons who wish to make practical 
use of the Library-. This section of the report may form 
the basis of a manual to be issued separately later. 

The purpose is a statement of present conditions, but it 
includes necessarily a reference to certain historical facts 
through which these conditions become intelligible. It should 
be considered in connection wnth the statistics presented in 
Part I of the report. 

Herbert Putnam, 

Librariayi of Congress. 

Washington, D. C, December 2, i^oi. 



Note. — Owing to the absence of Dr. Spofford on an ofiBcial trip abroad in behalf 
of the Libran,', the following sketch has been prepared by Mr. David Hutcheson, 
for twenty-two years his chief associate in the old Library, and now Superin- 
tendent of the Reading Room. 

The Library of Congress was established by the act of 
April 24, 1800, providing for the removal of the Government 
to Washington in 1800. The need, however, of a collection 
of books for the use of Congress in connection with the work 
of legislation was felt, and in some measure provided for in 
advance of the first meeting of the Continental Congress in 

A few days before the Continental Congress assembled in 
Philadelphia the directors of the Librarj- Company of Phila- 
delphia passed a resolution, dated August 31, 1774, "that 
the librarian furnish the gentlemen who are to meet in 
Congress with the use of such books as they may have occa- 
sion for, taking a receipt for them. ' ' This resolution was 
placed before Congress September 6, 1774, and it was ordered 
* ' that the thanks of the Congress be returned to the directors 
of the Library Company of Philadelphia for their obliging 
order." During the occupancy of the New York city hall 
by the Federal Congress from January- 11, 1785, to October 
21,1 788, members were granted the use of the books belong- 
ing to the New York Society Library-, then located in the 
City Hall and numbering about 3,000 volumes. 

The first step in Congress in the direction of procuring 
a library for the use of its members was taken in the House 
of Representatives August 6, 1789, when Mr. Gerrj- moved 
that a committee be appointed to report a catalogue of 
books necessar\' for the use of Congress, with an estimate 
of the expense, and the best mode of procuring them. The 
motion was ordered to lie on the table. April 30, 1790, a 
resolution was passed by the House of Representatives 

I S3 

184 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

appointing three members as a committee ' ' to report a cata- 
logue of books necessary' for the use of Congress, together 
with an estimate of the expense thereof." This committee 
made a report June 23, 1790, and the report was ordered to 
he on the table. No further action, however, was taken on 
this resolution. Shortly after the removal of Congress from 
New York to Philadelphia the Library Company of Phila- 
delphia renewed the tender of the use of their library by a 
resolution of the directors communicated to the Senate, Jan- 
uary 19, 1 79 1, placing the library at the ser^dce of both 
Houses of Congress. 

j&». Apr. 24. The Librarj- of Congress \N'as established b)' section 5 of 
an act to make further provision for the removal and accom- 
modation of the Government of the United States, approved 
April 24, 1800, By this act $5,000 were appropriated for 
the purchase of books, and for fitting up a suitable apart- 
ment in the Capitol to contain them, the purchase to be 
made by the Secretary of the Senate and the Clerk of the 
House of Representatives, under "such directions as shall 
be given, and such catalogue as .shall be furnished by a joint 
committee of both Houses of Congress, to be appointed for 
that purpose. ' ' 

i8o2,jan. 26. Xhe next act dealing with the Library was pa.ssed Janu- 
ary 26, 1802, and provided for the placing in one room of 
the Capitol the books which had been purchased by the first 
appropriation, together with the books or libraries which 
had been kept separately by each House. It authorized the 
making of suitable rules and regulations by the President of 
the Senate and the Speaker of the of Representatives; 
and the appointment by the President of a Librarian at a 
.salary not to exceed $2 per diem of necessary attendance. 
The unexpended balance of the sum of $5,000 appropriated 
by the act of April 24, 1800, and all sums later appropriated, 
to be expended under the direction of a joint committee, 
consisting of three members from each House. 
u/^e!'^ <"'"''- John Beckley, of Virginia, Clerk of the House of Repre- 

iHo2jan. 2^. sentatives, was appointed Librarian by President Jefferson, 
January 29, 1802. In April, 1802, less than three months 
after the appointment of Mr. Beckley, the first catalogue 
was issued. It filled 10 octavo pages and contained the 
titles of 964 volumes and 9 maps. The books were classi- 

Historical Sketch. •. 185 

fied by size, folios coming first, then quartos, octavos, and 
duodecimos, followed by the maps. 

It is interesting to note the character of the books whose '^'- ^f^^- 
titles are given in the first catalogue of the Library, issued 
in April, 1802. Senator Mitchill. in a report from the Sen- 
ate Library Committee, Januar>- 20, 1806, states that the aim '***• 
in purchasing books should be " to furnish the Librarj- with 
such materials as will enable statesmen to be correct in 
their investigations, and by a becoming display of erudition 
and research give a higher dignity and a brighter luster to 
truth. ' ' The wide range of subjects covered by the small 
collection of less than volumes shows that a well- 
directed effort was made to place in the Librarx* the best 
standard works on law, archaeolog>", history, geography, 
politics, political economy, theologj-, and translations of the 
Greek and Roman classics. Light reading is represented 
by a set of the British Essayists. Fiction is entirely absent, 
and the only poet admitted is Bums. Four other catalogues 
were issued between this date and 18 12, the last catalogue iSn. 
printed prior to the destruction of the Library in 1814. The 
catalogue published in 1812 filled loi octavo pages and con- 
tained the titles of 3,076 volumes and 53 maps, charts, and 
plans. As this catalogue was printed toward the end of the 
year it gives approximately the contents of the Library- when 
it was destroyed eighteen months later. An additional 
appropriation of $1,000 yearly for five j-ears was made Feb- 
ruar\- 2 1 , 1806, and a similar sum December *6, 181 1. These i^n, Dec. 6. 
three appropriations of $5,000 each, with annual appropria- 
tions for the salary- of the Librarian and for contingent expen- 
ses, amounting to a little over $9,000. comprise the whole 
sum appropriated for the support of the Library prior to its 
destruction b}- the British soldiers August 24, 1814, and of 
this sum from $2,000 to S3. 000 had not then been expended. 
John Beckley remained in charge of the Librar}- till his 
death, April 8, 1807, and on November 7 of the same j^ear 
Patrick Magruder, of Virginia, prexnously elected Clerk of 
the House of Representatives, was appointed Librarian by 
President Jefferson. 

Bv the act of January- 26, 1S02, the President of the Sen- zS02.jan.36. 
ate and the Speaker of the House were "empowered to 
establish such regulations and restrictions in relation to the 

1 86 Report qJ' the Librarian of Congress. 

said Library as to them shall seem proper, and from time to 
time to alter or amend the same; provided, that no regula- 
tions shall be made repugnant to any provision contained in 
this act. ' ' Some of the rules and regulations as printed in 

i8os. the catalogue of 1808, and in an amended and revised form 

in the catalogue of 1815, are curious and amusing, and seem 
to have been designed to safeguard and restrict the use of 
the books rather than to provide for their free use. A folio 
was to be returned within three weeks, a quarto within two, 
and an octavo or duodecimo within one. No member was 
to "receive more than one folio, one quarto, or two octavos 
or duodecimos within the terms aforesaid, unless where so 
connected as to be otherwise useless, ' ' The penalties for 
the detention of a book beyond the time allowed were severe: 
for a folio, $3 per day; for a quarto, $2, and for an octavo, Si. 

1S12. This was modified in the revision of 18 12 to $1 for a folio, 

50 cents for a quarto, and 25 cents for an octavo. The fines 

7«/<5. were still further reduced in 1816. The President of the 

Senate and the Speaker of the House, however, might for 
good cause remit the penalty in whole or part. No book 
was to be issued within ten days of the termination of a ses- 
.sion of Congress, and all books were to be returned five days 
before adjournment. 

1814, Aug. 34- The British soldiers, under the command of General Ross, 
burned the Capitol August 24, 1814, and the Library, then 
consisting of a little over 3,000 volumes, was destroyed. 
Less than a month after this, on Septeml:)er 21. 1814, 
ex-President Jefferson, who had always taken an interest in 
the Library, wrote from Monticello to his friend, Samuel 
Harrison Smith, founder of the National Intelligencer, ask- 
ing him to tender his library to the Library Committee of 
Congress. This was done, and Congress, October 21, 18 14 
authorized the Library Committee to contract for the pur- cliase of the library, and on January 30, 18 15, after .some 
discussion, an act was pas.sed authorizing the committee to 
draw from the Treasury the sum of $23,950, to be applied 
to the purchase. Jefferson, in his letter to Mr. Smith, states 
that the collection "while it includes what is chiefly valua- 
ble in science and literature generally, extends more particu- 
larly to whatever lx;longs to the American .statesman; in the 
diplomatic and parliamentary branches it is particularly 


Historical Sketch. 187 

full." The collection contained not quite 7,000 volumes, 
and has been described by Mr. Spofford as ' " an admirable 
selection of the best ancient and modem literature up to the 
beginning of the present century. " The catalogue of the 
collection, prepared by Jefferson himself, was published in 
18 15, and bears the title "Catalogue of the Library of the 
United States. ' ' The system of classification used was pre- 
pared by Jefferson, and based upon Lord Bacon's division of 
knowledge, and this sj'stem was maintained in the arrange- 
ment of the books on the shelves and in the catalogues of 
the Library till 1864. 

Early in May the Jeff<irson Library was packed in wagons tSis, May. 
and sent to Washington. It was first placed in a room in 
the hotel building temporarily occupied by Congress, and 
remained there for three years while the north wing of the 
Capitol was being rebuilt. It was then, in 18 19, removed to isig. 
rooms in the north wing of the Capitol, and ultimately placed 
in the long hall occupying the western front of the newly 
erected center of the Capitol, and here it remained — except 
for a short period after the fire of 1851, when it was tempo- 
rarily housed in adjoining committee rooms — until the 
removal to the new building. 

For a period of thirty-six years, from the foundation of iSistoiSsi. 
the existing collection by the acquisition of Jefferson's librar>^ 
in 1 8 15, till 1S51, the Library increased gradually, mainly bj- 
purchase, until it numbered 55,000 volumes, being an average 
annual increase of over i , 300 volumes. 

Congress, by an act to increase and improve the law de- Law Library. 
partment of the Library of Congress, approved July 14, 1832, iS32,juiy 14. 
directed the Librarian ' ' to prepare an apartment near to 
and connected by an easy coiumunication with that in which 
the Library of Congress is now kept for the purpose of a law 
library; to remove the law books now in the Librar\- into 
such apartment, and to take charge of the law library- in the 
same manner as he had been required to do of the Librar>' 
of Congress. ' ' 

At that time the collection of law books, numbering 2,01 1, 
of which 693 had belonged to Jefferson,- was placed in a 
room adjoining the main librar>'. In 1848 it was removed ^^^'^• 
to the room in the basement of the west side of the north 
wing, and in December, i860, finally placed in the room in iSdo. 
the basement floor, formerly occupied by the Supreme Court, 


1 88 Repot t of the Librarian of Congress. 

where it has ever since remained. From this small Ijegin- 
ning it has grown to be one of the largest collections of 
law books in the country, now numbering nearly ioo,cxx> 

ti73- volumes. From 1835 to the .spring of 1873 it was under 

the charge of Mr. Charles H. W. Meehan, son of the librarian. 
He was succeeded by Mr^ Charles W. Hoffman, who held the 

'*/• ofRce till his retirement about 1890. The present cu.stodian, 

Mr. Thomas H. Clark, was appointed in Septemljer, 1897. 

Fires. A fire broke out in one of the galleries of the Librar>' on 

1S25.Dec.33. the evening of December 22, 1825. It is interesting to note 
that Edward Everett, on his way home from an evening 
party, was the first to notice the fire, and he and Daniel 
Webster, with other members of Congress, helped to extin- 
guish it. Only a few books were de.stroyed. 

1S5t.Dec.24, On the 24th of December, 1851, another and more disas- 
trous fire occurred, caused b}- a defective flue, and out of 
55.000 volumes only 20,000 were .saved. The portion saved 
included the divisions of jurisprudence, political science, and 
American history and biograph}'. Two-thirds of the Jeffer- 
son collection were destroyed in this fire. The law library 
was not involved. Congress, which was then in session, on 
January 13, 1852, appropriated $10,000 for the purchase of 
lx)oks; on Januar}- 23, $1,200 to fit up the document room 
and a portion of the adjoining pa.ssage temporarilj'^ to hold 
the books; on March 19, $72,500 for the restoration of the 
library room, and on August 31, $85,000 for the purchase 
of books. 

Catalogues. The first general catalogue printed after the fire was i.ssued 
in 1861 , and was arranged like the former catalogues of 18 15, 
1831, 1839, and 1849, upon the .s^-stem of classification 
adopted by Jeffer.son. It was a bulky volume of i ,398 pages, 
distributing the titles of the books through a series of 1 79 
alphabets. This system of classification, though main- 
tained with modifications in the arrangement of the lx>oks 
on the shelves, was abandoned in the next general catalogue 

1864. published at the end of 1864, which was arranged as an 

alphabetical author catalogue. This was the last com])lete 
general catalogue published. \'arious supplemental volumes 
were issued, and in 1878-1880, portions of a new general 
author catalogue were published; but the two volumes ])ub- 
lished only contained the titles from A to Cragin. In 1869 

Historical Sketch. 189 

the last complete subject catalogue published by the Library 
was issued. It consisted of two large octavo volumes of 
1,744 pages, aud was arranged in one alphabet of topics, 
with subordinate topics grouped under the general class to 
which they belong, and with cross references from particular 
to general topics. 

From 1865 the official author catalogue of the Library was '^• 
kept on large cards 7 by 4>4 inches in size. No subject 
cards were made, the books being catalogued under the 
name of the author, with full title, edition, pagination, size, 
place of publication, publisher, date, and other biblio- 
graphical details. No accession book was kept and no shelf 
list. Some of the items usually entered in an accession 
book were recorded on the margin of the cards, which also 
held the shelf number of the book. This card catalogue is 
still the source of information concerning the contents of 
the larger part of the Librar}-, and is the key to the location 
of the books on the shelves. As the work of recataloguing 
and reclassification progresses, it is gradually being replaced 
by cards of the standard size, placed in drawers, in the 
Reading Room, open to the public. 

While Congress by act and resolution took steps in 1840, ^jrcA^^i"""*' 
and again in 1848, to estabhsh a system of international 
exchanges of public documents, the present sj^stem was 
founded by joint resolution of Congress of March 2, 1867, iS67,Mar.2. 
by which 50 copies of all Government documents were placed 
at the disposal of the Joint Committee on the Library*, to be 
exchanged through the agency of the Smithsonian Insti- 
tution ' ' for such works published in foreign countries, and 
especialh' by foreign Governments, as may be deemed by 
said committee as equivalent; said works to be deposited, 
in the Library* of Congress. ' ' This system has resulted in 
procuring for the Library a large collection of the documents 
and parliamentan- proceedings of over forty Governments of 
the world. (See pp. 328 to 331 of this Report.) 

From 181 s, when i librarian cared for the Library-, the Appropria- 

"^ -^ tions, iSts to i8js. 

number of assistants employed gradually increased till they 
numbered 42 during the last year the Library remained in 
the Capitol. In December, 1864, when Mr. Spofford was 
appointed Librarian, there were 3 a,ssistants, i messenger, 
and 3 laborers, a total force of 8, with a salarj' roll of $10,500, 
and a total appropriation of $9,000, for the purchase of 

igo Report of the Librarian of Coua^ress, 

books, law books, and tor contingent expenses. The annual 
appropriations for the increase of the Library gradually 
grew from $i,oooin 1818 to $13,500 in 1875, the largest 
appropriation made up to the removal to the new building. 
is^Dec'^i?'^^ Mr. Edward Everett, from the Committee on the Library, 
submitted to the House, December 27, 1827, a list of manu- 
scripts and printed books relating to America in the ]X5sses- 
sion of Obadiah Rich, consul of the United States at Valen- 
cia. It was ordered to be laid on the table, and 1,000 extra 
copies printed. There does not appear to ha\e been any 
report or statement from the committee as to the reason for 
submitting the list. But the fact of its submission indicates 
that the scope of the Library was assumed to l^e a wide one. 
The list contains the titles of nearly 100 manuscripts and 
400 rare and valuable books, many of them published in the 
sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. 

special pur- From time to time various special appropriations were 

jS54,May3i. made for the increase of the Library: May 31, 1854, 
$1,700 for the purchase of Spanish and Mexican law books 

1864, July 2. for the Law Library; July 2, 1864, $1,000 to purchase a col- 
lection of early American maps and plans, chiefly manu- 
script originals illustrative of the French war and the war 

i866,juiy25. of the Revolution; July 25, 1866, $5,000 to purchase the law 
library of the late James Louis Petigru. Between 1866 and 
1870 several small sums were appropriated for the purchase 

1872, June 10. of files of leading American newspapers. By act of June 
10, 1872, $5,000 were granted to purchase county 
histories, and this was supplemented June 20, 1874, by an 
additional appropriation of $2,000 for the .same 
These two sums enabled the Librarian to procure an almost 
complete collection of the very valuable — and in some cases 
very rare — county histories of England. B^- act of August 

1882, Aug. 7. 7, 1882, $35,000 were allowed to purchase the manuscript 
papers of Benjamin Franklin and the books known as the 
Franklin Collection, belonging to Henry Stevens. The 
books, pamphlets, newspapers, and typewritten copy of the 
manuscripts came to the Library, while the manuscripts 
went to the Department of State. An act of March 3, 

18S3, Afar.j. 1883, granted $8,000, to purchase a set of records and briefs 
in cases in the Supreme Court of the United vStates, belong- 
ing to the estate of the late Matthew H. Carpenter; and 


Historical Sketch. 19 1 

$20,000 to purchase from the Marquis De Rochambeau the 
military papers, maps, and letter books of the Count De 
Rochambeau, general in the French armj' in America dur- 
ing the Revolution. 

The largest accession was, however, the historical library 
collected by Mr. Peter Force, of this city, purchased by act Force coiiec- 
of Congress, approved March 2, 1867, for $100,000. The 1867, Mar. 2. 
collection contained about 60,000 articles, consisting of 
books and pamphlets relating to America, early American 
newspapers, maps, incunabula, manuscripts, and autographs, 
and the manuscript material gathered for the American 
Archives or documentary histors' of America. 

In 1876 (March 13) a joint resolution of Congress "rec- Fourth of juiy 


ommended to the people of the several States that they 1S76. Mar. 13. 
assemble in their several counties or towns on the approaching 
centennial anniversary of our national independence, and 
that they cause to have delivered on such day an historical 
sketch of said county or town from its formation ' ' and that 
a copy be filed in the Library of Congress. 

In response to this request about 400 Fourth of July ora- 
tions containing historical sketches were added. 

The beginning of the large collection of modern news- Newspapers. 
papers in the Librarj' was made in July, 1874, when over iS74,jt,iy. 
100 daily newspapers were subscribed for, including two of 
the principal newspapers of each State in the Union repre- 
senting different political parties. 

The first increase to the Library by deposits under copy- Copyright de- 
right law came by an act, approved August 10, 1846, /M, Aug. w. 
directing that one copy of each copyrighted book, map, 
chart, musical composition, print, cut, or engraving, should 
be delivered to the Librarian of Congress. Later, by an 
act approved March 3, 1865, this deposit of one copy of the j86s. Mar. 3. 
articles enumerated above, with the addition of photographs, 
was again enacted and continued in force till the passage of 
the copyright law of July 8, 1870, placing the copyright i87o,juiys. 
business under the charge of the Librarian of Congress, and 
calling for a deposit in the Librar>- of two copies of each 
article. This act provided for the removal of copj-right 
deposits from the Patent Ofiice, and from the United States 
district courts, and 23,070 volumes were received from these 
sources. The international copyright act of March 3, 1891, Mar. s. 

192 Report of the LibraHan of Congress. 

1 89 1, still further increased the number of deposits, which 
grew from 19,826, in 1871, to 162,949, in 1900. 
ommodation"'^ ^^ provide for the rapidly growing Library, Congress, 

/86s, March i. Marcli 2, 1865, appropriated $160,000 for an enlargement 
of the L,ibrar>% so as to include in two fireproof wings the 
space at either end of the central library hall. During the 
next two 3'ears various supplemental appropriations were 
made for this purpose, making the total expenditure 
$203,163.38. It was estimated that with the additional 
space gained, there would be accommodation for the safe 

j866. keeping of over 200,000 volumes. At the end of 1866 the 

number of volumes in the Library was 99,650, not including 
the 40,000 volumes of books belonging to the Smithsonian 
Institution then in course of removal to the Library. 

Smithsonian April 5, 1 866, an act was approved for the transfer of the 

1866, Apr.s library of the Smithsonian Institution to the Library of Con- 
gress, to be removed on the completion of the new fireproof 
extension of the Library. (See Smithsonian Division, pp. 
270-273,) The collection was estimated at that time to con- 
tain about 40,000 volumes. This valuable accession to the 
library comprised a large collection of journals and trans- 
actions of learned societies, foreign and domestic, many 
important works on the fine arts, linguistics, bibliography, 
statistics, and natural history. Though not stipulated in the 
act, later accessions were deposited, until the overcrowded 
condition of the Library rendered it impossible to care prop- 
erly for the increase . Now that ample space has been provided 
in the new building, the whole collection will be arranged 
in the large hall specially fitted up for it, and with suitable 
accommodation for the student. 

Gi/is. The library of Joseph Meredith Toner, M. D., of this city. 

L^TioN.'^ ^^^ was presented to the Government and accepted by act of 

1882, May 19. Qongi-ggg ^jgy jg^ 1882. It consists of ovcr 27,000 volumes 
of books and 1 2,000 pamphlets aiid periodicals. It embraces 
valuable material on the local history of States, counties, and 
towns, Washingtoniana, biography, and medical science. It 
contains also an extensive collection of portraits of American 
physicians, many of early date; a large case of mounted 
cuttings from books and newspapers, illustrative of Amer- 
ican biography, arranged in alphabetical order, and of great 
value in furnishing information concerning the lives of per- 

Historical Sketch. 193 

sons not included in general biographical encyclopaedias; and 
an almost complete collection of copies of the letters and 
papers of George Washington, copied from ever>' available 
source, published and unpublished. Additions were con- 
stantly made by Dr. Toner till his death, August 30, 1896. 

Another most valuable addition to the Library- was the ^f^^l^^^^^ 
donation, accepted by Congress July 7, 1898, by Mrs. Ger- '^.J^y7- 
trude M. Hubbard, of the large collection of engra\'ings 
formed by her husband, the late Gardiner Greene Hubbard, 
of this city. The result of many years of careful collecting, 
it is rich in examples of the work of engravers of all schools, 
many of great rarity, and embraces an extensive series of 
portraits of Napoleon and Frederick the Great. In present- 
ing the collection. Mrs. Hubbard stated that it was her inten- 
tion to add to the collection from time to time, and in her 
will to make provision for increasing it by creating a fund 
of $20,000, the interest of which was to be used in the pur- 
chase of additional engravings. 

While in constant receipt of valuable gifts, the Librar>' 
has not been the recipient of any extensive donations, 
except in the two cases noted above, the Toner library- and 
the Gardiner Greene Hubbard collection of engravings. 
Owing to the crowded condition of the Librar>' during the 
last twenty-five years of its stay in the Capitol, rendering it 
impossible to care properly for the unavoidable increase, 
there was little inducement to anyone to place there any 
collection of value. 

Originally established for the use of the Members of both us^. 
Houses, the pri\nleges of the Library-, permitting books to 
be taken out from the Librar\-, were extended, from time to 
time, to the Justices of the Supreme Court and to other 
Government ofiicials. (See Constitution, pp. 198-208.) 

The Library for many years was open daily onh- during 
the sessions of Congress, and on three days in the week 
during the recess. From 1865 it has been open ever>- week 
day, except legal holidays, all the year round. 

Under interpretation of one of the rules and regulations, 
as revised in 18 12, books were loaned for home use to persons 
other than those entitled by law to take books out, on a 
deposit of money covering the value of the books taken, the 
deposit to be refunded on the return of the books and the 

9957—01 13 

194 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

closing of the account. During the years 1870 to 1894, 
considerable use was made of this privilege, which, how- 
ever, was suspended shortly before the removal of the 
Library to the new building. 
N^ building. As early as 1871 Mr. SpofTord, in his annual report for 
that year, called attention to the crowded condition of the 
Library, and reconmiended that Congress take action look- 
ing to the erection of a Library building to accommodate 
• the rapidly growing collection. The first step in this direc- 
tion was taken when Congress, by the act of March 3, 1873, 
created a commission to select a plan for a building for the 
Librar>-, and appropriated $5,000 to procure plans. Twenty- 
eight designs were submitted in November of that year. 
The Joint Committee on the Library unanimously recom- 
mended a separate building rather than an extension of the 
Capitol, but their recommendation was not acted on, and an 
additional appropriation of $2,000 to procure other plans 
was made June 23, 1874, resulting in the preparation of 
several plans for the enlargement of the Capitol. A com- 
mission to consider and report a plan was authorized by act 
of April 3, 1878, and the Secretary of the Interior, by act 
of June 20, 1878, was instructed to ascertain the probable 
cost of land adjoining the Capitol grounds on the north, 
east, and south sides to the extent required for a proper 
site for the Congressional Library. June 8, 1880, a joint 
select committee to procure additional accommodation for 
the Library was created. Finally, after nearly fifteen years 
of discussion and postponement, art act was pasvsed April 15, 
1886, authorizing the con.struction of a building substantially 
according to the plan submitted to the joint ."select committee 
by John L. Smithmeyer in the Italian renaissance style of 
architecture, with such modifications as might be found 
necessary or advantageous. The construction of the build- 
ing was placed in charge of a commission composed of the 
Secretary of the Interior, the architect of the Capitol exten- 
sion, and the Librarian of Congress. Five hundred thou- 
sand dollars were appropriated to commence the construction 
of the building and $550,000 to purchase the site. Under 
this commi.ssion, with Mr. J. L. Smithmeyer as architect, 
the site was cleared of houses, and excavations for the 
foundations made during 1887-88. By act of October 2, 

Historical Sketch. 195 

1888, this commission was abolished, and tne construction 
placed under the direction of Gen. Thomas L. Casey, the 
Chief of Engineers of the Army. The original designs for 
the building were furnished by John L. Smithmeyer and 
Paul J. Pelz, and the architectural details were worked out 
by Paul J. Pelz and Edward P. Casey. Upon the death of 
General Casey, March 25, 1896. the charge of the construe- 1IS96, Mar. 25. 
tion devolved upon Bernard R. Green, and under his super- 
intendence the building was completed February 28, 1897, 
at a cost of $6,347,000, exclusive of the land, which cost 

The rapid growth of the Library dates from the appoint- ^^f"' 
ment of Mr. SpofFord as Librarian, at the end of 1864. The 
sources of increase were then, as now, regular annual appro- 
priations by Congress, special appropriations, deposits under 
the copyright law, gifts, international exchanges, and, be- 
ginning in 1866, the additions to the Smithsonian collection 1866. 
of publications of learned societies. The annual appropria- 
tions for books were small, but were expended bj' the Libra- 
rian with sedulous care in supplying deficiencies, particu- 
larly in the departments of American history- and biography, 
in jurisprudence and in political science, through constant 
use of e\'ery opjxartunity offered bj* public sales and by pur- 
chase from catalogues. The development of the Library' 
from a collection of 72,000 volumes in 1863 to 1,000,000 
volumes in 1900, and the growth of its large collection of ^poo- 
newspapers, periodicals, music, maps, manuscripts, and 
prints, is shown in detail in the annual reports of the 
Librarian from 1866 to 1900. 

The new building was readv for occupancv on the ist RemovaUo»ei 

" ' ^ - building. 

day of March. 1897, but the extra session of the Fifty-fifth '^97. 
Congress, assembling March 15 and remaining in session 
till July 24, delayed the removal of the books for a few 
months. Before the completion of the building, however, 
large quantities of uncatalogued books and pamphlets, news- 
papers, and copyright deposits had been removed to rooms 
temporarily fitted up to store them. At the beginning of 
August active preparations were begun to arrange and move 
the books, and bj- the end of September they had been 
moved and placed in order on the sheh'es in the new build- 
ing. The books were arranged before being moved, and 

196 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

were placed in boxes, each box containing a shelf-full of books, 
and with a numbered card designating the shelf on which 
the books were to be placed. The boxes when filled were 
carried to the east front of the Capitol, and from there con- 
veyed in wagons to the new building. The only portion 
not removed was the Law Library, which still remains in 
the Capitol. The Librar>' was closed to the public during 
August, September, and October, but the copyright busi- 
ness, requests from Members of Congress and Government 
officials, and requests by letter, were attended to during 
that time. 
^eorganiza- 'pj^g ^^.^ of February 19, 1897, reorganizing and increasing 

1897, Feb. 19. the Library servnce, created the office of Register of Copy- 
rights, divided the service of the Library into several depart- 
ments, and provided for a force of 104 in the work of the 
Library' proper, exclusive of those under the charge of the 

'900. Superintendent of the Building. Two years later the num- 

ber was increased by the addition of 20 for the night service 
in the Reading Room. The rapid development of the work 
of the various divisions, the need for new divisions not pro- 
vided for in the original reorganization, and the necessity for 
a reclassification and recataloguing of the Librar}', called for 
a larger appropriation, which was granted in 1900, increasing 
the force, mainly in the Catalogue Division, to 230, and in 
1901 to 256, the present number. 
butiding^ '" "^ '^h^ Library in its news quarters was opened to the public 

1897, Nov. t. November i, 1897, ^t first only from 9 a. m. to 4 p. ni. 
On October i, 1898, the Reading Room hours were extended 
to 10 p. m., and the hours of the Periodical Reading Room, 
first opened to the public January 22, 1900, were extended to 
10 p. m. June 4 of the same year. The Division of Music, 
opened early in 1898, also began evening service October 23, 
1900. The Law Library at the Capitol is open from 9 a. m. 
to 10 p. m. The remaining divi.sions close at 4 p. m. 

Reading room A room In the northwest basement of the building was 

jLj Nov 4 prepared for the blind, and opened November 4, 1897, fur- 
nished with a selection of books printed in rai.sed letters, and 
with writing slates, typewriting machines, and other devices 
for the use of the blind. Readings or mu.sical recitals are 
given daily from October to June. 

In 1900 a branch of the Government Printing Office and 

Historical Sketch. 


binden- was installed in the Libran. This branch now does 
most of the printing and binding required by the Library. 

The salarj' of the Librarian was fi^ed at $1,000 per annum 
April 16, 1816, and at $1,500 April 18, 1818. In 1870 the 
Librarian's compensation was fixed at $4,000, at which sum 
it remained till the reorganization of the force by the act of 
Februarj' 19, 1897, when it was fixed at $5,000, and in 1900 
at $6,000. 

From 1802 to 18 14 the Library had been in charge of the 
Clerks of the House of Representatives, also appointed 
Librarians by the President. Shortly after Congress had 
voted the purchase of the Jefferson collection, and before it 
had reached Washington. President Madison. March 21. 1815, 
appointed George Watterston, Librarian. He remained in 
charge till 1829, when he was succeeded by John Silva 
Meehan, appointed by President Jackson May 29, 1829. 
The latter was succeeded June i, 1861, by Dr. John G. 
Stephenson, of Indiana, appointed by President Lincoln. 
In 1864 Dr. Stephenson resigned, and on December 31. 
1864, Ainsworth Rand Spofford, who had come to the 
Library as an assistant in 1861, was appointed to the post, 
which he held during the long period of thirty-two years, 
resigning in June. 1897, to accept the position of Chief 
Assistant Librarian. John Russell Young was appointed 
by President McKinley June 30, 1897. After a short term 
of ser\-ice he died on January 17, 1899; and on March 13, 
during the recess of Congress, the President appointed the 
present Librarian, Herbert Putnam, who entered upon the 
duties of the oflfice April 5. His appointment was con- 
firmed by the Senate December 12, 1899. 






The present constitution of the Library is not contained 
in a single organic act. Various statutes concerning it were 
consolidated in the Re\ased Statutes of 1873, Chapter VI, 
sections 80-100. Between that date and the removal of the 
Library to the new building the only statutes enacted spe- 
cificall)' affecting its constitution or general administration, 
excluding mere appropriation bills and acts or resolutions 
extending the privilege of drawing books to further desig- 
nated classes of persons, were: 

[1888] Fiftieth Congress, first session, chapter 615: 
' ' That hereafter the Law Library shall be kept open 
every day so long as either House of Congress is in 
session. ' ' 

[1892] Fifty-second Congress, first session: Resolu- 
tion 8, including the Library of Congress among the 
Governmental collections whose ' ' facilities for research 
and illustration" should be made "accessible, inider 
such rules and restrictions as the officers in charge of 
each collection may prescribe, subject to such authority 
as is now or may hereafter be permitted by law, to the 
scientific investigators and to students of any institution 
of higher education now incorporated or hereafter to be 
incorporated under the laws of Congress or the District 
of Columbia, ' ' 
The main provisions of the Revised Statutes of 1873, 
Chapter VI, sections 80-100 (for the most part repetitions 
of prior acts), were as follows: 

The Library to remain in the Capitol, and to consist of 
two departments — general and law. Appropriations for 
increase of the former to be laid out under direction of " a 
joint committee of Congress upon the Library," to consist 
of three Senators and three Representatives, and those for 
the increase of the Law Library under the direction of the 
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. The Joint Committee 
on the Library authorized "to establish regulations, not 


Constitution. 199 

inconsistent with law. in relation to the Library of Congress 
or either department thereof, and from time to time to alter, 
amend, or repeal the same; " regulations as to the Law 
Library- to be subject to those imposed by the Justices of 
the Supreme Court as to its use during sittings of the court. 
The joint committee authorized further to " ' exchange or 
otherwise dispose of duplicate, injured, or wasted books 
* * * or documents, or any other matter in the Library 
not deemed proper to it, as they deem Tjest. and to appoint 
agents to carry into effect donations and exchanges of docu- 
ments and other publications ' ' at their disposal for the 

The President ' ' solely " to " appoint from time to time a 
Librarian to take charge of the Library- of Congress. ' ' 

Librarian to give bond. His staff defined. 

No map to be taken out of the Library by any person. 

No book to be taken out except hx the President, the Vice- „/attmL'""' ' 
President, Senators, Representatives, and Delegates in Con- 
gress, and certain other persons enumerated in the act ' ' or 
othenN-ise authorized by law." 

The persons enumerated in the act [sec. 94] were the 

Heads of departments, the Chief Justice and associate jus- 
tices, the reporter and clerk of the Supreme Court; members 
of the diplomatic corps; the judges and clerk of the Court 
of Claims: the Solicitor-General and assistant attorneys-gen- 
eral; the Secretary of the Senate and Clerk of the House; 
the Chaplain of each House: the Solicitor of the Treasur\-; 
the financial agent of the Joint Committee on the Librar\- 
the Smithsonian Institution through its Secretary-; and any 
person, when in the District, who has been President. 

To the above there were subsequently added: ( 1875) The 
Regents of the Smithsonian resident in Washington; ( 1890) 
the members and secretary of the Interstate Commerce Com- 
mission, and the Chief of Engineers, United States Army; 
(1S94) the justices of the Supreme Court and of the Court 
of Appeals of the District of Columbia. 

XoTE. — The general statutory limitation as to the 
issue of books for use outside the Library premises is a 
verbatim repetition of previous statutes dating back to 
the first organization of the Library a hundred years 

200 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

ago. The ' ' regulations ' ' approved by the President 
of the Senate and the Speaker of the House in i8i2 
provided that no book should be issued to any person 
except a Senator or Representative without a deposit 
as security. At this time the only persons whom the 
statute included, besides Senators and Representatives, 
were the financial agent of the Library Committee and 
the justices of the Supreme Court. The regulation was 
interpreted to imply a permission to issue books to 
other persons upon a deposit as security. They were 
frequently so issued (see Historical sketch, above), and 
apparently in many cases without specific security, where 
the applicant was obviously responsible and the public 
interest or the interest of scholarship .seemed to require 
it. The employees of the Library have always had the 
privilege as necessarily incident to their ofi&ce and con- 
ducive to their efficiency. 
A concurrent resolution of the Senate May 5, 1896, called 
upon the Joint Committee on the Library' to inquire into 
"the condition of the Library of Congress, and to report 
upon the same at the next session of Congress, with such 
recommendations as may be deemed advisable; also to report 
a plan for the organization, cu.stody, and management of 
the new Library building and the Librar>' of Congress. ' ' 

The committee held .sittings and took testimon}- (includ- 
ing that of various librarians), which occupies 279 printed 
octavo pages. Before, however, any full report or plan had 
been framed by the committee the appropriation bill for the 
ensuing fiscal year had been framed and passed. This act 
(Fifty-fourth Congress, second session, chap. 265) carried 
with it the provision for the organization of the Library in 
the new building. The committee submitted in print the 
evidence which it had taken, with the following preliminary 

' ' By the terms of the piovision inserted in the House 
bill (No. 9643) making appropriations for legislative, 
executive, and judicial expenses of the Government for 
the fiscal year ending June 30, 1898, the management 
of the new Library building is placed in the hands of a 
superintendent, who is to l^e appointed by the Presi- 
dent and confirmed by the Senate. This officer will 
have complete control and entire charge of the new 

Constitution. 20i 

Library building, and will employ such force as is 
necessary to care for and conduct the affairs of the said 
building. It is further provided in the said House bill 
(No. 9643) that the Librarian of Congress shall have 
complete and entire control of the Library proper, includ- 
ing the copyright business; that he shall prescribe rules 
and regulations under which his assistants are to be 
employed and have the custody and management of the 
Library. Heretofore the Joint Committee on the Li- 
brary has had authority to approve such rules and regu- 
lations as have been made by the Librarian of Congress, 
but the provision of law under which the Joint Com- 
mittee has hitherto passed upon said rules and regula- 
tions would appear to be repealed by the more recent 
act which places this power in the hands of the 
Librarian of Congress. 

' ' Under these circumstances your Joint Committee on 
the Library did not deem it necessary to report a plan 
for the 'organization, custody, and management' of 
the Library of Congress, in accordance with the provi- 
sions of the concurrent resolution under which this 
hearing was held." 

The significant provisions of the appropriation act referred Appropriatio* 
to were as follows: 

' ' For Librarian of Congress, to be appointed by the 
President, by and with the advice and consent of the 
Senate, five thousand dollars; and the Librarian shall 
make rules and regulations for the government of the 
Librar>' of Congress. 

" For the following, to be selected by the Librarian 
of Congress, by reason of special aptitude for the work 
of the Library, including the copyright work, namely: 
For Chief Assistant Librarian, $4,000 [etc., each posi- 
tion and salary being specified] . 

"Copyright Department: For the following, under 
the direction of the Librarian of Congress, necessary 
for the execution of the copyright law, namely: Regis- 
ter of Copyrights * * * who shall * >!= * un_ 
der the direction and supervision of the Librarian of 
Congress, perform all the duties relating to copyrights" 
[his force enumerated] . 

202 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

After appropriations for the increase of the Library, con- 
tingent and other expenses, the act continues: 

supfrintendftit " Custodv, care, and maintenance of Library, build- 

oj ouilatug ana ' - 

groands. j^g and grounds: For Superintendent of the Library- 

building and grounds, to be appointed by the President, 
by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, five 
thousand dollars; and said superintendent shall disburse 
all appropriations made for and on account of the Library 
and Library building and grounds. ' ' 

A sum is appropriated for the employment by said Super- 
intendent of all necessary clerks and other assistants, 

' ' Provided, That all persons employed in and about 
said Library of Congress under the Librarian or super- 
intendent of the Library building and grounds shall be 
appointed solely with reference to their fitness for their 
particular duties. ' ' 

Bonds of Li- The Librarian was to give bonds to the United States, and 

brarianand Keg- , ^^ . ^ ,-» . , , _ ., . i ■ i 

ister of Copy- the Register of Copyrights to the Librarian, each in the sum 
'^'^ ' of $20,000. The superintendent was to give bond to the 

United States in the sum of $30,000. 

The register was to make weekly deposits with the Secre- 
tary of the Treasury and monthly reports to him and to the 
Librarian of Congress. The Librarian was to make an 
annual report to Congress as to the affairs of the Library, 
including the copyright business. 

Provision was made for the removal of the collections to 
the new building and the reservation of the vacated space 
until further action by Congress. 

Chapter 9 of the act of 1897 (Fifty-fifth Congress, first 
session) imposed upon the Superintendent the disbursement 
also of all appropriations for and on account of the Botanic 
Garden and also of "all appropriations authorized to be 
expended by the Joint Committee on the Library." (That 
committee has customary charge of expenditures for works 
of art for the Capitol, and for Federal monuments.) 

The appropriation acts of 1898, 1899, and 1900, enlarged 
the force, and, to a degree, reclassified it; but they contained 
no new definitions and no further provisions as to authority, 
function, or regulation. The appropriation act of 1901 
(for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1902), in the section 

Constitution. 203 

relating to the House of Representatives, contained the ff^^'^V'j^^l 

following: sentatives. 

' ' The library of the House of Representatives shall 
hereafter be under the control and direction of the 
Librarian of Congress, who shall pro\nde all needful 
books of reference therefor. The librarian, two assist- 
ant librarians, and assistant in the library-, above pro- 
\nded for (librarian at $1,800, two assistant librarians at 
$1,600 each, one assistant at $900), shall be appointed 
by the Clerk of the House, with the approval of the 
Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Fifty- 
sixth Congress, and thereafter no removals shall be 
made from the said positions except for cause reported 
toand approved by the Committee on Rules." 
There appear to have been no other recent statutes mod- 
ifying the constitutional relations of the Library-. 

The above acts of 1897 ^^^ 1901. with so much of the 
Revised Statutes of 1873 and inter\-ening statutes as it does 
not modify or repeal, appear, therefore, to constitute the 
organic law of the Library at the present day. 

Present constitution. — The Librarv of Congress is classed, Present ctmsti 

° tution. 

not as an executive department of the Government, but as 
a branch of the legislative. The annual appropriations for 
it are included in the legislative portion of the legislative, 
executive, and judiciary bill. The Librarian and the Super- 
intendent of the Building and Grounds are appointed by the 
President of the United States, but they report direct to 
Congress; they make their recommendations direct to Con- 
gress; they apply direct to Congress for the appropriations 
requisite for their respective departments of work; and they 
expend these appropriations under direct responsibility to 
Congress. They appoint, and if necessarj' discharge, their 
respective subordinates. The appointments are not subject 
to the provisions of the ci\"il-ser\'ice law, which applies only 
to the Executive Departments of the Government. 

The regulations adopted by the Executive Departments, 
including the rules for the government of employees, are not 
mandatory upon the Library-. But as the Librarj^ has in 
its administration many activities properly executive, being 
in operation the entire year, and ser\-ing the public as well 
as Congress, many such regulations are in fact accepted by 

204 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

the authorities of the Library as having an analogy useful 
to its purpose. 

Maintenance. — The Library' is maintained by annual 
appropriations granted by Congress. The fiscal year runs 
from July i until June 30. Not later than October i of each 
year estimates must be framed and submitted of the appro- 
priations requisite for the fiscal year next ensuing; i. e., 
the year beginning on the ist of July next ensuing (nine 
months distant). They are forwarded to the Secretary of 
the Treasury, printed, and submitted to Congress at the 
beginning of its session. In Congress they are referred, 
not to the Committee on Library, but to the General Com- 
mittee on Appropriations. They are here dealt with by 
a subcommittee (five members in each branch) having 
charge of the legislative, executive, and judiciary bill. A 
written explanation accompanies them, but opportunity for 
oral explanation is given before the subcommittee itself. 

The estimates for the Library are in two sections, being 
framed* by the Librarian or by the Superintendent accord- 
ing to the matters of expenditure involved. The amount 
of the customary appropriations is indicated by the financial 
statement on page 51 of Part I of this report. For conven- 
ience, the appropriations for the current fiscal year (ending 
June 30, 1902) are here repeated. 

Library and Copyright Office: 

Salaries, general service $198) 320. 00 

Salaries, special service »i, 412. 77 

Salaries, Copyright Office 55, 480. 00 

Increase of Librarj' '69, 800. 00 

Contingent expenses 7, 300. 00 

Printitig and binding (allotment) 75, 000. 00 

Total Library and Copyright Office 407, 31 2. 77 

Building and grounds: 

Care and maintenance 7". 945- 00 

Fuel, lights, and iniscellaneous 25, 000. 00 

Furniture and shelving 60, 000. oo 

Grand total 563. 257- 77 

' Balance of amounts appropriated by acts of April 17, 1900, and 
March 3, 1901. 

» Exclusive of f 1,500 to be expended by the marshal of the Supreme 
Court for new lxx)ks of reference for that Ixxly. 

Constitution. 205 

Unless otherwise expressed, all appropriations are avail- 
able only for the fiscal year for which they are granted, any 
balances being covered into the Treasury'. 

The allotment for printing and binding is not a direct 
appropriation, but a permission to have work done by the 
Government Printing Office to the amount indicated. 

DisbursemeJits. — The Librarian handles no moneys. The 
fjay rolls of employees under him are made up monthly b\' 
the chief clerk (see p. 211), and when approved by the 
Librarian are passed to the disbursing officer (who is now 
also the Superintendent of the Building). The amounts due 
are paid b\' him at his office semimonthly direct to the 
employees, by whom the rolls have been receipted in advance. 
Bills for purchases chargeable to the appropriations under 
control of the Librarian are transcribed in duplicate upon 
formal "vouchers," and these also when approved by the 
Librarian are forwarded to the disbursing office for payment. 
Salaries are usually paid in currency or check ; bills always 
by check, and always upon advance receipt. 

All bills for books and other purchases out of the appro- 
priations for ' ' increase of the Library- " ' are checked up and 
verified, and the "vouchers" prepared in the Order Divi- 
sion (see p. 217). Other bills are thus handled in the office 
of the chief clerk. 

Purchases of routine supplies are made by the chief clerk 
by orders, of which a stub record is retained. All purchases 
not routine are made only upon specific approval of the 
Librarian. Xo single book or other item chargeable to the 
appropriation for ' ' increase ' ' is purchased except upon spe- 
cific approval of the Librarian. This approval appears ini- 
tialed on ever}- one of the ' ' order cards ' ' which form the 
record in the Order Di\'ision of orders placed. 

Copyright Offue. — For the operations of this office see 
pp. 278-291 of this Report. 

Privilege of use. — The Library is absolutely free, with- ^^^^^^^"^^ 
out credential or other formality, to any inquirer from any 
place. The general pri\nlege of drawing books for home use is 
held as of right by Senators and Representatives and the other 
persons designated b\' class in the statutes already quoted. 
It extends, however, by usage, to the families of Senators 
and Representatives and other members of their immediate 

2o6 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

households, to other persons having a regular occupation 
at the Capitol and to various officials whose work is auxiliary 
to that of Congress, or of the Executive Departments or 
scientific bureaus. In cases of special need, brought to the 
attention of the Librarian, particular books have l^een and 
are issued "on special permit" to others within the District 
engaged in serious research. So far as it can be done without 
inconvenience to Congress or reference readers this class of 
use will doubtless be enlarged so as to include all cases where 
in the public interest or in the interest of scholanship a book 
is needed outside the building. The actual extent of this 
need within the District can not be fully determined until the 
Washington Public Librarj- shall have been opened and for 
a time in operation in the new Carnegie Building. 

Delivery. — Books are delivered by automobile twice daily 
at the residences of those entitled to draw them. Books 
required at the Capitol are conveyed thither by the book rail- 
way (an automatic cable road) connecting the Library with 
the Capitol through an underground tunnel. The terminal 
at the Capitol is in charge of two Library- employees who 
receive applications for books, transmit them by pneumatic 
tube to the Library, and deliver to Senators or Representa- 
tives the books sent in response. 

The Library building is open from 9 a. m. until 10 p. m. 
daily, except Sundays, legal holidays, and Saturdays in 
July and August. On Saturdays in July and August it 
closes at i p. m. An appropriation has been requested to 
enable it to be open on Sundays from 2 till 10 p. m. 

It is closed to the general public on the following holidays 
unless Congress is in session on those days, when it remains 
open until the adjournment of both Houses: January i; 
February 22; March 4 (every fourth year): May 30; July 4; 
Labor Day; Thanksgiving; Christmas; and such other days 
as may be designated by Executive order. But persons who 
desire to file applications for copyright are admitted to the 
Copyright Office on all holidays not legal holidays from 9 
a. m. until 4 p. m. In case a legal holiday falls upon Sun- 
day, the next succeeding Monday is considered the legal 
holiday, under which date no registrations are made. 

The Main Reading Room, the Periodical Reading Room, 
the Music Division, and the Law Library at the Capitol 

Constitution. 207 

(except in the summer), are open from 9 a. m. until 10 p. m. 
The remaining dix-isions close at 4 p. m. 

Service hottrs. — The working day for employees is from 
9 a. m. until 4 p. m. In di\*isions open in the evening the 
force is divided into two shifts, alternating from 9 a. m. 
till 4 p. m. and 3.30 till 10 p. m. Each employee hasthirtj- 
dajs of annual leave and the possibility of thirty days 
additional of sick leave, if actually ill, without loss of pay. 

Regulations. — ^The purpose of the administration is the Regciatioxs. 
freest possible use of the books consistent with their safet3-; 
and the widest possible use consistent with the convenience 
of Congress. Regulations limiting use will be adopted ver\- 
sparingly. and only as experience proves them to be neces- 
sar>'. The present regulations are rather matters of cus- 
tomary- practice than of formal rule, and so far as restricting 
they are subject to constant exceptions to meet special exi- 
gencies. For instance, the general reader is supposed to 
carry on his work in the Main Reading Room. If, how- 
ever, he is pursuing investigations requiring access to the 
books upon the shelves, he will be admitted to the shelves. 
If he is engaged in research invohnng the continuous use of a 
number of the same books day after day, he will be given a 
table in an alcove where they may be set aside for him; if 
he desires to dictate to a stenographer, a separate room 
where he may do so without inconvenience or publicity. 
Ink is not supposed to be used, but may be by special per- 
mit in cases of necessity. 

There is no limit to the number of books a reader may 
draw for reference use. For books from the stacks to be 
used in the Reading Room he makes out a call slip, signing 
his name and residence. But there are to be available to 
him without this formality or the intervention of an attend- 
ant some 20.000 volumes of reference books in this room; 
2,700 current newspapers and periodicals in the Periodical 
Reading Room; and much material in other parts of the 

Material of special rarity is, of course, examined only 
under special supervision. But so far as possible such super- 
vision is substituted for prohibition, restriction, or formal 
process. This practice is particularly pm^sued in the divisions 
handling the manuscripts, maps, prints, etc. 

2o8 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Phoiographinfr. Photographing. — Photographing is freely permitted, a 
special room (I 5 on plan) being provided for the purpose. 
The permission extends to the building itself and any of its 
parts, including the mural decorations. It extends to 
articles bearing claim of copyright. But in granting per- 
mission to photograph these the Library gives no assurance 
that the photograph may be reproduced or republished or 
placed on sale. These are matters to be settled with the 
owner of the copyright. 

Research. — Inquiries by correspondence are answered with 
the fullest detail possible without withdrawing attendants 
unduly from their routine duties. Where the full answer 
will involve elaborate research the Library must limit it to 
indication of the proper authorities. Inquiries on genea- 
logical matters, already very numerous, are apt to be of this 
nature. The Library is ready to suggest persons who will 
make the investigation for a reasonable charge; also persons 
who will transcribe lengthy extracts where these are desired. 


The Library service as a whole now consists of 372 persons. 
Of this number 207 are employed in the Library- proper, 49 
in the Copyright Office, and 116 form a separate force for 
the care and maintenance of building and grounds under the 
control of the Superintendent of Building and Grounds. (For 
organization in detail, see Appendix I.) 

Of the 207 persons engaged in the Library proper, 36 fill 
the more subordinate positions of messengers, assistants in 
cloakrooms, etc.: 112 of the remaining 171 fill positions at 
salaries ranging from S480 to S900, inclusive. 

There are 56 persons engaged in the Reading Room, 67 in 
the Catalogue Division, 13 in the Order Di\nsion, a total in 
the three divnsions of 136, 65 per cent of the force. 

The Library- force is grouped into divisions. At the head 
of each division is a chief, who administers the division in 
detail and is responsible direct to the Librarian. The divi- 
sions may be clas.sified as follows: 

A. General admiyiistration. — The Librarian; the Chief 
Assistant Librarian; Librarian's Secretary-, Chief Clerk, and 
subordinate assistants. 

B. Divisions haWng to do with the acquisition, receipt, 
dispatch, and deliver^" of material; 

(i) Mail and supply (delivery); 
(2) Order. 

C. Divisions having to do with the preparation of material 
for use, and with the preparation of the apparatus of use 
(in each case printed books and pamphlets only); 

1. Cataloguing (which includes classification); 

2. Bindery; 

3. Printing Office. 

D. Special research, compilation of topical lists and bib- 
liographies, and editing of Ubrary publications: 


E. Divisions having the preparation and custody of ma- 

9957—01 14 209 

2IO Report of the Libra?iau of Co7igress. 

terial in use, the supervision of reading rooms and the direct 
service to the reader: 

1. Main Reading Room and its auxiUaries (Con- 
gressional Reading Rooms and Reading Room for the 
Blind). (This division deals with printed books and 
pamphlets) ; 

2. Periodical (current periodicals and newspapers); 

3. Documents; 

4. Manuscripts; 

5. Maps; 

6. Music; 

7. Prints; 

8. Smithsonian Deposit; 

F. The Law Library (at the Capitol); 

G. The Copyright Office. 

The appropriation act for the present fiscal year giving the 
Salaries various positious and salaries in detail will be found in 

Appendix I. 

Appointments to the Library'' service are made by the 
Librarian. Appointments to the watch, engineer, and jani- 
torial service are made by the Superintendent of Buildings 
and Grounds. There has been thus far no written examina- 
tion preliminary to entrance. There is a form of application 
(see Appendix IV) which tabulates fully the education and 
experience of the applicant. Testimonials as to character 
and capacit}' shown in actual work may be added. 

All appointments are in the first instance merely proba- 
tionary, however. The probationary period is at least three 
months. At the end of it the appointee discontinues unless 
then confirmed in the regular service. The probationary 
period thus itself forms an examination — a test of the appli- 
cant in actual work. 

The power of dismissal also rests with the Librarian or 
superintendent, as the may be. Except for the proba- 
tionary period appointments are not made for a fixed term. 


Rooms B 3, C 3, D 3, E 3, F 3, C 2, D 2, E 2, of floor 
plans. Herbert Putnam, Librarian. 

Ainsworth R. Spofford, Chief Assistant Librarian. 

Allen R. Boyd, Librarian's Secretar>'; Thomas G. Alvord, 
Chiet Clerk. 



General Admimstration. , 211 

The functions of the Librarian, Chief 'Assistant Librarian, 
and Librarian's Secretar>- need no explanation. The func- 
tions of the Chief Clerk are those usual in Executive Depart- 
ments of the Federal Government. Through him are issued 
notices of appointment, promotion, detail, and transfer, and 
general and special orders for the instruction of the ser^-ice. 
He keeps the various records relating to the ser\4ce and sees 
to the observance of the general service rules. He arranges 
vacations and leaves of absence within the legal limit. He 
prepares the pay rolls, and draws all vouchers for the settle- 
ment of bills chargeable to "contingent expenses,'' and 
examines and notes all other vouchers before the}' reach 
the Librarian for final approval. He keeps account of the 
expenditures chargeable to all appropriations under control 
of the Librarian. He has charge of the "supplies" (stock 
room) and of the Library pubHcations, both of which he dis- 
tributes upon requisitions approved by the Librarian. He 
draws all requisitions for printing and binding, and he 
attends to all inquiries of a commercial nature save those 
relating to the purchase of books, and in the first instance 
to all inquiries and complaints relating to the ser\-ice. 

All communications upon Library business, excepting 
copjndght matter, should be addressed to the Librarian of 
Congress. This is the rule even where the communica- 
tion relates to the material handled by a .special division 
of the Librar>^ or to matter as to which that di\nsion has 
special knowledge. In this case the communications, be- 
fore response, are referred from the Librarian's Office to 
the appropriate division to furnish the information upon 
which the response shall be based. 


(Properly now the mail and deliver^', since all supplies are 
now handled in the office of the Chief Clerk. Room L 2 of 
plan.) Five persons, including the automobile operator. 
S. M. Croft, assistant in charge. 

Handles all material arriving at or dispatched from the 
Library building, including all mail matter and all books 
delivered for outside use. During the past fiscal year there 
were received by this division for the Library proper 25,558 

212 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

letters, 125,271 books aud miscellaneous items, and over 
500,000 numbers of newspapers and magazines. The divi- 
sion handled in addition 78,025 letters and 126,879 books 
and other articles for the Copyright Office. Every item 
received is stamped with the date of receipt. This record 
is essential because the articles deposited to perfect copy- 
right must by law be deposited in the mail or in the office 
on or before date of publication; and as the articles them- 
selves come with the ordinary mail of the Library and often 
without identification as copyright deposits, record can be 
certain in their case only if applied to all articles received. 


(Room K 3 of plan.) Thirteen persons. W. P. Cutter, 
vdnctions. This division was not provided for by law until the appro- 
priation act effective July I, 1900. It attends to the busi- 
ness connected with the purchase of books; handles, in the 
first instance, all material destined for the increase of the 
Library proper; attaches to it the indicia of ownership, and 
attends to all processes connected with its preparation for 
use save those which belong to the classifier and cataloguer, 
or to the divisions dealing with periodicals, documents, 
manuscripts, maps, music, and prints. It has custody of the 
trade lists and other publications which guide to the varying 
commercial values of books past and present. It receives 
in the first instance all trade catalogues and other offers 
of material on sale; forwards these to the Library officials 
having special knowledge of the deficiencies of the Library, 
or special judgment as to the particular items offered, and 
submits to the Librarian the resultant recommendations. It 
systematizes also all recommendations for purchase origi- 
nating in the Library'. It determines, in conformity with 
general instructions, where and with what dealer a particu- 
lar order shall be placed, whether, e. g., in New York or 
London or Paris or Amsterdam or Leipsic. It places orders 
for the items approved by the Librarian for and 
attends to all the business connected with the purchase. It 
thus represents the Library in all its bu.siness relations with 
the book trade, excepting only those concerned with copy- 
right. It handles also all gifts of material, all exchanges 

Order Division. . 213 

and all articles drawn into the Library proper through 
copyright; in short, all "accessions." Its equipment is 
adapted to these functions. 

It has the responsibility of ascertaining finally whether 
any item whose purchase is approved will not duplicate 
material already in the Library- or ordered, and also of ad\'is- 
ing as to any cheaper or more desirable editions in the 
market or prospective new editions which ma}' render a post- 
ponement of purchase desirable. It would seem to be easy 
to determine whether or not a proposed item is already in 
th^ Library-. In this Librar\- it is at present vers- difi&cult, 
because no acctu-ate statement exists of what the Library 
already- contains. (See under Catalogues, pp. 235-240.) 

Sources. — T/ie sources of material 2x^ (a) copyright, (d) 
gift, (c) exchange, (rf) deposits by the Smithsonian Institu- sotrscBs. 
tion, (<?) purchase. 

(a) Copyright. — The Library- receives from the Cop5-right 
Office one at least of the two copies of the works required 
b}- law to be deposited to complete the copyright entr}*, 
rejecting only, for the time at least, such material as seems 
to have no value in a hbrar^- or to be of a physical character 
unsuitable for inclusion in it. The articles received are 
counted as additions to the Librarj- proper, and are labeled, 
stamped, and passed forward as accessions. 

{F) Gifts. — Each gift is separateh' acknowledged and 
entered in the card record of accessions. A separate alpha- 
betic card record is kept of the givers. Government pub- 
lications are counted as gifts. 

(f) Exchanges. — A card is made for each item received in 
exchange and a debit and credit account kept with the in.sti- 
tution or individual exchanging. 

International excha?iges. — The material from this 
source (chiefly Government publications) is the result 
of the distribution to foreign Governments of the Fed- 
eral publications placed at the disposal of the Library- 
for tlie purpose. It is received bj^ the Order Division 
and summarily noted there, but it is handled in detail 
by the Division of Documents. The Governments or 
institutions exchanging are now fiftj'^ in number, and 
are being added to, the number of sets of publications 
available for the purpose being now 100. (See pp. 
328-331, below.) 


Report of the Librarian of Congress. 


Trade lists. 

(d) Smithsonian deposits. — Material received by the Smith- 
sonian through its own exchanges is first accessioned there, 
two persons engaged in this work as well as the Librarian of 
the Smithsonian Institution being on the pay rolls of the 
Library of Congress. That which is forwarded to the Library 
of Congress passes through ^he Order Division and is plated 
there as an addition to the Smithsonian Deposit, but other- 
wise pursues the usual course. 

(e) Purchases. — Selections of material for purchase are made 
( I ) from offers of particular material submitted by the owner 
for consideration; (2) from current trade lists and prospec- 
tuses; (3) from the catalogues of dealers having stocks of 
books not current; (4) by selection direct from the stocks 
of such dealers; (5) from auction catalogues; (6) from the 
recommendations of Library officials; (7) from the recom- 
mendations of readers. 

(i) Material submitted for consideration is receipted 
for by the Order Division and specially safeguarded 
there until the decision is reached. This applies not 
merely to the printed books, but to manuscripts, prints, 
or other material interesting a special division. It 
applies where, as often happens, the offer is first made 
to the special division or to some subordinate in some 
other division, the rule being strict that there shall be 
but one channel of entrance and exit and one formal 
process for material as to which the Library is to 
assume responsibility. The Library receives frequent 
offers of collections to be disposed of en bloc, but rarely 
entertains such, owing to the duplication which their 
acquisition would involve. 

(^) The trade lists and prospectxises of current books 
must be examined for all books not likely to be received 
through copyright. These will include not merely the 
bulk of foreign publications, but a very considerable per- 
centage of the books published in the United States. 
The number of such books not entered for copyright is 
much larger than would be supposed. It includes, of 
course, books privately printed, and many (e. g., gene- 
alogies) .safe from piracy, owing to the limited con- 
stituency which they interest, and also many important 
books issued in limited editions, especially those whose 

Order Division. 215 

cost to reproduce is so great as to defy piracy. Exam- 
ples of these latter are the recent editions issued in New 
York of the writings of the Fathers of the Republic, 
Washington, Hamilton, Jay, etc. These were printed 
from type and the type at once distributed. The edition 
was in each case less than a thousand copies. There 
was certain sale for every copy; and the danger and the 
possible loss from piracy was so slight that the gift to 
the Government of the two copies requisite for copy- 
right did not seem to the publishers a justifiable 

(j, 4.) Books noncurrent. — These are the books ^J^^*^ »»*«»' 
needed to complete deficiencies and build up in the 
lyibrary a comprehensive collection. They are for the 
most part out of print, and are to be .secured only at 
second hand. The second-hand book trade abroad is, 
however, elaboratel}' developed. The men conducting 
it are often (like Bernard Quaritch) men of profound 
and accurate bibliographic learning. They carry stocks 
some of which include at any one time hundreds of 
thousands of volumes, and recruit them_ constantly at 
auction sales and by the purchase of private collections. 
Most of them issue printed priced catalogues, thousands 
of which come to the Library during each year. 

They are apt, however, to omit from the printed cata- 
logues items for which there is a sure sale without 
advertisement. These items can be secured to advan- 
tage only by a personal visit to the shop. Such a visit 
often secures also special terms which could not be 
secured through correspondence, and, indeed, is neces- 
sary to ensure even the receipt of the catalogues actually 
issued. It has to be made b}- a representative of the 
Library at least once a year. It was made h\ the 
Librarian last year, and for this year has just been 
concluded by the Chief Assistant Librarian, Dr. Spof- 
ford. With reference to such trips, as well as to aid 
in the decision on items in auction catalogues, lists of 
desiderata in various subjects are constantly in course 
of preparation. 

(j") Auction sales also of material noncurrent are held Auction sales, 
constantly in the book centers, especially London, New 

2l6 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

York, Boston, and Philadelphia. On the average there 
is at least one such sale dailj' from October i to June 30, 
The Library receives the auction sales catalogues, 
checks them, determines the bids for such lots as it 
may require, and forwards them to an agent who 
attends the sale in its behalf. Where the number of. 
items or their importance warrants, or the dubious 
character of the material quoted necessitates inspection, 
it sends an employee to represent it. This, of course, 
applies only to the sales on this side of the Atlantic. 

((5, 7) Recommendations of officials and of readers. — 
Certain officials have the particular duty to examine 
reviews of current books and report notable titles appro- 
priate to the Library. The cataloguers, the bibliog- 
raphers, and the attendants serving the public discover 
deficiencies, and report them. Any reader not finding 
a desired book in the Library is encouraged to recom- 
mend it for purchase. 
Decision for purchase. — All such recommendations are 
drawn off on cards and come to the Librarian for his consid- 
eration. There come to him also all recommendations in 
other form — checked catalogues, reports on material offered, 
etc. Where he approves, he initials the card and sends it 
forward to the Order Di\4sion for action. A checked cata- 
logue approved is initialed on the cover, but the individual 
items are submitted to him later on cards, so that the history 
of the purchase on the card record in the Order Division will 
be complete as to each item. 

Orders. — Every item approved for purchase is entered on 
a card in a form similar to an abbreviated catalogue entry, 
containing, however, a statement of the price at which the 
]x>ok is sold or an estimate of its probable cost. From these 
cards the final order is prepared. Orders transmitted to 
dealers are in the form of lists. Each item ordered is given 
a distinctive number, which is stamped on the card and stands 
against the item on the order, so that any further corre- 
spondence may refer to the item by number and catchword. 
The cards are arranged alphabeticalh-, forming a complete 
catalogue of books ordered and received. Duplicate copies 
of the order are kept on file both under the name of the 
dealer and in chronological order. Before an order is mailed 

Order Division. 217 

the corresponding cards are carefully compared with those 
representing former orders, in order that duphcation maj' be 
prevented, and an estimate of the amount of the order in the 
aggregate is entered on another form of card, which ser^-es 
as a memorandum for the clerk who keeps the record of the 
amount of orders outstanding. 

Invoices. — All invoices are required to be in duplicate, one invoices. 
copy being required for the files of the Order Division, the 
other, after auditing, to ser\'e as a basis for payment. Two 
tj^jewritten copies of the invoice are in addition drawn off 
in the di\nsion on ' ' voucher ' ' forms. These are initialed 
by the assistant who has checked them, and by the chief of 
the Order Division as "audited." They go then to the 
chief clerk, accompanied hy the original invoice. He com- 
pares and verifies them, notes the total, and submits them 
to the Librarian. When signed "approved" hy the Libra- 
rian they are forwarded to the disbursing ofl&ce for payment. 
They are not even then paid without independent, careful 
comparison there of the original invoice (which still accom- 
panies them), a verification of footings, and approval as to 
form. Thej- are then sent to the creditor to be receipted in 
advance, and on their return a check remitted in payment. 
Of the two receipted typewritten vouchers, one goes finally 
to the Treasury- Department with the financial statement of 
the disbursing ofiicer; the other remains for a year in the 
files of his office. It then takes the place of the manuscript 
copy in the Order Division as olfering a record of the pur- 
chase more legible, uniform, and convenient for permanent 

The Books. — On receipt of the bill the cards corresponding 
to the items received are withdra\\-n from the catalogue of 
orders outstanding, the withdrawal being indicated hx the 
insertion of a special card. The books are arranged in order 
of the items on the bill. Each book is compared with the 
corresponding charge on the bill and with the appropriate 
card, in order to determine whether the book sent corre- 
sponds with the order. An\- misstatement on the card is 
corrected, and information not pre\-iously obtained is added, 
and the price on the bill is compared with the estimate. 
Each book is then marked with the order number, in order 
that information relati\-e to the purchase maj' easih* be 

2i8 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

traced in the future. The bill as a whole is examined to 
see if the correct discounts have been given, whether freight 
charges and charges for boxing, packing, cartage, and 
insurance are proper, and the addition is verified. The 
assistant examining the bill finally affixes a statement of 
correctness, and the books, bills, cards, and order are passed 
forward to the assistant chief for revision and correction of 
errors. After final revision, the cards are stamped with the 
date of receipt and refiled in the catalogue, the order .sheet 
is refiled in its appropriate position, the certificate of audit 
is affixed to the bill by the chief of the division, and the 
books are pas.sed forward for stamping and the in.sertion of 
the Library book plate. Maps, manuscripts and prints, 
music, documents, and unbound numbers of periodicals are 
forwarded direct to the appropriate special divisions. Books, 
pamphlets, and bound volumes of periodicals are sent to the 
Catalogue Division for preparation of the requisite catalogue 

The ownership of books is indicated by perforating the 
title page of the book with an appropriate stamp, the inser- 
tion of the Library book plate on the inside of the front 
cover, and by a special secret mark in the book. 
Record of ac- >jfo " acccssiou books " are now kept by the division, the of these having been abandoned on September 30, 1900. 

The information required of an accession book is chiefly: 
When and how was a particular book acquired; if bought, 
from whom, and at what price? These latter items are all 
supplied by the card catalogue of books ordered and 
received, together with the duplicate invoices retained on 
file. The records of gifts and of exchanges are kept on 
similar cards, which are filed in the same alphabet with 
those for books purchased. 

The information lacking is the precise chronological order 
of receipt. But this information is not deemed of sufficient 
importance to justify the expense of the accession book. 
The record of the existing contents of the Library at any 
one time is given not by an acession book but by the shelf 
lists. Accessions of manuscripts, maps, and prints are, how- 
ever, entered in regular accession books in the respective 
divisions having custody of them. 


Order Division. 219 

Accessions by binding. — By the binding of serials manj' 
volumes are added to the Library. All volumes bound at 
the Library branch bindery are forwarded to the Order Di\-i- 
sion to be stamped and labeled. The Binding Di\'ision makes 
a report of the number of volumes bound and the net num- 
ber gained by binding, which is added to the count kept in 
the Order Division. 

Accou7its. — The extremely detailed financial transactions 
connected with the acquisition of books are recorded on a 
card-ledger system, in such a manner that the total amount 
of outstanding orders, of bills accredited, and the balance 
outstanding with any dealer may be determined in a moment. 
At the time an order is made a card also is prepared giving 
the estimated cost of the order. When books are received 
in response to the order, the total cost is recorded, and the 
original estimate is increased or decreased by the amount of 
difference between the estimated and the actual cost of these 
items. The estimated cost of all canceled orders, as well as 
the cost of all items ordered from dealers but sold prior to 
the receipt of the order or for any reason returned, is 
deducted from the original estimate. A monthly report of 
the condition of each appropriation is made to the Librarian, 
showing the amount of orders outstanding, the bills paid, 
and the balances remaining available. 

The items handled by the Order Division during the past 
fiscal year exceeded 125,000. (See Part I of this report.) 

Foryns. — The amount of correspondence handled b)- the 
division is ver^- large, but by the use of a carefullj' devised 
system of blank forms it is easily handled in a systematic 

Blank forms have been provided: 

(i) Acknowledging gifts (two forms); (2) acknowledg- 
ing offers of sale; (3) acknowledging material sent for 
examination; (4) transmitting offers for recommendation; 
(5) notifying receipt of material for examination; (6) recom- 
mending acceptance of offers; (7) order form. 

The following card forms are used: 

(8) Order card — book order; (9) order card — law-book 
order; (10) order card — auction order; (11) estimate card; 
(12) record of accessions; (13) record of givers; (14) 
ledger card for accounts. 


Report of the Librarian of Congress, 


Priyiting Office and Bindery. 221 


(Rooms H 3, I 2, and K 2 of plans.) 

These are branches of the Government Printing Office. • 

The equipment is suppHed by the Public Printer, and the 
workmen are emploj-ees on his rolls and merely detailed from 
his office. The materials used, including all stock, are 
bought and supplied by him. The branches were estab- 
lished in the fall of 1900. They are devoted solely to the 
work of the Librar\\ The work done, including the mate- 
rial used, is charged to the ' ' allotment ' ' of the Library- for 
printing and binding. The allotment for the present year is 

These two di\nsions are directly over the electric plant; 
and power for the presses, cutters, and other machinerj' is 
supphed from that. The machiner}^ in each is new and of 
the most modem pattern. 

Printiyig Office. — The force consists of 19 persons — fore- pre^tejg of- 
man, 2 readers, maker-up, imposer, copy-holder, 9 composi- 
tors, pressman, 2 feeders, laborer. W. H. Fisher, foreman. 

The equipment consists of a full assortment of type neces- 
sary- for the catalogue cards and for the forms and circulars 
printed here; two presses, one a large cylinder press, the 
other a job press; a proof press, and the other usual auxil- 
iaries of a printing office. The publications of the Library 
in book form are composed and printed, not here, but in the 
main office. 

The catalogue cards are now being printed at the rate of 
225 titles a day, nearly 70,000 a year. Of each card (i. e., 
for each title or book) from 15 to 100 copies are printed, and 
as many more will be as may be required for the distribution 
to other libraries. (See under Cataloguing, pp. 229-232. ) 
The titles are printed on sheets, 40 to a sheet, which con- 
stitutes the ' ' form. ' ' The sheets are afterwards cut in the 
binderj-, where also the resulting cards are perforated for 
the guard rods. 

Books are now being catalogued in about 100 different 
languages and dialects. Of these 35 have already entered 
into the work of the printing office. The compositors and 
proof readers have, therefore, to be especially accomplished. 

Seventy thousand titles a year on the basis of the present 

222 Report of the Librarian oj Cottgress. 

"tokens" involve an aggregate of at least 5,000,000 cards. 
The miscellaneous forms and circulars for the General 
Library' and for the Copyright Office (those in use in the lat- 
ter alone reach nearly 200) are hundreds in number and mil- 
lions in totals of copies. 

Bindery. — Forty-eight persons — foreman, marbler, super- 
intendent of job work, 27 forwarders and finishers, superin- 
tendent of sewers, 14 .sewers, sawer, 2 laborers. H. C. Espey, 

Has the complete equipment of a modern bindery doing 
substantial work. Library binding is somewhat special. It 
requires care in materials, great care and skill in the sew- 
ing, forwarding, and finishing. It should be handled by 
skilled workmen and by the same workmen consecutively 
and according to certain standard specifications. These needs 
are now met here. The presence of the branch also enables 
the books to be bound without leaving the building. They 
are thus no longer subject to the peril of transit and of tempo- 
rary location elsewhere; and any one of them required for an 
important reference may be referred to even while in process. 

The material used for binding for the Library was for- 
merly only morocco ("real" and "imitation") Russia, calf 
and sheep. Morocco is still used, chiefly the real goat, and 
Russia also; but in addition linen (and cotton) duck 
and "book cloth;" the former for newspapers, books, and 
periodicals as to which durability is the essential rather than 
comeliness of appearance, and which do not need to conform 
to preceding volumes of sets. The book cloth is used for 
lighter and more ephemeral material. Calf is used only 
where necessary to match preceding volumes, and then only 
where the .set terminates with the volumes added; and sheep 
(on account of its perishability) very sparingly at all. 

Pamphlets are bound separately, the less important in 
boards. Those least important and least likely to be con- 
sulted are not boun4 at all, but placed on the shelves in 
manila envelopes. 

The cost of binding per volume varies from about 15 
cents for a small pamphlet in cheap form to nearly $5 for a 
large newspaper. There is little difference in cost between 
full duck and one-half morocco, the advantage of the former 
being in durabilit3'. 

Binding Division. 223 

Binding Division.— X. large part of the material requir- vision ^^° "* 
ing binding consists of documents and serial publications. 
These are ' ' made up " in the several divisions having cus- 
tody of them and forwarded with a binder's slip to the Bind- 
ing Di\'ision (portion of Room M 2). This di\nsion consists 
of three employees of the Library-. Each volume submitted is 
by them collated, the title to go on the back verified on the 
binder's slip (which reproduces the bands, so that the di\'i- 
sions of the lettering may be precise!)- indicated (see sam- 
ple under Di\'ision of Periodicals, p. 254), the style and mate- 
rial to be used determined and also verified on this slip, and 
the item entered on a " requisition ' ' addressed to the binder^-. 
On this it receives a specific number. In the case of mono- 
graphs the binder's slips are written in this di\'ision. 

In the case of serials, actual samples (dummies) are on 
hand showing the style and material used in the volume 
last bound. The dummy accompanies the requisition. A 
card record is kept of all books in process. This reveals at 
once whether a particular book is in the binden,-, when it 
was sent, how soon in ordinary- course it maj^ be read)' for use. 

The Library- binds most of the serials received, but of the 
650-odd current newspapers only about one-quarter (the 
leading American and certain of the foreign). The others 
are not destroyed, but laid away in loose covers for possible 
binding later. 

Repairing. — The binder)- does all necessar)- repair work 
also. In addition to the main force engaged on this there 
are four Printing Office employees detailed to special divi- 
sions where material is to be repaired, reenforced, or mounted. 
There are two at work on manuscripts, one on maps, and 
one on prints. The processes with these are special. (See 
below under the several divisions.) 

224 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 



(Rooms M 3, P 3, and portions of M 4 and K 2.) Sixty- 
seven persons (and six by detail). J. C. M. Han.son, chief. 
Handles printed books and pamphlets only. 
Classifier. The function of a classifier in a library is, in brief, to 


arrange the books upon the shelves in orderly sequence. But 
in a library which is to be used, and which is to grow, the 
arrangement must be something more than orderly — it must 
be systematic; and it must be elastic; that is, " expan.sive. " 
It must bring together books on the same subject, and within 
that subject books by the same author; and it must give 
alphabetic or, under certain subjects, chronological sequence 
to the authors. It must also designate each volume by a 
symbol, which will permanently identify its location and yet 
permit of the insertion in the group of later additions with 
their appropriate symbols, each also self-explanator>' and pre- 
cisely locative. There are many schemes of classification; 
there are several schemes of notation. The clas.sifier must 
determine what, if any, of these, or what combination of 
them, will be applicable to the particular collection; he must 
apply this; arrange the books accordingly, and indicate on 
them and on the shelf lists which are the records specially 
in his charge, the precise location of each book, and its par- 
ticular symbol (class and book number). 
Cataloguer. The function of the cataloguer is to exhibit the book in 


the catalogues. He must, however, exhibit it not merely 
(i) to one who knows the author and not the title, and (2) 
to one who knows the title but not the author, but also (3) 
to one who desires to know what the Library contains on the 
subject of which the book treats. A fully efficient catalogue 
must, therefore, be by author, by subject, and, when the title 
is likely to be remembered, by title also. 

The labor in cataloguing and the difficulty var>' extra- 
ordinarily with the character of the lK)ok. Current Amer- 
ican novels by known authors, pure romance (i. e., dealing 
with no hi.storical event or sociological problem), may be 
catalogued at the rate of 50 or 60 a day. A single work in 

Catalogue Dhnsion. 225 

science may require a half day ; if by composite authors, or 
including various subjects, perhaps several weeks. The 
mere identification of the author, or the determination of 
the proper bibliographic statement, may involve references 
to various authorities; the determination of the subject 
entry may involve a detailed and careful examination of the 
contents. There is no limit to the knowledge useful for a 
cataloguer. There is scarcely any information, fact, or 
intellectual experience which may not be brought into play 
in the course of a year's work in cataloguing. The mere 
linguistic difficulties are formidable; the accessions of the 
Library- of Congress include books in more than a hundred 
different languages. 

It is estimated that in a library- such as this, handling so 
large a percentage of serious material, the average output of 
a cataloguer is but about 20 titles a day, and of a classifier 
but about 50. The work of each cataloguer, however, and 
of each classifier requires revision and auxiliary' assistance 
in copying, filing, proof reading, labeling, etc. (See under 
Organization, pp. 227 et seq.) Therefore out of the force 
of 73 persons at present at work in this division, only 24 
are making original entries in cataloguing, and but 15 classi- 
fying in the sense requisite to anj- computation of the total 
normal output. 

During the past \'ear the additions to the Library alone 
numbered 76,000 printed books and pamphlets. 

But the current additions have in this Library- formed but CATA^xxirufG. 
a portion of the problem. There was avast work to get the u.ork'^"^'^^ "^ 
existing collection in order and equipped. The old scheme 
of classification was not suitable for continuance; a new one 
had to be devised and applied. There were no shelf Usts. 
The books did not have specific call numbers. There was 
no subject catalogue, and for an author catalogue only the 
manuscript entries on the large slips. These existed in but 
a single copy. They were not available for the use of the 
public. And, though representing j^ears of arduous and 
learned work, they were of necessity imperfect, owing to the 
lack of adequate bibliographic apparatus and the crowded 
conditions at the Capitol. The existing collection of printed 
books and pamphlets, exclusive of duplicates, numbered 
over 700,000 volumes. The arrears of work upon these 

9957—01 15 

226 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

would, it was estimated, occupy 91 persons five years. As 
late as the spring of 1899 there were but 17 persons in all in 
the Catalogue Division. Of these, 3 were engaged in the 
ordering and accessioning of books (the Order Division not 
then existing), and the time of the remainder was fully 
occupied with the cataloguing of current accessions 

The estimates submitted to Congress at the session of 
1899-1900 proposed an increase of the force in thisdivi.sion, 
which, beginning with a first annual instalment of 29, should 
bring the total to a normal (say 91) in the course of three 

The 29 were granted, 21 more for the succeeding year 
(the year now current), and 24 — the third instalment — are 
asked in the estimates for the year beginning next July. 
Concurrently there were granted enlarged appropriations for 
equipment and for books, so that the increased force could 
be provided not merely with furniture, but with the biblio- 
graphic authorities, which are their necessary tools. Within 
the past two years this division has, therefore, been placed 
upon a substantial footing, located permanently, and well 
equipped. The distance to the book stacks is being abridged 
by covered ways across the courts. (See Plan, first story.) 
The bibliographical collection of the Library, containing now 
1 1 ,000 volumes and 9,000 pamphlets (see below pp. 322-325 ) , 
is for the greater part placed in the main Catafogue Room 
itself [M 3] ; the remainder in the Order Division, Biblio- 
graphic Division, and East Stack, all conveniently near. 

The Library is not compiling or printing a complete cata- 
logue in book form. It issues special lists of books on par- 
ticular topics (see List of publications, Appendix II), but 
these are of selected titles merely. The main catalogue of 
the Library is to be on cards. It is now in process, in trip- 
licate; one copy for the main Reading Room, one for the use 
of Congress at the Capitol, and one for official use in the 
Catalogue Division. 

From July i, 1898 to September 30, 1901, there were 
added to these three catalogues, exclusive of cross refer- 
ences, a total of 767,374 cards, divided as follows: 

Public catalogue (Reading Room) 351,053 cards (in- 
cluding 160,000 mounted ' ' temporary entry ' ' slips from 
old catalogues); 

Catalogue Division. 227 

Official catalogue, 267,751 cards; 

Third copy (for the Capitol), 148,570 cards. 
The cards used are of the best linen ledger stock, 7^^ cen- 
timeters in height, 123^ in width. The author cards are 
printed in sheets 40 to a form, and cut afterwards to the 
above dimensions. The subject cards are made h\ writing 
at the top of the card the proper subject headings. From 
15 to 1 00 copies are printed of each author card. A portion 
of these are for distribution. (See Part I, Appendix IV, of 
this Report. ) 


The seventy- three emplo^-ees now at work (including the orgaxiza 
six temporarily detailed) are occupied as follows: "°"''" 

One chief of division. 
1. Classification. Fifteen assistants. 

(a) Old classification. One chief assistant in 
charge, who is also intrusted with the care 
of Orientalia and Slavica; two assistants for 
labeling, marking, etc. 
(^) Reclassification. Twelve assistants. — One chief 
assistant in charge; 3 assistants (re\-isers 
and classifiers) ; 6 shelf listers; 2 labelers 
and markers. 
II. Revision. Number of revisers, 4. 

Note. — The Chief of Di\'ision, chief assistant m 
reclassification, and his first assistant - 
also share in revision whenever possible. 
Each reviser must be a specialist in some 
field of knowledge. 

III. Proof recuiing and preparatioji of copy . Five assist- 

ants. — Three assistants of a higher grade; 2 assist- 
ants of a lower grade. 

IV. Filing of cards. Three assistants. — One each for the 

Public, Official, and Third Catalogue. 
V. Cataloguing. Twenty-four assistants. — Four for spe- 
cial cataloguing, including some re\nsion; 2 for 
copyright books; 2 for current foreign books; 11 
for recataloguiug; 2 for Government publications; 
2 for periodicals; i for society publications. 

228 Report oj the Libra} ian of Congress. 

VI. Stationery, time records, correspondence. One as- 
VII. Copying and clerical work . Fourteen assistants. — One 
supervisor; 9 copyists; 4 alphabetizers. 
VIII. Distributio7i of printed cards. Five assistants. — One 
chief assistant, 4 assistants. 
IX. Messengers, 2. 

What these seventy-three persons do is more intelligible 
voA^ED.^* '" '" from the following survey of the processes involved: 
c assifica ton. ^ ^\it. books are roughly divided by main classes, as 
History, Economics, Art, Music, Mathematics. Physics, 
Chemistry, etc. , and distributed to the classifiers for assign- 
ment to the special subjects. The classifier ascertains for 
each book: 

(a;) The main subject from the author's point of view 
and from the nature of the contents — sometimes at var- 
iance with the language of the title-page. 

(J)) The main subject from the standpoint of the 
Library (e. g., in a theological library the history of 
a parish will be classified with church history; in a gen- 
eral librarj' it may be of more value or use with other 
histories of the place). 

(f) The place of that subject in the scheme of classi- 
fication in use. This an expert clas.sifier usually knows 
without recourse to the alphabetical index of subjects, 
but in many cases a glance at the shelf list or at the 
books themselves on the shelves is necessary to make 
sure that the book in hand agrees with the evident 
intent of the section, judged by the character of the 
other books cla.ssified there. 

2. The class mark is now written in pencil on the back of 
the title-page and the book passed to the shelf lister, who 

3. Adds the book number and enters this against the vol- 
ume upon a sheet ruled in coUnnns — the memorandum shelf 
list. (The permanent shelf list will be kept on cards as 
these are printed.) The memorandum shelf list contains 
the author's name, short title, date, number of volumes or 
parts, and, if over 25 cm. (8°) or under 12.5 cm. (24**), 
the size. When neces.sary to distinguish from other editions 
previously entered, edition, editor, and place of publication 
must be specified. 

Catalogue Division. 229 

This record, forming an inventory of the Librarj", may 
also ser\'e as a classified list or catalogue for consultation; 
for this purpose a fuller entrj- is of course desirable and pro- 
vided later by the filing of a copy of the catalogue card when 
printed. After being shelf-listed the books are catalogued 
as described below,' and finally 

4. A label is placed upon the back of the book and class 
mark and book number are written upon this label and upon 
the book-plate on the inside front cover of the book. 

The numbers being verified by a last inspection the books 
are then forwarded to be distributed under the super\-ision 
of the superintendent of the Reading Room to their places 
on the shelves. 

The method of reclassification is essentially the same. 

Books and pamphlets to be catalogued are treated as processes. 



When books are received from the Order Division the first 
step is to. separate those entitled to priority. Of these, 
' ' Hasten books, "i.e., books containing slips which indicate 
that the book in question is wanted for immediate use, take 
precedence of all others. Next in order come current cop}'- 
righted books, followed b}- other current books in English, 
then books in foreign languages treating questions of current 
interest. The remainder are divided into two classes, viz, 
( i) books to be catalogued in ordinary course; (2) books to 
be deferred. 

Books to be catalogued are carefull}- assigned according to 
schedules kept by the reviser, whose duty it is to receive all 
new books, and to superintend their distribution among the 
cataloguers. This process can be more readil)- understood 
by reference to the section above outlining the organization. 

The following broad lines are followed in the assignment: 
(a) New books copyrighted; {b) Government publications; 
{c) publications of societies; {d) periodicals; {e) current 
foreign books; (/) bibliography, literarj- history-, and 
criticism (except current copyright); {g) fiction, travel, 
and biography; {h) rare and valuable books, and other 
difl&cult books, particularly- in foreign languages. 

•Books belonging to divisions not yet reclassified are catalogued 
first and then classed. 

230 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

As far as possible the distribution is also by subject, with 
reference to the special qualifications of cataloguers to deal 
with those subjects. 

In cataloguing a book the first duty is, by examination of 
the catalogues, both the old author catalogue i the Reading 
Room and the official catalogue in the Catalogue Room, to 
ascertain whether another copy of the book, another edition, 
or another work by the same author, is already in the Li- 
brary. If another copy is found, it is sent for, the two com- 
pared and referred for decision. That is to say, a particular 
reviser, to whom all such questions are referred, decides on 
which copy is to be retained, or whether for some special 
reason both are to be kept. A great many considerations 
may influence the choice. The copy discarded must be duly 
marked, notice sent to the Order Division, and the book 
placed with the duplicate collection. If another edition of 
the work or another work by the same author is found in 
either catalogue, this will influence the cataloguing. If en- 
tered in the new official catalogue a preliminary card is gen- 
erally found, giving the form of the author's name as pre- 
viously adopted, with the authorities consulted. This form 
is usually followed. Occasionally, however, the new book 
is found to contain information that may alter the decision 
previously arrived at. Such cases are submitted to the super- 
vising cataloguer for decision. In any library as extensive 
as the lyibrar}' of Congress it is of much importance that 
authors of the same or similar names be carefully distin- 
guished. Dates of birth and death are frequently given for 
this purpose, as also to indicate the period when the author 

Among the classes of reference books with which the 
cataloguer must be familiar in order to decide on the proper 
author heading for purposes of identification and distinction 
are the following: {a) The great national biographies, as 
Leslie Stephen's Dictionary of National Biography for Great 
Britain, AUgemeine deutsche Biographic for Germany ,Wurz- 
bach for Austria, Bricka for Denmark, Van der Aa for the 
Netherlands, etc.; {_b) general educational catalogues. State 
calendars, regi.sters, directories, annual li.sts, all biographical 
and bibliographical works in which the author in (jucstion 
is likely to have been treated. Frequently, if the author is 

Catalogue Division. 231 

less known and his name can not be found in works of refer- 
ence, it is necessary to address written inquiries to the 
publisher, or to the author himself, provided his address can 
be found. In this way much bibliographical information of 
value has been procured. 

The author's name being settled upon, the next step is a 
careful transcription of the title. The rules for the capi- 
talization and punctuation of the language in which the book 
is written generally govern. Abbreviations and abridgment 
of the title are permitted only within limits carefully pre- 
scribed. The title is followed by place of publication, name 
of publisher, date of imprint, pagination, if one volume, or 
number of volumes, if more than one, indication of plates, 
illustrations, maps, facsimiles, etc., and the height of the 
book in centimeters. Finally, notes or contents are added 
when required for a proper description of the book. 

In almost all cases reference to pertinent bibliographical 
authority is desirable, in order to decide on what properly 
constitutes the book, to identify the edition, or to make sure 
that the copy in hand is complete. 

When the above details have been attended to, the pre- 
liminary draft of the author or main entrj- is ready. 

Next in order 2it^ added headings. The follo\N'ing ques- Subject hea> 
tions are involved : 

Is the book to appear in the catalogue — 
{a) Under its title? 

(3) Under editor, translator, illustrator, etc. ? 
(c) Under one or more subjects ; what are these sub- 
jects, and how are they to be designated ? 

In all cases further reference to the catalogues is necessary. 

{a) As a rule only one edition, the best, earUest, latest » 
as the case may be, is entered under the subject headings, 
and under title, editor, translator. 

If a title entry is already in the catalogue the card is 
stamped ''For other editions see" author's name, which is 
given in full. The reader is thus directed to the heading in 
the catalogues where all the editions are found fully described. 

{b) In case of editor, translator, etc., the same procedure 
is followed as in case of author's name above. 

(c) The cataloguer who is far enough advanced to assign 
subjects must, after an examination of the book as to its 

232 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

subject-matter, make sure whether the same or related sub- 
jects already appear in the catalogue, and then must follow 
the precedents laid down. New subjects are referred to the 
reviser within whose special field they fall and are by him 
submitted to the chief. The choice of name of a subject is 
often of importance, no less than the connection bj' reference 
with allied subjects. 

After all the added headings indicated under (a), (^),and 
(r) have been indicated on the back of the main card and all 
the necessar}' cross references written, the book, if belonging 
to a chapter not yet reclassified, is passed on for assignment 
of chapter and shelf mark ; if Ijelonging to a class already 
reclassified, the assignment of the mark has preceded the 

In either case it then reaches the revisers. Their duty is to 
examine the work of the cataloguers, to pass on the author- 
ities quoted, to .see how far the book has been accurately 
described, and particularly to revise the subjects indicated. 

In the chapters already reclassified, classification and 
revision of the cataloguing are to some extent combined. 
After revision and classification, books and cards together 
are finally passed upon by the chief, who goes over all 
doubtful points with the reviser or the cataloguer. The 
copy is then forwarded to the assistant who keeps the sta- 
tistics, from him to the section whose duty it is to prepare 
finally the copy for printing, to decide on the ' ' token ' ' and 
forward the titles to the printing office. 

From one to three proofs are generally delivered by the 
Proofreading. fhe assistauts to wliom the work of proof reading is 
assigned must combine with a knowledge of proof reading 
an expert knowledge of cataloguing. Theirs is the last 
opportunity to question any doubtful points in orthography, 
form, or other details of the entry. The cards when finally 
printed are turned over to the section which has to deal 
with their preparation for the various catalogues and 
deposits. The cards printed are author cards. The sub- 
ject cards are made by writing at the head of the author 
card the appropriate .subject headings. These ("added 
headings") having been noted by the cataloguer on the 
back of the original main card, are copied off by hand or 

Catalogue Division. 233 

typev\'riter at the top of copies of the printed author cards, 
three sets of each being necessary (for the three catalogues). 
This final transcription of headings is then verified, the 
cards separated for the various catalogues, arranged in pre- 
liminary' alphabets, and turned over to the assistants to 
whom is intrusted the final incorporation of the cards into 
the respective catalogues. 

The above is a brief outline of some of the main processes 
involved in passing a new book or pamphlet through the 
Catalogue Division. No adequate idea can be conveyed in 
writing of the difficult work connected with the varied 
material received by this Librar\-. The increasing tend- 
ency toward specialization in all branches of knowledge 
makes the determination of subject headings correspond- 
ingly diflBcult. Looking to the future growth of the 
Libran,', the development of its subject catalogues and 
classification must necessarily be sufficiently minute to per- 
mit the grouping of all titles bearing directly on one topic 
under the name of that topic, not under the name of a large 
group of related subjects. For example, the student inter- 
ested in the question of Reciprocity should find the titles 
collected under Reciprocity, and should not be forced to 
search through all the titles under Tariff or Commerce. 

Cross references ser\-e to lead the investigator from a par- 
ticular to other related subjects. The student who has 
looked over the titles under Fi7ia?ice, or Firiarice — U. S.. will 
find himself referred to such headings as Bimetallism, Cur- 
rency question. Money, Silver q2iestion, etc. In studying 
the Labor question he is referred also to Apprentices, Com- 
rmmism. Cooperation, Convict labor, Eight-hojir movement, etc. 

In the case of books to be recatalogued the processes differ 
slightly from the above. Recataloguing is mainly necessarj- 
in the case of books which came from the Capitol. As 
these books are reached in reclassification or in connection 
with the cataloguing of new accessions, the old manuscript 
slips are withdrawn, compared, revised, and printed, and 
subject entries made. 

The system of classification thus far applied is one system of 
devised from a comparison of existing schemes (includ- tion 
ing the ' ' decimal ' ' and the " " expansive " ) , and a con- 
sideration of the particular conditions in this Library-, the 


Printed books. 

234 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

character of its present and probable collections, and of 
its probable use. It is assumed that the departments of 
history, political and social science, and certain others will 
be unusually large. It is assumed that investigators will 
be more freely admitted to the shelves. 

The system devised has not .sought to follow strictlj' 
the scientific order of subjects. It has sought rather 
convenient sequence of the various groups, considering 
them as groups of books, not as groups of mere subjects. 
It has sought to avoid technical, foreign, or unusual terms 
in the designation of these groups. And it has selected for 
the symbols to denote them ( i ) for the main the 
single letters of the alphabet, and (2) for the 
these letters combined with a numeral, in ordinary .sequence. 
Thus on the sample card on page 236, F 592. Provision for 
the insertion of future groups is ( i ) in intervening numbers as 
yet unused; (2) in the pos.sible use of decimals; (3) in the 
possible combination of a lower-case letter with a single 
capital letter alone used at present. 

The departments of literature thus far reclassified are 
bibliography and American history. The .schemes for 
these are being printed in pamphlet form. Political and 
social .science will come next, and then history. 

To a certain degree classification hy form rather than by 
subject may prove convenient in this Library. The docu- 
ments, for instance, may be kept together, and the Smith- 
sonian (scientific) serials. 
classifica- The foregoing statements as to classification apply only to 
Manuscripts, the printed books and pamphlets. Special systems are nec- 
^'^P' essar>' for the manuscripts, maps, music, and prints. (See 

Prints. under those divisions. ) The maps, for instance, are grouped 

by countries and under countries chronologically. 

The general of cataloguing apply in all divi- 
sions, but develop into .specifications appropriate to the par- 
ticular material. In the Manuscripts Division the catalogue 
develops finally into a calendar, which is, of course, an 
abstract of the subject-matter itself. 


(See under Main Reading Room, pp. 245, 246.) 

Catalogue Division. 235 



The following statement aims to gi\e a brief sketch of 
those catalogues of the Librar}' which should be consulted 
by readers. It attempts also to explain the more general 
principles underlying their arrangement. 

The chief aim of the catalogues is to show what the Li- 
brary has (a) by a given author (^) on a given subject. 
The following catalogues of the Library- are accessible to 

I. The general card catalogue (Main Reading Room). 
II. The printed subject catalogue of 1869 in 2 v., 8°. 

III. Other printed catalogues and bibliographic publica- 
tions, of which a full list is printed as Appendix II. 

The card catalogue in the Reading Room is arranged on the 
dictionary plan, cards for authors, subjects and titles being 
arranged in one alphabet. 

The order is that of the Enghsh alphabet. I and J , U 
and V are treated as separate letters; Spanish Ch, LI, and 
X are arranged with other names beginning with C, L, and 
N as in English, not as is done by the Spanish Academy. 
The a. 6. ii in German and the 6 and ii in Hungarian are 
arranged as ae, oe, ue, not as a, o, u. The Swedish a. a, o 
are arranged as aa, ae, and oe, and Dano-Norwegian a, 6, 
and as ae and oe. 


I. Author card containing — 

A. Author. 

B. Title. 

C. Imprint and collation. 

D. Call number and date of copj-righL 

E. Subject entries. 

F. Printer's number. 

II. Subject entrA- card. ( Same as I, witli subject heading. ) 
III. Cardfor author of introduction. ( Same as I, ^\'ith added heading. ) 
F 592 P 256 is the call number. 
F — American local histon.-. 
592 — The West; period. 1775-1848. 
P 1 Number for Parkman according to the Cutter author 
256 ^ table. 



236 Report of the Librarian of Co7igress, 

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Catalogue Division. 239 

The entries in the catalogue may be roughly di\aded into 
author, subject, and title. 

Under the author are found not only the titles of books 
which he has written, but also of books which he has com- 
piled, edited, or translated. The works of other authors 
edited or translated by him are arranged after his own 
works. An author may be not only a person, but bodies of 
men, as societies, clubs, legislative bodies, countries, cities, 
which are considered as authors of their journals, debates, 
proceedings, transactions, reports, and other publications. 

Cards for subject entries are distinguished by red edge. 
Where such cards fall under headings also containing author 
entries the latter always precede. 

In the same way publications issued by the United States 
Government, its departments, bureaus, and divisions pre- 
cede all the works about the United States. 

Under title are entered (a) all books published anony- 
mously; (^) collections and compilations, such as Bible, 
Koran, Talmud, Arabian Nights, Seven Sages; (r) periodi- 
cals. All works of fiction, all dramas, also works in other 
subjects or classes of literature having striking or memo- 
rable titles, are entered first under author's name; secondly, 
under title. 

Further information concerning the principles and rules 
governing tjie compilation of the catalogue may be obtained 
by reference to Cutter's Rules for a dictionary catalogue, 
particularly the interleaved copies in use at the Library, 
which contain all the main emendations or departures from 

the original. 

In October, 1901, this catalogue contained the following: 

(a) An author en tr>', " temporary- entry," of all books 
whose titles have appeared in the printed author catalogues 
issued by the Library- in 1864, in the twelve annual c .ta- 
logues 1864 to 1875, and the author catalogue of 1878 so 
far as it was issued, viz, A to Craigin; 

(d) Of books copyrighted after July i, 189S; 

(f ) Of all books added to the Library since January i , 

(</) Of all books in the Librar>' classified as American 
history, description, and travel, general as well as local, 
part of general United States and South American history 
excepted (in preparation); 



240 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

(e) It contains also subject and title entries, in part, for 
books copyrighted since July i, 1898, and for books other 
than copyright which have been added subsequent to Jan- 
uary I, 1900. Also for all books classified as American 
history and description. 

There exists also the old manuscript aiithf)r catalogue on 
slips, covering books added to the Librar}- prior to Decem- 
ber 31, 1899. The titles in this catalogue are, however, 
being transferred to the main catalogue as rapidh- as the 
books can be reclassified, and the titles revised and printed 
on cards of the standard size. 

Besides the main card catalogue described above, of which 
a second copy is kept in the catalogue room and a third is 
ready to be installed with the Congressional Reference 
Library at the Capitol, there are special catalogues avail- 
able for consultation, viz: 

I. A classed catalogue of books in bibliography, printing, 
and library science, with index of authors and subjects. 
(In the Catalogue Room.) 

II. A classed catalogue of American history (in progress) 
in the Reading Room. 

III. A card index by authors and subjects of articles in 
certain periodicals and publications of learned societies cur- 
rently received either at the Library of Congress or at the 
Smithsonian Institution. This index adjoins the main cata- 

IV. Following the index will be found a manu.script 
author catalogue of Turkish books in the Library. To this 
will be added from time to time catalogues of books in other 
Oriental languages. 

Special catalogues of manuscripts, maps, music (scores), 
and prints are in progress in the respective divisions 
dealing with this class of material. 

It is not the purpose of the main catalogue to duplicate 
the work accomplished in "Poole's Index," "Bibliographic 
der Deutschen Zeit.schriften-Litteratur," "Jordell's Rej^r- 
toire Bibliographique des principales Revues Fran9aises," 
"The Engineering Index," " The Cumulative Index," or 
"The A, L. A. Literary Index. ' These and other indexes 
will l)e found on the adjoining reference desks, as well as in 
the alcoves open to the public. 

Catalogue Division. 241 

As the reclassification and revision of old entries proceeds, 
chapter by chapter, it is the intention to supplement the 
main dictionary catalogue by special classed catalogues. 

These may in some classes be mere shelf catalogues, giv- 
ing only one entr>' for each work, arranged in the order in 
which the books are classed on the shelves. In certain im- 
portant classes they may be carried farther. The classified 
catalogue of bibliographies contains not only titles of inde- 
pendent bibliographies, but also of important lists appended 
to other works or contained in serial publications. 

Finally, it is fully recognized hy the Librarj- that next in 
importance to an adequate exhibit of its own resources, 
comes the ability to supply information as to the resources 
of other libraries. 

As steps in this direction may be mentioned: 

First. The acquisition of printed catalogues of libraries, 
both American and foreign. 

Second. An alphabetic author catalogue on cards of books 
in department and bureau libraries in Washington. 

Third. A similar catalogue of books in some of the more 
important libraries outside of Washington. 

The L,ibrar>^ of Congress expects to place in each great 
center of research in the United States a copy of everj- card 
which it prints for its own catalogues; these will form there 
a statement of what the National Library' contains. It 
hopes to receive a copy of every card printed by the New 
York Pubhc Librar>-, the Boston Public Library, the Har- 
vard University Librarj', the John Crerar L,ibrar>', and sev- 
eral others. These it will arrange and preserve in a card 
catalogue of great collections outside of Washington. 

(As to distribution of printed cards to subscribing Hbraries 
see Part I, App. IV of this report, pp. 69-74.) 


[Room L 3 of plan.] Six persons. A. P. C. Griffin, 

This division was created by the appropriation act effective 
Juh' I, 1900. Its general functions are not limited to those 
indicated by its title. They are to deal with inquiries in- 
volving research too elaborate for the attendants in the 

9957— <5i 16 

242 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

reading room, or in fonn inconvenient for them to handle 
expeditiously; to compile lists of references on topics of 
current interest, particularly upon topics which are the sub- 
ject of investigation, discussion, or possible legislation by 
Congress; to represent the Library in cooperative biblio- 
graphic luidertakings; to edit all publications of the Library, 
and to recommend for acquisition by the Library such useful 
books as in the course of the foregoing duties and from 
specific examination of bibliographies and reviews, it dis- 
covers to be lacking. 

The division furnishes information for response to inquiries 
(in person or by mail) by references to the most helpful 
authorities; and often by an actual abstract from some au- 
thority where the answer can be given conclusively by such 
an abstract, not too lengthy. If the inquiry be hy letter 
arid can. be answered only by a reference to authorities, the 
division endeavors to suggest in what institution nearest the 
correspondent the authorities may be consulted. (The ac- 
cumulating catalogues of other libraries will increasingly aid 
in this. ) It is a fundamental principle in a library that an 
inquirer is entitled to the best authority attainable. It is 
the duty of the division to refer inquirers to any other divi- 
sion of the Library, to any other department of the Govern- 
ment, or to any other institution or person known to it to be 
capable of giving a more adequate answer than it alone can 
give. In the service of Congress the division, of course, 
makes researches more extended, lists more full and discrim- 
inating, and abstracts more lengthy. 

With reference to this service the division is con.stautly 
compiling lists of authorities on the various phases of every 
current public question. (See for the past year Part I of 
this Report.) Some of these are on cards; others expand 
into print as publications of the Library. The questions 
dealt with are not, however, merely questions of jxilitics, 
much less questions of merely current politics. They include 
various other subjects upon which a select list of authorities 
or a complete statement of the authorities in the Library of 
Congress may be servnceable to the inquirer there or to 
authors, readers, or administrators in other libraries. (For 
such publications of the past year see Part I of this Reixjrt, 
pp. 3V-42. For the full list see App. II.) 

Reading Room. 243 

The division is in convenient relation to the Reading 
Room, the Catalogue Room, the bibUographic apparatus, 
and the general shelves. It may be reached by the public 
through the main Reading Room. 


Fifty-six persons (day and evening force). David 
Hutcheson, superintendent. 

This force covers the service and custody of the material 
in the following: The main Reading Room (U 3); the main 
stacks (North, South, and East); Senators' Reading Room 
(R 3); Representatives' Reading Room (S 3); Reading 
Room for the Blind (G 2); Cloak Room (T 3); the Librar>- 
Station at the Capitol (terminal of book railway). 

The main Reading Room has 240 desks and -^S alcove Hours and ac 
tables and can accommodate 300 readers at one time. The 
issue desk is in the center. It is connected with the north 
and south stacks, also with the Capitol, by pneumatic tube 
and electric book carriers. (See cuts, and descriptions, 

PP- 355-357-) 

The main Reading Room is kept open from 9 a. m. until 
10 p. m. The force attending to it and to the auxiliary- book 
stacks is divided into two shifts, alternating from 9 a. m. to 
4 p. m. and 3.30 to 10 p. m. Each stack has nine ' ' decks ' ' 
or floors, and each deck has a station and terminal of the 
pneumatic tube and book railway. With a few exceptions 
each of the 18 decks requires an attendant. These attend- 
ants receive the calls for books reaching the stacks by the 
pneumatic tubes, and dispatch the books by the book rail- 
way. The desk attendants are thus saved travel to the 
stacks except where an examination of the shelves is neces- 
sar\' to supplement the information in the catalogues; or 
where the books are too large or too numerous to be trans- 
ported by the railway. 

Books called for, if in their proper places, can be sup>- 
plied to readers in about five minutes. The actual time of 
transit of the car is one and one-half minutes. 

The old author catalogue has been kept behind this 
desk, but it is now to be brought out into the space accessi- 


244 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

ble to readers. The new card catalogue by author and 
subject, which will gradually absorb the old, is already ac- 
cessible outside of the desk. The alcoves hold in all over 
40,000 volumes. Those on the second tier contain at pres- 
ent Federal documents. Those on the first are being filled 
with a selected collection of reference works in everj' depart- 
ment of literature, including local history and genealogy, for 
which the demand is very great. These books will in due 
course be open to the public without the intervention of 
an attendant. 
AID TO READ- f he Main Reading Room is in general limited in use to 
readers over sixteen j-ears of age; but younger persons pur- 
suing serious studies may be admitted by .special permit. 
Readers desiring books from the .stacks make out slips for 
them, signing these with their names and addiiesses. Books 
reclassified and thus having now each a precise "call num- 
ber' ' (which is given on the catalogue cards) may be called 
for by that number alone, as F_592.P2^6. Other books must 
still be identified by author and title and in cases by date of 
publication. The attendants strive to reduce the labor of 
the reader by hospitality to direct inquiries. Their aid is 
particularly necessary if the reader desires to know what 
books the Library has upon a particular topic. There is at 
present no catalogue to tell him this, except as to recent 
accessions. There is none to tell the attendants; but they 
have near by helpful bibliographic tools, they have experience 
of similar inquiries, and they can readily have recourse to 
the shelves, where the books, though imperfectly^ classified, 
are yet to a degree broadly classified by subject. 

The Main Reading Room is usually the point first 
approached by an inquirer. It is the duty of the desk 
attendants to place at his dispo.sal such information as they 
have; but it is their paramount duty to see that his inquiry 
reaches the official or division capable of giving him the 
fullest and most accurate answer. 

Readers are admitted to the stacks where direct access to 
the shelves is necessary to their purpose. ' The privilege is 
granted by card by the Librarian, and informally, to meet 
particular emergencies, by the Superintendent of the Read- 
ing Room. 

The location of the books in the stacks will change some- 


socTH boo: 

Reading Room. 245 

what ^^'ith the reclassification; in particular, the Smithso- 
nian serials will go into Room K 4, and the Documents 
probably to the sections of stack nearest the Documents 
Division. At present the location is as follows : 


First story from top: Publications of foreign Governments. 

Second story: Docimient publications of the States of the Union; 
duplicates of public documents. 

Third storj-: Mathematics, Astronomy, Geology, Chemistry, Physics, 
Botany, Medicine, Natural History-, and Zoology. 

Fourth ston,-: Technology-, Ecclesiastical History, and Theology. 

Fifth storv" Collected works, Poetry, Drama, Correspondence, 
Rhetoric, Essaj-s, Ana, and Humor. 

Sixth stor^-: General Histon,-, Ancient and Modem History, Biog- 
raphy, and description of all countries except the United States. 

Seventh story: Americana, Language, Geography. 

Eighth storj" International Law, Statistics, Politics, Philosophy, 
Education, Sociologj-, M^-thologA", Agriculture. 

Ninth story: Uncatalogued books, Duplicates. 

First to third story from top: Bound Newspapers. 

Fourth stor)" Bound Newspapers, Architecture, Fine Arts. 

Fifth stor\-: Bound Newspapers. 

Sixth story: Bound Periodicals. 

Seventh story: English Fiction, Directories, Yearbooks, Almanacs, 
Special Collections, Homer, Virgil, Dante, Shakespeare, Goethe, 

Eighth storj" Bound Periodicals. 

Ninth stor\-: Cop\Tight Deposits. 

Library (in part) of the Smithsonian Institution, Bibliography, 

Gallery: United States Documents. 

Alcoves on floor: Reference Books, Heraldry, Costume, Genealogy, 
American Biography, Law, Fiction in foreign languages. 

The old system of classification was by ' * chapters. ' ' As 
at present arranged the 



is as foUpws: 


1. General pistory. 

2. History, Biography', and description of all countries except 

America and Great Britain. 



246 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 


Present classiji- 2^. Genealogy, Heraldry, Costume, etc. 
cation. _ . . ' 

3. Great Britain. 

4. America (in the new classification, E and F). 

5. Mathematics. 

6. Geology. 

7. Physics. 

8. Astronomy. 

9. Chemistry. 

10. Medicine. 

11. General Natural History. 

12. Zoology. 

13. Botany. 

14. Agriculture. 

15. Useful Arts. 

16. Ecclesiastical History. 

17. Theolog>'. 
18-23. Law. 

24. International L,aw. 

25. Statistics, Political Economy, Finance, Politics, etc. 

26. Philosophy, Ethics, Education, etc. 

27. Sociolog}'. 

28. Mythology, superstitions, etc. 

29. Geograph}'. 

30. Architecture. 

31. Fine Arts. 

32. Music. 

33. Poetry. 

34. Drama. 

35. Fiction. 

36. Letters and Dialogues. 

37. Rhetoric. 

38. Jviterature and Bibliography. ( In the new classification Bibli- 

ography equals Z. ) 

39. Language. 

40. Collected works. 

41. Essays. 

42. Ana, wit and humor, quotations, etc. 

43. Smithsonian Collection of publications of learned societies. 
• 44. Periodicals and newspapers. 

Senators' and Representatives' Reading Rooms. — 
(Rooms R 3, S 3.) These rooms are for the exckisive use 
of Senators and Representatives. They are open during^ the 
sessions of each day until the hour of adjournment 
of both, and when Congress is not in session from 9 
a. m. to 4 p. m. Attendants are in charge of the rooms to 
wait upon the Senators and Representatives and to procure 

Reading Rooms. 247 

books for their use from the Main Reading Room. When 
not in use by Senators and Representatives the rooms are 
open to visitors to the building. 

Congressional Reference L,ibrary — The Library- sta- rff^fn7fi%"r2ry 
tion at the Capitol consists now merely of the terminal, near 
the Rotunda, of the book railwa)' and pneumatic tube, with 
two attendants in charge. Provision is being sought which 
will enable the Librarj- to place at the Capitol a collection of 
mi.scellaneous reference books, bibliographic aids, and the 
card catalogue (now in preparation for this purpose), and 
other indexes to the contents .of the collections in the main 
Library-. There are at the Capitol a "Senate librar}'" and 
a "House librars^" but with the exception of a few refer- 
ence books they consist largely of documents. The purpose 
of the Congressional Reference Librar}' would be particularly^ 
to furnish suggestions of the sources of information on any 
given subject, and to indicate those contained in the main 
I,ibrar5\ In connection with it would be available, at call, 
the experts in the main Library most competent to deal with 
inquiries from Senators and Representatives. 

Reading Room for the Blind: Etta J. Giffin, assistant Reading root, 

"^ /or the bhnd. 

in charge. The Reading Room for the Blind is situated in 
the northwest corner of the ground floor of the Library 
(Room G 2 of plan), and is open every day, Sunday ex- 
cepted, from 9 a. m. to 4 p. m. 

It contains a large and growing collection of embossed 
books, periodicals, and music, in New York Point, Line 
type, American Braille, Moon-type, and others. One part 
of the room is reserved for the use of the blind who come to 
read; the other part is open to seeing visitors, to whom are 
shown the various kinds of books prepared for the blind, 
and the Point and Braille writing machines, writing slates, 
and other inventions to enable the blind to write script. 
From time to time there have also been on exhibit telegraph 
instruments, typewriters, and printing presses specially 
adapted to the use of the blind. 

Books are sent to the homes of the blind in the cit}'. 

From October i to June 30, daily readings to the blind 
are given hy volunteer readers. These readings generally 
consist of essays, poems, and short stories, such as have not 
been printed in finger print, and are intended to give the 


Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

listeners an opportunity' of hearing good literature not 
printed in any form accessible to them. On Wednesday of 
each week a concert is given instead of a reading. The 
daily reading hour is from 2.30 to 3.30 p. m. It is open to 
the general public without formality. For statistics see 
pp. 44. 45- 


Current serials. 



(Room Q 3 on plan.) Eleven persons. Allan B. Slauson, 

The Periodical Reading Room was opened January 22, 
1900, with hours from 9 a. m. till 6 p. m. Since June 
4, 1900, the hours have been from 9 a. m. till 10 p. m. The 
room is 218 feet long, 35 in breadth, 19 in height. It 
contains racks and shelves for about 600 newspapers and 
2,500 other current serials. About 2,700 are now regularly 
placed there. The room will accommodate about 250 read- 
ers. Over 200 at a time are customarily there (in the 
evening hours) . 

The access to the room and the use of the newspapers and 
periodicals on file are without formality. 

The total number of serials currently received by the 
Library exceed 7,000. The 4,000 not exjx)sed in the 
Reading Room may be had from the adjoining .stack on 
application to the Reading Room attendants. Of the 7,200 
serials received only 823 are subscribed for. Two thousand 
six hundred and twelve are the gift of the (American) 
publishers; 1,383 are copyright deposits; 1,981 are received 
through the Smithsonian, and 426 from Federal departments 
and bureaus. 

The newspapers include over 400 published in the United 
States and nearly 150 from foreign countries, representing 
the commercial and political centers throughout the world. 

Serials — tran.sactions, proceedings, magazines, etc. — deal- 
ing with a .special subject are classified with that subject. 
There remain, however, in the custody of the Periodical 
Division (though housed in the south stack) all "general 
periodicals," and all newspapers. The files of these are 
very extensive, the newspapers alone aggregating nearly 
20,000 volumes. When the collection was moved into the 
new building these files were only in part bound, or in con- 

250 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Ivi^ww The daily mail is first sorted into the two general classes, 

newspapers and periodicals. Roughly speaking, there are 
600 newspapers each daj- to be filed, half of which go to the 
reading room and the other half direct to the stacks. 
Newspapers are arranged first by States, then by cities in 
the States, then alphatetically by their names under the 
cities. The first sorting, therefore, is by States. The 325 
papers filed in the reading room have a week's issue upon 
each file-stick, which is so arranged that the oldest paper may 
be taken off and the latest added each day without disturbing 
the other six issues. To do this properly and carefully, 
mending torn edges and pasting in loose supplements, 
requires an average of one minute for each paper, or five and 
one-half hours for the entire work. The papers taken off 
the files are carried into the stack and there filed on shelves. 
The care of the papers in the stacks, the collation, the 
mending of torn pages, the writing for numbers lost in the 
mails or mutilated by handling, the preparation of volumes 
for the bindery, and the wrapping in manila paper of all 
papers not immediately bound, occupy the entire time of 
two assistants. 

The periodicals proper are stamped immediately upon 
receipt and checked upon cards. (For facsimile of the card 
used for the North American Review see page 25 1 . ) 

The vSame style of a card is used for weekly publications, 
the numbers being placed in the four corners of the square 
for the appropriate month. In the event of five issues in 
the month, the fifth number is placed in the center. Each 
card, therefore, indicates the condition of the file of that 
periodical for several years. 

If, in checking, a vacant space is noted on the card indi- 
cating a number not received, a card is made out as shown 
upon facsimile given on page 252. 

Where hundreds of periodicals are received daily, .some 
numbers will be mi.ssed, in spite of all the care exercised 
by post-office officials, and the record of, as .shown by 
the missing number cards, is given each day to the chief of 
the division. A typewriter assistant notifies the publisher 
of the mi.ssing numbers, inclosing in each letter a pink 
laljel, bearing the Govennnent frank. This label, used by 
the publisher, di.stinguishes the ' ' mis.sing numl^ers ' ' upon 

Division of Periodicals. 


(0 (0 

<0 1 <0 CO 1 00 



<0 «D 


01 ,*» 



i" r 1° 

(D 00 












1 1 — 1 — 

|t>i ^ — liD CO —* ^ 





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b^ fo y) {^o 


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Oi 3\ rj\ 0\ 







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t^ ^ it^ 

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i ! 

i 1 


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OJ 1? 

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u ^ 

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uj 00 

p (7^ 




Report of the Librarian of Congress, 
















































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Division of Documents 


their arrival in the Librar>^ from all other periodicals 
received, and brings them at once to the desk from which 
the request was sent out. Here the^- are checked and for- 
warded to the assistant in charge of the shelves. 

A large percentage of the periodicals received daily- 
must be cut, and many sewed, before they can be put 
out for readers. Many have to be covered vA'Ca. strong 
manila paper to protect them from damage by handling. 
These processes, together with the care of the shelves 
and Reading Room, keep three assistants busy; two on 
the day force and one at night. 

One assistant is occupied continually in collating and 
preparing volumes for the binder\-. A printed slip of 
instructions to the binder is placed in each volume. (See 
facsimile on page 254.) 

The two assistants who answer calls for bound vol- 
umes in the stacks also shelve in their proper places the 
4,000 odd periodicals not kept on file in the Periodical 
Reading Room. 


(Rooms H 4 and I 4 of plan.) Four persons. Roland 
P. Falkner, chief. 

The Division of Documents is the latest organized division 
in the Library- ser\nce. Its formal organization dates from 
Jul)' I, 1900, but as it was without a chief until October i, 
and as some time was required for organization, it can 
hardly be said to have acquired a distinct indi\4duality before 
Januar}' i, 1901. 

This di\'ision of the Library must not be confounded with 
the Bureau of Documents, which, under the ' ' Superintendent 
of Documents, " is a di\-ision of the Government Printing 
OflSce and has charge of the distribution and sale of certain 
publications of the United States Government. The func- 
tion of the Division of Documents in the Library- is to 
acquire, arrange, and make available for use, the publica- 
tions of Governments, national, local, and municipal, and of 
quasi public bodies, such as commercial organizations and 
the like. To the Division has been assigned also general 
supervision over the works on economics, politics, and 



Ri'port of the Librarian of Congress, 

Library of Congress. 

Rcqn isilion Ao. 




Jan. -Dec. 




Bind "adi" and back covers at bacV «« t h .y »>«i 

Trim top tdg* lightly and marble, leaving side and bottom 

edges uncut. 
T rim ti ll tifjtt, l i eh i ly nnd mnrhU 
/« trinittiing always leave as wide • margin as possible 

irrespective o( n/e of dummy or pallem volume. 
Bind in Half Moroccor U B*!* ! C a lfi f pww I iltJ fc' fc m t| C lal^ 
Color ; rtnl. niuil t , Rnu B W i Dark Green, . 

~3io xNoVMake dummy 

J>{'q Pattern volume. 

JFacsimii^k of Card of Instructions to Bindhr. 

Division of Doaiments. 


sociolog>\ Before its establishment the work which is here 
outhned was carried out in part by the Reading Room, in 
part by the Catalogue Di\nsion, and in part by the Period- 
ical Division. None of them, however, were able to give 
the special care which was required to insure the complete- 
ness of the collection. It is only by systematic and con- 
tinued solicitation that this class of publications can be 
obtained, and to this none of the divisions named could 
devote the requisite time and attention. The cramped 
space in the old rooms in the Capitol and the small force 
there available, were wholly inadequate to the needs of this 
■work. In consequence, the collection of documents had 
been neglected, and the serious omissions in the collection 
seemed to make it imperative that the care and custody of 
this literature be assigned to a special di\'ision. 

The di\-ision furnishes information for response to inqui- 
ries (in person or hy mail) involving the material over which 
it has custody, or as to which it has special knowledge. 
Such inquiries are numerous and relate to the methods of 
publication and distribution of public documents, as well as 
to questions about their contents. They are often requests 
for information as to what legislation has been proposed or 
enacted on a given subject; and often requests for particu- 
lar legislative bills or statutes. In the latter case, as in 
requests for Federal documents, they have to be referred 
to the Superintendent of Documents or other appropriate 

The lyibrarj' of Congress is not in its Division of Docu- 
ments or otherwise a bureau for the distribution of docu- 
ments, except as to its own publications and the sets of Fed- 
eral documents placed at its disposal for international 

The office of Di\-ision of Documents is in the north curtain 
on the second floor. It is hoped that at no distant date pro- 
vision may be made for direct access to the Division for those 
who desire to consult the material under its charge. At 
present those ha\'ing especial business with the Division are 
introduced to it on application at the Reading Room desk. 

The material for which the Di\-ision is in a measure respon- 
sible falls into two distinct classes, the documents distinctly 
tinder its care, and the economic, political, and sociological 

Mater lAL 

256 Report of the Librarian of Congress, 

works, as to which it has special knowledge. The latter 
class of material is obtained by copyright, purchase, gift, or 
exchange, while the documents are obtained almost exclu- 
sively by gift or exchange. 

d^umeits.^''^'" United States Documents. — The United States documents 
published b}' Congress have been received by the Library of 
Congress under the several laws governing the public print- 
ing. Other documents issued by the United vStates Gov- 
ernment have been received through the gift of the Depart- 
ments and other offices from which they have emanated. 
A resolution of March 3, 1901 (see Part I of this report, 
Appendix III), provides that hereafter two copies of all 
documents, whether issued by Congress or by the several 
Executive Departments and offices, shall be sent as soon as 
issued to the Library of Congress. 

Prior to the opening of the last session of Congress there 
was no arrangement for the receipt b}^ the Library of Con- 
gress of the Congressional issues as published. Reliance 
was placed upon ultimately receiving the Congressional 
documents in the sheepskin bound form in which they are 
distributed to libraries generall}'. It followed, therefore, 
that the Library of Congress was unable to meet a call for 
issues of the Congress in session. Particular efforts are 
now made to insure their immediate receipt. As soon as 
received, one set is arranged in numerical order to answer 
calls for publications by number only. Larger reports and 
documents not to l^e issued subsequently in bound form are 
sent at once to the bindery on special orders, and are fre- 
quently ready for use a few days after they leave the 
Government Printing Office. 

umenti. ^°'' State documcnts. — State documents have been received 
entirely as gifts. The printing law of January 12, 1895, 
provides for the distribution by the United States of all its 
publications to the several State libraries, but does not 
require any return on their part. Most of the States, how- 
ever, have regarded themselves as under obligation to send 
copies of the State publications to the Library of Congress, 
and it is thus through a species of indirect exchange that 
the Library of Congress acquires this material. 

itmenl!''^'^''^'"^' Municipal doatments. — Municipal documents have been 
presented to the Library of to a certani extent, and 

Foreign doc- 

Division of Doaiments. 257 

the collections have been somewhat increased by the transfer 
to the Libran,' of Congress of such material from other official 
libraries. But tested by the importance of the material, they 
are at present ver>' defective. 

Foreign documents. — Foreign documents have been acquired 
by the Library of Congress under the system of international 
exchange which dates from 1867. By resolution of March 2 
of that year, which has been renewed in subsequent legislation 
upon the public printing, 50 copies of the doctunents published 
by the United States Government are set aside for exchange 
with foreign nations. By resolution of March 2, 1901 (see 
Part I, Appendix III), the number of documents avail- 
able for this purpose has been increased by law to 62, with 
the possibility of further increase to 100. The Library of 
Congress does not act directly in this matter, but utilizes the 
system of foreign exchanges operated by the Smithsonian 
Institution, to the support of which Congress makes an 
annual appropriation. Through the Institution relations 
have been estabhshed with nearly 50 foreign States and 
nations. (A list of them is given in Appendix III hereto.) 
From these a large number of publications have been 
received in return, but by no means all that were issued. 

From the foregoing and from the analysis given on 
pages 327-331, it is ob\-ious that the present files of the 
Library- are exceedingly imperfect. The first efforts of 
the Documents Division have been to ascertain the gaps 
and to fill them. This requires solicitation, and involves 
detailed and repeated correspondence and frequently personal 

Particular effort is being made to secure immediately upon 
their issue, ''blue books " and other documents dealing with 
questions of current interest. Heretofore these have come 
only through the slow medium of international exchange. 

Direct communications have recently been entered into , ^?«"i/iv»r of 

foreign docu.- 

with several foreign governments by the Librarian of Con- '«<^''^- 
gress and by the chief of the Bureau of International 
Exchanges of the Smithsonian Institution for the purpose 
of securing books lacking in the collections of the Library 
of Congress, and through these efforts verj- considerable 
additions have been made to the collections of Austrian, 
French, and Italian documents. Through the United States 

9957—01 17 

258 Report of the Librariayi of Congress. 

minister in Madrid the libraries of the Senate and House of 
Deputies of Spain have furnished to the Librar}' of Congress 
a practicall)' complete set of the journals of those IxKiies 
since 18 10. The collection of material acquired from the 
palace of the Governor-General of Porto Rico contains a 
valuable collection of printed documents relating to the 
Spanish administration there and in the islands of the West 
Indies generally. Through direct application to the com- 
missioners of the several countries to the Paris Exposition 
of 1900, much of the official literature which grew out of 
the Exposition has been collected. By direct correspond- 
ence the sets of Norwegian statistics, publications of the 
Chamber of Commerce in Hamburg, and the "Annales des 
Travaux Publics" of Belgium, have been completed. 
Through transfer from the library of the Department of 
State, the official collections of historical documents pub- 
lished by the British Record Commissions have been largely 
supplemented. These acquisitions, noted in detail, indicate 
the scope of the division as respects foreign material and 
some of the channels through which the collections of the 
Library may be increased. The recent resolution of March 
3, 1 901, affords a means of extending the exchanges of the 
Library to other foreign nations. Definite arrangements for 
this purpose will be perfected by the time the additional 
volumes designed for the Library of Congress become 
Dfparimefii With respect to the documeuts of the United States, the 

documents. '- . i ^ i ,-. • i 

cooperation of the various bureaus and of the Superintendent 
of Documents has been invoked for the purpose of estab- 
lishing in the Library of Congress, and independent of the 
numbered Congressional documents, sets of at least the more 
important publications of the United States Government 
departments. A special effort has been made to complete 
the sets of what are known as the Department i.ssues not 
included in the numbered Congressional documents. This 
work is still in progress. 

Through the gift of the State officials considerable addi- 
tions have been made to the collections of State documents. 
The division has nearly completed a systematic survey of 
the journals and documents of the several vState legislatures, 
and now in the possession of the Library of Congress, with 

Division of Documents. 259 

the purpose of completing these sets as readily as possible. 
As in the case of the Federal documents, it is deemed desir- 
able that the individual reports of State officers should be 
collected whenever possible, and it is hoped that large addi- 
tions may be made to the collections of this literature. 

The whole field of municipal literature remains practically 
untouched and offers a large field for the future develop- 
ment of the collections. While it will not be practicable to 
collect the city documents of all of the cities of the United 
States, it is proposed to collect systematically those of cities 
having 100,000 inhabitants, and it is probable that a like 
rule will be applied to foreign cities. The Library- of Con- 
gress has recently received gifts of upward of 150 volumes 
of the public papers of the cities of Rome, Florence, and 

The documents newly received by the Library and handled 
by this division during the ten months ending October 31, 
1901, aggregated 12,126 — 8,097 volumes and 4,029 pam- 

Present contents of collection. (See under The Present 
Collections: Documents, pp. 327-331 of this Report.) 

All documents received b\' the Library- of Congress pass documents 

. Processes. 

through the division. Those which have been received 
without special solicitation on the part of the division are 
acknowledged in the Order Division. Those which are 
addressed directly to the Division of Documents are 
acknowledged there. All documents which are acquired 
as gifts are counted in the Division of Documents. A 
record is made of all American documents received. Those 
issued more frequenth' than once a year are checked in the 
periodical record, which also embraces similar publications 
of foreign governments. The publications of foreign govern- 
ments received through international exchange are not yet 
specificallj- so recorded. 

After the completion of the card accession record for the 
purpose of reference, the volumes are turned over to the 
assistants for further treatment. If the set is one which has 
already been catalogued, the documents, if bound, are for- 
warded to the Catalogue Division, and a record is kept here 
of what constitutes the set. If the set is found to be incom- 
plete, correspondence is entered into with those who issue 

26o Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

the volumes, in the effort to supply missing numbers. 
When these are received, the documents are forwarded to 
the Catalogue Division. Many of the volumes are received 
in paper covers, and these are frequently sent to the bindery 
before going to the Catalogue Division. This nece.ssitates 
a binding record, in order that the division may be able to 
trace the location of any document which it has received. 
The process here described can not be carried through rap- 
idly because of the considerable accumulation in the Library 
of Congress of uncatalcgued material, which must be 
searched before the exact needs of the Library of Congress 
can be ascertained. 
^*A c*iTi^T i K s ^'^ view of the necessity of building up as rapidly as 
FOR RESEARCH, possiblc tlic collectioHS themselves, little attention has 
been given to analytical indexing, either in the Catalogue 
Division or in the Division of Documents. Records are 
made by titles mainly, and for specific contents reliance is 
had upon such printed indexes as are available. Many 
documents not catalogued in the main Library are listed in 
the Division of Documents. These lists comprise most of 
the European and a large number of United States and State 
publications. The records of the division now embrace 
2,875 titles, some of which represent a large number of 
volumes, as the aggregate includes 723 periodicals, 1,409 
annuals and similar publications, and 743 individual books. 
These records are for the present on cards in the division, 
but it is hoped at an early date to publish check lists of the 
foreign documents of the countries v»^hich are well repre- 
sented in the Library of Congress. 

The works in the custody of the division which have not 
yet l)een catalogued, and whose location is not, therefore, 
indicated by a card number, have been arranged by countries 
and by subjects. To the facilities of the division for research 
should be added the printed indexes already referred to. 
These embrace the general and .special indexes of the United 
States documents, and of the British parliamentary papers, 
and are supplemented by a collection of catalogues from 
official libraries, both in the United States and foreign coun- 
tries, from which considerable aid is derived in tracing 
documentary publications. 

Inquirers will be freely admitted to the shelves where the 
need requires. 

Manuscript Division. 



(Room I 3 and, for repair work, a portion of K 3. ) Four 
persons; also two repairers from the Government Printing 
Office. Charles Henr>- Lincoln, assistant in charge. 

Created by the appropriation act effective July i, 1897. 

Hoin-s from 9 a. ni. till 4 p. m. Has the custody of all 
the manuscript material in the Library not classifiable as 
map, music, or print (the latter designation including all 
contributions to the graphic arts). This numbers tiow 
some 36,000 pieces, which could be compacted into perhaps 
1,500 volumes. Its contents are analyzed in pages 335—344 
of this Report. 

The duty of the dixnsion with reference to this material, 
as of the documents, maps, music, and prints di\'isions with 
reference to the material in the custody, respectively, of 
each, is not merely to safeguard it, but to aid in the acqui- 
sition, to classify and catalogue, to make it useful to 
readers, and to answer inquiries which relate to it or which 
maj' be answered effectiveh- out of the special knowledge 
which its custod}- and administration involve. 

The equipment of the room includes steel safes with com- 
bination locks, and steel-lined cases, cabinets, and filing 
drawers, all with locks. The manuscripts are in part in 
individual pieces, unbound, but laid between manila sheets 
in drawers; in part in filing "binders" (specially de\'ised 
for such material), allowing further insertions, and in part 
(where no further insertions are likely) in regularly bound 

Man}- of the earlier manuscripts are so worn as to be 
impossible of use without repair. Two employees of the 
Government Printing Office, detailed for the purpose, are 
constantly at work repairing them. The process of repair 
is as follows: 

The paper is first dampened so that creases and turned 
edges may be smoothed. Care must be taken to smooth 
no crease which was unnoticed by the writer, lest legi- 
bility be sacrificed. The manuscript is then dried 
between boards and submitted to heavy pressure. This 
prevents the reappearance of the original roughness. 
The period of pressure necessary- to secure a perma- 
nently smooth surface is about twentj'-four hours. 






Report of the Librarian of Congress. 



Where the quality of ink will not allow the manuscript 
to be dampened this period must be much extended. 

The manu-script is now ready to be repaired. For 
this purpose paper of .similar color and texture to that 
of the original manu.script must be obtained. In many 
cases, owing to the age of the manuscript, this is no 
easy task. Hand-made paper is necessary and no bit of 
such paper is wasted. A patch conforming in size to 
the hole in the original manuscript is cut, the edges of 
both hole and patch carefully beveled and scraped, and 
the patch held in place by the use of a thick flour paste. 
The manuscript is then heavily pressed. When dry 
the line of union between patch and paper is again 
scraped and the first stage in the work of repair is 

But a manuscript thus repaired is not ready for use. 
Althovigh no attempt is made to supply words which 
have l)een torn from the original manuscript, it is pro- 
tected against further loss. For this purpose a cover- 
ing of tracing paper or of fine silk veiling (crepeline) is 
used. Tracing paper gives firmness but impairs legi- 
bility, and the veiling is generally preferred. This 
covering is pasted on each side of the manuscript, that 
the tendencies for the paper to curl in either direction 
msiy be neutralized. When dry the manuscript is again 
pressed and mounted for filing. 
The entire collection is grouped by subjects. 
An accession record is kept in book form. There is a 
card catalogue in progress. Thus far the entries are gen- 
erally for groups of material, not for individual manuscripts; 
but cards have been made for the individual manuscripts in 
the following groups, viz : The Washington papers, the 
Dolly Madison papers, the Paul Jones papers, the Vernon- 
Wager papers^ the Blaine papers, the Davis papers, the Sir 
William Johnson papers, the Sullivan papers, the Oliver 
Pollock papers, the Atlee papers, the Arnold- Varick pa^Ders, 
the Revolutionary War papers, the papers of the Thirteen 
Original States, the United States Army papers, the United 
States Navy papers, and the Proceedings of the Loyalist 
Commissioners. The final stage is making references 
for all names appearing in the documents. A total of over 

Division' of Maps and Charts. 263 

30,000 cards have been written in cataloguing the above- 
mentioned groups. 

A Calendar of the Washington Manuscripts has recently manuscript! 


been published. (See Part I of this Report, pp. 40-41.) 
A calendar of the Paul Jones papers is in preparation. 

The Manuscripts Di\-ision was purposely located in a por- po^^rese^c^ 
lion of the building secluded from the activities of ordinary 
use. It may be reached through the Main Reading Room 
or through the Division of Maps. Access to it is entirely 
informal; and all of the administration being centered in the 
one room, immediate access may be given to any manuscript 
specified, and prompt aid furnished to the resources of the 
collection on any given subject, period, or individual. 
Manuscripts may of course be handled by outsiders only 
under supervision of the attendants. But as the regular 
work of the attendants is adjacent to the space provided for 
visitors, this supervision may be suflSciently vigilant without 
being irksome. Under suitable precautions the privilege of 
making extracts and (on permit from the Librarian) of 
photographing is given here as elsewhere in the Library, 
except, of course, where reproduction of the manuscript, in 
whole or in part, would conflict with some condition attach- 
ing to it, or conceivably in cases where such reproduction 
might be from public policy injurious. 

An}^ printed books, e. g. , palseographic works, needed by 
a visitor in connection with his examination of the manu- 
scripts will be brought to the division for his use. 


(Rooms G 3 and H 3 on plans.) Six persons. Also 
map mender and mounter from Government Printing Office. 
P. Lee Phillips, chief. 

Created by appropriation act effective July i, 1897. 

Hours, 9 a. m. to 4 p. m. Material called for later is 
issued in the Main Reading Room. 

This collection, now numbering over 60,000 items and the 
largest in America, was five years ago a confused mass in 
various corners, corridors, and cellar rooms at the Capitol. 
Brought to the new building, it was gradually separated 
from the material of other nature and spread out on packing 
cases in room H 4, On May 28, 1900, it was removed to 


264 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

its present permanent location. It occupies nearly 10,000 
square feet of floor space. 
i-QuiPMKNT. j^ jj^g ^^iigj-e specially designed furniture and ecjuipment, 
both for administration and for storage. The storage cases 
for the sheet maps, of a novel pattern, consist each of a 
series of slide drawers with wooden flaps in front as dust 
protectors. These swing up automatically as the drawer is 
opened, permitting its contents to be drawn out without lift- 
ing. There are special cases for the atlases and other Ixmnd 
material, including the books relating to cartography; there 
is the furniture — desks, catalogue cases, table trucks, etc. — 
necessary for administration; there is a space, in the east end 
of the room, specially equipped for the mending and mount- 
ing of maps; and, for the public, l)esides the furniture custom- 
ary in a reading room, there are especially convenient racks, 
rests, and drafting tables. 

As a whole, this equipment is perhaps the most thorough 
of any such department in any library in the world. 
rTTNCTioNs. 3ee under Division of Manuscripts, page 261. 

The maps are all classified by geographical diyi.sions and 
arranged in cases. (They are previoush' laid within folded 
sheets of manila paper, which are titled at the upper left- 
hand corner, with the subject, date, and author of. the map.) 
The general atlases are placed together on bookcases and 
arranged by authors; the special atlases of countries, states, 
counties, and cities are arranged with the sheet maps in 
special cases. Valuable collections and manuscript maps are 
kept together under Icfck and key . While, therefore, the maps 
and atlases have not all been catalogued, any one of them 
can be found at a moment's notice. The very arrangement 
of the sheet maps is an index to them. 

The following synopsis will illustrate the classification in 
the cases, taking America as an example: 

1. The world, arranged chronologically. 

2. The American continent, arranged chronologically. 

3. North America, as a whole, arranged chronologically. 

4. The Arctic regions. 

5. Canada and provinces. 

6. Newfoundland. 

7. United States. 
H. States of the United States, arranged alphabetically 

and then chronologically. 

Division of Maps and Charts. 265 

9. Mexico and the States as above. 

10. Central America and republics. 

11. South America, as a whole, arranged chronologically. 

12. Countries of South America. 

13. West Indies and groups. 

14. Antarctic regions. 

The treatment of sheet maps is necessarily special. The 
work of the repairer and mounter is as follows: 

All age-worn and mutilated maps and charts are sub- ■}l^(^iring am 
jected to a process of flattening out in order to remove '»"""""'^- 
the creases and folds. This is accomplished by placing 
the maps between large strawboards and subjecting 
them to hea\-:\ weights. Repairs are then made, and 
wherever a rent is discovered, or a piece is missing, 
paper resembling as nearly as possible the texture and 
color of the original is used to restore the map to its 
original appearance. 

The sheets are then ready for mounting, and are so 
arranged, according to size, as to cover the mounting 
table without crowding. The table is prepared bj- past- 
ing down at one side a cut of cotton measuring 14 feet 
5 inches in length and 6 feet 5 inches in width. The 
cotton is then pasted down at the opposite side, care 
being taken to remove all wrinkles b}' drawing tight 
until an even and smooth surface is produced; and the 
same process is repeated as to the ends. The maps are 
then pasted and mounted on the cotton. The tendency 
to wrinkle or crease by reason of the dampness caused by 
pasting is reduced to a minimum by placing a sheet 
of manila paper on the map and rubbing it down and 
into the cotton with the palm of the hand and with 
bone folders provided for the purpose. The maps are 
allowed to remain on the table over night, and are then 
cut ofF and again placed between strawboards in order 
to thoroughly <lry and flatten out. 

After remaining in the boards for a sufi&cient length 
of time, generally from two to three weeks, the maps 
are removed, the edges trimmed, and a narrow cotton 
border added to prevent fraying in handling. 

Rollers are removed from all maps, the roll reversed, 
and the maps laid face down in an allotted space. 
Heav\' mounting boards are then placed on top of 50 or 

266 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

more maps, in order to secure the greatest weight possi- 
ble, to overcome the tendency to reroU, occasioned by 
the amount of varnish on the face of the map, which 
if not treated in this manner is liable to crack and chip 
off. . The map is then cut or dissected into sections, viz, 
eighths, etc., the cut being governed by the size of the 
' map. 

When necessary, all maps cut into sections of halves, 
quarters, or sixths can be readily joined together by 
pasting a narrow strip of cotton on the reverse side, 
thus reproducing its standard size. Maps cut into more 
than six sections are more easily consulted in their di.s- 
sected form than if rejoined. 
Maps: A Card Catalogue under author and subject is in process. 

Catalogues. . . ... . 

This includes individual maps in books as well as those 
separate or in atlases. It is, therefore, a catalogue of all the 
maps known to exist in the Library, not merely those in the 
custody of the Map Division. This also is true of each 
cartographic list compiled by the division for publicatioL. 
The following lists have been published: 
List of maps of Cuba. 1898. 15 pp. 
Alaska and the Northwest part of North America. 
1588-1898. 1898. 119 pp. 

List of maps and views of Washington and the Dis- 
trict of Columbia. 1900. 77 pp. 

A list of works relating to cartography . 1 90 1 . 90 pp. 

A list of maps of America in the Library of Congress. 

1901. II37PP- 

As the maps of America constitute three-fourths of the 

collection, the list named covers a considerable portion of 

it, and the most important. It lacks, however, many titles, 

which will appear in a supplement. 

There is in preparation a list of the atlases in the Library. 
Scope. See under The Present Collections: Maps, pages 344-350. 


(Portion of Room H 2; G 5. j Six persons. W. R, Whit- 
tlesey, chief. 

Created by appropriation act effective July i, 1897. 

Hours from 9 a. m. till 10 p. m. 

The collection of miisic, though numerically the largest 

Dhisiofi of Music. 26 f 

single collection in the United States (it contains 319,121 
items), is almost exclusively the result of deposits under the 
copyright law. It is, therefore, composed chiefly of Ameri- 
can compositions or of foreign compositions published and 
entered here since the international copjTight act of 1891. 
The bulk of it is in sheet form. 

The literature of music is not in the custody of this di\-i- 
sion, but is for tlie most part in the stacks, and to be called 
for in the main reading room. 

The division has been in room M 4, but has just been gj^F*^*^ ^^ 
moved to its present quarters. It has as yeX. no permanent 
equipment either for storage or for administration. 

The collection accumulated prior to 1897 was neither ac- 
cessioned, classified, catalogued, nor made accessible. The 
labors of the division during the past four years have been 
largeh' to reduce the material to order and make it available 
for use. But the current accessions had also to be incorpor- 
ated. Those received through cop\Tight alone aggregate 
about 1 6, 000 items a jear. The chief problem of the di\'ision 
is to record, classify, and catalogue so huge an accession, and 
to classify and catalogue the far greater mass already' on hand. 
Its general functions are similar in nature to those expressed 
in the case of the Di\nsion of Manuscripts. See page 261. 

After passing through the Copyright Di\ision the current p^j^'^es. 
music is sent to the Order Division to be counted, and is then 
forv,'arded to the Div-ision of Music, where it is entered in a 
statistical accession book. A consecutive accession number 
and a class di\-ision is given each composition and it is cata- 
logued by composer and title, if the title be specific, and is 
shelved. The material in book form is entered under the 
subject as well as under composer and title. Temporary 
entries are made for the material in book form pending the 
printing of the permanent cards. 

Xo permanent scheme of classification has yet been classi pica 
adopted. A temporar^^ one has been applied in part as 

The music in sheet form is classified primarily as 
instrumental and vocal. The instrumental music is 
classed under the respective instruments to which it 
relates, and is further subdi\-ided under class di\-isions 
of morceau. ballet, opera excerpts, etc. The vocal music 
is divided into sacred and secular, and arranged under 



Report of the Librarian of Congress. 


Scope of col- 

class divisions of solos, duos, trios, quartets, etc. Music 
in book form is j\rranged in a similar manner to the 
sheet music, but is kept separate. 
A card catalogue in dictionary form is in progress. 
Entries are made under composer, title, and subject, with 
numerous cross references. Catalogues have been prepared 
for history-, partially for biography and musical periodicals, 
works of instruction, operas, cantatas, oratorios, piano and 
violin classics, band and orchestra scores, vocal collections 
(ballads), patriotic music, and music incidental to the dif- 
ferent wars in which the United States has beeii engaged. 
A special catalogue of musical bibliography, collated from 
current periodicals and newspapers, which embraces the cur- 
rent biograph}' of musicians and man}' other subjects of 
interest and value to the student, is in preparation. Musical 
biograph)' is contained in general biography and is only 
partially catalogued under "biography." Eventually it is 
intended that these two subjects shall be represented in the 
catalogue of music also. 

See under The Present Collections: Music, page 350. 




(Rooms P 4 and Q 4 and P 5. Exhibits R 4, S 4.) Five 
persons. Repairer and mounter from the Government Print- 
ing Office. Arthur Jeffrey Parsons, chief. 

Created by appropriation act effective Jul}* i, 1897. 

This division deals with engravings, etchings, photograv- 
ures, photographs, lithographs, typogravures, and all other 
material which is the product of the graphic arts or of the 
fine arts generally, including any original paintings or 
drawings which may be in the possession of the Library, 
except as such material may be in forn^ or nature appropriate 
to the custody and service of other divisions (e. g. , a photo- 
graph of a map, just as a manuscript map, would be in the 
custody of the Map Division). 

Its functions with reference to such material are analogous 
to those expressed in the case of the Manuscripts and other 
special divisions. It has also the special selection and care 
of the exhibits (whether of prints, of books, or of manu- 
scripts) that occupy the two curtains and the two j^avilions 
[rooms G4,C4,S4,R4] on the western side of the build- 

Division of Prints. 


ing, second floor, and at present part of the south curtain 
(room Q 4) also. 

The collection of prints while at the Capitol was in much 
the same embarrassment as the collection of music; analo- 
gous work was requisite to reduce it to order. At the time 
of removal it included about 55,000 items; during the past 
four years 50,000 have been added. These were (in part) to 
be stamped, accessioned, classified, catalogued, and made 
available in response to demand and in selected exhibits. 

The prints are now broadly grouped according to form and 
in part according to subject. Those having artistic value 
(e. g., the etchings and engravings) have been separated 
and specially protected. With the remainder, when sorted 
as photographs, lithographs, etc., the effort has been to dis- 
tinguish and make readily available what may have histor- 
ical, biographical, or topographical interest, or be instructive 
as examples of processes. 

In the way of permanent equipment the division has as yet 
onl}- exhibit cases, certain cases for the storage of the finer 
prints, including the Gardiner Greene Hubbard Collection 
(see under Present Collections, page 350) , and in the southeast 
comer of room Q 4 a large desk inclosure for the use of \\s\\.- 
ors examining prints or books on the fine arts. A considera- 
ble number of books (folios) are shelved under its counter (on 
movable slide drawers covered with sheep skin and protected 
by glass doors;) certain reference books are at hand in stand- 
ing bookpresses, and the remainder of the literature of the fine 
arts and architecture in the Librar>- (not, however, an ample 
collection) is in the fourth deck of the stack immediately 
adjoining. The major portion of the prints is still stored in 
temporary cases in the room P 5, over the southeast pavilion. 

An accession record is kept of all important material. 
There has been compiled a finding list of subjects represented 
in the entire collection. A catalogue on cards has been be- 
gun, but as yet covers only the Gardiner Greene Hubbard 
Collection — the section ha\'ing the most important artistic 
value, however. The prints in this (numbering 2,620) have 
been catalogued by engraver and etcher, and will be by title 

See under Present Collections (pages 350-351). 

During the past two jears thirty exhibitions of prints 
have been arranged in the exhibition rooms. They are 

Clas S I F I c a- 

270 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

changed from time to time. They inckide some material 
loaned to the Library for the purpose. (See Part I of this 
Report. ) 


(Heretofore in East Stack; destined for room K 4.) Four 
persons. Cyrus Adler, Custodian of the Smithsonian Deixjsit 
and Librarian of the Smithsonian Institution, office at the 
Institution; Francis H. Parsons, assistant in charge. 

The Smithsonian Institution was founded by act of 
Congress in 1846, to be "an establishment for the increase 
and diffusion of knowledge among men," according to the 
terms of the will by which James Smithson bequeathed his 
property to the United States. 

To carry' out this purpose the first programme of organi- 
zation provided — 

(i) For the promotion of scientific research; 

(2) For a system of publications to be exchanged and 
distributed throughout the world; 

(3) For ihe formation of a library of a unique kind, 
to contain {a) books needed in the scientific work of the 
Institution; (^) catalogues of libraries, bibliographies, 
and other works required to form a center of bibliograph- 
ical knowledge; {c) "a complete collection of the mem- 
oirs and transactions of learned societies throughout the 
world, and an entire series of the most important scien- 
tific and literary periodicals." 

Smtthsonian By the first prov'isiou the material for the second was 

exchanges. . . 

obtained, and in exchange for these publications the current 
issues of the literature in the last-named and most impor- 
tant part of the library were secured, and back files of many 
of the most important transactions and periodicals were 
obtained in the same way or by purchase. 
Bureau of In- 'j*q accouipUsh a world-widc distribution of Smithsonian 

ternatwnal Ex- ^ 

changes. publications and their exchange for those of foreign countries 

it was necessary to establish voluntary or paid agencies in all 
countries. In order to utilize the organization thus effected 
as fully as possible for the diffusion of knowledge, its opera- 
tion was extended to further the mutual interchange of 
scientific transactions and publications between societies, in- 
.stitutions, and individuals in America and in foreign 
countries. Any society in the United States wishing to 

Smithsofiian Division. 271 

send its publications abroad by this means as gifts or 
exchanges has them packed under separately addressed 
covers and shipped in bulk, prepaid, to the Smithsonian 
Institution, where they are sorted into the cases which 
are being prepared for transmission to the various foreign 
agencies. These to a certain extent are carried without 
charge by the principal transportation companies, are admit- 
ted duty free at the ports where they are landed, and are 
conveyed to the agents who forvvard the separate packages 
to their destinations. In the reverse order and on similar 
terms foreign publications are received at the different agen- 
cies for shipment to the Smithsonian Institution, whence they 
are sent by mail, under frank, to the individual addresses in 
America which they bear. The cost of this sers'ice is borne 
in part by the Smithsonian funds, in j>art out of an annual 
appropriation by Congress — $24,000 for the last fiscal year. 

Since 1867 the United States Government has set apart 
fifty sets of all its printed documents to be exchanged in this 
way for the publications of foreign governments, which, 
when received, are added to the Library of Congress and 
cared for bj'the Documents Division. (See under that divi- 
sion. ) The material which comes to the Library in this way 
through this Bureau operated by the Smithsonian Institution 
is the material due to it on account of these exchanges and as 
the National Libran." of the United States. It must not be 
confounded with that which comes to it as the depositor}- of the xi^^if^^s^l**" 
Smithsonian Library. The Smithsonian Institution is itself 
in correspondence and exchange with most of the learned 
institutions and scientific societies in the world. It receives 
from them most of their publications. It receives other • 
gifts of material, and prior to 1866 received for some }ears 
one copy of each book entered for copyright in the United 

The accumulated receipts during the first twenty years of 
its existence had become so great as to involve the Institu- 
tion in a considerable annual charge for its maintenance 
and embarrassment to provide space for its accommodation. 
These facts were represented to Congress by the authorities 
of the Smithsonian Institution, with the request that the col- 
lection might be deposited in the Librar>- of Congress, where it 
would be amply and safely accommodated, would be ' ' more 

272 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

widely useful," aucl would be cared for from the Library 

s^THsoNiAN ^" ^^^^ ^" ^^^ (approved April 5) was passed to effect 
INSTITUTION. " this result. It read as follows: 

' ' Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa- 
tives of the United States of America in Congress assem- 
bled, That the library collected by the Smithsonian 
Institution under the provisions of an act approved 
August tenth, eighteen hundred and forty-six, shall be 
removed from the building of said Institution, with the 
consent of the Regents thereof, to the new fireproof 
extension of the Library of Congress, upon completion 
of a sufficient portion thereof for its accommodation, 
and shall, while there deposited, be subject to the same 
regulations as the Library of Congress, except as here- 
inafter provided. 

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted. That when such 
library shall have been so removed and deposited, the 
Smithsonian Institution shall have the use thereof in 
like manner as it is now used, and the public shall have 
access thereto for the purpose of consultation on every 
ordinary week day, except during one month in the 
year, in the recess of Congress, when it may be closed for 
renovation. All books, maps, and charts of the Smith- 
sonian library shall Idc properly cared for and preser^•ed 
in like manner as are those of the Congressional Library, 
from which the Smithsonian library shall not be removed 
except on reimbursement by the Smithsonian Institu- 
tion to the Treasury of the United States of expenses 
incurred in binding and in taking care of same, or upon 
such terms and conditions as shall be nuitually agreed 
upon by Congress and the Regents of said Institution. 

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted. That the Smith- 
sonian Institution, through its Secretary, shall have the 
use of the Library of Congress, subject to the same regu- 
lations as Senators and Representatives. (Revi.sed Stat- 
utes, Thirty-ninth Congress, first session. April 5, 
1866. U. S. Statutes at Large, v. 14, p. 13.) 
The Smithsonian library at that time was estimated to 
consist of over 40,000 volumes in addition to unbound ma- 
terial. Besides the sjjecial collection of societies and peri- 

Smithsoniaji Division. 273 

odicals it contained a large number of individual books, some 
rare manuscripts, and a few hundred prints. ' 

Upon the passage of this law the entire collection was 
transferred to the Library of Congress, then located in the 
Capitol. The individual books were classified and shelved 
with the Congressional collection. (These are included in 
the description of the various classes. ) The scientific peri- 
odicals were placed in chapter 44, which was devoted to 
periodicals generally; and the transactions and proceedings 
of societies were shelved in chapter 43. As the Librarj- of 
Congress ceased from this time to purchase publications of 
societies, and their increase came entirely through the 
deposit of the Smithsonian exchange, chapter 43 became 
known more particularly as the Smithsonian Deposit. 

For a number of years the accessions were sent to the 
Capitol, but about 1887 the crowded condition in that 
building rendered it impossible to pro\-ide space for these 
books, and the most important serials were retained at the 
Smithsonian Institution or the National Museum, and some 
of the back files were also withdrawn from the Library of 
Congress. Upon the completion of the present Library 
building and the removal of the books to it in 1897, chapter 
43 was placed on shelves in the East Stack, and the accu- 
mulated material at the Smithsonian Institution is being 
gradually removed to the main deposit; but a small though 
important part is still shelved there. The Smithsonian 
books have a distinguishing bookplate, and, when bound, a 
distinguishing stamp on the cover. 

In 1900 a special division of the Library' of Congress was Divisicwf°'""^^ 
organized to care for this collection of transactions and pro- 
ceedings and the accessions of the Smithsonian Deposit. 
The Librarian of the Smithsonian Institution also holds the 
post of Custodian of the Smithsonian Deposit, but his duties 
are principally at the Smithsonian Institution. There, with 
two assistants, paid b}- special Librar}- appropriations, he 
receives and acknowledges all the accessions, transmits 
them to the Library-, conducts the correspondence of the 
Smithsonian exchanges proper looking to the increase of 
the Smithsonian Deposit and the completion of imperfect 
sets, attends to various details connected with the Inter- 
national Exchanges, and makes requisition on the Library 
9957—01 18 


Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

for such books as are needed by the Institution, these requi- 
sitions Ijeing responded to twice a day through the automo- 
bile service. 

BiHdxHg. The first work of the new division was to arrange the 

various transactions on the different decks of the stack 
geographically, by countries and cities, and bring together 
the volumes and parts belonging to each set. 

During the period previous to the removal to the present 
building but little binding could be done, and a large accumu- 
lation of such work has been the result. Now parts are col- 
lected into volumes and collated; missing parts, plates, and 
title-pages noted, and complete volumes sent to the binder)'. 
Since May, 1900, 4,350 volumes (books) have been lx)und, 
and over 500 are now in the binders' hands, many of these 
containing several volumes, according to thfe mode of issue. 

caiaioguing. During tliis period 502 sets of society publications have 
been catalogued and the proper steps taken to complete 
them, viz, by sending "want" cards to the librarian at the 
Smithsonian Institution, where a search is made for the 
missing parts and, if they are not found, an attempt made 
to secure them by correspondence with the societies. The 
analytical cataloguing will follow as soon as practicable. 
(The Library has the analytical cards to certain selected 
scientific serials issued by the American Library Associa- 
tion.) The files which are most in demand have been cata- 
logued first. Those dealing with only a single .science, 
when catalogued, have been shelved for the present under 
their subject with the main collection of the Library and are 
mentioned in the description of it. 

In the same way the principal scientific journals belonging 
to the Smithsonian Deposit, under the care of the Periodical 
Division, have been completed as far as possible, bound, and 
recorded in the catalogue. . 

AcceuioHs. There are now currently received through the Smith- 

sonian exchanges some 2,000 serial publications in parts 
and unbound; titles of these may be found in the Union 
List of Current Serials published by the Library of Congress. 
After passing through the Order Division they are checked 
off on the serial record in the Division of Periodicals, where 
the periodicals are retained, while the publications of soci- 
eties are sent to the Smithsonian Deposit. 

Sm itkson ian Division . 


About one- fourth of the current numbers of serial publica- 
tions, received as Smithsonian exchanges, are retained at 
the Institution for a longer or shorter time, according to the 
extent of their use by the Smithsonian staff, before being 
sent to the Librar3- of Congress. They may be consulted 
in the reading room there. 

A room (K 4) is now being fitted for the permanent use 
of the Smithsonian Deposit. It is situated on the east 
front of the building and is in the northern portion of the 
second ston,-. It is 131 feet long by 35 feet wide, and has 
a recently erected book stack of three decks, with space for 
a fourth when necessarj-. It contains an electric elevator 
for greater convenience in reaching and handling the books. 

This stack when completed will have a capacity of about 
125,000 volumes. Space has been left at either extremity 
of the room, and in front of each of the large windows, for 
desks of emplo3"ees and to accommodate \'isitors who maj' 
need to use the books. 

When these arrangements shall have been completed, it 
is assumed that the remaining part of the Smithsonian 
Deposit now located at the Institution and at the National 
Museum will be actualh- deposited at the Library of Con- 
gress, and that, under the special care which will be given 
to it and with the increased facilities for consulting it, the 
transfer will be thoroughly convenient for all concerned. 

The room will be accessible to any inquirer. 

The titles appear in part in the following: 

1. The main card catalogue of the Library- of Congress. 

2. 1866. Catalogue of Smithsonian Deposit — Librarj- of 

3. 1 901. Union List of Periodicals, Transactions, and 
allied Publications currently received in the principal libra- 
ries in the District of Columbia. (See pp. 37-38 of this 

This last includes the 2,000 serials currenth- received. 

A catalogue of this collection, partly in bound volumes and 
partly on cards, is kept at the Institution. 

It is proposed in the near future to publish a detailed list 
of the files of the scientific serials in the Library- of Con- 

East North 



276 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Scope. The scope of the collection is indicated under The Present 

Collections: Smithsonian Deposit, pp. 332-333. See also: 

1. The Smithsonian Institution, 1846-1896, (Jubilee 
Commemoration volume published in 1897); 

2 . Reports of the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution 
and of the Librarian of Congress, particularly the Report of 
the Librarian for 1898, Appendix VI. 


Five persons. Thomas H. Clark, custodian. 
Hours, from October i to June 30, 9 a. m. till 10 p. m. 
From July i to September 30, 9 a. m. till 5 p. m. (Satur- 
days, July, August and September, 9 a. m. till i p. m.) 

The Law Library, with the exception of 2,000 volumes of 
duplicates, remains at the Capitol, occupying the room on 
the ground floor, east front, formerly the Supreme Court 
Privilege of The general collection (see infra) is for the use particu- 
larly of Congress and of the Bench and Bar of the United 
States Supreme Court and Court of Claims. Open also to 
the use of the Bench and Bar of the courts of the District. 
Accessible to any inquirer on any special topic of inquiry. 
Would be open to the public generally (including law 
students) save for lack of proper accommodation, 80,000 
volumes being crowded into a space but 50 feet square, 
which must also accommodate both readers and administra- 
tion. For the use of law students and the general public a 
collection of about 2,000 volumes — duplicates of the most 
necessary reports and text-books — has been placed at the 
main Library in alcoves adjoining the Reading Room. 

Besides the general collection in the room, however, there 
are three .special ones — (i) the Conference Room Library 
(about 11,000 volumes), located in the Conference Room of 
the Supreme Court and for the use of the Justices exclu- 
sively; (2) the collection — "Judges' sets" — (about 4,300 
volumes) at the residences of the several Justices for their 
individual use; and the law section of the Toner collection 
(1,293 volumes), kept at the main librar>'. 
HisTOKT. The law books in Mr. Jefferson's collection, purchased of 

jS/s. him by Congress, ser\'^ed as a foundation for the Law Library 

of Congress. The law collection was retained with the 

Law Library. 277 

main collection in the old library' in the Capitol until 1832. iSs'- 
On July 4 of that year Congress by an act directed the 
Librarian to segregate the law books and to place them in a 
separate and convenienth' accessible room. The quarters 
selected were opposite the Supreme Court Chamber of that 
time and on the ground floor of the Capitol, quarters that 
are now used as a file room \>y the Clerk of the Court. By 
the same act the Court was given a measure of control in the 
management of the law library*. 

In 1859 the Senate vacated its old chamber and in i86o '«59. 
this chamber was occupied b}' the Supreme Court. The 
room vacated by the Court was assigned for use as a law 
hbrar>', and in 1861 the books were carried across the hall /&5/. 
to the room where the}' now are. In this room Marshall sat 
as Chief Justice during his entire judicial career, having as 
a colleague for years, Mr. Justice Stor>'. All the famous 
arguments of Webster before the Supreme Court were made 
here and the decisions in the famous constitutional cases, 
Marbury v. Madison, McCulloch v. Maryland, and Dart- 
mouth College V. Woodward and man}- others were rendered 
here. The room is notable, too, as being the scene of Morse's 
earliest successful experiments with the telegraph, the news 
of Polk's nomination at Baltimore b}' the Democratic Con- 
vention of 1844 having been received here. 

Since 1870, when the copyright business was taken over tSjo. 
b}- the Library- of Congress, the growth of the law collection 
has been rapid. The deposits from copyright have been 
aided by gift, exchange, and purchase. The annual ex- 
penditure in purchase is now $3,000 for the general collec- 
tion, $1,500 for the Conference Room Library- and "Judges' 
sets. ' ' 

The books for the general collection are purchased by the 
Librarian of Congress, but their selection is subject to the 
approval of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. The 
books for the Conference Room Library and the ' ' Judges' 
sets" are purchased by the Marshal of the Court under 
similar direction. 

As to the character of the collection, see under The Present ^^^' ^"^a- 

' RY. 

Collections: Law, pp. 333-335- •^''^ 

The Law Library- is a division of the Library of Congress, regclatioxs- 
but regulations for its use during the sessions of the Supreme 



278 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Court are subject to those imposed by the Court. (See 
Constitution, supra.) 

The books are at present grouped on the shelves as fol- 
lows: Text-books in English, English Reports, State Reports^ 
Session Laws, Periodicals, Trials, Digests, Works in For- 
eign Languages, Under each group except the last the sub- 
arrangement is alphabetical; Text-books by authors, Reports 
by editors. Session Laws and Digests by States, Trials by 
parties, and Periodicals by title. The works in foreign 
languages are grouped by countries, and under these alpha- 
betically by authors or titles. 

The crowded conditions have rendered as yet impracti- 
cable a scientific or more useful classification. 

Catalogues. fhe books currently received for the general collection 
are stamped and accessioned, and then catalogued on cards 
by author and subject. The card catalogue contains also 
author entries for the entire existing collection, except the 
works in foreign languages. These — some 7,000 titles — 
have not as yet been catalogued at all. 

t^- A printed subject catalogue was issued in 1869. Copies 

of this were clipped in sheets and pa.sted in a large bound 
volume. This, with accessions noted on the margin, formed 

JS97. the subject catalogue down to 1897. The catalogue on 

cards was then begun. 

Access. Direct access to the shelves is permitted to all readers 

privileged to the use of the collection. 


The Copyright Office is a division of the Library of Con- 
gress and is situated on the ground floor of the Library 
building, .south side, occupying the rooms marked O2, P2, 
Q 2, R 2, on the plan of the building. Its files occupy part" 
of the South Stack as well as room Q 2 of the cellar. 49 
persons. Thorvald Solberg. Register of Copyrights. 
HisTrjRY. History of the Copyright Office. — The first Federal copy- 

right law was enacted May 31, 1790, under Article I, section 
8, of the Constitution, which grants to Congress the power 
to legislate to protect literary property in order *' to promote 
the progress of science and useful arts, by securing for 
limited times to authors ... the exclusive right to 
their respective writings . . " 


1... A 


■^^is^-- <* 

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Copyright Office. 279 

This law required the registration of the titles of copy- ^^^y *'""'' 
right productions in the office of the clerk of the district 
court of the State in which the author lived, which pro- 
vision as to the recording of the title remained unchanged 
until the enactment of the statute approved July 8, 1870, 
transferring the registration of title as a preliminary' to 
copyright protection, together with the control and preser- 
vation of all records and other things relating to copyrights, 
to the Librarian of Congress. By a special pro\'ision in the 
appropriation act of February 19, 1897, goi^g i^to effect 
July I of the same year, the Copyright Office was put under 
the immediate charge of the Register of Cop\Tights, who is 
authorized by that act ' ' under the direction and supennsion 
of the Librarian of Congress," to "perform all the duties 
relating to copyrights. ' ' The function and practice of the 
office will be explained in a subsequent paragraph. 

Eqiiipment of the Copyright Office. — The Copyright Office EQciPMEinr. 
was removed from the Capitol to the new Library building in 
September, 1897, ^'^^ ^^^" occupies a suite of three rooms 
on the first floor, south front. The southwest pavilion (room 
42) is used as the office of the Register of Copyrights and 
has desk room for four persons, in addition to three type- 
writer desks. Within a partitioned inclosure is shelved a 
portion of the copyright record books prior to 1870. The 
south curtain, a room 217 feet long by 22 feet wide, is the 
main working room of the Cop\'right Office. A small por- 
tion of it at the west end is railed off to serve as an office for 
recei\-ing the clients who come there to look after their copv- 
right business in person. An additional portion is screened 
off by means of glass-paneled partitions to serve as the 
counting-house of the Copyright Office, and the remainder '- 

of the floor space is occupied by the desks of the clerks and : 

such counters as are required for assorting the papers and 
articles received, while the wall spaces are utiHzed for cases 
and shelves for record books, drawers for the card index, 
files or the letters, etc., and shelves for the current deposits 
of books, maps, music, engravings, photographs, newspa- 
pers, etc. The southeast pavilion (room 33) is used partly 
for the arranged accumulation of deposits of photographs, 
engravings, music, and maps, and as the mail room, where 
the letters are received, opened, and recorded, and all other 

28o Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

deposited articles are received, dated, and otherwise stamped, 
as required. 
^orJ^^rZms. ^" addition to the three rooms referred to above, the 
ground floor of the South Stack is used for the files of titles 
received since 1870, the great alphabet of ne^vspapers and 
periodicals, and the annual deposit of books and dramas; 
and, in addition, such stock of envelopes, circulars, and bulle- 
tins as are printed in large quantities. The cellar space 
under the south curtain and under the southwest pavilion 
has been sheh-ed to hold the accumulated copyright deposits 
since 1870. 

Fo^Rcr*''*^"^ Copyright Office force. — The Copyright Office force con- 
sists of 49 persons — the Register of Copyrights and 48 clerks. 
This force of 48 clerks is organized as follows: (i) The 
Application Division, which deals with the applications 
received for copyright registration, 5 persons; (2) the Book- 
keeping Division, responsible for the accounts and charged 
with making out the sheets of the reports required by law 
to be made monthly to the Secretar}' of the Treasury and the 
Librarian of Congress, 5 persons; (3) the Correspondence 
Division, whose duty it is to keep track of all corresix)ndence, 
to open the mail, receive, mark, index, and file all letters 
and other mail matter received (about 80,000 yearly), reply 
to, copy, and index letters, etc., 10 persons; (4) the Deposit 
Division, which stamps, marks, credits, and files the articles 
deposited, 5 persons; (5) the Index and Catalogue Divi- 
sion, responsible for the indexing of all applications received 
(numbering more than 90,000 annually), the cataloguing 
of the articles deposited (numbering more than 160,000 
annually), and the preparation for the printer of the copy 
for the "Catalogue of title entries" required by law to l5e 
printed weekly, 10 persons; (6) the Record Division, which 
records all titles filed and makes out and revises all cer- 
tificates, 7 persons; (7) a special force provided by Congress 
to clear up arrears prior to July i, 1897, of 5 persons 
(including a porter and messenger), is arranging the great of articles deposited prior to July i , 1897, and crediting 
such as have not previously l)een cleared; (8) me.s.senger, i 

ARc'im^i^'""^ Copyright Office archives. — The Copyright Office archives of: (i) A series of record lx)oks (not entirely com- 
plete), kept up to July, 1870, by the clerks of the district 

Copyright Office, 281 

courts of the several States, numbering 304 volumes of ARcmvE&**^' 
various sizes; (2) an annual series of record books from 
July, 1870, to December 31, 1899, numbering 723 volumes, 
each full volume up to 1898 containing 2,000 entries, and 
each full volume for 1899 1,000 entries; (3) a series for 1900 
divided into four classes — "A," books and dramatic compo- 
sitions, 64 volumes of 500 entries; " B," periodicals, 22 vol- 
umes of 1,000 entries; "C," music, 21 volumes of 1,000 
entries, and " D, " miscellaneous, 25 volumes of i ,000 entries; 
(4) a new twentieth-centurA* series of record books divided 
into nine classes to correspond with the nine classes of arti- 
cles named in the law as subject-matter of copjTight, each 
volume containing 1,000 entries, except in class "A," where 
each full volume contains 500 entries. Up to September 30, 
1 90 1, the volumes wholly or partiallj' used in each class are 
as follows: Class A, books. 37 volumes; class B, periodicals, 
16 volumes; class C, musical compositions, 15 volumes; class 
D, dramatic compositions, i volume; class E, maps and 
charts, 2 volumes; class F, engra\-ings, cuts, and prints, 5 
volumes; class G, chromos and lithographs, 2 volumes; 
class H, photographs, 10 volumes: class I, original works of 
art — paintings, drawings, sculpture, and models or designs 
intended to be completed as works of the fine arts — 3 vol- 
umes; (5) a series of folio record books containing copies of 
all assignments of copyright recorded, 26 volumes. 

In addition to the volumes of records all titles deposited 
from Juh- 10, 1870, to date, numbering more than 1,200,000, 
are arranged chronologically and numbered. At the present 
time the titles received are arranged in a series of nine 
classes, to correspond with the articles named in the cop}- 
tight law as subject to copyright protection, \\z: ( i) Books; 
(2) periodicals; (3) music; (4) dramas; (5) maps or charts; 
(6) engravings, cuts or prints; (7) chromos or lithographs; 
(8) photographs; (9) original works of art — paintings, draw- 
ings, and sculpture. Each day's titles are filed separately 
and each class has its own series of numbers, while each title 
is indexed so that it can be produced from the file on demand. 

Of the articles deposited (two copies each, as pro\'ided by 
the copyright statutes), one copy is retained in the Copy- 
right OflBce and is filed chronologically and arranged by its 
own number, which corresponds with the number given the 
title indexed, so that it can be produced upon request. 

282 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

From July i, 1897, to September 30, 1901, 309,893 articles 
were thus arranged, and of the previous deposits, from 1870 
to 1897, 210,341 articles have been arranged, making a total 
of 520,234 deposited articles, properly arranged and indexed 
so as to be producible when required. 
Copyright Growth of copyright business.—'T\\'e. conduct of the Copy- 
right Office was transferred to the Librarian of Congress 
by the act of Congreas of July 8, 1870, and the first 
entries under his care were made on July 10, 1870. The 
following year, 1871, was therefore the first full year of 
copyright entries, which number 12,688. The increase in 
the number of entries from that time forward, while irreg- 
ular, has been constant, and in thirty years the number of 
entries multiplied more than eightfold, the entries for 1900 
being 97,967. The increase in the fees has not been exactly 
parallel, for the reason, probably, that at first nearly all 
entries were made with a payment of fee for copies of record 
or certificates, but from year to 3'ear a larger percentage of 
the entries of titles has been made without payment of fees 
for certificates. The fees reported for 1871 were $10,187.15 
(Mr. Spofford's report, 187 1, p. 4), while the fees paid into 
the Treasury to cover the copyright business for the calendar 
year 1900 amounted to $66,630.50. 

The increase in the number of deposited articles from 
187 1 to 1900 has been considerably over eightfold, the 
books, periodicals, maps, music, photographs, and prints, 
etc., in 187 1 numbering 19,826 articles, while in the calendar 
year 1900 they reached the number of 162,949. 
'VTRrEs''''*"^ ^^'^ber of entries. — It is not known how many copyright 
entries are recorded in the old district court record books, 
but the entries made in the Library of Congress from July 
10, 1870, to September 30, 1901, number 1,244,988. The 
annual additions approach 100,000, the entries during the 
last four fiscal years from July i to June 30 being, respec- 
tively, 1897-98, 75,545; 1898-99, 80,968; 1899-1900, 94.798; 
1900-1901, 92,351- 

Beginning with the new century, the entries are classified 
to correspond with the nine cla.sses of articles named in the 
copyright law as subject to copyright protection. This 
enables the total number of entries in each class to be ascer- 
tained each day. From January to Septemljer 30 of this 

Copyright Office, 283 

year the entries amount to a total of 66,996. For details as 
to copyright entries see the first part of this Report (pp. 53-54) . 

Til- • ^^^1 • • -I 1 1 ,- COPYRIGHTS 

mdex Of entries. — These entries are indexed by means of /«A'-r 0/ <r„ 
cards under the names of the claimants of copyright. In 
addition, cards are made under the names of authors in the 
case of books, and under the first words of the titles (not a, 
an, or the) in the case of anonj^mous books, periodicals, and 
dramatic compositions, and under the leading subject word 
(name of locality) in the case of maps. The card index 
numbers upward of 700,000 cards, and more than 100,000 
cards are added annually. The mere title, as such — that is 
to say, the form of words used to designate or describe an 
article registered for copyright protection — is not indexed. 
The copyright law does not give to anj- one person a monop- 
ol\- in the use of a title, and for that reason the mere form 
of title has not been indexed in past years. At the present 
time, however, cards are made for convenience of reference 
for the titles of dramatic compositions, periodicals, anony- 
mous books, and maps. 

Catalogue of Title Eiitries. — The law pro\-ides for the publi- catalogt-e of 
cation of a weekly catalogue of title entries, which is \'irtually 
a published index of the copjmght entries, and a catalogue 
of the articles deposited. The index cards, described above, 
are arranged in nine groups, to agree with the nine classes 
of articles copyrighted, and two sub groups, e. g., books, 
periodicals, maps, etc. In each class there is an alphabetical 
arrangement and at the end a general index, and each vol- 
ume is supplied with a general index giving references from 
names of copyright proprietors and authors and from titles 
of dramatic compositions, anonjonous books, periodicals, and 
maps. Following each entr>^ of title is a statement gi\4ng 
the name and address of the copyright claimant, the date 
and record number of the copyright entry, and the date when 
the copies were deposited to complete the entr^' of copyright. 
This catalogue of title entries is distributed by law by the 
Treasury* Department, and may be subscribed for through 
the nearest collector of customs at the rate of $5 per year 
(for 4 volumes of from i ,200 to i ,500 pages each). Neither 
the Librarian of Congress nor the Register of Cop3*rights can 
take subscriptions, but a sample copy of the catalogue may 
be obtained, upon request, from the Register of Copyrights. 


284 Report of the I^ihrarian of Congress. 

The issue of this catalogue began July i, 1891, and continues 
currently. Full sets of the back numbers are not obtainable, 
a large part of the numbers l^ing out of print. 
o^vxll'^)^-^Ci- O^^'-^ publications of the Copyright OJice.— The following 
CATIONS. bulletins have been published by the Copyright Office, and 

will be sent to any person requesting them. Residents in 
the United States, Alaska, the Philippines, Hawaii, Canada, 
or Mexico are not required to .send remittances or stamps 
for paying postage : 

No. I. Copyright Law. A compilation of all the 
United States copyright laws in force. Fifth rev'ised 
edition to July, 1901,30 pp. 8°. 

No, 2. Directions for the Registratio;i of Copyrights. 
Fourth revised edition of a pamphlet giving instructions 
for registering copyrights in the United States. July 
31, 1901, 40 pp. 8°. 

No. 3. Copyright Enactments, 1 783-1 900. A com- 
pilation of all United States copyright enactments from 
1783 to 1900, including the Copyright Laws of the 
Original States, 1 783-1 786; full texts of all public and 
private acts of Congress relating to copyright, 1790- 
1900; the texts of all the Presidential proclamations 
relating to the extension of copyright privileges in the 
United States to foreigners, 1891-1900, and an index. 
S3 pp. 8°. 

No. 4. International Copyright Union. Full text of 
the International Copyright Convention of September 
9. 1886, with the text of the additional stipulations, 
signed at Paris, May 4, 1896. New edition preparing, 
to include the text of the Treaty of Montevideo of 
January 11, 1889. 

No. 5. Copyright Registration in England. A reprint 
of the official circulars of the Copyright Office, Station- 
ers' Hall, London, relating to the registration of copy- 
rights in Great Britain. A new edition in preparation. 

No. 6. Copyright in Canada. The text of the copy- 
right law of Canada and of the ' ' Rules and Forms ' ' 
issued by the Canadian Copyright Bureau in relation to 
copyright registration in Canada. A new edition, to 
include recent amendatory Canadian copyright laws, in 

Copyright Office. 285 

In addition to the above bulletins the oflfice has issued 35 circulars. 
"Information Circulars," of which the following contain 
matter of general interest in relation to copyright, and may 
be had upon request: No. 25, 1901, a, Semi-annual state- 
ment of copyright business; No. 30 a, Canadian copyright 
act of 1900; No. 30b, Opinions of the Attorney-General of 
the United States, January 19 and 24, 1901, relating to the 
importation of Rostand's "L'Aiglon," and Liddell and 
Scott's "Greek-English Lexicon;" No. 31, Customs regu- 
lations as to importation of copyright articles. 

There are in preparation, in answer to inquiries, a bulle- 
tin containing a catalogue of all newspapers and periodicals 
currently entered for copyright, and a bulletin containing the 
text, in English, of the new copy right law of Germany ; and 
it is hoped to have prepared for printing a bibliography 
of the literature of Uterar\- and artistic property; a bibli- * 

ograph}- of the bills, reports, and public documents relating 
to cop\'right; a compilation of the texts of all bills, reports, 
and Congressional documents relative to copyright; a com- 
pilation of all decisions of the Treasury' Department in rela- 
tion to importation under the copyright law; a compilation 
giving translations in English of the texts of all foreign copj'- 
right laws; a compilation of decisions by United States 
courts on questions of copj-right; a catalogue of books de- 
posited to complete copyright from Julj- 1 , 189S, to December 
31, 1901, etc. 

Articles deposited. — The first Federal copvright law, of Copyright 

■^ X-- O ' DEPOSITS. 

1790, required the deposit of one copy of each copyright arti- Legislation. 
cle with the Secretary of State of the United States. The 
next revision of the copyright law, of 1831, required copy- 
right deposit to be made originalh' in the office of the clerk of 
the district court of the district where the author lived, and 
the transference, at least once in ever^- 3'ear, of such deposited 
articles to the Secretary- of State of the United States. The 
act of February- 5, 1859, required the removal of the entire 
accumulation of deposited articles from the Department of 
State to the Department of the Interior and transferred to 
the Secretan.' of the Interior the duty of receiving and car- 
ing for such deposits. Meantime, the act of August 10, 1846, 
had pro\-ided for the deliver^' of one copy of each copj'right 
article to the Library- of Congress, and one copy to the 

286 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Smithsonian Institution, and compliance with this special 
requirement was facilitated by the enactment (March 3, 
1855) ^or the free transmission through the mail of such 
deposits. The requirement of the deposit of one copy in the 
Library of Congress was emphasized by the act of March 3, 
1865, providing that, if the deposit was not made within one 
month of publication, the Librarian was charged with the 
duty of demanding the deposit, in writing, within twelve 
months after publication, and in default of delivery within 
one month after such demand the copjTight was forfeited. 
A further penalty of $25 for failure to make deposit was 
enacted February 18, 1867. The act of July 8, 1870, recodi- 
fjnng the copyright laws, requires the deposit of two copies 
of copyright books and other articles in the Library of Con- 
gress as a condition precedent to copyright protection, and 
this provision was included in the Revised Statutes. The 
former act, 1870, ordered the removal to the Librarj^ of Con- 
gress from the Department of the Interior of all accumula- 
tions of deposited copyright articles. 
sfaiJ^^^^' The statistics are not available to show exactly the total 
number of articles received by the Library of Congress as 
the result of this legislation, but, the annual reports of the 
Librarian of Congress from 1865 to 1896, inclusive, acknowl- 
edge the receipt of a total amounting to 1,194,643 articles, 
including 23,070 articles transferred from the Patent Office 
by virtue of the act of July 8, 1870. The deposited articles 
from July i, 1897, to June 30, 190 1,, amount to 536,675 
articles, and, estimating the deposits for the first half of 
the year 1897 ^t about 50,000 (exact figures are not avail- 
able), the articles of all kinds — books, maps, periodicals, 
musical and dramatic compositions, engravings, chromos or 
lithographs, and photographs — received by the Library of 
Congress under the operation of the cop5night law in force 
from 1790 to June 30, 1901, amount to a grand total of more 
than one and three-quarter millions. 

Of these deposits one copy in the case of each class of 
articles has been placed in the department of the Library 
where it could be serviceable to the public; for example, 
prints in the Prints Division, maps in the Map Division, 
books either in the great book stacks for use in the Reading 
Room or in the Law Library for use there. The other copy 

Copyright Office. 287 

in each case is filed in the Copyright Ofiice as part of the 
archives of that ofi&ce. 

Legal holidays. — The ofl&ce is open from 9 a. m. to 4 p. m. Legal holidays 
on all days except Sundays and the following legal holidays: 
The ist day of Januarj- (New Year's Day), the 2 2d day of 
Februarj' (Washington's Birthday), the 4th day of March 
(each fourth year, Inauguration Day), the 30th day of May 
(Decoration Day), the 4th day of July (Independence Day), 
the first Monday in September (Labor's Holiday), the 25th 
day of December (Christmas Day) , and on any da}' appointed 
or recommended by the President as a daj- of pubHc fast or 
thanksgi\-iug, such as the last Thursday in the month of 
November thus appointed Thanksgiving Day. In case any 
one of these holidays falls upon Sunday, the next succeeding 
Monda}' is considered the legal holidaj' as required by act of 
Congress and the ofiice is consequently closed and no regis- 
trations are made. 

Functions and prcuiice of the Copyright Office. — The Cop}'- copyrighi 
right Office is simply an office of record and only registers Fr>-cTioxs. 
claims of copyright. It does not issue copjnights in the 
sense in which the Patent Office grants letters- patent, and 
furnishes no guarantee of literar>' or artistic property. A 
claim presented in the prescribed form for a proper sub- 
ject of copyright by any person legally entitled to such reg- 
istration is recorded without investigation as to the truth- 
fulness of the representations. The office has no authority 
to question any claim as to authorship or proprietorship or 
to give consideration to conflicting claims, and for obvious 
reasons can give no statement of opinion upon questions of 
copyright which affect the rights of contending parties. But 
questions of fact as to copyright registration are answered • 
by statements as to what the indexes of the office disclose. 

The procedure requisite for recording a claim of copyright Procedure. 
is simple, and does not require the aid of a notarj^ nor the 
services of an agent. No statement is necessarj' except the 
direct application for registration, no papers are required to 
be sworn to, nor any certificate to be furnished. A title 
must be filed, or, in case of an original work of art, a 
description. The title must be accompanied with a state- 
ment of the nature of the article, the nationality of the 
author, the full name of the claimant of copyright, and the 

288 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

statutory fee. In order to aid applicants the Copyright 
Office prints blank application forms which are furnished 
them without charge, upon request, together with circulars 
and bulletins containing full instructions. While, however, 
the steps required are very simple, they must be exactly 
complied with, as some of them are prerequisites to any pro- 
tection. A printed copy of the title must be filed "on or 
before the day of publication ' ' and two copies of the article 
itself "not later than the day of publication," while the 
notice of copyright must be printed in the exact form pre- 
scribed by the statute. In these particulars the United 
States taw differs from the British, In Great Britain, 
registration of title is not compulsory, and is only necessary 
when a suit is brought in the case of infringement. One 
copy of the work has to be deposited in the British Museum, 
and one copy sent to each of four other libraries upon 
request made within a year after publication. The deposit of 
the two copies in the Librar>' of Congress is a condition prece- 
dent to the copj'right here. In England, however, the deposit 
is not explicitly such a condition. The failure to deposit 
involves, however, merely a money penalty. 
Copyright The duties of the office are: (i) To receive, record, and 

OFFICE. ^ -^ ' 

Duties. index (a) titles of articles reproduced by mechanical means — 

books, periodicals, musical compositions, dramatic compo- 
sitions, maps or charts, engravings, cuts, or prints, chromos 
or lithographs, and photographs; (^) descriptions ol original 
works of art — paintings, drawings, sculpture, and models 
or designs intended to be perfected as works of the fine 
arts; (2) to receive and properly credit the copies required 
to be deposited, viz, photographs of original works of art 
and two copies of all articles multiplied by mechanical 
means; (3) to prepare the Catalogue of Title Entries 
required to be printed each week by act of March 3, 1891 
(51st Cong., 2d sess. , chap. 565, sec. 4; Statutes at Large, 
V. 26, p. 1 108); (4) to carry on such administrative work 
as is involved in the accompli.shment of the duties stated 
above, e. g. , accounting for all fees received, answering 
letters of inquiry relative to copyright entries, dating and 
otherwise marking titles and articles deposited and prop- 
erly filing them, etc. 

Fees. All remittances received are promptly deposited in the 

bank designated by the Treasury Department as a national 

Copyright Office. 289 

depository- , and each week the Register of Copyrights pays 
to the Secretary of the Treasur>-, by check, a sum to repre- 
sent the applied fees for the week, and each month renders 
a detailed statement, both to the Secretary of the Treasury' 
and to the Librarian of Congress, of the copyright business 
for the month. The account is rendered in the name of the 
Librarian of Congress, to whom the Register of Copyrights 
is bonded to the amount of $20,000. Excess fees and other 
remittances not applied are returned to the remitters. 

During the first six months of this year (1901) the t^^^^ pif^j^f^"^ 
parcels received at the Copyright Office numbered 43,473 and 
included, in addition to appUcations for copyright, 15,826 
miscellaneous letters of inquirs*. Of the total applications 
received during those six months, 4,852 were informal or 
illegal and therefore could not be passed for entr>', and the 
fees accompanying them were returned to the senders, leav- 
ing, however, of the remaining applications acted upon titles 
entered to the nmnber of 46.526. Separate remittances to Remittamcei. 
the number of 19,813 were received, of which 2,246 being 
for articles not registrable, were not entered upon the cash 
receipt books, but were returned to the remitters, while 
17,567 separate remittances were recorded, amounting to 
$34,674.44, and 2,606 separate refunds were made to the 
remitters by an equal number of checks, amounting to 
$2,675.12. The total number of articles deposited for the 
half year numbered 79,466. 

During this year, therefore, more than 300,000 separate 
documents and articles will require handling in the Copy- 
right Ofl&ce, and it needs but a glance at these figures to 
realize the mass of detail involved and the need for system- 
atic treatment in order that there shall be a steady for^-ard 
movement of the material, the avoidance of confu.sion, and 
certainty that no errors shall occur. 

1 he applications, with accompanj'ing titles, are required to 
pass from one dinsion to another for the necessary- treat- 
ment — examination, marking, stamping, accounting, record- 
ing, signing, and, finally, mailing of certificate, and this 
movement usually requires an average of ten days from day 
of receipt to day of mailing certificate, but it is difficult to 
maintain any average where the variation in entries is as 
great as from less than a hundred in one day to more than 
a thousand in one day in the same fiscal year. 
9957 — 01 19 

290 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 


International Copyright. — By the act of March 3, 1891, 
uiGUT. which went into effect on July 1 of the same year, the United 

States Congr^s, by textual amendment of the then existing 
copyright law, removed the limitation of the privilege of 
copyright to citizens of the United States and made it 
possible for foreign authors to obtain copyright in the United 
States upon the same terms as native authors, except that 
the fee for entry in the case of the production of a foreigner 
is double that for the native author. Congress distinctly 
pro\nded, however, that the copyright privileges secured by 
the act should ' ' only apply to a citizen or subject of a for- 
eign state or nation when such foreign state or nation j^er- 
mits to citizens of the United States of America the tenefit 
of copyright on substantially the same basis as [to] its own 
citizens, or when such foreign state or nation is a party to 
an international agreement which provides for reciprocity in 
the granting of copyright, \>y the terms of which agreement 
the United States of America may at its pleasure become a 
party to such agreement." 
Copyright. Under the Operation of this provision, the privileges of 

Foreign coun- '^ * i o 

irUs. copyright in the United States have been extended by Presi- 

dential proclamation to the authors of Belgium, Chile, Costa 
Rica, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain and her 
possessions (Australia, Canada, India, etc.), Italy, Mexico, 
Netherlands (Holland) and possessions, Portugal, Spain, 
and Switzerland. 

The authors, artists, composers, etc., of the countries 
named, therefore, and their assigns, as copyright proprietors, 
can obtain copyright protection for their works in the United 
States upon the same stipulations as those which apply to 
American authors. 
Spain. Spain. — The war with Spain .suspended the privilege of 

copyright in the United States for the productions of Spanish 
subjects. Concerning the renewal of the privilege, the At- 
torney-General rendered an opinion, December 2, 1898, under 
which registration of titles of works by citizens of Sjiain was 
resumed on April 11, 1899, when the treaty of peace was 
Hawaii,eic. Hawaii, Porto Rico, Cuba, and tlie Philippines. — In regard 
to the privilege of copyright in the United States on l^ehalf of 
the inhabitants of Hawaii, Porto Rico, Cuba, and the Philip- 

Copyright Office. 291 

pines, the opinion of the Attorney-General, December 2, 
1898, was as follows: "In my opinion, when they shall 
have been directly ceded by treaty to the United States, and 
such treaty duly ratified by the Senate, their respective 
inhabitants will not be entitled to the benefits of the copy- 
right laws unless the treaty, by its terms, confers such rights, 
or Congress shall afterwards extend such laws to the inhab- 
itants of these countries. ' ' 

Porto Rico and Ha zi-aii. —Since the above opinion of the yy^^/'***"^ 
Attorney- General was written an "Act temporarily to pro- 
vide revenues and a ci\'il government for Porto Rico, and 
for other purposes," was approved April 12, 1900, to go into 
effect on May i; and an "Act to pro\-ide a government for 
the Territor>- of Hawaii" was approved April 30, 1900, to 
take effect on June 14. Under the provisions of these acts 
the titles of books and other articles by citizens of Porto 
Rico and Hawaii have been registered in the Copyright 
Ofl&ce since May i, 1900, and June 14, 1900, respectively, as 
a preliminarv' to copyright protection. 

Copyright in foreign countries. — ^The benefits of copyright 
are available for the productions of American citizens in the 
countries named above (p. 290), but onh-as thej'are avail- 
able to the citizens of such countries. That is to say, citi- 
zens of the United States can obtain copyright abroad in the 
countries named, and in such other countries as by their 
laws grant copyright priN-ileges to aliens, by taking the steps 
required by the laws and regulations in force in each country-. 
Application should be made to the copyright bureau or gov- 
ernment ofl&cer charged with the administration of copyright 
business in each case. Owing to the diversity of the require- 
ments, and the necessity of complying exactl}' with the law 
and the departmental regulations, the practical way is to 
secure the sen-ices of an agent or pubhsher abroad. 

As the United States is not a partv to the International ^^"^"f 'f'^''^ 

^ ' Copvnght L num. 

Copyright Union, copyright protection is not secured abroad 
by \'irtue of copjndght registration in this countr>\ Entry 
of copyright at Washington gives protection to the copyright 
only withiii the United States. Moreover , the Copyright OflSce 
of the Library of Congress has no ofl&cial functions as regards 
the securing of copyrights abroad, and can take no action 
regarding such foreign copj'right protection. 



The natural and customary form of statement of the con- 
tents of the Library is a catalogue. There is, however, no 
printed catalogue of the present contents of the Library of 
Congress. There were certain publications issued prior to 
1880 showing current accessions for certain periods, and also 
the collection of printed books as it existed at certain dates. 
(See list of publications, Appendix II.) But between 1880 
and 1897 there were no catalogues issued of any sort, and 
the lists issued since that date have been either ( i ) lists of 
selected titles on certain subjects or (2) as the Calendar of 
Washington Manuscripts, the List of Maps of America, or 
the List of American Newspapers — exhibits of material in 
some particular department of literature. 

There is, therefore, no printed statement which can be 
furnished to an inquirer at a distance indicating to him fully 
the present resources of the Library. There is not likely to 
be, except as it may be represented by the card catalogue 
which the Librar>' expects ultimately to place in some 
accessible institution 'in each local center of important 

The purpose of this section of the report is in part to 
inform investigators at a distance; in part to aid in a deter- 
mination of the amount and direction of the effort necessary 
to the proper development of the collections, as well as to 
their adequate administration. It may profitably include in 
its summary of the present conditions a sur\'ey of the collec- 
tions as they stand. To state these in full, or to apply to 
them a fully discriminating estimate, would carry the report 
beyond possible limits. It has seemed worth while, how- 
ever, to attempt an indication of them in the form of a brief 
analysis of the contents of each division. The material 
lends itself to such treatment in very varying degrees. The 
manuscripts, for instance, are susceptible of a summary 
which, though brief, is precise. The printed books and 


The Present Collections. 293 

pamphlets, aggregating (^nthout duplicates) three quarters 
of a million volumes, can be referred to only by subject 
groups, and the contents of these indicated only by broadly 
descriptive phrases. To one familiar with the existing liter- 
ature within such a group the number of volumes owned by 
the Library will of itself, in a measure, indicate strength or 
weakness. A collection of Shakespeariana, for instance, 
which contains but 1,700 volumes, is Qb\-iously weak to 
one who knows that 10.000 volumes would not exhaust 
the literature of Shakespeare. 

The figures are not precise. The summary- is to be con- 
sidered in connection with the more specific statement of 
the material at certain dates, or in certain departments of 
literature set forth in the catalogues and special lists 
already published (see Appendix II). Also with Part it of 
this Report and such portions of Part I as describe recent 

The statement regarding each class of material is sub- 
stantialh- as contributed by the assistant having it in charge. 
This would tend to an emphasis of strength rather than of 

Past resources for increase. — Much suggestion as to the 
probable character of the existing collection is contained in 
the history- of its formation and increase. This has been a 
chief purpose of the introduction into this Report of the 
Historical Sketch (pp. 183-197) and of the Selected Hst of 
recent purchases forming Appendix V and (of manuscripts) 
Appendix VI of Part I. The last two, however, have also 
the purpose of indicating the recent efi"orts toward perfecting 
the collection and the direction which they have taken. As 
to the accumulations prior to 1897 the follo^-ing facts must 
be noted: 

1. Only 20,000 volumes survived the fire of 185 1. 

2. The annual appropriation from that date to 1898 never 
exceeded $1 1,000 for all manner of purchases. 

3. The only appropriations for special purchases (except 
three aggregating $14,700 for the Law Librarj-) during the 
period were: 

In 18 15, $23,950 for the Jefferson Collection. 
In 1867, $100,000 for the Peter Force Collection. 
In 1872-1873, $5,000 for English County Histories. 

294 Report of the Librarian of Congt.-'ss. 

In 1872, $35,000 for Franklin Collection, through 
Department of State. The Library of Congress 
received the printed books and tj'pewritten manu- 
In 1883, $20,000 for the De Rochambeau Collection. 
The Jefferson Collection, about 7,000 volumes, brought 
serviceable standard works and a few manuscripts. The 
Force Collection comprised 22,529 books and about 40,000 
pamphlets. Seven thousand eight hundred and fifty vol- 
umes duplicated material already in the Library. It was a 
collection deliberately formed, relating chiefly to America. 
It included 429 volumes of manuscripts; many and impor- 
tant maps; some incunabula (161 fifteenth century imprints; 
early Americana; some files of American newspapers (245 
volumes issued prior to 1800), and the entire collection of 
transcripts (360 folio volumes) made for the "American 
Archives." Of the 40,000 pamphlets 8,310 were printed 
prior to 1800. The collection was analyzed by Dr. Spofford 
in a report made just prior to its acquisition. 

The De Rochambeau Collection brought military journals, 
letter books, original military maps, and other manuscript 
material relating to the American Revolution. 

Except as included in the above there was practically no 
purchase of manuscripts, maps, music, or prints. 

4. The only gifts of collections have been those from Dr. 
Toner and from Mrs. Gardiner Greene Hubbard. 

5. The Library had the benefit of the copyright law to 
the extent of one copy from 1846 to 1859, and from 1865 
to 1870, and of two copies only from 1870. The copyright 
deposits prior to 1870 made in the United States di.«trict 
court offices, the Department of State, and later in the 
Department of the Interior, were in part turned over to it, 
but only to the extent of 23,070 volumes. The Patent 
Office retained all law books and books relating to the tech- 
nical arts. The books actually received from the United 
States district court offices were of slight extent and value. 

6. Many publications of importance and value fail to be 
copyrighted at all. 

7. Many of those entered for copyright were never actu- 
ally deposited. 

The Present Collections. 295 

8. The system of international exchange dates in favor of 
the Library- from 1867; but, 

9. The international exchanges fail to include many- of 
the monumental works issued under the auspices of foreign 
governments. For example, the " Materialen "of the Rus- 
sian archaeological commission, the reports of explorations 
conducted hy government scientists, the ' ' Expedition scien- 
tifique de Moree, ordonne par le gouvernement fran^ais,'* 
" Monuments de I'art byzantin," "Mission scientifique au 
Caucase," " Delegation scientifique frangaise en Perse," etc. 

10. The Library was unable systematically to conduct 
ordinary exchanges, or in an effective way to solicit gifts. 

1 1 . The conditions at the Capitol were unfavorable to the 
safe preservation of the material which it did secure. 

12. Offsetting, however, certain disadvantages prior to 
1897 were the facts (i) that the prices from 1850 to 1875 
were considerably- less than for the same material now, and 
(2) that it was the policy of the Librarian to purchase at 
auction sales, the catalogues of which he scanned with 
unwearying assiduity and with a vigilance surpassed by 
none of his competitors. 

13. The annual appropriations for increase since 1898 
have been as follows (all articles): 1898-99, $20,000; 1S99— 
1900, $30,000; 1900-1901, $58,000; 1901— 1902, $68,000. 

The Librarv of Congress is but one of a group of libraries other libra- 


maintained by the Federal Government at Washington, ington. 
The others exceed a dozen in number and aggregate over a 
million volumes. They are as a rule accessible to any inves- 
tigator with serious purpose. Some of them are strong in 
departments of literature in which the Library of Congress 
is weak. Where this is significantly the case a reference 
has been made which may convenience inquirers at a distance 
interested in the opportunities for research at Washington. 


296 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 


(Compare particularly the course of recent purchases, Part I, 
Appendix V, pp. 75-150.) 

The Ivihrary is most nearly complete in the productions 
of the American press in all departments ofi knowledge. It 
contains an almost complete representation of American 
literature of the past thirty years and a fairly representative 
collection of earlier years. This includes many of the choice 
and rare editions of the noted writers of this country. 
Early Ameii- £arly Americana: First editions of Hamor's Virginia, 
1615; Thomas's Pensilvania, 1698; Smith's Map of Vir- 
ginia, 1612; Smith's Historie of Virginia, 1624; Morton's 
New-Englands Memoriall, 1669; Wood's New Englands 
Prospect, 1635; Lederer's Virginia, 1672; Symonds's Vir- 
ginia, 1609; New England's First Fruits, 1643; Makemie's 
Narrative, 1707: Massachusetts, or The First Planters of 
New England, 1696; Hubbard's Troubles with the Indians 
in New-England, 1677; Penhallow's History of the Wars of 
New-England, 1726; Thorowgood's lewes in America, 1650; 
Hooke's New Englands Teares for Old Englands Feares, 
1641; Relation of Maryland, 1635; Romans' s Florida, with 
two whole-.sheet maps, 1775-1776; Byfield's Late Revolution 
in New-England, 1689; Morton's New English Canaan, 
1637; Anne Bradstreet's Poems, 1678; New Life of Vir- 
ginea, 161 2; Symonds's English Colonie in Virginia, 161 2; 
Whitaker's Good News from Virginia, 1613; Gray's Good 
Speed to Virginia, 1609; Carv^ajal's Oratio, Romae, 1493; 
Lord Baltimore's Gaudia Poetica, 1770; Eliot's Indian Bible 
(first and .second editions), 1663 and 1685; Jesuit Relations, 
original editions; writings of Increase and Cotton Mather 
(over 150 separate works), etc. 

American history and topography , 18,897 volumes and 
3, 158 pamphlets. A good working collection now arranged 
on the new system of classification. In comparison with 
collections elsewhere, however, it is not preeminent. In the 
eJlimVtioH "'"^ diJiCovery and early history of America it is not exceptionally 
strong. It has the secondary authorities; but in original 
treatises can not be compared with Carter Brown or Lenox 

The Present Collections. 297 

collections. In literature relating to Columbus it has 
some strength. The " Colleccion de documentos ineditos," 
Navarrete's Vo3-ages; the Raccolti di documenti e studii. 
published by the Reale Commissione Colombiana, in 1 2 folio 
volumes, are here. A good body of general and special lit- 

. , » • T 1- » • American: 

erature relating to the American Indian, but not preeminent. Description 

*TM • 1 11 • <• 1 • • 1 1 TT • 1 "'"' travel. 

There is a good collection of descnptive works on the United 
States, and many works published on Alaska and the Klon- 
dike. The section devoted to the general histon*' of the 
United States is full, also that of the Revolutionary period. Revolution. 
The rolls of the Revolutionar}' soldiers thus far published by 
the various states are well represented. The publications of 
patriotic societies are in small number. In civil war litera- ciiniwar. 
ture the collection contains the regimental histories and 
muster rolls of the various states, also a large number of 
histories and personal narratives. The collection of state, Local history. 
county, and town histories is extensive. The publications 
of state historical societies are well represented, but not 
always in perfect sets. 

Confederate publications, 300 volumes and 400 pamphlets, jS^i^^f^'^'^^' 
issued in the Confederate States during the civil war. This 
collection embraces official publications of the Confederate 
government, of the governments of the several states, and 
miscellaneous literature, including specimens of the ' ' wall- 
paper" books published in Mobile in 1S63 and 1864. 

Americayi biography, 7,842 volumes and 2,088 pamphlets, ogr^p^y'^"'^ *** 
This is one of the most important sections of the Librarj'. 
and contains a large number of general biographical cyclo- 
pedias, state and county cyclopedias, and dictionaries and 
other collections of biographies. In indi\'idual biography 
it is numerically strong, including some rare and valuable 
books and pamphlets on the noted men of this countr}-. A 
collection of 686 biographies and rare pamphlets on Lincoln 
is a feature. 

Aincrican genealogy, 1,768 volumes and 179 pamphlets. American gen- 
This section is one of the most complete in the Library, 
containing a large number of family histories. The few 
still lacking are constantly being added as opportunities arise 
for their purchase. 

Washing toniana, 551 volumes and 82 pamphlets. The yi^ashingtom- 
collection of books relating to George Washington contains 

298 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

the collected editions of his writings and many of the edi- 
tions of single works. It does not contain the original 
edition of his journey to the Ohio in 1753. The principal 
biographies of Washington are in the collection; but not all 
the editions. The collection of eulogies, birthday orations, 
and other commemorative addresses are in good number; 
but not so complete as found elsewhere. The transcript of 
Washington's Diaries, made with literal exactness and an- 
notated by Dr. Toner, comprised in 16 small folio volumes, 
is a most important part of the collection. 

cwrfa"""* "^ Dominion of Canada consists of 1,004 volumes and 75 
pamphlets, and includes an almost complete set of the orig- 
inal edition of the Jesuit Relations and many of Shea's 
reprints. There are original editions of Cartier, Champlain, 
and Sagard. The leading histories of the provinces are in 
the collection, but it is weak in local history. 

ic^^J^xico""^ 6]^d!w/.y/i America: Mexico, 646 volumes and 39 pam- 
phlets, contains a good collection of the works of early histo- 
rians, such as Torquemada, De Solis, and Clavigero; the 
monumental works of Kingsborough, Dupaix, Brasseur de 
Bourbourg, Charnay, Chavero, and Boban; together with 
a large number of modern works on the history and topog- 
raphy of the country. Includes reproductions of the prin- 
cipal Mexican and Maya codexes. 
Central Amer- Central America, 456 volumes and 44 pamphlets. A 
small collection, but containing some of the important 
authorities on the history and topography of the various 
states. Fairly good in antiquities. 
West Indies. West Indies, 728 volumes and 86 pamphlets. Includes 

important works on the history and topography of the dif- 
ferent islands. The collection, however, is surpassed in 
other libraries. The literature on Ciiba numbers 210 vol- 
umes and 37 pamphlets, and contains many of the native 
histories and descriptive works. The recent vSpanish- Ameri- 
can war is well represented in a large number of books. 
The literature on Porto Rico consists of 52 volumes and 25 
pamphlets. The Library has a considerable collection of 
administrative documents, reports of local organizations, 
and of native literature. (See List of Books on Porto Rico 
recently published by the Library.) 
South America. Soutli America, 1,769 volumes and 125 pamphlets. In- 


The Present Collections. 299 

eludes histories and books of travel covering the various 
countries and contains some important works. Brazil has 
370 volumes, including some of the eariy and rare works; 
Colombia, 145 volumes; \'enezuela and Guiana, 180 vol- 
umes; Ecuador, 24 volumes; Paraguay, 100 volumes; Uru- 
guay, 70 volumes; Bolivna, only a small collection of 20 
volumes; Peru, 220 volumes; Chile, 220 volumes; the Argen- 
tine Republic, 200 volumes, and there are a few books on 
Patagonia. In native literature of South America the col- 
lection contains little. 

English history and topography, 4,630 volumes. ^^^' at^^pography' 
tains the series of publications b}- the Record Commission, 
the Rolls series of Mediaeval Chronicles and Calendars of 
state papers and the publications of the most important 
antiquarian societies, including sets of the Archaeological 
Journal and the Journal of the Archaeological Association. 
It has a good representation of the works of standard histo- 
rians from the time of Grafton to the present, including the 
chronicles of Holinshed and Hall and the rare 1570 edition 
of Matthew of Westminster's Flores Historiarum. In topo- 
graphical works it has strength, particularly in the great 
county histories. It does not, however, contain much of 
the more recent material upon county, town, and parish 
histor}'. It has yet to acquire the monumental history of 
Northumberland issued under the direction of the North- 
umberland county history- committee and the new edition of 
Hasted' s Kent, and similar works. There are numerous 
borough, town, and parish records, calendars, etc., lacking 
in the collection. Recent purchases, not yet received, will 
render this section more complete in the immediate future. 

English biography, 6,018 volumes and 153 pamphlets. A English Mog- 
full collection, including some of the best collected works. 
In individual biography and memoirs it has many of the 
standard works. In the literature of the last twenty-five 
years there is much remaining to be collected. 

English genealogy and heraldry, only 732 volumes. Is English geneai- 

-1 p 1 1 -1 1 f • ogy and heraldry 

mostly composed of the general heraldic treatises, such as 
Burke, Lodge, and Playfair. The collection of genealogical 
material needs much strengthening, although it has recently 
received some valuable accessions. (See p. 76 of this Report. ) 
The following collective works form the most important part 


Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Scottish history 
and topography. 

Irish history 
and topography . 



of the present collection: Sir Thomas Phillips's Collections, 
the publications of the British Record, Harleian, and Parish 
Register societies, Crisp's Visitations, etc., and Phillimore's 
Parish Registers. 

Scottish history and topography, 625 volumes. The collec- 
tion includes the Registers of the Privy Council, Calendars 
of Documents, Calendars of Border Papers, the Exchequer 
Rolls, and other valuable publications of the Register House 
series. Most of the histories of Scotland are on the shelves, 
such as Maitland, Buchanan, Dalrj'mple, Abercromby, and 
more recent writers, such as Tytler, Skene, and Burton. 
In topography it has such works as Grose's Antiquities, 
Chalmers's Caledonia, and some count}' and town histories. 
Considerable additions to the sections maj- be expected 
from purchases lately made but not yet received. 

Irish history and topography, 481 volumes. A miscella- 
neous collection of histories and descriptive works comprising 
some of the earlier works on Irish history, such as Vallan- 
cey's Collectanea de Rebus Hibernicis, MaGeoghegan's 
Histoire de I'lrlande ancienne et moderne, Leland's History, 
Plowden's Historical Review, and O'Donovan's edition of 
the Annals of the Kingdom of Ireland, by the Four Mas- 
ters. A few of the county and town histories are included, 
also a number of recent works on the political history of the 
island. In topography may be noted Grose's Antiquities 
and Borlase's recent work on the Dolmens, and a few books 
of travel and guidebooks. Recent purchases of a large 
number of books not yet received will add considerably to 
the value of the collection. 
*"- General history, 2,813 volumes and 103 pamphlets. In 
general history- the library has many of the early chronicles 
and comprehensive works. This section, however, is largely 
composed of modem popular compilations and the usual 
secondary authorities. There are to be found here the uni- 
versal histories of Martinet, De Thou, Bayle, and similar 
works; together with sets of historical registers. The col- 
lection contains many recent American text-books, but is 
not strong in the later work of European writers. 

Geography, 5,202 volumes and 230 pamphlets. In gen- 
eral geography and travel (outside of the atlases and larger 
works in the Division of Maps and Charts) the Library 

The Present Collections. 301 

has many of the principal collections of voyages, old and 
new, such as Dampier, Churchill, Purchas's Pilgrimes, 
Hakluyt, La Harpe, Harris, and Pinkerton. In geograph- 
ical serials and publications of societies there is considerable 
strength. The leading foreign journals are well repre- 

General biography, 792 volumes and 684 pamphlets. This ^^^fj^"' ***'*'* 
collection, while small, contains a number of the notable 
works of collective biography. It is well supplied with the 
great national biographies. In individual foreign biography 
it is deficient. Two hundred and sixty of the volumes, 
including a large collection of rare pamphlets bound in 39 
volumes, relate to Napoleon. 

General genealogy , with 222 volumes. This collection is Cemrai gene- 

d i>-' ' ^ alogy. 

not strong, but contains a representative work for most of the 
European countries, the Livre d'or and De Courcelles for 
France, Anrap and Klingspor for NonA-ay and Sweden, 
Kneschke for German}', Dorregaray for Spain, Litta for 
Italy, Wappenbuch der Oesterreichischen Monarchic, Alge- 
meen Nederlandsch FamiUeblad, and Siebmachers Wappen- 
buch (old edition). This section is deficient in modem 
editions and specific treatises. 

Heraldry. The collection is small, only 147 volumes. Heraldry. 
consisting of the ordinary' authorities. 

Costume and orders of chivalry. This section contains only Cos/ume and 

orders of chiv- 

383 volumes. Includes the works of Ferrano, Racinet. and a^rr- 
Strutt and histories of the more important orders. 

History and geography : Europe in general, 14,381 volumes History and ge- 
and 516 pamphlets, contains 980 volumes consisting oi i" ge'ierai. 
guidebooks, descriptive general works, and some of the 
leading histories. 

Austria, 268 volumes; Hingary, Tyrol, Bohemia, 220 Austria, etc 
volumes; Denmark, 75 volumes; Iceland, 70 volumes. 
These countries are poorlj- represented, and most of the 
literature is old. The same may be said of Belgium, of 
which the most important works are Recueil des Anciennes 
Ordonnances, in 14 folio volumes, and Recueil des An- 
ciennes Coutumes, in 44 quarto volumes. 

France, 3.582 volumes, consists of the writings of the France. 
principal historians. Contains a partial set of the Collection 

302 Report of the Librarian of Conq^ress. 

de documents inedits sur I'histoire de France. There are 
some of the printed sources, such as Buchon's Collection 
des Chroniques nationales, Guizot's Memoires, the Recueil 
des historiens de Gaule et de la France. In the later his- 
tory the collection includes some of the principal memoirs, 
and the leading authorities on the French Revolution. (For 
recent important accessions .see pp. 102-108 of this Report.) 
There is a fair collection of guide books and other descrip- 
tive works on Paris. Contains the Histoire gen^rale de 
Paris in 36 folio volumes. 

Germany. Germa?iy, 1,397 volumes, early historical material and 

collections of the various divisions of the country, such as 
Prussia, Saxony, Brandenburg, Wurttemburg, etc., also a 
good collection of later histories. Contains many of the 
collected editions of the early chronicles, the Monumenta 
Germaniae historica and its numerous congeners. 

Greece. Greece, 704 volumes. The collection is insignificant. It 

contains the ordinary historical authorities. It has Grono- 
vius, Thesaurus Graecarum Antiquitatum. Few books on 
modern Greece. The archaeology of Greece has recently 
received important additions. (See Select list of purchases, 
pp. 87-97.) 

Italy. Italy, 2,307 volumes. Contains the ordinary authorities 

on the history of Italy and ancient and modern Rome. In 
texts of early chronicles it contains the collections of Mura- 
tori and the Archivio storico italiano. 

Spain. Spain, 1 ,057 volumes. This collection is mostly composed 

of the ordinary English historical and descriptive works. 
It has, however, some of tbe original authorities, the 
Coleccion de documentos ineditos, and some works of 
Spanish historians. 

Potiufrai. Portugal, only 231 volumes. A miscellaneous collection, 

with few works in the vernacular. 

Netheriandi. Netherlands , 952 volumes. This collection is especially 
rich in the collections of materials for history and has most 
of the later authorities on the description and historj' of the 
country. (Important additions; see Select list of purchases, 
pp. 108-119 of this Report.) 

Scandinavia. Scayidiuavia , 247 volumes. The representation in the 
Library of the literature of these countries is exceedingly 
meagre and contains very few works of imjxjrtance. 

The Present Collectians. 303 

Russia, 569 volumes. The collection has few of the ^«"«»- 
original authorities, and is weak in modem descriptive 
works. On the history- of Russia and on the Crimean war 
only a few of the principal authorities. Poland, 97 volumes. 

Turkev in Europe, 661 volumes. Contains a number of Turkey in Ku 

•f ' rope. 

books on Servia and on Constantinople, and a few books on 
the Armenian massacre and the late war in Bulgaria. 

Afrv:a, 1,830 volumes and 78 pamphlets. Contains the Africa. 
writings of the great explorers. Includes a large collection 
of books on South Africa, particularly on the Boer war and 
the causes leading up to it, with the records of the Cape 
Colony. On Egypt there are 472 volumes, containing the 
monumental works of Lepsius, Champollion, and others. 
There are some general works on Madagascar, the Nile, 
Morocco, and other parts of Africa. 

Asia /w^^/^ra/, 5,345 volumes and 242 pamphlets. Con- Asia in gen- 
sists mainly of modem works on central Asia, Siberia, and 
the Far East. The volumes on China number 519, and 
include many publications relating to its history-, and most 
of the recent books readily procurable. 

India, 1,273 volumes. The main part of the collection India. 
relates to British India. In Dutch East Indies there is 
great strength. There are a few books on the Portuguese 
in India. 

Asia Minor, 28 1 volumes. Contains some leading author- ^"^ ^fif^or. 
ities; the collection is only partial. 

Palestine, 733 volumes. Has a good collection of descrip- P^'*^ti«'- 
tive and historical works, and contains a number of old edi- 
tions of Josephus, and the modem writers on Jewish history. 

Australasia: Pacific Islands, 797 volumes, 128 pamphlets. Australasia. 

, , ,, . "1 , . . f r Pacific Islands. 

A good collection of descriptive and historical works. The 
principal authorities on New Zealand, Hawaii, and the Phil- 
ippines, consisting of some 550 volumes, many of them re- 
cently purchased on account of the general interest in these 
islands. There are a number of good authorities on the 
smaller islands of the Pacific. The literature on the ethnol- 
ogy of the islands has received important accessions since the 
acquisition of the Philippines. (See pp. 142-145 of this 

Political arid economic scieiue, 62,427 volumes besides pam- andVcoxomic 
phlets embracing: scien-ce. 

{a) Legislative journals and papers, 40,436 volumes, both 


Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Science of gov- 
ern men t. 



Slalf papers. 



Commerce and 

American and foreign fully described in treating of docu- 

{b) Political science, 9,822 volumes, as follows: 

Sdeyice of government, 1,207 volumes, expositions of 
the philosophy of law and government, of which the 
older English authors are well represented, but lacking 
standard works of the more recent continental authors. 

This section contains also the exposition of particular 
phases of government from the institutional standpoint, 
and is well supplied with works relating to American 
questions. It also contains an extensive collection of 
the legislative handbooks of the several States. (For 
important recent accessions to the literature of Institu- 
tions see pp. 129-139 of this Report.) 

Constitutions, 2,006 volumes, a collection of works 
expounding the Federal Constitution as a whole and in 
its several parts, a large number of the papers and pro- 
ceedings of State constitutional conventions, and a small 
number of works dealing with foreign constitutions. 

Politics, 4,006 volumes, a collection of works dealing 
with political questions both general and special. Works 
relating to Great Britain are numerous, but the bulk 
of the section relates to American affairs. Histories of 
American politics, of political parties, political and cam- 
paign handbooks, as well as treatments of concrete 
questions of American politics. 

State papers, bulletins and state papers of Great Brit- 
ain and issues of the revolutionary assemblies in France. 

Colonies, 1,059 volumes, journals devoted to colonial 
topics, works on the general theory of colonization, and 
descriptions of particular colonies, embracing a con- 
siderable number of works in the French, German, and 
Dutch languages. 

Elections, 234 volumes, works on the theory of repre- 
sentation, a few election laws, and reports of contested 
election cases, 
(f) Economic science, 10,226 volumes, besides pamphlets, 

Commerce and statistics, 1,835 volumes, general works 
on .statistics, dictionaries of commerce, histories, includ- 
ing old merchant and trading companies, trusts (the 
bulk of recent literature) , the commercial relations of the 

The Present Collections. 


United States, shipping manuals, advertising, business 
forms, and a miscellaneous collection of works upon 
business life, and works on the special subjects of com- 
merce, grain, cotton, etc., being mostly trade annuals. 

Statistics of the United States, 617 volumes; census 
and commercial reports. 

Statistics of states, 747 volumes, reports of registration 
bureaus. State census, oflEices and bureaus of industrial 

Foreign statistics, 1,726 volumes, serial publications 
of the foreign statistical offices and census enumerations. 

Boards of trade, 832 volumes, annual reports and 
special publications of boards of trade, chiefly of Ameri- 
can cities. 

Post-office, 189 volumes, including official reports and 
a number of works in foreign languages on postal history. 

Land Office, 93 volumes, publications of the General 
Land Office. 

Imniigratio?i, 105 volumes, almost exclusively Ameri- 
can material, and weak in foreign works. 

Economic theory, 934 volumes, of which more than 
half are foreign works recently purchased, (See pp. 
120-129 of this Report.) 

Population, 54 volumes, mostly older works on the 
Malthusian theorj% and lacking more recent treatises 
on the subject. 

Free trade, 297 volumes, contains English and Ameri- 
can books, but practically no booKS in foreign languages. 

Land tenure, 122 volumes, mosth^ English works 
dealing with Ireland and India. 

Finance, 564 volumes, contains a number of foreign 
budgets and financial works in addition to works on 
the monej' market and theorj- of public finance. 

Currency, 1,252 volumes, which embrace a large 
number of foreign works. 

Banking, 469 volumes, a few works on the theory of 
banking, but mostly reports of associations and official 

Credit and prices, 340 volumes, stock-market annuals 
and investment handbooks predominate. 

Public debt, 154 volumes, a few general works, but 
mostly official documents. 

Statistics o/the 
UniUd States. 

Statistics of 

Foreign statis- 

Boa rds of trade. 

Land Office. 
Im m igration. 

Economic the- 


Free trade. 

Land tenure. 



Credit and 

Public debt. 




Report of the Librarian of Coytgrcss. 


Ciu/oms tariffs. 



Taxation, i88 volumes, works dealing with the gen- 
eral theory of taxation, in which foreign works are 
relatively numerous. 

Customs tariffs, 522 volumes; internal revenue, 172 vol- 
umes; state financial reports, 704 volumes; building 
and loa7i associations^ 93 volumes, composed almost 
entirely of official publications. 

Insurance, 860 volumes, contains besides official re- 
ports, many almanacs and other annuals, but few gen- 
eral works. 

In the entire group of economics there are 5,172 
official publications, and the remainder, except in the 
sections economic theory and currency, seem to repre- 
sent mainly accessions under the copyright law. In 
general there is a marked absence of works in foreign 
languages. This section has, however, been much 
strengthened of late. (See Select list of recent pur- 
chases, pp. 120-129 o^ this Report.) 

The library of the Division of Statistics of the Department 
of Agriculture embraces 6,000 volumes and 17,000 pamphlets. 
It is particularly rich in market reports and all statistics bearing 
on production and marketing of agricultural staples, including 
a very complete collection of boards of trade reports. Card, 
author, and subject catalogue, and also an index, 46,000 cards, 
of contents of periodicals, reports, etc. 

The library of the Bureau of American Republics contains 
8,000 volumes relating to the Spanish American countries, espe- 
cially their geography, history, laws, and official publications. 
Card catalogue by author and subject, including an index of 
articles in periodicals, reports, etc. 

The library of the Department of Labor contains 17,414 vol- 
umes and pamphlets. It is rich in foreign official statistics, 
especially yearbooks, in census reports, federal and state, in 
labor reports, in political economy, and in social science. Card 
catalogue by author, title, and subject. 

The library of the Bureau of Statistics of the Treasury Depart- 
ment contains some 9,000 volumes. It is confined almost 
exclusively to statistics of trade and resources of United States 
and foreign countries. Card author catalogue. 

Law. — (For the main collection at the Capitol see Law 
Library, pp. 333-335.) For the convenience of students of 
law a collection of 2 , 1 25 law books, including the best editions 
of standard law text-books in the English language, has 
been transferred from the Law Library in the Capitol to the 

The Present Collections. 


general library'. Should the student desire other law books 
than those in this collection, they can be obtained in a short 
time from the library- in the Capitol by means of the tunnel 
connecting the two buildings. 

International law and foreign relations, 3,022 volumes, intemaHonai 

... - , n\. ,, . , , . la'ii-- and foreign 

besides pamphlets. The collection embraces several im- relations. 
portant collections of treaties, papers, and proceedings of 
the various international arbitrations, among them 225 
volumes pertaining to the Alabama arbitration and 34 
volumes to the \^enezuela controversy, diplomatic corre- 
spondence, and consular reports of Great Britain, Italy, 
Belgium, etc. OflBcial documents number 735, lea\-ing a 
fairly representative collection of works of indi\4dual 
authors. This section has been strengthened the past two 
years. (See pp. 139-142 of this Report). 

The librar\- of the Department of State embraces from 75,000 
to 80,000 volumes. It is devoted especially to history, travels, 
international law, and diplomacy. The library is not under- 
stood to be open to the public generally, but so far as the duties 
of the library- staff permit readers are granted access to the col- 

Philology, 7,680 volumes and 1,308 pamphlets. The gen- ^^'^logy- 
eral section, numbering about 700 volumes. Is nothing 
like a systematic collection, being largeh* composed of text- 
books and grammars. It is not, however, without some of 
the valuable hnguistic authorities. Includes such period- 
icals as Archiv ftir das Studium der neueren Spracheu, the 
Societe Philologique of Paris. 

The Romance la7iguages, with 1,216 volumes, has Voll- Romance lan- 
moller's Romanische Forschungen, Littre's Dictionnaire de^""^"' 
la langue Fran^aise, Vocabolario degli Accademici della 
Crusca, Diccionario de la lengua Castellaua por la Real 
Academia Espanola, and a large number of school grammars. 
The German language, 575 volumes, consists mainly of school 
grammars and dictionaries. 

^w^/£7-^ajr^w is represented by only 57 volumes. Contains Augio-sajcon. 
the primar>' authorities. Sweet, Wright, and Skeat. 
English philolog)- numbers about 300 volumes, while there 
are nearly 1,000 grammars of all grades, not including some 
150 fitted for foreign students of the language. The usual 
English dictionaries. 


Report of the Librarian of Congress. 






Classical philology, i,icx) volumes. Consists mainly of 
lexicons, grammars, and text-books. Includes Stephanus, 
Thesaurus Linguae Graecae; Scapula, Lexicon Graeco-Lati- 
num, with works of modern classical philologists — Peile, 
Nettleship, and others — the grammars of Buttmann, Curtius, 
and Jelf, and numerous others; but slight representation of 
the critical works of English and continental authors. Classic 
texts such as Teubner's are lacking. 

The Semitic languages include about 300 volumes, with 
the beginnings of a good collection, though far from ade- 
quate. The section includes some works on Semitic in- 
scriptions, for example: the catalogue of the cuneiform 
tablets in the Kouyunjik collection of the British Museum 
and Schrader's cuneiform inscriptions of the Old Testament. 

Sanscrit. In Sa?iscrit philology the English authorities, 
Mueller, Monier, Williams, Whitney, constitute the principal 
part of the collection. The foreign authorities have little 

Pacific islands languages. There is a considerable lx>dy of 
lexicons and grammars of the languages of the Pacific 
islands, including some valuable Spanish treatises on the 
languages of the Philippines, in the collection. 

Notwithstanding the addition during the last year of a 
number of the most important compends, encyclopaedic 
works, and periodicals devoted to special lines of philological 
study, this section still remains very insufficiently equipped 
for scholarly work. 

Orientalia. (Report by Mr. L. Solyom.) The oriental 
books in the Library consist of more than 9,500 volumes and 
pamphlets, temporarily subdivided as follows: 

Chinese books. About 7,750 volumes. These form by far 
the largest part of the collection, probably not surpassed in 
number and character by any library in this country. They 
consist of: 

I . Books brought from China by the Hon. Caleb Cushing, 
first United States minister to China, under President Tyler; 
2,547 Chinese volumes, all catalogued and classified — rich 
in works on hi.story, medicine, cla.ssics, poetry, ritualism, 
ethics, a.«3tronomy, es.says, dictionaries, etc. The "Thirteen 
Classics" alone numl)er 366 volumes. Choo He's history, 
100 and no volumes; .statistics of Canton, 120 volumes; 
classical expressions, 120 volumes. 

The Present CoHections. 


Turkish. Per- 
sian, and Arabic. 

2. Books contributed at various times by the Hon. William RockhiUgifi. 
W. Rockhill, numbering in all about 6,000 volumes. They 
include historical works, a catalogue of the Imperial Library-, 
works of Confucius and others, and a mass of Buddhist 
literature. Among them are works not found mentioned in 
the Chinese catalogue of the British Museum, the Wade Col- 
lection of Cambridge University, or in Wylie's ' ' Chinese 
literature." There are fine sets of the Vinaya (Discipline), 
the Sutra (Precepts), and the Abhidharma (Metaphysics). 

Turkish, Persian, and Arabic books. These form the next 
large section, consisting of 395 volumes, presented to the 
Library about fifteen }ears ago by the present Sultan of 
Turkey-, Abdul Hamid II. They are all uniformly bound in 
red morocco with gilt edges, and comprise works of original 
authorship in historj-, law, mathematics, philosophy-, poetrj-, 
theology, and periodicals; also translations into Turkish 
from Enghsh, French, German, and Russian works on 
medicine, sciences and arts, drama and fiction. To this 
lia%e been added about 80 volumes of miscellaneous character 
from various parts of the Librar\-. The whole section has 
been catalogued and classified. A further donation of Per- 
sian books has been promised in the near future from another 

Japanese books. Of these there are about 140 volumes Japanese. 
of government publications, such as the proceedings of 
Parliament and reports of chiefs of bureaus; also some 
periodicals. Amongst the recent additions is the Wakau 
sansai dzuye, a standard dictionary- of 125 volumes, of 
Chinese origin, with Japanese additions. The title means encyclopedia of the three ruling powers 
(Heaven, Man, Earth), a much esteemed publication; also 
5 folio volumes of the Bibliotheca Japonica, a linguistic work 
published in Europe. Recently 106 Japanese books have 
been received from the United States Department of State. 

Arineniayi, Biigis, Hindustanee , Malay, Pali, Sanscrit, and 
Telugu. The Armenian works consist of 55 volumes of 
periodicals and books of a miscellaneous character; thej' are 
partly catalogued. The Pali books, printed with Siamese 
characters, consist of 39 well-bound volumes of the Tripataka, 
the Buddhist scriptures, presented to the Library- of Con- 
gress and to 48 other libraries of the United States hy the 

Armenian, etc. 

3IO Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

King of Siani, commonly called by his much-abridged name, 
Chulalongcorn. This work has been completely analyzed 
by Prof. Charles Lanman in a printed pamphlet. The rest of 
the above-named works consist of about loo volumes of 
pamphlets not catalogued; the Hindustanee pamphlets are 
religious tracts brought over to Washington by the Reverend 
Theodore S. Wynkoop, missionary to India. 
Manchif^Tibe- M^ongoHan, Manchu, Tibetan, 730 volumes. The Mongo- 
'""'• lian and Mancliu books consist chiefly of bibles, dictionaries, 

and the sacred edict. The Tibetan books, thirteen in 
number, are of curious construction, with rich wrappings. 
Hebrew. Hebrew. The number of Hebrew books in the Library is 

so small that no place has been assigned to them as yet. 

All these books are purely oriental texts, no grammars, 
dictionaries, catalogues, or oriental translation-fund publi- 
cations having been included in this estimate. 

Literature. Literature, 2,404 volumes and 466 pamphlets. While 

including many of the noted books in the history of literature 
and on literary criticism, the larger part of this section is 
composed of American and English works. Many of the 
volumes are elementary text-books. Recent purchases have 
sensibly increased the value of this section to the student. 

Correspondence. Correspondence, 1,752 volumes and 65 pamphlets. Includes 
some of the standard works, such as the letters of Napoleon, 
Sevigne, Maintenon, Remusat, Schiller, Walpole, Grimm, 
Webster, Burke, and Gibbon, but is comparatively weak, 
especially in the writings of foreign authors. 

Essays. Essajs, 4,961 volumes and 384 pamphlets. A miscel- 

laneous collection mainly works of American and Eng- 
lish writers, including many of the standard authors, and 
especially full in the American literature of the last thirty 
years. While a few writers in foreign languages, such as 
Sainte-Beuve, Prevost-Paradol, Gautier, and Grinnn, are on 
the shelves, the modern literature of Continental Europe is 
but slightly represented. 

Rhtioric and Rhetoric and oratory , 4,791 volumes and 589 pamphlets. 
Contains the works of the leading American and English 
orators, some old editions of Greek and Roman authors, and 
numerous text-books, manuals, speakers, and many of the 
school readers published in this country. 

The Present Collections. 311 

Ana, proverbs, etc., 2,288 volumes and 360 pamphlets, ^^^^fa. pro'vrrbi. 
Contains a varied collection of ana, proverbs, dictionaries of 
quotations in various languages, maxims, table talk, and 
humor. Contains some of the works of French ana, such 
as Menagiana, Fureteriana, Amoldiana. The dictionaries 
and cyclopsedias of quotations are numerous, and the col- 
lection is rich in the writings of American humorists. 

Poetry, 14,928 volumes and 354 pamphlets. A goodcollec- ^''ry- 
tionof American authors and of English authors, except the 
more recent. There is ver\- little in the modem poetr\' of Con- 
tinental Europe. Contains some of the anthologies, such as 
Almanach des Muses, 1765 to 1830; Guessard, Les anciens 
Poetes de la France; Carrara, Antologia Italiana; Erlach, 
Die Volkslieder der Deutschen; Raunie, Chansonnier ^isto- 
rique du xviii siecle. Contains the principal English 

Drama, 4,076 volumes and 2,505 pamphlets. A miscella- ^^<"«'»- 
neous collection. American copyrights form the main por- 
tion. The standard collections, such as Cumberland's Brit- 
ish Theatre, Cumberland's Minor Theatre, Inchbald's British 
Theatre, and Modern Standard Drama, are found here. 
There are few good editions of the works of modem foreign 
dramatists, and very few modern critical editions of the 
Greek and Roman dramatists. The old French writers are 
found in such collections as Repertoire general du theatre 
Franyais. Dramatic history- and criticism is represented by 
a number of writers on the histor>^ of the stage and of the 
drama in various countries, such as Klein, Geschichte des 
Drama's; Collier's English Dramatic Poetr\', and various 
works of biography and criticism. The later foreign his- 
tories and critical writings on the drama are lacking. 

Fiction, American and Eyiglish, 27,8 10 volumes. This is a jcan'^and'^Ens- 
large and rapidl)^ growing collection, and comprises the '"*• . 
works of nearly ever>' American writer and most of the 
English writers. It also includes most of the translations 
into English of writers in other languages. 

Fiction, foreign, 6,067 volumes. French fiction contains Foreign. 
the fullest representation. Other languages are but slightly 
represented. Recent purchases, however, of the works of 
modem German, Dutch, Italian, and Scandinavian \ATiters 
have strengthened the collection in that direction. 

312 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

mo^f'''"'' ■^""" Fiction, juvenile, 9,622 \-olunies. Mostly composed of 
works by American and English writers, with translations 
of the more popular foreign works, and a large number of 
volumes of fairy tales and picture books for children. 
Foikiote. Folklore, 420 volumes. Includes many of the recent 

publications in English (mostlj-- American copyrights). 
Includes the publications of the Folk-Lore Society, and a 
few volumes of the Zeitschrift des A'^ereins fiir Volkskunde. 
Contains very few books in foreign languages. Compared 
with collections elsewhere, this is meager. There has 
rece'itl)^ been added " Les Litteratures populaires de tout^s 
les nations" in 43 volumes. 

mC^c'*'"'^' "^ Music {literature of). A small collection, presenting 
meager resources for reference or consecuti\'e study. 
Especially limited in works on theory, composition, and 
instrumentation; also in those on history and criticism. 
Better equipped in biographies of musicians. 

ai^hUtJiure ""'' -^^w^ arts and architecture. But 7,458 volumes classified 
as fine arts and but 2,642 as architecture. Some of the 
more valuable deposits of the Smithsonian Institution (e. g,, 
Piranesi and reproductions of European galleries — Munich, 
Dresden, Paris, Versailles, and others). Most of the 
remainder are copyright deposits. These latter include, 
however, some illustrative books of great artistic value 
(e. g. , Bushell's Oriental ceramic art). Some few books 
recently purchased for reference use (e. g. , Bode's Rem- 
brandt, 5 volumes; Rovinski's Rembrandt's Etchings, 4 
volumes; lives of various artists). In architecture a repre- 
sentation of the works of Vitruvius, Palladio, Scamozzi, 
Alberti, Valentini, etc.; a few of the works on the great 
cathedrals; and various books (chiefly the result of copy- 
right) on house building, bridge building, decorative iron- 
work, etc. But the development of this department has 
awaited decision as to some questions of policy and sys- 
tematic lists. Some important accessions are noted in Select 
list of recent purchases, pp. 99 to 102 of this Report. 
Ecciesiaiticai Ecclcsiastical Mstory, 7,278 volumes and 1,657 pamphlets 
is a good working collection, having in lx)th text and trans- 
lation the histories of Eusebius, Socrates, Moehler, MoUer, 
Mosheim, Baur, Neander, Prcssen.s^, DoUinger, Milnian, 
Schaff, Weizsacker, Kurtz, and Ranke, and a gootl repre- 

Tfie Present Collections. 313 

sentation of denominational histories. In the German and 
French works in the original it contains little. It has 
Pfleiderer, Donier, Schaff. Winer, and others on Creeds. 
In patristics the Libran,* has the Ante-Xicene Christian 
Library, the Xicene and Post-Xicene Library-, and Migne's 
Patrologia. In documentary- history- it has collections of the 
acts of councils, the Papal bulls, etc. Contains a complete 
set of the Acta Sanctorum and its indispensable supplement, 
the Analecta Bollandiana. 

Theology, 2 8 , 430 volumes and 3,714 pamphlets, is strongest Theology. 
in Bible texts, having many pohglots, translations in the 
modem languages, rare and Old English editions, and others, 
such ris John Eliot's Indian Bible of 1663. In material for 
textual criticism are found facsimiles of the Codex Bezse, 
Codex Alexandrinus (part), Codex Sinaiticus, Codex Baby- 
lonicus (part), and a few general histories of the texts. 
Apocryphal literature is but slighth* represented either in 
text or translation. In exegetical literature the Libran,' has 
such Enghsh general commentaries as the Speaker's, Cam- 
bridge Bible, Expositor's Bible, Henr^- and Godet, Lange 
and Olshausen in translation, but lacks commentaries on the 
single books. In the field of Biblical theology- there are a 
few such works as Oehler and Schultz on the Old Testament 
and Weiss on the Xew Testament, but in translation onl5\ 
In systematic theolog}- it has, among others, Calvin, Hodge, 
Wesley, and Shedd, and a great varietj- of monographs on 
separate subjects, such as ' ' God, " " immortality. ' ' etc. In 
apologetics the Library has the Bampton and Hibbert lec- 
tures and the Bridgewater treatises. Comparative religion 
is represented by the ordinarj- authorities merely. The 
requirements of scholars are not by any means met. Among 
the introductions to the Old and Xew Testaments the 
Libran.- has but few that represent modem scholarship. 
This is also tme of higher criticism. In the literature of 
missions the Libran,- is weak, lacking even the reports of 
American bodies. It has the Lettres Edifiantes and other 
reports of the Jesuit missions. The works on hymnology, 
Sundav-school work. Christian sociology, homiletics. and 
pastoral theology- are numerous. Special mention may be 
made of an extensive series of the original editions of Luther, 
numbering over 200 tracts, printed in black letter at Wittem- 
berg during the lifetime of the author. 


Report of the Librarian of Congress. 








Marriage and 


Crim inology. 

f>}lice and 


Mythology. Classical mythology consists of 223 volumes, 
in which are included Colliguon, Decharme, Faniell, Lefovre, 
Maury, Hancarville, Lenormant, Revue de I'histoire des 
Religions. This section has a great many modern-school 
text-books. Oriental and Teutonic niythologg comprise 441 
volumes and 98 pamphlets. 

Ocailt literature. There is also a miscellaneous collection 
of 1,240 volumes and 235 pamphlets on, magic, 
mysticism, demonology, palmistry, astrology, spiritualism, 
and other allied topics. 

Social science, 7,757 volumes, besides pamphlets, embracing: 

Society, 1,055 volumes, including theoretic .sociology, 

.social reform, socialism, and history of .social in.stitutions; 

newer works of foreign authors are not largely repre- 


Etiquette, 308 volumes, and Home, 117 volumes, chiefly 
subscription works and other copyright accessions. 

Women, 602 volumes, contains mostly copyright books 
on woman's sphere and work, and material relating to 
the woman-suffrage question. A few leading foreign 
works, recently purchased, on woman in primitive .soci- 
ety, in antiquity, and the Middle Ages, but chiefly 
modern works. 

Marriage and divorce, 485 volumes, mostly popular 
works on the duties of married life, wedding mementoes, 
and similar publications. The scientific works on the 
marriage relation are inadequately represented. 

Charity, 470 volumes, contains, besides works on 
organized charity, proceedings of .societies, hancUKX)ks 
and reports of charitable institutions, the reports of 
state boards of charities and correction. 

Criminology , 522 volumes, contains the .standard older 
works on crimes, some recent American books and re- 
ports of penal institutions and state prison Ixjards, but 
lacks the newer criminological literature of the Euro- 
pean continent. 

Police and detection, 224 volumes, follows the preceding 
closely in character, containing, however, quite a num- 
ber of subscription works dealing with the police force 
of various cities. 

The poor, 109 volumes, and the social evil, 41 volumes, 
small collections of older works on these subjects. 

The Present Collections. 





Temperajice , 364 volumes, quite a number of subscrip- Temperance. 
tion and other copyright books on the temperance move- 
ment, but httle relating to England or other foreign 

Labor, 962 volumes, containing most of the English 
works dealing with labor, but deficient in foreign books. 
Full reports of the French labor office and a large col- 
lection of American labor reports. 

Slavery, 846 volumes, dealing with slavery outside the 
United States, particularly the English Uterature of the 
abolition movement, and slavery as an institution in the 
United States, and the race problems which have grown 
out of it. The history- of the antislaverj- movement is 
found under history of the United States. 

Societies, i ,652 volumes, comprising chiefly the history 
of freemasonrv-, the laws of Masonic organizations, and 
journals of the proceedings of lodges. 

In the chapter on sc)ciolog\' in general, it may be 
added that direct selection has had but a small part in 
assembling the collections. 

The section of social pathology of the library of the Bureau of 
Education embraces about 3,000 volumes. Special author-card 
catalogue of this collection, author and subject cards in general 
catalogue of the library*. 

Ethics, 1,226 volumes and pamphlets, includes many of 
the works of the recent writers on morals, both ancient and 
modem, in the original texts and in translations. While it 
contains the more recent American and English works, no 
systematic attempt has been made to strengthen the collec- 
tion by the purchase of the works of the European writers 
of the past thirty 3'ears. 

Philosophy, 2,'j'j^ volumes and pamphlets. In philosophy 
the Library' has most of the American and English books on 
the subject and a considerable number of foreign writers, 
both .in the original and in translation, including many rare 
and curious books. There is a good representation of the 
general histories, such as Fischer, Ueberweg, and Zeller. In 
psychology most of the recent works are included, and the 
collection of works ou logic is fairl)- good. 

Education, 13,950 volumes and pamphlets. The larger Education. 
portion of this section is composed of catalogues of colleges, 
reports of educational institutions, and histories of colleges 
and schools. In this hterature it is strong, and thousands 


Philosoph V. 


Rcpoti of the Librarian of Congress. 

of reports not yet arranged, when catalogued and placed 
upon the shelves, will still further strengthen it. The 
general works on education comprise 2,257 volumes. The 
collection has no standing in foreign pedagogics. 

The library of the United States Bureau of Education, corner 
Eighth and G streets NW., has the largest collection of peda- 
gogical literature in America and probably in the world. About 
75,000 lx>oks and 135,000 unbound pamphlets. 

Five sections: i. and French. 2. German. 3. Poly- 
glot. These contain an extensive collection of IkkjIcs on the 
history and philosophy of education, methods of teaching, and 
psychology, special collections of college and university cata- 
logues, reports of educational authorities in all countries, and 
files of educational jjeriodicals. The German collection is spe- 
cially noteworthy. 4. Social pathology. The V)est collection 
in America. Books, periodicals, and reports on reformatories, 
prisons, criminal anthropology, and care of the blind, deaf and 
dumb, and feeble-minded. 5. The Model "A. L. A." Library, 
as exhibited at the World's Fair, 1893, in duplicate, classified by 
both decimal and Cutter systems. Card catalogues in each .sec- 
tion, authors and classified subjects separately, including index 
to educational periodicals. Decimal classification. Pamphlets 
in catalogued and numbered boxes by subjects. 

Mathematics. Mathematics, 5,737 books and 916 pamphlets. Includes 
a considerable number of text-books in arithmetic, book- 
keeping, and surveying mamials, books on weights and 
measures, and commercial tablets of all kinds. The mathe- 
matical collection proper is not large. It consi.sts chiefly 
of copyright accessions; a few old editions of the works 
of some of the Greek mathematicians; several editions of 
Newton's works; many of the works of the older mathema- 
ticians; with a few histories; the principal European treatises 
on the higher mathematics of fifteen or twenty years ago, 
but none more recent; and a few files of mathematical 
journals, mostly incomplete. 

Astronomy. Astronoviy, 3,6 1 2 books and 1,084 pamphlets. A good 

collection of popular works; the writings of the older astron- 
omers; some old books on cosmology; a .small collection of 
astronomical tables and star catalogues, coast pilots and 
books on navigation; broken sets of the publications of a 
few of the principal European obser\'atories, those for recent 
years being absent. 

In mathematics and astronomy the librarj' of the United 
States Naval Obser\-atory has the largest collection in the Dis- 

The Present Collecti<ms. 


trict, 20,000 books and 4,000 pamphlets. Author-card catalogue. 
The files of periodicals, transactions, and obsers-ations are 
generally complete. The Coast Survey Librarj- has special 
collections on geodes}-, hydrographj', tides, lunar theory, and 
star catalogues and a number of complete files in mathematics 
and astronomy. Author and class catalogues. Index to 

Mechanics and physics, 3,016 books and 956 pamphlets. Mechanics and 
including many old treatises on natural philosophy, a few 
sets of collected papers of the older physicists, a good col- 
lection of modem American text-books and treatises; but 
the standard European books are generally old editions. 
Two files of periodicals, approximately complete. 

The library of the United States Weather Bureau has 18,000 
books and 5,000 pamphlets, mainly on physics and meteorology, 
including the principal files. Author card catalogue. Index 
to periodicals. The Coast Sur\ey librar\- has a special collec- 
tion on terrestrial magnetism. The libraries of the Patent 
Office and the Naval Obser^•ator^• have several complete files. 

Chemistry, only 1.655 books and 921 pamphlets. Ameri- chemishy. 
can text-books constitute the majority. There are also 
many of the works of the older chemists; a few broken 
periodical sets and only two complete files. 

The libraries of the United States Department of Agricultiu-e, 
the United States Geological Svu-vey, and the Patent Ofiice have 
good collections of books and files of periodicals on chemistry-. 
The first is especially good on organic, the second on inorganic, 
and the third on technological chemistry. 


Exh ibitions. 

Technology, 18,540 books and 6,945 pamphlets, as follows: 

Patents. — Complete set of United States Patent Office 
Gazette and Reports; an incomplete file of the British Offi- 
cial Journal; a large number of miscellaneous books. 

Exhibitions. — Catalogues of all the exhibitions, beginning 
with London, 1851. 

Manufactiires a7id trades. — Books relating to the various aiuin'ad^s'^''*'^" 
industries, particularly sugar, wines and liquors, clocks, 
leather, soap, and woolen goods; publications of the various 
industrial societies. 

Practical mechanics. — Chiefly American text-books and c/m^csf'^' "'^' 

Engineerijig . — Many text-books and manuals on steam, Engineering. 
electrical, mechanical, and civil engineering, mainly Ameri- 


Report of the Librarian of Congress. 





Military and 
naval sciince . 





can; journals and transactions of the leading engineering 

Metallurgy. — Three hundred books and full sets of the 
principal English and American iron and steel reports and 
journals; a large collection of manufacturers' catalogues. 

Railroads. — The reports of most of the great American 

Canals. — A special collection relating to the Inter-oceanic 

Telegraphy. — One thousand volumes, half of which are 

Military and naval science. — Publications of the various 
governments and schools; histories and text-books, including 
many of the best works on naval architecture. 

Photography. — Sets of all the leading journals. 

The scientific library of the Patent Office is the largest col- 
lection of technical literature in America — 74,140 volumes. 
Printed catalogue to 1S88, author and subject supplementary 
card catalogue. Index of periodical literature since 1891. For 
military and naval science see also the libraries at the War and 
Navy Departments. 

Natural history , 2,044 books and 81 pamphlets. A large 
number of old works on natural histor)- (many of them large 
folios with fine plates) with several editions of Cuvier, 
Linnaeus, Buff on; a few old dictionaries of science, such as 
Diderot's; Naturalists' voyages; incomplete files of maga- 
zines and publications of natural history societies; museum 
catalogues and reports; general text-books on biology, chiefly 

Geology and mineralogy, 3,519 books and 1,363 pamphlets, 
A fairly good collection of text-books and popular works, 
but those published abroad are not recent editions; a few 
special treatises on minerals and ore deposits, gems, crystal- 
lography; files of the journals of a few of the principal 
geological societies and mining in.stitutes, and a considerable 
but incomplete collection of the reports of the Government 
geological surveys in America and Europe. There has been 
little expenditure by the Library of Congress in this section 
on account of the extensive collection at the Library of the 
United States Geological Survey, which is very acce.ssible: 

About 46,000 books and 75,000 pamphlets, .\uthor-card 
catalogue to books. Analytical card index to North American 
official publications. 

The Present Collections. 



Zoology, about 4,700 books and 1,700 pamphlets. Besides 
the American text-books, many descripti\e works on the 
fauna of different countries; a large collection of books on 
birds, especially British, American, and Australian, many 
of them finely illustrated folios, with such works as those 
of Audubon, Milne-Edwards, Wilson; small collections on 
insects (including a few incomplete files of entomological 
journals), on conchology, and other special subjects; a good 
assortment on fishes and angling. 

The library of the Department of Agriculture, 68,000 vol- 
umes, partly located in the various di\nsions, but catalogued 
by author and class, on cards at the central libraiA-, contains, 
at the Di\-ision of Biological survey, a large collection of sys- 
tematic works on mammals, \\-ith card indexes of genera and 
species; at the Di\'ision of Entomology*-, a large collection on 
insects, analyzed in author, subject, and class catalogues, with 
card bibliographies on beetles and scale insects; at the Bureau 
of Animal Industr)-, a special collection on parasites, ^vith card 
index to periodical literature for ten years. At the Birds and 
Insects Departments of the National Museum there are also ex- 
tensive collections of books on these subjects. The library of 
the United States Fish Commission, S,ooo books and 14,000 
pamphlets, has the best collection on fish and fish culture in 
America. Author and subject card catalogue. 

Botany, 2,871 books and 902 pamphlets. A large num- 
ber of American text-books and descriptions of the flora of 
different countries and monographs on special subjects 
(manj' of them are large folios with fine plates); several 
sets of botanical journals. 

See also the libraries of the Department of Agriculture and 
of the National Museum. The collection on palaeobotany from 
the Geological Survey is deposited at the office of the curator 
of fossil plants, National Museum. 

Agriailture, less than 6,000 books and pamphlets, con- 
sisting of oflScial publications, periodicals, proceedings of 
societies, and a miscellaneous collection of books on farming, 
gardening, and other related topics. Few books have been 
purchased in recent years for this section, because the well- 
organized librars' of the Department of Agriculture is ade- 
quate to the demand. (5"^^" above. ) 

Human anatomy and physiology, about 750 books, x\2., 
a large number of American text-books, with a few of the oiogy. 
principal English treatises and French anatomical atlases. 



Human anat- 

320 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

sJfgery*"' ""'' Medicine and surgery, 12,401 books and 3,832 pamphlets. 
Chiefly the result of copyright accessions or gifts, and con- 
sisting, therefore, chiefly of American treatises, handbooks, 
and dictionaries, reports of boards of health, and files of 
medical and surgical journals. Of works published abroad 
many of the earlier ones, including earlier French and Eng- 
lish atlases of surger>'. Owing to the accessibility of the 
library of the Surgeon-General's Office and its liberal 
administration, there has been little expenditure by the 
Library of Congress in these lines. 

The library of the Surgeon-General's Ofl&ce is the most com- 
prehensive collection of medical literature in the world. Over 
135,000 books and 229,000 pamphlets. Catalogue in book form, 
21 volumes, supplemented by a card catalogue, including index 
to periodical literature. 
Anthropology. A?ithropology , about 500 volumes. 

The Library of the Bvu-eau of Ethnology contains 12,000 
books and 4,000 pamphlets. 

^mesttc econ- Domestic economy. Numerous text-books on cookery and 
household .science. 

games^^^ "'"' ►S/5>^r/.y a«^^aw<?.y, nearly 4, COO volumes, compri.sing books 
relating to horses and horse racing, studbooks, turf and 
trotting registers, books on dogs, hunting, athletic sports, 
physical training, and indoor games. 

and^'^cfiucied Polygrapliy ajid Collected works, 13,546 volumes and 2,884 

^^''"- pamphlets. This chapter contains a large and rich collec- 

tion of the works of noted authors, and in some cases lim- 
ited and special editions of their works. It also includes the 
publications of such societies as the Bannatyne Club, Cam- 
den Society, Chaucer Society, Early English Text Society, 
English Dialect Society, Roxburghe Club, Spenser Society, 
Maitland Club, and Surtees Society. Many collections are 
here kept intact, such as the Anecdota Oxoniensia, Arber's Reprints, Biblioteca de autores Espanoles, Biblio- 
thek des literarischen Vereins, Colecci6n de autores Espa- 
noles, Deutsche National Litteratur, Didot's Biblioth6que 
grecque, Legge's Chinese Classics, Lemaire's Latin texts, 
and Valpy's Delphin Classics. Recent purchases have 
added considerably to the strength of this section (see Select 
list, pp. 83-87 of this Report). 
Cyclopedias. Cyclopedias. The collection of cyclopaedias is large, com- 

The Present Collections. 321 

pnsing nearly 3,000 volumes, and contains most of the 
standard cyclopaedias in English, French, and Gennan. 
Recent purchases have materially strengthened this section. 

Directories, 8,103 volumes. This collection includes most DtrfctorUs. 
of the American state, cit}', and town directories of the last 
twenty-five years, and for some of the larger cities almost 
complete files from the earliest issues, a number of foreign 
directories, and commercial and professional directories. 

Almanacs and yearbooks. 8,250 volumes, constitute one oi yfaiVooks" ""** 
the important collections in the Library'; includes many for- 
eign almanacs containing administrative data : the Almanach 
Royal, k-aown variously as the Almanach Imperial, Royal, 
National, according to the changes of the French Govern- 
ment; the Almanach de Gotha, which first appeared in 1764, 
and similar publications. English almanacs are to be found 
as early as 1654, and such almanac makers as William Lilly, 
Francis Moore, John Partridge, and R.White are well repre- 
sented. In American almanacs the Library is specially rich, 
beginning with those hy Z. Brigden, Cambridge, 1659; S. 
Cheever, 1660; X. Chauncy, 1662; I. Chaunc\-, 1663; A. 
Xowell, 1665. There are full sets, with few exceptions, of 
those of John Tulley, 1687-1702; S. Clough, 1700-1708; 
Nathaniel Ames, Nathaniel Low, Nathaniel Whittemore, 
1714-1729; Hutchins'slmproved, 1760. Poor Richard, by R. 
Saunders (Franklin), is represented by the issues of twenty- 
seven j-ears, beginning with 1740. There is a large number 
of \'irginia almanacs beginning with the year 1741 and con- 
tinuing to date. The almanacs of later dates are numerous. 

First editions. The Library* possesses some rare editions First editions. 
of noted authors. It has the first folio of Shakespeare, 
1623, with the three follo^\^ng folios (original editions) of 
1632, 1664, and 1685: first issue of Midsummer Night's 
Dream, 1600; Milton's Paradise Lost, first edition, 1667; 
Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy, first edition. 1620; the 
first five editions of Walton's Complete Angler; Painter's 
Palace of Pleasure; Piers Plowman's Vision, first edition, 
1550; King James's Folio Bible, first issue, 161 1 (a xevy fine 
copy); The Bishop's Bible, 1569; Cranmer's Bible, various 
editions, 1540, etc.; Matthew's Bible, 1551; man\- black- 
letter Bibles of various early dates; Luther's German version 
9957—01 21 

322 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

of the Bible; Christopher Saur's print, Germantown, Pa., 
first edition, 1743; and Aitken's Bible, two volumes, Phila- 
delphia, 1782. There are numerous printed books of the 
fifteenth century, beginning with an edition of the Consti- 
tutions of St. Clement, 1467, and repre.senting every year 
since that date, and, in some cases, by .several examples. 
The collection of incunabula, however, is not monumental 
or extraordinary. 

e"""^^ /'»r^//, J-fotner, Virgil, etc. A beginning has been made in form- 
ing separate .special collections of great authors. Tlie works 
by or relating to the following are collected: Homer (383 
volumes), Virgil (246), Dante (331), Shakespeare (1,670), 
Goethe (405), and Burns (330). Additions to all are con- 
stantl}- being made, especially in the direction of procuring 
the best editions. 

lion.*"* '^° "^ Toner collection. B3' the terms of its presentation this is 
kept distinct from the main collection of books. It contains 
over 27,000 bound and unbound volumes and about 12,000 
pamphlets and periodicals. The lx)oks and pamphlets relate 
chiefly to medicine and to American history and biography. 
There are many packages of newspaper clippings and at 
least 25,000 cuttings upon miscellaneous themes, mounted 
upon folios of uniform size, and an extensive .series of clip- 
pings of biography from various sources, arranged in alpha- 
betical order in three large, convenient for reference. 
Bibliography. Bibliography. The greater part of the bibliographical 
collection of the Library is placed in the Catalogue Room, 
where constant reference to bibliographical authority is a 
fundamental necessity. Here is kept a classified catalogue, 
with alphabetical author and subject index. The collection 
thus placed is within reach of the other divisions of the 
Library. The entire section of book-trade bibliography, 
indispensable to the purchasing service, is shelved in the 
Order Division. Other sections required for sj^ecial work 
are placed respectively in the Bibliographic, Documents, 
Map, Music, Prints, Smithsonian, and Copyright divisions. 
Literary Hi.story, formerly united with Bibliography, now 
forms a .separate class in charge of the Reading Room 

The collection contains 1 1,337 volumes ^"^ 9- 181 pam- 
phlets, or together 20,518. It embraces the history and 

The Present Collections. 


origin of books and bookmaking. the arts concerned in their 
production, preser\-ation, and use, and is arranged in main 
groups as follows: 


Origin and greneral history of books and bookmaking 4 


Autographs 64 

Penmanship and calligraphy 154 

Shorthand, cipher 9S0 

Palaeography 131 

Printing: History and practice 710 

Binding I 69 

Publishing and bookselling 116 

Copyright: Liberty of the press 170 


History, reports, etc ^ ^5° 

Library science 41S 

Catalogues 2.9JS 

Book collecting: Private libraries, including catalogues 893 

Book prices: Second-hand booksellers'catalogues' in part) 1.354 

Bibliography: History, bibliography of bibliographj'. choice of books, - 
periodicals, universal and select general bibliographies, remark- ' 

able books, etc i. 584 

Anonyms and pseudonyms 68 

National bibliography 4,817 

Subject bibliography , 2. 217 

Personal (individual ) bibliography . . 178 

Total 20,518 

Within the limitations to be specified presently, and 
including the additions under way or assuredh- pro\-ided for, 
the Library- may be stated to possess fairly adequate biblio- 
graphical apparatus for the pursuit of ordinary investigation 
and for the conduct of its own operations, while in a few- 
directions it offers unusual facilities for special research. 

The literature of English shorthand is notably well repre- 
sented, including 27 editions of the seventeenth centurj-, 
and 37 of the eighteenth century, the earliest being Edmond 
Wilhs's Abreuiation of Writing by Character, [London] , G. 
Purslow, 1 61 8. 

Paleography. The status of the section of palaeography 
may be best illustrated by the enumeration of the more note- 
worthy works present and absent. The Library- possesses: 
Astle, 1803; Westwood, Palaeographia sacra, 1844; and Fac- 
similies of miniatures, 1868; Silvestre ( French ed. ) ; Palseo- 


P.\L.«:OGR A- 

324 Report of the Librarian of Congress, 

graphical society, Facsimiles; the palaeographical publica- 
tions of the British Museum; Montfaucon; Savva; Omont, 
Facsim. des mss. grecs, iv-xii siecles, 1892; Omont, Fac- 
sim. des mss. grecs dates, 1890; Mabillon (two editions); 
Tassin & Toustain, Nouveau Traite; Kopp; Natalis de 
Wailly; Anadt; Delisle, Cabinet des mss.; Album paleo- 
graphique; Recueil de facsim. de I'Ecole des Chartes 
(in part); von Sybel & gickel, Kaiserurkunden ; Pflugk- 
Harttuug, Specimina; Facsimiles of national manuscripts 
of England, of Ireland, of Scotland; Codices Graeciet Latini 
(Du Rieu) 1897; Codices e Vaticanis selecti, 1S99; Monu- 
menta palaeographica (Chroust), 1899; Merino; Muiioz y 
Rivero; Musee des Archives departementales, 1878; Chate- 
lain, 1884-1890; Flammermont, 1896; Hyvemat, i888. It 
still wants, among others: Wattenbach and Zangemeister, 
1876-1879; Champollion-Figeac, Chartes et mss., 1840; 
Letronne, Diplomes et chartes, 1845-1866; Sickel, Monu- 
nienta graphica, 1858-1882; Monaci, Facsimili, 1881; 
Monaci and Paoli, Archivio, 1882-1892; Bibliotheca 
neusis, 1873- 1880; Paleografia artistica di Montecassino, 
1876; Comte de Bastard d'Estang, 1835-1B78; Musee des 
Archives nationales; Omont, Facsim. grecs, xv et xvi siecles, 
1887; Vitelli and Paoli, 1884- 1889; Pertz, Schrifttafeln, 
1844-1869; and many of the contributions of Wattenbach, 
Delisle, etc. 
PRINTING AND /Vzw/zwp- and Incunabula. History of printing and the 

INCUNABULA. . . . . 

literature of incunabula are as yet very imperfectly repre- 
sented, especially local history and products of individual 
printers and presses. The collection has been supplemented 
during the past years by acquisition of the more important 
recent works, but it is still inadequate for systematic study 
of the subject. Among the early printed books at present 
in the Library are not a few rare specimens. Special rules 
for an incunabula catalogue have been formulated, having 
regard to their .special character and to the demands made 
upon .such catalogues, but the work itself is in abeyance, 
the time of competent cataloguers l^eing claimed by more 
pressing duties. So far as catalogued, incunabula are rep- 
resented by entries adequate for the general catalogue. 
Library hi iiory. Library kistorj. In material for the history of libraries, 
the development of the library movement and librar)- science 

The Present Collections: Periodicals. 325 

in the United States, the Library of Congress has much, 
but nearly all of its series of reports and catalogues of public 
libraries are still incomplete. The corresponding sections 
for other countries, while not so well filled, contain much 
that is not commonly found in other libraries. 

General bibliography, national and subject bibliography 
have been much strengthened by purchase since the removal 
of the Library from the Capitol. (See pp. 76, 77 of this 
Report. ) Defective sets of important national bibliographies 
are being completed to date wherever possible, lacking series 
are procured, and new publications currently ordered. The 
remaining deficiencies are chiefl}- series of periodicals and 
serial publications in part out of print and, in national bibli- 
ography very generally, the extensive and important local 
bio-bibliographical literature of foreign countries. Subject 
and personal bibliography also disclose notable gaps. 

The reference collection in the Catalogue Division further 
comprises a group of selected national encyclopaedias , 375 
volumes: a series of language dictionaries, 129 volumes: 
professional and technical dictionaries, 138 volumes; politi- 
cal and genealogical almanacs and yearbooks, 116 volumes; 
national biographical dictionaries, 359 volumes; general and 
annual catalogues of higher institutions of learning and year- 
books of academies and learned societies, 371 volumes. 


Neu-spapers. There are now in the Library' about 22,000 
volumes of newspapers. Of these the larger portion are of 
course American. Of foreign there are, however, several 
files of great importance practically complete. Among these 
are: The London Gazette, 1665 to date; London Times, 
1796 to date; London Chronicle, 1757 to 1799, and 1814 to 
1861; London Advertiser, 1730 to 1795; Moniteur Univer- 
sel, 1789 to date; Journal des Debats, 1789 to date, and the 
Allgemeine Zeitung. 1789 to date. There is the Gaceta 
de. Madrid, 1870- 1900; the Diario de la Marina (Habana) 
1844-1882; the Gaceta de la Habana, 1883-1894, and from 
1900. There is El Diario de la Repiiblica de Mexico for the 
period of the Mexican war. 



326 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

The subscription to current foreign newspajiers on any 
considerable scale did not begin until January, 1901. 

The files of American newspapers are exhibited in the list 
published recently by the Library. They constitute the 
largest collection in existence. They include at least two 
representative papers from each State since 1870; but also 
an extraordinary number of leading papers complete, or 
almost complete, from a much earlier date, e. g., the Na- 
tional Intelligencer, 1 800-1 878; the New York Evening 
Post from 1 801 ; the New York Tribune from 1841 ; the New 
York Times from 185 1; the New York World from i860; 
the New York Herald from 1846; the Cincinnati Commer- 
cial from i860; the Richmond Enquirer fro\n 1808; the 
Arkansas Gazette from 1820; the Charleston Courier, Savan- 
nah Republican, etc. These are but examples, though the 
most notable ones. In papers prior to 1800 the Library is 
inferior to several other institutions, e. g., the American 
Antiquarian Society at Worcester. Three hundred and fifty 
volumes of eighteenth-century papers came to it with the 
Force Collection, and it has acquired and is acquiring others 
wherever the opportunity offers. It has just added largely 
to its file of the Pennsylvania Gazette. Part I, Appendix 
VII, of this Report contains a list of the newspapers cur- 
rently on file. 

Periodicals. The lx)und periodicals in the Libran,' now 
aggregate 123,805 volumes; but the total includes periodicals 
dealing with special subjects. Those classed as "general" 
number 68,127 volumes. They are representative, but not 
comprehensive nor complete within themselves. Expendi- 
ture is con.stant in the endeavor to complete them and to 
increase the range of the collection. 

A check list of the back files will be "issued in the near 

Current issues. The serials currently received ( excluding 
newspapers) appear in the Union List of Periodicals (see 
Part I of this Report, p. 38). 

The Present Collections: Documents. 327 


(See also under Division of Documents, pp. 253-260.) 
The number of documents in the Librar>' of Congress is 
shown in the following statement: 


United States Congressional dociunents, First to Fourteenth 

Congress (estimated) 500 

United States Congressional documents. Fifteenth to Fifty- 
sixth Congress (estimated) 11, 600 

State Legislative documents (counted) 6, 869 

Municipal documents (counted) i, 353 

Foreign legislative documents, including certain gazettes, 
departmental reports of France, and proxnncial reports of 
Belgium ( counted ) . . . . : 20, 872 

Foreign documents, sorted but not catalogued (estimated) . . . 12, coo 

Foreign docimients, unsorted ( estimated > 10, 000 

Classified documents in the various chapters of the Librar}- 

(counted) 25, 060 

Total 87. 654 

No pamphlets are included in the foregoing statement, 
and all estimates were made on the basis of volumes only. 
Second copies placed on the shelves for library- use are 
counted, but all duplicates are excluded. Of the latter 
Jhere must be at least 25,000. 

The earlv Congressional documents were pubhshed in a Congressional 


ver>- unsystematic manner, and the completeness of a col- 
lection can not be determined by the number of bound 
volumes, but only by minute examination of their contents. 

Of the later issues of Congress, since the Fifteenth Con- 
gress, the Library- aims to keep three copies on the shelves. 
As this has only been partially realized, the number given 
falls short of three times the whole number issued, but on 
the other hand the volumes represented are more than one- 
third of the number here given. Any omissions in the 
series will, it is hoped, be filled by the exchange of the large 
number of duplicates in possession of the Librar\\ 

The separate issues of the several Executive Departments Department 
and offices of the Federal Government are counted among the 
classified documents in the table (above). Owing to the ab- 
sence before March 3, 1901, of any law insuring the 
receipt of these publications directly from the Public Printer 
and the general assumption on the part of Government 


Report of the Librarian of Congress. 



officials that the Library did so receive them, the collections 
are not as complete as would be anticipated. Every effort 
is being made to supply deficiencies, and it is hoped that the 
collection, already probably as large as can be found any- 
where, may soon l)e as complete as practicable. 

The journals of State legislatures and the collected docu- 
ments issued by the States have been received largely as a 
return to the United States for the sets of Federal docu- 
ments distributed to the State libraries, while the earlier 
issues, so far as represented, have frequently l3een purchased. 
As the later j'e'&rs have l^een more abundant in publications 
than the early ones, it is probable that the collection of 6,869 
documents represents from two-thirds to three-fourths of all 
those issued. The following statement shows for the 
House journals how the different epochs of our history are 

House journals of the State ( including Territorial and, he/ore 1776, 
Colonial) legislatures. 




Per cent. 

Before 1800 . 



Total . 

Individual State reports appear in the table among the 
classified documents. While no attempt is being made to 
secure complete files of all the documents of all the States, 
it is deemed proper to have the more important State reports 
represented as separate i.s.sues. 

The relatively small number of municipal documents is 
due to the fact that heretofore little effort has been made to 
collect this material. 

Regular exchanges of documents are now carried on with governments, noted in Appendix III. Thissys- 
tematic exchange was established in 1 869, and some purchases 
had been made then. Before that time the only sources of 
acquisition were occasional gifts and purchases of official 
publications. Since the establi.shment of exchange rela- 
tions, which in some cases took place later than 1869, 

The Present Collections: Documents, 


the sets of foreign official publications are sometimes incom- 
plete through irregularity of shipment. This was clue in 
part to the fact that the Library- lacked a regularh- organ- 
ized ser\'ice to record and acknowledge receipts and to notify 
correspondents of omissions. Such omissions arose from the 
fact that the agents making shipments were not the direct 
beneficiaries of the exchange, and hence had no interest in 
maintaining coutinuit}'. Where, moreover, the official print- 
ing is concentrated in the hands of one official who makes 
shipments direct, they are more regular than when the 
responsibility is divided among a large number of persons. 

The foreign documents have not been completely sorted. 
Attention has been given especiall}- to the English-speaking 
countries and the nations of Europe. In the following we 
give a statement of the parliamentars' documents of these 
nations and a few allied publications. In explanation it 
might be added that the number of volumes depends not 
only upon the number of j'ears for which the series runs, but 
also upon the practice of classifying executive reports either 
as parliamentary papers or as separate issues. 

Parliamentary documents. 

\ Dales. i Volumes. 


Committee rejxjrts 

Parliamentary pa pens 

Rolls of Parliament. .. 

l,ords journals 

Commons journals. . . . , 


l,ondon Gazette 

I/jrds journals 

Commons journals. 


Dublin Gazette 













1664- 1900 













Acts of Parliament 

Kdinbut^b Gazette 

British possessions. 

Parliamentary- proceedings and papers : 





1S69-1900 1 


330 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Parliamentary documents — Continued. 

r.REAT BRITAIN— coiitiinieii. 

British possessions — Con t i ii tied . 
Parliamentary proceedings and papers — Continued. 

New South Wales TT. 


South Australia 




Western Australia 1 1890-1898 

New Zealand i 1883-1900 

Cape of Good Hope j 1882-1899 

British India (papers) 





Parliamentary proceedings and papers : 




Administrative reports of the provinces. 



Legislative reports of the departments . 

Journal ofKciel 





(■esetze.s-und Verordnungsblalt. 





Gesetz und Verordnung.sblatt , 









Gaceta de Madrid, with supplements . 

1 789-1 9CXS 



Great Britain 

British pojisessions 

Other European countries . 











'■ 747 

Up. 746 

The Present Collections: Doaiments. 


The individual issues of foreign governments, so far as 
catalogued, appear among the classified documents, but 
there are many alreadj' sorted by the Division of Docu- 
ments and are available for use which are still uncata- 
logued. There is, in addition, a large amount of material 
still unsorted, which consists mainly of the publications of 
the Spanish American countries. 

The final item of the count of documents is the classi- 
fied material, including not only national, state, local, and 
foreign documents, but also quasi official documents, such 
as those of boards of trade and similar bodies. Of the latter 
there are 832 volumes included in the chapter of economics 
and statistics in the main collection. The distribution of 
the classified documents by chapters is as follows: 



18U. S 






Number umen/s. 


Oassified doc- 






Natural history 





International law 

Economics and statistics 



Sociologj-, etc 


Historj*. Europe, etc 

Historj-, England 

History-, .-Vmerica 

Historj-, .\merican local . 

Biography, American 


Bibliographj- , 













332 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 


The section of the collection particularly significant which 
is to go into the Smithsonian stack, consists of scientific serials, 
especially the transactions, proceedings, and other publica- 
socieiy pubii- tions of Scientific and learned societies. Of these a rough 
estimate shows over 90 .societies devoted exclusively to 
natural history, 40 to geography, 30 to medicine, 70 to 
archaeology, about the same number to history. iS to engi- 
neering and architecture, 20 to geology, 30 to botany, 20 
to mathematics, physics, and astronomy, a considerable 
number to agriculture, a few to economic .science, scores 
of others that are impossible to classify except as ' ' gen- 
eral. ' ' As the assembling of the library of the Smithsonian 
Institution was l^egun about 1846, the files from that date 
are much more complete than the earlier portions. 

Ever}' civilized country is represented by its publications, 
whether of societies, academies, universities, or mu.seums; 
the European nations, especiall}- Germany, Great Britain, 
and France, standing at the head of the list in the order 
named, and the American, of, forming a large .section. 

The many valuable publications of the various scientific 
bureaus of the different governments and the proceedings of 
the international congresses are not included here, as thej' are 
cared for by the Documents Division. 

The miscellaneous monographs are classed with the various 
special subjects with which they deal; the manuscripts and 
prints with the material in those divisions. 

It should be clearly understood by those wishing to con- 
.sult this collection in the early future that a very imix)rtant 
pan of it is .still at the Smithsonian Institution. 
Great Acade- At the Smithsonian Institution there is a special room set 
apart for the principal publications of the great academies, 
of which the .sets are complete, or nearly so, viz: 

London: Royal Society. Proceedings. Transactions. 
Edinburgh: Royal Society. Proceedings. Tran.sac- 

Dublin: Royal Academy. Transactions. 
Also the Philosophical Magazine and British Associa- 
tion Reports. 


The Present Collections: Law Library. 333 

Paris: Institut de France, Academic des sciences. 
Comptes rendus. 

Societe Fran^aise de Physique. Seances. 
Berlin: K. preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften. 
Abhandlungen. Sitzungsberichte. 

Halle: K. Leopoldinisch-Carolinische deutsche 
Akademie der Naturforscher. Verhandlungen. 

Also the principal files of each of the following 
academies: Vienna, Rome, St. Petersburg, Copenhagen, 
The Library- of Congress has its own sets of a few of these 
academies, but the}' were discontinued about 1866, in the 
expectation that they would be continued by the Smith- 
sonian Deposit. 

Many of the files are incomplete, due either to the inabil- incomputefius. 
ity of publishers to supph* missing copies, or to actual loss 
and destruction whilst the greater part of the collection 
received remained unbound. The current files of about 400 
of these publications are kept at the Institution, being sent 
to the Library of Congress when volumes are completed. 
Constant effort is, however, being made to remedy" these 


(See also under Organization, pp. 276-278.) 
The Law Library- at the Capitol (i. e. , the general collec- 
tion) compri.sed on Julj' i, 1901, 79,451 volmnes. These 
were classified as follows (the designation ' ' works in foreign 
languages " is, of course, not definitely descriptive): 


Textbooks 16,896 

Reports, including cases and digests 20, 373 

Session laws, including compilations and codes 12, 442 

Works in foreign languages 10,388 

Trials 5, 01 1 

Periodicals 3,473 

Briefs and records 9.575 

Law section of Toner Collection i. 293 

Total 79,451 

Numericalh- the collection is one of the largest in the 
United States. 

IvAw Library 


334 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

The Custodian of the Library furnishes the following esti- 
mate of its strength and weakness: 

The collection is not so strong as its mere numbers might 
suggest. Under the copyright law two copies of each edi- 
tion of every American copyrighted law book have been 
received, and duplicate sets of reports, as a matter of utility, 
have been maintained, while of the United States Supreme 
Court Reports there are six sets. 

Siaumary of contents. — Contains nearly all American text- 
books, in their several editions; all standard English trea- 
tises in their several editions; the English Reports com- 
plete, together with the new annotated reprint .so far as it 
has appeared; the Canadian Reports, including those of 
Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edwards Island, and 
Manitoba; the Australian Reports and Indian Appeals Re- 
ports; the United States Supreme Court Reports; all the 
United States Circuit and District Court Reports, Federal 
Cases, the Federal Reporter, American Decisions, American 
Reports, and complete sets of reports of supreme and appel- 
late courts of the various States and Territories, including 
Hawaii; session laws or acts of general assemblies of the 
various States and Territories, with some gaps here and 
there of rare and not easily obtainable volumes; standard 
periodicals; Trials: Annals of Newgate, Hargrave's Collec- 
tion, Howell's, Craik, Townsend, Phillips, Wharton, and 
nearly 5,000 individual trials; digests of all the reports 
mentioned above, and standard encyclopaedias and diction- 
aries of ancient and modern languages. 
International International law. — International law is fairly represented 
by American and English treatises, by such standard conti- 
nental works as Rivier, Calvo, Heffter, and Pradier-Fod6r^; 
together with the Revue de droit international et de legis- 
lation comparee. In foreign law various editions of the 
Corpus Juris Civilis. Collections of laws of foreign coun- 
tries in ancient and modern treatises are well represented, 
e.specially in French, Troplong; French jurisprudence itself 
by the Journal du Palais, Isambert, Bulletin des Arrets de la 
Cour decas.sation. Bulletin des lois frangaises, Dalloz; Spain 
by the Coleccion Legislativa; other countries, Switzerland, 
Germany, Holland, and Russia by broken and incomplete 
sets of laws. t 

The Present Collections: Manuscripts. 335 

It is fairly to be assumed that the collection is weak in 
general jurisprudence, legal bibliography, legal biography 
and miscellany, and in legal periodicals. It is probably defi- 
cient in works on the historical development of law and in 
continental treatises on the ci\-il law, and on the law of 
nations. It lacks almost wholly the British Colonial 
Reports (except as stated bj* the custodian), but there have 
been substantial recent additions to these. 


(See also under Manuscripts Division, pp. 261-263.) 

Sources. The manuscript collections in the Library- of 
Congress pre\'ious to the removal to the new building were 
acquired from the following sources: 

(a) The major portion of the library of Thomas Jefferson Jefferson mss. 
purchased in 18 15, and the additional Jefferson manuscripts 
purchased in 1829. From Jefferson's collections were 
obtained, in addition to the printed books, 28 volumes or 
bundles of manuscripts concerned chiefly with Virginia his- 
tory. Among them were the Records and Papers of the 
London Company of Virginia, 1619-1624, in 2 volumes; 8 
volumes of Laws and Orders of the General Assembly, 
1622-17 1 2, and 7 volumes or bundles of papers containing 
minutes of the assembly or other colonial records, 1606- 
.1 700. In addition this purchase included 3 volumes of Jef- 
ferson' s law notes, 3 volumes of manuscript commentaries 
upon a universal history-, and copies of several treatises upon 
religious or philosophical subjects. 

(J}') The papers of Dolly Madison, purchased by Congress ^^^^ Madison 
in 1848. Although dealing in the main with family matters, 
these manuscripts throw much light upon the political and 
social life of the city of Washington during the first half of 
the nineteenth centurs'. 

(c) The Smithsonian (Collection, obtained by virtue of the 
legislation of 1866, which provided that this collection should 
be transferred to the Librar\- of Congress. Most notable 
among the manuscripts secured at that time are the 54 vol- 
umes of bills, accounts, inventories, etc., intended to illus- 
trate the history of prices in England from 1632 to 1792. 
These volumes were received bv the Smithsonian Institu- 

336 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

tion in 1852 from Mr. J. O. Halliwell-Phillips, and contains 
about 7,000 documents. Another valuable acquisition 
obtained as the result of this legislation is the 35 volume 

Loyalist papers, record of the Proceedings of the Loyalist Commi.ssioners, 
presented to the Smithsonian Institution in 1874 by Major- 
General Lefroy. Thirty-four of these volumes are filled 
with testimony taken at Lincoln's Inn Fields, Halifax, St. 
John, Quebec, Montreal, Carleton Island, and Niagara, 
1 783-1 789, concerning the losses and .services of American 
Loyalists during the Revolution. The last volume contains 
reports of the commi.ssion from 1784 to 1790. 

Force Mss. . (fl?) The uianuscripts obtained from the library of Peter 
Force, purchased by the National Government in 1867. Ow- 
ing to the size of this collection, no detailed description is 
possible; but the following manuscripts indicate its char- 
acter and scope: The Braddock Orderly Book, in 2 volumes, 
containing Washington's autograph record of the campaign 
of 1755; the diary of Washington while in attendance upon 
the Constitutional Convention of 1787; several orderly 
books of the American Revolution; the letter books of 
Nathanael Greene, 1781-1782, and of James Monroe, 1804- 
1806, each in 2 volumes; 12 volumes and i bundle of manu- 
scripts constituting the Bancroft collection of John Paul Jones 
papers; 2 volumes of papers of Sir William John.son; 2 
volumes of early New Hampshire manuscripts; 12 volumes 
of papers dealing with British colonization in the West 
Indies, and 38 volumes bearing upon the British colonies 
in North America during the seventeenth and eighteenth 
centuries, with particular reference to the Revolution. Men- 
tion may also be made of the 4 volume tran.script of Las 
Casas's "Historia apologetica de las Indias Occideutales " 
and the 3 volume "Historia antigua de Nueva Espaiia." 
From the same collection came the papers of John Fitch, the 
pioneer in the application of steam to water navigation. 
befu pa^e^s"'" ^^^ '^^^ ^^ Rochambcau papers, purcha.sed by Congress in 
1882. This collection included 8 volumes of De Rochamlx^au 
correspondence, 1 780-1 783, a brief history of the wars in 
America, 1 763-1 780, and a diary kept by the French gen- 
eral during the winter of 1 780-1 781. There are in addition 
over 500 documents embracing correspondence among the 
officers of the French army and with the French minister at 
Philadelphia from 1780 to 1782. 

The Present Collections: Manuscripts. 337 

(y) The Toner library, accepted by Congress in 1882. lyaskingUMt 
Its importance to the Manuscnpts Division consists in the 
collection of the writings of Washington which it contains. 
It was Dr. Toner's purpose to copj' ever>' manuscript known 
to have been written by Washington, and so far as possible 
this intention was fulfilled. The result is that the Library 
contains one of the most complete collections of Washing- 
ton's writings in existence. Among these papers are 225 
press copies of original documents which have the authen- 
ticity of the manuscripts themselves. These copies are 
included in the Calendar of Washington Manuscripts com- 
piled recently in this division and published by the Librarj'. 

(f) Another important acquisition made before the trans- -^'^''^^'-'Mss. 
fer of the Librar3- to its present location was a 4-volume col- 
lection of manuscripts relating to the history- of Delaware. 
Most of these papers are official records of the State. Among 
them are the minutes of the Constitutional Convention of 
1 79 1, and many original letters and messages of John Dick- 

O) Finally there are the papers of Henry- R. School- ^4^/"'^''"^' 
craft. These not only relate to his researches among the 
Indians, but give much information concerning the history 
of the Northwest and the career of Lewis Cass from 18 15 to 

The purchases of indi\-idual manuscripts had been meagre. 
The above represent, therefore, practically the only sources 
of the manuscript collection now in the Library'. What 
the}- have brought may be clearer from the subjoined analy- 
sis of the exisiting collection. It includes several items 
added since 1897, i^ particular certain purchases of the past 
j-ear (e. g., the Morris Papers) described in Part I of this 
Report, pp. 20-22. 

America — Early discoveries and exi)lorations. — A Colum- present col- 

. * »TA lection: 

bus codex of the sixteenth centurv'. This volume contains AmericanMSS. 
copies of various grants made to Columbus hy Ferdinand and 
Isabella arid two bulls of Alexander VI (See Report, Part I, 
pp. 23, 24) ; a copy of a nineteen-page letter of Americus Ves- 
puccius written in 1500; transcript of Las Casas's "Rela- 
cion de la destruccion de las Indias," 1552, and various 
transcripts and translations from the Biblioteca Colombiana 
at Se\-ille relating to the early history- of Florida. 

9957 — 01 22 

338 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

North America. — Dutch Colonics: Miscellaneous documents 
relating to the history of, 1649- 1650. 

French Colonies: One volume of Jesuit Relations, 1632- 
1672; '* Guerres du Canada et de I'lndependance et analyses 
des negociations entre la France et les autres puissances de 
I'Europe," 1748-1788; A plan for the expulsion of the 
French settlers from the Ohio Country, 1757. 

English Colonies: Opinions of Richard West upon Planta- 
tion affairs, 1682-1725; documents relating to the equip- 
ment of the British forces in America, 1 728-1 792 — in all, 
about 500 pages; the Memorial of the Stamp Act Congress 
to the House of Lords, 1765, and the Conway Letters, 

Central America. — Mexico: Ribas, Coronica y Historia de 
la Prov'incia de la Compaiiia de Jesus, 1571-1624; Morfi, 
Historia de Texas, 1 780-1 781; Royal decrees concerning 
the descendants of Montezuma, 1709-17 13, and miscellane- 
ous papers relating to negotiations between Mexico and the 
United States in 1848. 

Honduras: Remarks upon the treaty between Great Britain 
and Spain, 1670. 

Nicaragua: Wheeler, History of Nicaragua, with notes 
on conditions in 1868. 

West Indies: The Vernon-Wager Papers in 12 volumes 
dealing with English Colonization in the West Indies; 
Lieutenant-Colonel (Alexander) Monej'penny's journal of 
the capture of Havana, 1762; transcripts of various " Docu- 
mentos historicos Cubanos," 1592-1829, and a large collec- 
tion of papers from the Governor-General's palace in Puerto 
Rico illustrating the historj' of that island under Spanish 

South America: Antonio de Vea, " Relacion del Viage de 
1676," being a journal of an expedition along the west coast 
of South America; a one- volume transcript of Herrera y 
Loizaga's Viares (^sic^ de Espaiia a Buenos Ayres, Chili, etc., 
17 13-17 1 7; a volume of mi.scellaneous Spanish tracts; a 
manuscript relation of the Creole revolution in Buenos 
Ayres, 1 780-1 78 1 , and a bundle of mi.scellaneous decrees and 
regulations issued by the Spanish Government relating to 
South America and the West Indies. 
Manuscripts. United States. — Revolution: This group of papers was 
"^*"*^' obtained mainly from the Force purchase of 1867. It is 

The Present Collections: Manuscripts. 339 

composed of miscellaneous correspondence of almost ever}' 
distinguished general in the Continental Army, letters and 
resolves of the Continental Congress and its various com- * 
mittees, returns of troops, records of courts- martial, lists of 
prisoners, etc. The Articles of Association of the Conti- 
nental Congress of 1774, negotiations with the British Peace 
Commission of 1778, and an exhaustive file of records of the 
Court of Inquiry upon the Paoli surprise of 1777 are speci- 
men documents. Among the Washington Manuscripts are 
a large number of papers relating to this period of American 
history-. Other collections deal with special phases of the 
Revolutionary- struggle. Much information concerning the 
participation of France in the war is contained in the De Ro- 
chambeau, De Segur, and De Grasse collections. The 
Blaine-Davis and Oliver Pollock papers are concerned with 
the Quartermaster's Department; the Diar>- and letter 
books of Robert Morris (see Part I of Report, pp. 20-22) are 
a fund of information for financial concerns; the Loyalist 
Papers furnish a record of the actions and sentiments of the 
British sympathizers; and numerous orderlj- books, such as 
those of Schuyler and Montgomer}, give condensed outlines 
of various military expeditions. 

United States. — Minor collections: Army: A Journal ^Vm- 
of the Society- of the Cincinnati, 1 784-18 10; the original ^^^' 
list of subscribers to that institution in Virginia, 1783; 
a list of arrearages due pensioners, 1799; a list of offi- 
cers of the Arm}- 1821-1830, and a statement of the arms 
apportioned to the militia in 1829. 

Nazy: The Letter Book of the Marine Committee of ^''''^• 
the Continental Congress, 1 776-1 780; the John Paul 
Jones papers, 12 volumes, 1 775-1 788; the Muster Book of 
the frigate "Alliance" 1782; Letter Books of Commodore 
John Barry and of Da\'id Porter, and numerous letters 
from the Department in Washington to various officers 
of the ser\-ice 1800-18 10. 

Confederation: Minutes of the Annapolis Convention ConfederoHmi, 
of 1786, with the signatures of its members; Madison's 
notes of debates in the Federal Convention of 1787, in 
one quarto volume; papers from 1785 to 1788 relating 
to the Ordinance of 1787; various manuscripts relating 
to the settlement of the territor}- northwest of the Ohio, 


Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Civil War. 

United States.- 
StaU colleetions: 





Massac h usetts. 

New Hamp- 

and letters and papers of Goveraor Arthur St. Clair, 
1 788-1 793. 

Ciz'il War: A collection of 458 original acts passed 
by the Confederate Congress 1861-1864; a volume of 
General Courts-Martial held in the Union Army. 1863- 
1864, and several Confederate muster rolls. 
The several States: 

Coniiccticut : Fourteen letters of the governors of 
Connecticut, 1712-1781, and seventeen volumes of the 
receipt books of the Continental loan office for the 
state of Connecticut, 1 781-1804. 

Delaware: Four volumes of miscellaneous papers, in- 
cluding accounts of the Swedish settlements on the 
Delaware, many letters and messages of Gov. John 
Dickinson, and the minutes of the Delaware Constitu- 
tional Convention of 1 79 1 . 

Georgia: Thirty-seven miscellaneous documents, in- 
cluding minutes of the Masonic Lodge of Savannah, 
1757, and official correspondence with the Continental 
Congress in May, 1776. 

Maryland: Fifty documents, among which are the 
minutes of the Baltimore Committee of Safety, 1774- 
1776, and a two-volume " Book of Accounts of the State 
of Maryland," 1 778-1 785. 

Massachusetts: Over 300 documents prior to 1789, 
including a copy of the Constitution of the New England 
Confederacy of 1643, by Rufus King; over fifty letters 
and papers regarding the French and Indian war; as 
man)' letters from Massachusetts governors, and circular 
letters from the General Court to other colonial assem- 
blies. The collection includes letters of Joseph Warren 
and papers relating to the foundation or support of 
Harvard and Amherst colleges. 

New Hampshire: Over 500 documents, 1629- 1809. 
Among papers are many letters of Governors John 
and Benning Went worth, President Meshech Weare, and 
Secretary Waldron; royal instructions to the governors 
of the State, and much of the Revolutionary correspond- 
ence which pa.ssed between the State and Continental 
authorities. The collection contains many official 
letters respecting the organization and direction of the 

The Present Collections: Manuscripts. 341 

New Hampshire militia, 1 775-1 783, as well as memo- 
rials regarding the support due to the State government 
of 1776. 

New Jersey: A collection of miscellaneous papers, Newjeney. 
dating from 1676 to 1757; sixteen pages of the town 
docket of Chesterfield, 1672— 171 1; certain letters and 
papers respecting the proceedings of the Pro\nncial 
Congress, 1776, and the position of Governor William 
Frankhn at that time. 

New York: Two folio volumes of ' ' Public Instru- New York. 
ments and Writings," 1664-17 13; memorials to the 
King and Parliament, 1764; various letters from the 
Pro\'incial Congress to its delegates in the Continental 
Congress, 1775; Minutes of the New York City Com- 
mittee. 1775-1776; Minutes of the Committee of Safety 
of Tryon County, 1777— 1778; four volumes of Continen- 
tal I^oan OflSce receipts, 1 791— 1793; lists of invalid 
pensioners, 1 797-1802, and the Letter Book of Gov- 
ernor Daniel D. Tompkins. 1801-1811. 

North Carolina: A list of estimates of allowances due _^'orth Caro- 
members of the assembly m 1756; instructions from 

the Pro\"incial Congress to its delegates to the Conti- 
nental Congress. 1776, and certain letters and resolu- 
tions relating to the Constitutional Convention of 1788. 

Rhode Island: Certain correspondence of the Assem- Rhode island. 
bly with the different States and the Continental Con- 
gress. I 764-1 786. 

South Carolhia: A petition of the merchants and free- South Caro- 
holders to the State legislature, 1766; the presentments 

of the grand jurors of George Town district, 1776; a 
volume of papers relating to the evacuation of Charles- 
ton, 1782; resolves of the Planter's meeting of 1786, 
and the signed pledge of certain inhabitants of St. 
Thomas and St. Dennis parish to maintain the credit 
of paper currency, 1786. 

Vermont: Minutes of the Westminster conventions, Vermont. 
1776-1777; a contemporary attested copy of the articles 
of union proposed between ^'ermont, Massachusetts, 
and New York in 1781; a volume of transcripts of oflS- 
cial papers of 1744: transcripts of the Allen and Chit- 
tenden accounts against the State, 1 777-1 780; of the 

342 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

journals of the Council of Safety, 1 777-1 782; the pro- 
ceedings of the Board of War, 1 779-1 781, and Ira Allen's 
correspondence, 1809-18 10. 
Virginia. I'trginia: The records of the London Company of 

Virginia, 161 9-1624, in two volumes; eight volumes of 
laws and orders of the General Assembly, 1622-17 12; 
seven volumes or bundles of colonial records, 1606- 
1700; letters of Lieutenant-Governor Dinwiddie to the 
Earl of Halifax; tabulated records of imports and 
exports from the Rappahannock and York River dis- 
tricts, 1 764-1 774; the minutes of the Williamsburgh 
Masonic Lodge, 1773-1779, and the Ellis papers illus- 
trating the economic and commercial life of \''irginia, 
1 805-1 853. 

Other states: Other manuscripts in the collections of 
the Library are significant in connection with the history 
of particular States, but their number does not warrant 
detailed classification in this place. They are arranged 
by localities and catalogued under their respective 
Other collectio7is : 

The Washington papers.— ^\\\sQo\\sc.\\Q\\, of which a cal- 
endar has recently been published, contains over 1,100 
documents, and with the transcripts already referred to (see 
Toner collection supra) forms one of the most complete col- 
lections of Washington's writings in existence. Of especial 
note are the correspondence between Washington and 
Rochambeau, the papers relating to General Sullivan's 
Indian expedition, and the documents illustrating the meth- 
ods by which Washington obtained knowledge of the British 
movements during the Revolutionary war. 
Great Britain. Great Brttaiji. — A folio volume of estimates for defraying 
the expenses of the civil establishments in America and 
Austraha, 1786-1787; various tabular .statements of trade, 
1 640-1 797; an early volume, undated, of tracts on the 
power of the sovereign; a commission and instructions to 
Sir Edmund Andros, 1686; a volume relating to the siege 
of Minorca, 1756; official copies of forty-five letters from 
Secretary Henry Seymour Conway to colonial governors 
in America, 1 765-1 766; two volumes of prote.stsof the 
of Lords, 1641-1735 (transcripts); reports to the Lords Com- 

The Present Collections: Manusaipts. 343 

missioners of Trade and Plantations, 1 726-1 745; over forty 
volumes of debates in the Irish Parliament, 1 776-1 789; and 
fiftj'-four volumes of bills and accounts illustrating the 
movement of prices, 1632— 1792. 

Broadsides. — The collection of broadsides in the Librar>' Broadsides, 
is arranged geographically. It is particularly full in broad- 
sides relating to American affairs. For the colonial period 
several sheets illustrate the Stamp Act agitation of 1765; 
others relate to the Townshend acts of 1767 and the Tea 
excitement of 1 773-1 774. Of the memorials, resolutions, and 
acts of the Continental Congress, 1 776-1 7S8, the collection 
contains a good assortment. Among them are several 
copies of the Declaration of Independence, many resolutions 
calling upon the States for financial support, and copies of 
the proclamations declaring peace with Great Britain and 
the disbandment of the Continental Army. 

Miscellaneous. — Under this general head may be grouped 
numerous manuscript treatises on philosophj* and logic, 
various literary- essays, an illuminated 13th century- edition 
of the Bible, a few illuminated Books of Hours, and a small 
collection of miscellaneous documents emanating from 
France, Spain. Italy, Portugal, and other countries of 
Eurojje, with several manuscripts of Asiatic origin. The 
Librarj- also contains autograph letters of certain notable 
Americans. These letters form a general group of personal 
papers, and are catalogued under their several authors. 

From the foregoing analvsis it is obvious that the strength -^^^^ 

, '^ Character of 

of the collection is in manuscripts relating to the United collections. 
States during the colonial and revolutionan,- periods. The 
Library- possesses little of literarj- as distinguished from 
historical manuscript material. It possesses practically no 
manuscripts of foreign countries. It has in effect none of 
the manuscripts produced before the invention of printing 
— the manuscripts which give distinction to the British 
Museum and other great collections abroad. 

\'arious of these, important to historical and critical 
research, have, however, been reproduced in facsimile, and 
the Library is attempting to secure facsimile reproductions 
of such as may interest the student of histor\-, theologj', 
philologj-, archaeology- or palaeography. Examples recently 
pvurchased or subscribed for are: Codices Graeci et Latini 

344 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

photographice depicti, 5 volumes; Great Britain and Ire- 
land; Public Record offices: Facsimiles of national manu- 
scripts, 4 volumes; facsimiles of national manuscripts of 
Ireland, 5 volumes; General Register House: Facsimiles 
of national manuscripts of Scotland, 3 volumes; British 
Museum: Facsimiles of Biblical manuscripts, i volume; 
Facsimiles of royal, historical, literary* and other autographs, 
13 parts; Palseographical Society: Facsimiles of manu- 
scripts and inscriptions, 3 volumes; Silvestre: Pal^ographie 
universelle, 4 volumes. The Library has also, of course, 
the collection of facsimiles of manuscripts in European 
archives relating to America, 1 773-1 783, 25 volumes, edited 
by Mr. B. F. Stevens. 


CSee also under Division of Maps, pp. 263-266.) 

The contents of the division comprise now about 57,000 
maps and charts and 2,600 atlases. Of the 57,000 maps 
and charts 9,032 are sheets of the Ordnance and Geological 
Survey of Great Britain; about 10,000 others are "insurance 
maps" of cities, towns, and villages in the United States, 
and of the remainder of the collection full)' three-fourths 
consists of maps relating to America. 

Great Britain . Ordnance Survey. — The ordnance maps ( in 
effect one map in 9,032 sheets) are most complete in detail, 
designating even the fences and trees by the roadside. 

Insurance maps. — The insurance maps (copyright depos- 
its), counted as but 10,000 in number, include nearly 60,000 
separate sheets. They are compiled and published for the 
information of insurance companies in determining rates and 
placing risks. They show by colors and symbols the methods 
of construction of each building and the material used — 
brick, stone, iron, frame. They give information as to the 
customary direction of the wind, water facilities, equipment 
of the fire department, and other fire protection. A key is 
printed on each. The collection is arranged alphalietically 
by States and then by towns. It is probably the most com- 
plete collection of the sort in existence, as the publishers 
them.selves commonly discard old editions as new ones are 
issued. The Library di.scards none. Its collection includes, 

The Present Collections: Maps. 345 

therefore, even* copy of every map for which a copyright 
entr>- has been completed. The purpose of these is com- 
mercial; but the various issues will constitute in the 
aggregate a historj- of the structural development of each 
city, town, or \-illage treated. 

United States. Govemmeyit maps. — The maps published by 
the various map-issuing departments of the Government, 
such as the Coast and Geodetic Siu^-ey, Post-Ofl&ce, General 
lyand OflBce, Geological Survey, War and Navy, are all sent 
here and are filed and accessible. Copies of these maps may 
be purchased at a ver>' reasonable cost at the departments 
where they are issued. 

Maps of America. — The collection of maps relating to 
America is the largest single collection in existence. 
Its contents are set forth in the recently published "List of 
maps of America in the Libran,' of Congress" — a volume of 
1,137 pages. A description here is therefore unnecessarj-. 
The list includes maps in books. (See Part I of this Report, 
pp. 39,-40. ) 

Manuscript maps. — The Faden, Force, and De Rocham- 
beau collections brought to the Librar>- many manuscript 
maps relating to the operations of the Revolutionary- war. 
These are noted in the above-mentioned list. 

Early maps. — Of the early maps of America in the pos- 
session of the Library the greater part doubtless came with 
the Force Collection. There are of course many early maps 
of great rarity lacking in the originals, but these are 
almost all accessible in facsimile. The Kohl Collection at 
the State Department is accessible. It ccmsists of transcripts 
of maps relating to America. It is described by Justin Win- 
sor in Harvard University Library Bibliographical contribu- 
tions, no. 19. 

Among the notable maps in manuscript and engraved 
form are: 

"An accurate map of his Majesty's province of Xew 
Hampshire in New England and all the adjacent 
country northward to the river St. Lawrence and east- 
ward to Penobscot Ba}', etc.," hy Saml. Langdon, 1756. 
MS. 29x27^^. 

"Cantonment of the forces of North America, nth 
October, 1765," 20x24 inches. 

346 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Plan of Quebec, the capital of Canada, showing 
encampments of Wolfe and Montcalm, 1759 (a beautiful 
manuscript 28x30 inches). 

"New Mexico, by Escalante, 1778," 26x32 inches. 

" Plan general des operations de I'armde Britannique 
contre les rebelles dans I'Amerique depuis Tarriv^e des 
troupes Hessoises le 12 du mois d'aoust, 1776, jjusqu' 
^ la fin de I'annee 1779." MS. 84 x 53 inches. 

"Am^rique, campagne 1782. Plans des diff6rents 
camps occup^s par I'armee aux ordres de mr. le comte 
de Rochambeau," 44 sheets, small folio, beautifully 
colored. MS. ^ 

" A collection of plans, etc., in the province of New 
Jersey, by John Hills, assistant engineer," consisting 
of 20 manuscript maps relating to the Revolutionary 
War, from 1776 to 1782. 

Beside the above, many of the manuscript maps of the 
Revolutionary War, by John Montr^sor, chief of engi- 
neers of the British Army, supposed to have been lost, 
are preserved. 

Among the valuable engraved maps are Romans' s map 
of Florida, 1771, so rare that doubt of its existence has 
been expressed b}' bibliographers; a map of the Raritan 
River, 1683, an early specimen of American map 
making, and very rare; Cutler's map of Ohio, Salem, 
1787, which some cartographers have noted as 
"unknown;" Andrew Ellicott's Territory of Colum- 
bia, 21^x21^ inches, the first topographical sur\'ey 
map of the District of Columbia. 

Among recent accessions is a manuscript map made 

by George Washington, 66x22^ inches, to descril^e 

the lands on the Great Kanawha, West Virginia. 

donated by the Government to him for services in the 

Braddock expedition. Considerable descriptive text in 

Washington's handwriting is found throughout the 

map, giving minute particulars as to the land located. 

Foreign cQU7itries — atlases. — The collection is not similarly 

rich as to maps of foreign countries. It has, however, the 

early atlases of the following cartographers: Ptolemy, Orte- 

lius, Mercator, Hondius, Blaauw, Janson, Sanson, d'Anville. 

Delisle, Jeffreys, Faden, Arrowsmith, and others, in their 

The Presetit Collections: Maps. 347 

various editions. Of Ptolemy the Library' of Congress has 
the Latin editions of 1475, 1490, 1508, 151 1, 1513, 1525, 
1535. 1541. 1545. "^bb^^ 1562, 1596. 1597, 1605, 1617, 1618. 

Government maps. — The collection contains certain oi emmelu\ap^^ 
the earh- maps published by foreign governments, including 
the Admiralty charts of Great Britain, thousands in num- 
ber, from 1784 to the present time, and the early Russian 
charts, many of them relating to Alaska and the northwest 
coast of North America. It contains also the best maps 
published abroad relating to Africa, China, and the Philip- 
pine Islands, including the fine reprint of the rare old map 
of Murillo de \'elarde, published in 1734; the best maps 
of China, from the fine old atlas of that country' by d'xVnville, 
published in 1737. to the maps of Richthofen, Mollendorff, 
and Bretschneider (St. Petersburg, 1900); and the rare atlas 
of Krusenstem, of the islands of the Pacific Ocean, published 
at St. Petersburg in 1827, a work of reference to the present 

In 3-ears past there were neither funds for purchase, 
facilities for the solicitation of gifts, nor equipment for deal- 
ing with material when received. Ever>- effort is now being 
expended to round out the collection. Rare early maps held 
at extraordinar\- prices still can not be afforded; but many 
of historical importance are constanth' being received, and 
everj- map published sho"wdng from authoritative sources 
contemporary- (present) conditions is deemed a necessity to 
the collection. The modem atlases published in England. 
France, and Germany, such as Stanford's, Vivien de St. 
Martin's, Stieler's, Andree's, Kiepert's, and others are on 
the reference case convenienth' located for the student's 

Among the more significant maps of foreign countries 
are the following : 

Austria- Hungary. — Special-karte der osterr. ung. Monar- 
chic und des Occupations-gebietes in Masse 1:75,000. K. 
K. militar geografisches Institut. (1891.) 

Ubersichtskarte der K. K. osterr. ung. Monarchic und 
derangrenzenden Lander, in Massstabe i :75o,ooo. 45 sheets. 
1882-1886. K. K. militar. geografisches Institut. 

Belgium. — Carte topographique de la Belgique publiee en 
72 feuilles en couleursa I'echelle du 40,000'. 1899. Mini- 
stere de la guerre. Institut cartographique militaire. 

348 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Carte topographique de la Belgique publiee en 427 plan* 
chettes en couleurs a I'^chelle du 29,000'. 1899, 2 v. 
Institut cartographique militaire. 

France. — Several editions of the "Staff map of France." 
Published on a scale of i : 80, 000 by the D6pot de la guerre. 

Atlas des anciens plans de Paris. To accompany ' ' His- 
toire generale de Paris, 1880." 

Germany. — Geologische Specialkarte des Konigreichs 
Sachsens. 1:25,000. Herausgegeben vom Koniglichen 
Finanz-Ministerium. (/w progress. ) 

Geologische Karte von Preussen und den Thiiringischen 
Staaten, im Massstabe von 1:25,000. Herausgegeben von 
der Koniglich preussischen geologischen Landesanstalt u. 
Bergakademie. (/w progress. ) 

Icelaiid. — Uppdrattr Islands, (carte d'Islande), d fj6rum 
bl6«um, gjorsr as fyrirsogn C3lafs Nikolas (5lsens. 1844. 

Russia. — Atlas de I'empire Russe, public a Saint-Peters- 
bourg en 1745 par Joseph et Louis Delisle de la Croi^re. 

This is the first atlas published in Ru.ssia in the ' ' Etab- 
lissement cartographique" founded by the "Academic des 
sciences de St. -Petersbourg" by the two French geographers, 
and by order of Peter I. 

Switzerland. — Topographischer Atlas der Schvveiz in Mass- 
stabe 1:25,000. Bern (i 877-1 888). 

Africa. — Carte de I'Afrique a I'echelle du 1:2,000,000'' en 
63 feuilles. Paris, Service geographique de I'armee, 1893. 

Carta della Colonia Eritrea, (Africa). Scale 1:100,000. 
Inst. geog. militaire, 1889-98. 

China. — Asie. i : i ,000,000''. Dessin6, heliograve et publi6 
par le Service geographique de I'arm^e. 1900. 

Historical atlas of the Chinese Empire. By E. L. Oxen- 
ham. 2d ed. London, Royal geographical society, 1898. 

Map of China, by E. Bretschneider. St. Petersburg, 1900. 

Map of Northeastern China, by Ch. Waeber, 1893. Scale 
of midlatitude 1:1,355,000. 

Rei.sen in der chinesischen Provinz Dshy-Li ^'on O. F. 
von Mollendorff. Massstabe 1:1,000,000. (1881.) 

PlandePdkin. Echelle de 1:15,000. Dre.ss6, hdliograv6 
et publi6 par le Service geographique de rarm^e. (France, 

Philippine Islands. — Carte hydrographique&chorog^aphi- 

The Present Collections: Maps. 349 

que des isles Philippines. Dressee par le r. pere Pierre 
Murillo Velarde, sur les cartes, les relations et les naviga- 
tions les plus exactes a Manille, 1734. Par ordre de sa 
raajeste. Tireeder.original, et reduite en cette forme par 
George Maurice Lowitz, 1750. Publiee par les heritieres 
de Homann Tan 1760. L'original est grave par Nicolas de 
la Cruz de Bagay, indien de Tagalos, a Manille I'an 1734. 

Carta general del archipielago Filipino. Escala en millas. 
Manila, Chofre y comp*. 1897. 

Original manuscripts of: 

Atlas de Filipinas. Coleccion de 30 mapas. Trabaja- 
dospordelineantes filipinosbajo la direccion del P. Jose 
Algue, S. J. Director del Observatorio de Manila, 1899. 

Piano de Manila y sus arrabales, 1894. Escala 1:5,000. 
Manila, Tipo. lit. de Chofre y com. 1894. 

Siuyiatra. — Topographische en geologische beschrijving 
vaneengedeelte van Sumatra's westkust. Atlas. Amster- 
dam, C. F. Stemler, 1883. 

Pacific ocean. — Krusenstern (Adam Johann von). Atlas 
de r ocean Pacifique. St. Petersbvu-g, 1827. 

Foreign wars. — Der Deutsch-Franzosische Krieg, 1870-71. 
Atlas. Berlin, 1872-80. 

Maps and plans showing the principal movements, battles, 
and sieges in which the British army was engaged during 
the war from 1808 to 18 14 in the Spanish peninsula and the 
south of France. London, J. Wyld. 

Atlas of battle of Waterloo. 

Atlas of siege of Sebastopol, 1854-55. 

Facsimile atlases. — Atlas compose de mappemondes, de 
portulans et de cartes hydrographiques et historiques depuis 
le 6^ jusqu'au 1 7^ siecle. Recueillies et gravees sous la direc- 
tion du Vicomte de Santarem. Paris, 1849. 

Les monuments de la geographie ou recueil d'anciennes 
cartes Europeennes et orientales. Publics en fac-simile de 
la grandeur des originaux par M. Jomard. Paris, 1854. 

Die Entdeckung Amerika's in ihrer Bedeutung fiir die 
Geschichte des Weltbildes von Konrad Kretschmer. Berlin, 

Nordenskiold ( A. E. ) Facsimile-atlas to the early history 
of cartography, with reproductions of the most important 
maps printed in the 15th and i6th centuries. Stockholm, 

350 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Geological viaps, etc. — The collection includes also various 
maps of special character — physical, political, geological, 
hydrographic, climatic, weather, sanitarj- — especially such 
as have been issued under government. auspices. Of relief 
maps it has few; of powder-horn maps (used much in the 
colonial wars, 1 754-1 763, and in the Revolution) it has some 
excellent examples. 

Eccentric maps come in considerable numoers through 
copyright. These are, of course, mere curiosities. 

County atlases of the American States form a large section 
of the collection, increasing by constant purchase. 


The present contents of the Music Division comprise 
319,121 compositions and works. Of these all but 13,884 
are in sheet form. 

The collection is almost entirely the result of deposits 
imder the copyright law. It consists, therefore, almost 
exclusively of American music published prior to 1891, and 
of American and contemporary foreign (so far as copy- 
righted here) since that date. Of the European entries 
the greater number is published in England, Germany, 
France, and Italy, in the order named. 

The Library has bought practically nothing in the way of 
musical composition. It possesses, therefore, but the most 
meager representation of the cla.ssical composers. Of modern 
operatic scores it has a large number. 

It has a considerable collection of civil war music, which 
it is endeavoring to perfect by purchase; also some prints of 
Confederate war music. 

The material received from copyright includes music for 
the aeoliau, pianola, and other special instruments. 

For Literature of music see page 312. 


(See also under Divi.sion of Prints, pp. 268-270.) 
On July I, 1 901, the collection numbered over 106,000 
items (largely copyright deposits), classifiable as follows: 

Engravings 8, 210 

Etchings 3. 811 

Photogravures 6, 322 

The Present Collections: Prints. 351 

Photographs 62, 3S9 

Lithographs 16, 382 

Facsimiles 1. 35^ 

Typogravures 4. 201 

Chromos 7^4 

Original draw-ings 10 

Miscellaneous 309 

The Gardiner Greene Hubbard Collection*. 2. 620 

Over 50 per cent of the collection, therefore, consists of 
photographs. A large percentage of these are portraits; 
others, \nevvs of places and buildings. There are man}' 
stereoscopic \news helpful to the student of architecture, 
customs, and manners. 

Every modem process of reproduction having commercial 
value is, of course, represented. The material of high 
artistic value in the pc)Ssession of the Library' has come to 
it chiefly ( i ) through the deposit of prints purchased by the 
Smithsonian Institution from Mr. George P. Marsh in 1850, 
which, to the number of about 1,300 items, had been gathered 
by him in Italy; (2) through the acquisition, with the Force 
Collection, of about 325 portraits by St. Memin; but in 
particular (3) by the gift of Mrs. Hubbard of the Gardiner 
Greene Hubbard Collection. 

It is only as aided by this collection and by occasional 
loan collections that the Library can oflFer to the inquirer 
material analogous to that which he will find in the great 
museums of prints abroad or in the metropolitan cities of 
the United States. It contains 2.620 items, and examples 
of almost ever}- school of etchers and engravers, especialh' 
excellent examples of Rembrandt, Diirer, Haig, Morghen, 
Hollar, Haden, and Whistler. It includes numerous and 
notable portraits of Napoleon and of Frederick the Great. 

A full catalogue of it is shortly to be issued. 

The exhibits of prints consist also in large part of material 
loaned. (See Part I of this Report, p. 46. ) 

Literature. — As to this see under "Present Collections: 
Fine Arts," page 312. 


Functions. Bernard R. Green, Superintendent and disbursing officer; 
115 subordinates. 

Mr. Green furnishes the subjoined statement as to the 
organization of his department and also as to certain appa- 
ratus auxiliary to the administration of the Library, but 
not heretofore described in any handbook of 'the Library. 

The care, maintenance, and protection of the building and 
grounds, the operation of all machinery and mechanical 
apparatus other than the branch printing office and bindery, 
the heavy handling and moving, the purchase and construc- 
tion of furniture and fittings, and the disbursement of the 
various appropriations for the Library are comprehended in 
a separate organization under the superintendent (room 
T 2). There are three divisions of this force — the clerical, 
the watch, and the engineer division. 

Force. * DISBURSING OFFICE. — The clerical division (room S 2) 
has 3 clerks, 2 messengers, and the telephone operator. It 
attends to all correspondence, contracts, accounts, and dis- 
bursements pertaining to the Superintendent's office, and 
also audits and pays all vouchers and rolls of the Library 
proper, of the United States Botanic Garden, and of all 
other disbursing accounts that may come under the super- 
vision of the Joint Committee on the Library. From twenty 
to thirty separate appropriations are thus handled annually. 

yratch. Watch. — The watch division includes a captain (room 

B 2), lieutenant, and 18 watchmen, a carpenter, a painter, a 
foreman, 13 general laborers, 2 check boys at the main 
entrance, 2 women attendants for ladies' room, and 42 char- 
women. Day and night the building is under guard by the 
watchmen, distributed in three watches. Scrubbing and 
cleaning of the floors and rooms is done within alx)Ut two 
hours every morning Ijefore the opening of the Librar>\ 
The watch attends to carpentry and painting, repairs of the 
building and furniture, heavy moving and handling, and the 
care of the building proper. 


The Building and Grounds. 35.3 

Engineer. — The engineer division includes a chief and Engineer. 
4 assistant engineers, an electrician and i assistant, 9 fire- 
men, 3 mechanics, 6 skilled laborers, and 2 elevator con- 
ductors. It has charge of the heating and ventilation, 
lighting, operation of all machinen,', and the repairs of 
roofs, plumbing, piping, and other metal work. 

The building is 470 feet in length by 340 feet in width, 
covering nearly 33/^ acres of ground, with 4 inner courts 
150 by 75 to 100 feet. It has 32,600 square feet, or nearly 
8 acres of floor space. 

The magnitude of the building, especialh' a^ to area 
covered, not only required a special design of heating appa- 
ratus, but indicated a need of facilities for communication 
between all parts of the building and the transmission of 
books between shelves and Reading Room superior to those 
ever before required in libraries. It was also apparent that 
a safe and rapid ser\'ice of similar character should be pro- 
vided between the Library and the Capitol. Pneumatic 
tubes, telephones, and book carriers were therefore de\'ised 
and installed as described below. 

Heat and po\\'ER. — Steam for all warming and power Hrat and 
is supplied by sixteen 60-horsepower boilers in two bat-^^"^" 
teries located under the parking, near, but quite outside, the 
building at the east front. There also are the elevator and 
house pumps and the coal vaults of 3,000 tons capacity. 
About one-half of the boilers are under steam at one time, 
operating the main electric-lighting engines from dusk until 
10 o'clock p. m. ever)' week day except holidays, and the 
elevator and the machinery, ventilating fans, 
and pneumatic-tube apparatus all da}- and evening of the 
same days, and for lighting the grounds ever\- night the 
year round. Three thousand four-hundred tons of coal are 
consumed annually. Probably two-thirds of the warming 
of the building during cold weather is obtained incidentally 
without extra cost from the exhaust steam of the engines 
and pumps. 

The heating apparatus is located almost entirely in the 
cellar, and is on the so-called indirect system, which com- 
bines the warming with the ventilation of the building. 
Fresh air, taken direct from the outside, is heated by warm 
water coils in separate stacks distributed throughout the 
9957— <^i 23 


Report of the Librarian of Couirrcss. 

cellar, and carried in closed ducts and flues direct to the 
respective rooms. The water coils are arranged in six sepa- 
rate divisions, each with its system of circulating pi]>es and 
a pair of heaters or "hot-water stoves," wherein the water 
is heated by low-pressure stean. from the engine exhausts or 
direct from the boilers, as conditions may require. 

Warming and ventilation are thus accomplished by steam 
through the medium of circulating warm water. It is prob- 
ably the largest existing apparatus operated on this unusual 
plan, found to be the most economical for the extensive 
area covered by the building. The ventilation is mainly 
natural, b}'- means of direct flues from the rooms to the roof. 
A few electric blowers are used for the main Reading Room 
and book stacks in summer and on certain days in spring 
and fall. 
Ughting. Lighting. — For day lighting the building contains some 

2,200 windows and extensive skylights. For night service 
there are 7,624 incandescent electric lamps of various powers, 
equivalent to 9,863 of the ordinary 16 candlepower. Of 
these the equivalent of about 4,900 16 candlepower is in 
nightly until 10 o'clock, while the Library is oj)en to the 
public. The grounds are lighted all night b}- 184 lamps. 
The electric generating plant, located in the cellar (room 
K i), consists of three loo-kilowatt and one 25-kilowatt 
dynamos, driven bj' steam engines of about 400 horsepower 
in all. 

The public passenger elevators are located in the main 
stair hall, one large elevator for both pa.ssengers and freight 
near the rear entrance, one in each of the three book stacks, 
one in the Reading Room basement, one in the rear area, and 
one in the boiler room, all operated in one hydraulic system 
by a single pump. 
TeuphoMi. Telephones. — The building is provided with a local 
telephone exchange connected with the Capitol and city 
exchanges, by which comnnniication with the Library may 
be had at all times not only from all parts of the Capitol, 
but from any telephone of the public exchange. 

Between the main Reading Room and the book .stacks a set 
of pneumatic tubes for mes.sages and readers' tickets is pro- 
vided, and also a mechanical chain of carrying trays, 
by which a reader may obtain his book within three or four 

The Building and Groimds. 355 

minutes after his ticket is handed in. A pneumatic tube, 
a telephone, and a pair of large carriers on an endless cable 
also connect through a straight tunnel under the inter\'en- 
ing grounds with the Library station in the Capitol, located 
near the Statuary Hall on the main corridor and main floor. 
By these means communication is immediate and books are 
carried between the terminals in four or five minutes. 

Pneumatic tubes. — The pneumatic tubes are operated ^^^''<'"'»"^"> 
bj' compressed air, shooting short leather cases 2 inches in 
diameter in a few seconds between stations. Tubes run 
from the central desk in the Reading Room to each of the 
nine decks or stories in each stack. Ha\'ing received a 
reader's ticket, the deck attendant in the stack finds on 
the shelves the volume wanted and places it on the carrier 
rack, whence it is picked up automatically by the constantly 
moving machine and delivered at the Reading Room desk 
to be handed to the reader. When returned by him, it maj- 
be at once sent back to the stack by the same machine. 

Book Carriers. — These carriers consist of a pair of par- book car- 


allel endless sprocket chains, 20^ inches apart, driven 
throughout the day, without stop, by a small electric motor 
at a speed of 100 feet per minute. The chains run over 
sheaves of such size that the book trays, hanging on trunnions 
between the chains, may pass freely over the axles at the 
several changes of direction along the route. The course of 
the carrier is wholly in a vertical plane from a pair of over- 
head sheaves 8 feet above the Reading Room floor at the 
Reading Room desk, vertically downward to the cellar, thence 
horizontally below the ceiUng to the center of the book stack, 
where it turns vertically upward, passing through all the 
stories to the top of the stack to a pair of sprocket sheaves 
at that point, whence it returns to the Reading Room by a 
parallel route. 

Eighteen book trays are suspended to the chains at equal 
intervals. They are largely of aluminum, for Hghtness, the 
remainder being brass and iron. The tray bottoms consist 
of a horizontal set of parallel brass fingers, five-eighths inch 
apart, attached to the back of the tray and turning up shghtlj' 
in front to prevent the books from projecting over. This 
tray thus passes flatwise through similar flat sets of teeth, or 
toothed racks, located at the terminal station in the Reading 

356 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

Room and at each stack deck. At the deck stations two 
such racks are provided, one at the departing and the other 
at the arriving part of the chain for the automatic dehvery 
and taking on of books. In the Reading Room these two 
racks are both on the descending part of the chain one below 
the other, one .sloping inward the other outward. 

All taking on and delivery by the trays occurs in the two 
vertical portions of the route. For this purpose a pair of 
planed, vertical, stationary iron guides are provided which 
are engaged by the traveling trays through lubricated grooves 
or jaws on the sides, rigidly guiding the trays in their course. 

The capacity of the trays is the equivalent of a quarto 3^ 
inches thick. As it arrives at the delivery station its con- 
tents are combed off and slid into a softly-padded box. 

The automatic action of the traveling tray is secured 
through a set of ten movable spurs or keys on the back, one 
for each on the nine stack-deck stations, and one general 
key. When a book is taken on a dial is set by hand by 
which the general key is withdrawn, and the tray prevented 
from responding to any call to take on another book along 
the way until its load is discharged. If the book is proceed- 
ing from the Reading Room to a stack deck, the correspond- 
ing key for that deck is also projected and insures corr^t 
delivery. The capacit}^ of the carriers may be increased by 
adding trays along the chains. 
Capitol carrier CARRIER TO Capitol. — The Carrier to the Capitol consists 
of a small, flexible, endless wire cable running over large 
sheaves at either extremity of the route, and having attached 
to it at opposite ends of the loop grooved trolleys which run 
between a p^ir of rails parallel to each other and to the cable 
throughout the whole course of a quarter of a mile, includ- 
ing that over and under the sheaves. To each of the two 
trolleys is hung a carrier large enough to hold a bound vol- 
ume of newspapers, or a leather pouch, of similar shape and 
capacity, for smaller books and other matter. The carriers 
consist of a set of deep parallel hooks .similar to the hanging 
human hand with the fingers turned upward nearly to the 
top. Being hung from the top like a pendulum, it travels 
always in an upright position. Its loads are therefore taken 
on by passing upward through a corresponding toothed 
trough, and delivered by passing downward through a 

^^^te^^l i^^ 



^B \ \^"^ ^^^^B 


iJP — ^^dfe^l 




The Building and Grounds. 357 

toothed rack. The locations of the several carriers are indi- 
cated on the floor plans, and their construction, as nearly as 
possible, in the accompanj-ing photographic illustrations, 
Nos. I to 6. The reference letters indicate as follows: 
No. I. A, Tray on its way upward. 

B, Sending rack, which is drawn horizontally to right 

by first arri\-ing empty tray from below, picking 
off volume placed on it for Reading Room. 

C, Pneumatic tube to Reading Room. 
No. 2. A, Tray on its way downward. 

B, Recei\-ing rack on rocker cranks by which it is auto- 
matically tilted inward under arri\-ing tray hav- 
ing books to be delivered at this station. 

No. 3. Horizontal run of carrier in the cellar, seen from 
beneath. (May be best seen by holding it above 
the head. ) 

No. 4. Reading Room station. Recei\-ing box removed to 
expose the racks. 

A, Tray on way downward. 

B, Sending rack. 

C, Receiving rack. 

D, Dial and governing crank. 

No. 5. Carrier to Capitol, dri\-ing gear. (Room U 2.) 
Horizontal run seen disappearing to left. 
A, Carrier tra}- passing to left on its way under sheave, 
thence upward, over upper sheave (seen to left of 
A in ^-iew No. 6), thence downward to smaller 
sheave at left, thence off horizontally to the tun- 

No. 6. Carrier to Capitol. Terminal station. 

A, Carrier mox-ing upward over sheave and departing 

for the other terminal. 

B, Receiving rack slanting into recei\nng box. 

C, Sending rack just below, whence carrier, on its 

upward way. takes on large volume or pouch of 
small ones. 


Appendix I. 


General administration: For Librarian of Congress, $6,000; 
chief assistant librarian. $4,000; chief clerk, $2,500; Libra- 
rian's secretary, $1,800; I clerk, $900; I assistant messenger, 
$720; in all, $15,920. 

Mail and supply: For assistant in charge, $1 ,200; i aSvSist- 
ant, $900; I messenger boy, $360; in all, $2,460. 

Packing and stamping: For 2 attendants, at $720 each, 

Order (purchasing): For chief of division, $2,000; i as- 
sistant, $1,500; I assistant, $1,200; 3 assistants, at $900 
each; 2 assistants, at $720 each; 2 assistants, at $600 each; 
I assistant, $520; and 2 messenger boys, at $360 each; in all, 

Catalogue and shelf: For chief of division, $3,000; 3 
assistants, at $1,800 each; 6 assistants, at $1,500 each; 
I assistant, $1,400; 7 assistants, at $1,200 each; 3 assistants, 
at $1,000 each; 11 assistants, at $900 each; 2 assistants, at 
$800 each; 10 assistants, at $720 each; 3 assistants, at $600 
each; 10 assistants, at $540 each; 4 assistants, at $480 
each; 6 messengers, at $360 each; in all, $60,180. 

Binding: For i assistant in charge, $1,200; i a.ssistant, 
$900; I messenger boy, $360; in all, $2,460. 

Bibliography: For chief of division, $2,000; i a.ssistant, 
$1,200; 2 assistants, at $900 each; i assistant, $720; and i 
me.ssenger boy, $360; in all, $6,080. 

Reading rooms (including evening .service) and si^ecial 
collections; For superintendent of reading room, $3,000; 2 
assistants, at $1,500 each; 4 assistants, at $1,200 each; i 
assi.stant (reading room for the bhnd), $1,000; 5 a.s.sistants, 
at $900 each; ro assistants, at $720 each; evening service: 
5 assistants, $900 each; 15 as.sistants, at$72oeach; i attend- 


Appropriation Ad, 1901-02. 359 

ant, Senate reading room, $900; i attendant, Represent- 
,atives' reading room, $900; i attendant. Representatives' 
reading room, $720; 2 attendants, cloakrooms, at $720 
each; i attendant. Toner Librar>% $900; i attendant Wash- 
ingtonian Library, $900; 4 messenger boys, at $360 eacb; 2 
watchmen, at S720 each; in all, $47,440. 

Periodical (including evening ser\nce) : For chief of di\n- 
sion, $2,000; chief assistant, $1,500; 2 assistants, at $900 
each; 3 assistants, at $720 each; 2 messenger lx)ys, at $360 
each; for arrears of sorting and collating and to enable peri- 
odical reading room to be open in the evening, 2 assistants, 
at S720 each; in all, $9,620. 

Documents: For chief of division, $3,000; i assistant, 
$1,200; I assistant, $720; i messenger, S360; in all, $5,280. 

Manuscript: For chief of division, $1,500; 2 assistants, at 
$720 each; r messenger boy, $360; in all, $3,300. 

Maps and charts: Forchief of division, $2,000; i assistant, 
$::,20o; 2 assistants, at S900 each; i assistant, $720; • mes- 
senger boy, $360; in all. $6,080. 

Music: Forchief of division, $1,500; i assistant. $1,200; 
I assistant, $1,000; 2 assistants, at $720 each; i messenger 
boy, $360; in all, $5,500. 

Prints: For chief of division, $2,000; 3 assistants, at S900 
each; i messenger, $360; in all, $5. 060. 

Smithsonian deposit: For custodian, $1,500; i assistant, 
$1,200; I messenger, $720; i messenger boy, $360; in all, 

Congressional reference library- : For custodian, $1,500; 
I assistant, $1,200; i assistant, $900; i assistant, $720; 2 
messenger boys, at $360 each; in all, $5,040. 

Law library; For custodian, $2,500; 2 assistants, at 
*i,40o each; i messenger, $900; i assistant for evening 
service, $1,200; in all, $7,400. 

Copyright office, under the direction of the Librarian 
of Congress: Register of copyrights, $3,000; 4 clerks, at 
$1,800 each; 4 clerks, at $1,600 each; 4 clerks, at $1,400 
each; 9 clerks, at $1,200 each; 3 clerks, at $1,000 each; 8 
clerks, at $900 each; 2 clerks, at S800 each; 7 clerks, at 
$720 each; i clerk, S600; i messenger boy, $360. Arrears, 
special service: 3 clerks, at $1,200 each; i porter, $720; i 
messenger lx)y, $360; in all, $55,480. 

360 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

For special, temporar>', and miscellaneous sen'ice, at the 
discretion of the Librarian, to continue available until, 
expended, $2,000. 

Increase of Library of Congress: For purchase of 
books for the Library, and for freight, commissions, and 
traveling expenses incidental to the acquisition of Ixioks by 
purchase, gift, or exchange, $60,000; 

For purchase of books and subscription to periodicals for 
the Law Library, under the direction of the Chief Justice, 

For purchase of new books of reference for the Supreme 
Court, to be part of the Library of Congress and purchased 
by the marshal of the Supreme Court, under the direction 
of the Chief Justice, $1,500; 

For expenses of exchanging public documents for the 
publications of foreign governments, $1,800; 

For subscription to miscellaneous current periodicals and 
newspapers, $5,000; 

In all, $71,300. 

For miscellaneous and contingent expenses of the Library, 
stationery, supplies, and all stock and materials directly 
purchased, miscellaneous traveling expenses, postage, trans- 
portation, and all incidental expenses connected with the 
administration of the Librar>' and the copyright office, 

Custody, care, and maintenance of Library build- 
ing AND grounds: For superintendent of the Library 
building and grounds, $5,000; for clerks, messengers, watch- 
men, engineers, firemen, electricians, elevator conductors, 
mechanics, laborers, chanvomen, and others, as follows: 
Chief clerk, $2,060; clerk, $1,400; clerk, $1,000; messenger, 
$840; assistant messenger, $720; telephone operator, $600; 
captain of watch, $1,400; lieutenant of watch. $1,000; 18 
watchmen; carpenter, $900; painter, $900; foremen of lalx)r- 
ers, $900; 13 laborers, at $480 each; 2 attendants in ladies' 
room, at $480 each; 2 check boys, at $360 each; mistress of 
chanvomen, $425; charwoman, $240; 40 charwomen, at 
$240 each; chief engineer, $1,500; i assistant engineer, 
$1,200; 3 assistant engineers, at $1,000 each; electrician, 
$1,500; assistant electrician, $1,000; 2 macliinists, at $900 

Appropriation Act, i go 1-02. 361 

each; plumber, $900: 2 ele\'ator conductors, at $720 each; 
9 firemen: 6 skilled laborers, at S720 each; in all. S70.945. 

For fuel, lights, repairs, and miscellaneous supplies, elec- 
tric and steam apparatus, reference books, stationery- , and 
all incidental expenses in connection with the custody, care, 
and maintenance of said building and grounds, $25,000. 

For furniture, including partitions, screens, sheh-ing, and 
2 covered ways across courts, $60,000. 

Appendix II. 


I. Reports of the Librarian ok Congress. 

J866-X900. Annual report of the Librarian of Congress. 1 866-1900. 

This is also printed among the Congressional documents. 

1867. Special report of the Librarian of Congress to the Joint Com- 
mittee on the Library concerning the historical library of 
Peter Force, esq. 1867. 8 pp. 8°. 

1874. Letter from the Librarian of Congress to the President pro 
tempore of the Senate, accompanying a memorandum of an 
index to documents and debates of Congress. June 12, 
1874. 6 pp. 8°. (43d Cong., 1st sess. Senate mis. doc. 
no. 125.) 

1879. Report of the Librarian of Congress upon the American 
Archives, or Documentarj' History of the American Revo- 
lution, May 15, 1S79. [1S79.] 3 pp. 8°. (46th Cong., 
1st sess. Senate mis. doc. no. 34.) 

1895. Special report of the Librarian of Congress relating to the reor- 
ganization of the Library. [1895.] 16 pp. 8°. (54th 
Cong., 1st sess. Senate doc. no. 7. ) 

II. Catalogues of the Library. 

1802. Catalogue of books, maps, and charts belonging to the Library 

of the two Houses of Congress. April, 1802. [1802.] 10 
pp. 8°. 

1803. Supplement, October, 1803. 3 leaves. 8°. 

1804. Catalogue of books, maps, and charts belonging to the two 

Houses of Congress. 1804. 13 pp. 8°. 

1808. Catalogue of the books, maps, and charts belonging to the 
Library' established at the city of Washington for the two 
Houses of Congress, to which are annexed the statutes and 
by-laws relative to that institution. 1S08. 40 pp. 8°. 

1812. Catalogue of books, maps, and charts belonging to the Library 
established in the Capitol at the city of Washington for the 
two Houses of Congress, to which are annexe<l the statutes 
and by-iaws relative to that institution. 1812. loi pp. 8°. 

1815. Catalogue of the Library- of the United States, to which is an- 
nexed a copious index, alphabetically arranged. 1815. 
170, xxxii pp. 4°. (The Jeflferson Library.) 

i8ao. Supplement. 1820. 28 pp. 4°. 

1825. Supplement. 1825. 40 pp. 8°. 

1827. Supplement. 1S27. 109 pp. 8". 

1828. Supplement. 182S. 16 pp. 8*. 


Publications, i8oo-igoi. 363? 

1830. Catalogue of the Library of Congress. December, 1830. [1830.3 

25SPP. 8°. 

1831. Reprinted, with supplement. 1831. 362 pp. 8°. 

1831. Supplement. December. 1831. 259-320 pp. 8°. 

1833. Supplement. December, 1833. 92 pp. 8°. 

1834. Supplement. 1834. 13 pp. 8°. 

1835. Supplement. 1835. 22 pp. 8°. 

1837. Supplement. 1837. 24 pp. 8°. 

1839. Catalogue of books in the Law Department. 1839. 98 pp. 

8°. (Reprinted from the catalogue of 1840.) 

1840. Catalogue of the Library of Congress in the Capitol of the 

United States of America. 1840. 747 pp. 8°. 

1840. Supplement to the general catalogue. 1840. 28 pp^ 


1842. Supplement. 1S42. 29 pp, 8°. 

1843. Supplement. 1S43. 33 pp. 8°. 

1844. Supplement. 1844. 20 pp. 8°. 

1845. Supplement. 1845. ^9 PP- 8°. 

1846. Supplement. 1846. •12 pp. 8°. 

1847. Supplement. 1847. 23 pp. 8°. 

1848. Supplement. 184S. 46 pp. 8°. 

1849. Catalogue of the Library of Congress. [1S49.] 1,022 pp. 8°. 

1849. Catalogue of books in the Law Department. 1849- 

139 pp. 8°. (Reprinted from above. ; 

1850. Supplement to the general catalogue. 1850. 36 pp^ 


1851. Supplement. 1851. 33 pp. 8°. 

1852. Supplement. 1852. 129 pp. 8° 

1853. Supplement. 1853. 211 pp. 8°. 

1854. Supplement. 1S54. 295 pp. 8°. 

1855. Supplement. 1S55. 249 pp. 8°. 

1856. Supplement. 1S56. 125 pp. 8°. 

1857. Supplement. 1857. 93 pp. 8°. 

1858. Supplement. 185S. 71 pp. 8°. 

1859. Supplement. 1S59. 40 pp. 8°. 

i860. Supplement, i860. 37 pp. 8°. 

i860. Catalogue of the Law Department, i860. 225 pp. 8°. (Re> 
printed from the catalogue of 1861.) 

1861. Catalogue of the Libran,- of Congress. 1861. 1,398 pp. 8°. 

1862. Supplement to the general catalogue. 1862. So pp^ 


1862. Supplement. 1S62. 151,33 pp. 8°. 

1863. Supplement. 1863. 114 pp. 8°. 

1864. Supplement. 1S64. 113 pp. S°. 

1864. Alphabetical catalogue of the Libraiy of Congress. Authors. 

1864. 1,236 pp. 4°. 

1865. Supplement. 1S65. 210, 29 pp. 8°. 

1866. Supplement. 1866. 17S, 27 pp. 8°. 

1868. Supplement. 1S6S. 526 pp. 4°. 

1869. Supplement. 1S69. 323 pp. 4°. 

364 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

i86g. Catalogue of the Library of Congress. Index of subjects. 
1869. 2 vols. 4°. 

1869. Catalogue of the law books in the Library. 1869. 305 

pp. 4°. 

1870. Supplement to the general catalogue. 1870. 415 pp. 


1 87 1. Supplement. 1871. 381 pp. 4°. 

1872. Supplement. 1872. 597 pp. 4°. 

1874. Supplement. 1874. 492 pp. 4°. 

1876. Supplement. 1876. 3S3 pp. 4°. 

1878-80. Alphabetical catalogue of the Library of Congress. 1S78- 
1880. 2 vols. 4°. 

This catalogue was not completed. It ends with the entrj- " Cra- 
gin. '■ 

III. Special Publications of the Library. 

1839. Report from the Librarian of Congress, transmitting a cata- 
logue of all the laws, and of all the legislative and execu- 
tive journals and documents, of the several States and 
Territories now in the Library. [1S39.] 14 pp. 8°. 
(26th Cong., 1st sess. Senate report no. 16. ) 

1854. Catalogue of the Library of Congress. Chapter I. Ancient 
history. 1854. 77 pp. 8°. 

Prepared upon the plan recommended by Professor Jewett. 

Same. 19 pp. F*^ 

1866. Catalogue of publications of Societies and of periodical works 

belonging to the Smithsonian Institution, January i, 1866. 

Deposited in the Library of Congress. 1866. v, 591 pp. 

1869. Catalogue of works relating to Political Economy and the 

science of government, in the Librarj- of Congress. 

Arranged by subject-matters. 1869. 65 pp. 4°. 
1891-97. Catalogue of Title Entries of Books and other articles 

entered in the office of the Librarian of Congress, at 

Washington, under the copyright law. 1891-1897. 8°. 

Vol. 1, no. 1, July II, 1891, to Vol. 12, no. si3,June 28 to July 3, 1897. Weekly. 
Continued as a publication of the Copyright Office. 

1892. List of books, pamphlets, and periodicals relating to Banking 
and Finance (in the United States). [By A. R. SpofTord.] 
[1892.] 10 pp. 8°. 
Reprinted from 52d Cong., 2d sesH. Senate ex. doc. no. 3S, pt. i , pp. 19-29. 

1898. List of books relating to Hawaii (including references to 
collected works and periodicals), by A. P. C. Griffin, Assist- 
ant Librarian of Congress. 189S. 26 pp. 8°. 

1898. Alaska and the part of North America, 158S-1898. 
Maps in the Librarj- of Congres.s. By P. I^ee Phillips, 
Superintendent of Maps and Chart.s. 1S9S. 119 pp. 8°- 

Publications, 1800— igoi. 365 

1898. List of books relating to Cuba (including references to collected 
works and periodicals), by A. P.C. Griffin, Assistant Librarian 
of Congress. With Bibliography of Maps, by P. Lee Phillips, 
Superintendent Maps and Charts Department. 1898. 
61 pp. 8°. (55th Cong., 2d sess. Senate doc. no. 161.) 

Same. [Second edition, corrected.] 1S9S. 61 pp. 8°. 

I goo. Preliminary- list of books and pamphlets by Negro authors for 

Paris exposition and Library' of Congress. Compiled by 
Daniel Murray, Library of Congress. [1900.] 8 pp. 8°. 

icoo. List of maps and views of Washington and District of Columbia 
in the Libran.- of Congress, by P. Lee Phillips, Superin- 
tendent of Maps and Charts. 1900. 77 pp. 8°. (56th 
Cong., 1st sess. Senate doc. no. 154.) 

1900. List of books and of articles in periodicals relating to Inter- 
oceanic Canal and railway routes \ Nicaragua, Panama, 
Darien, and the valley of the Atrato; Tehuantepec and 
Honduras; Suez Canal ). By Hugh A. Morrison, jr.. of the 
Library of Congress. With an appendix: Bibliography of 
the United States public documents, prepared in the office 
of the Superintendent of Documents. 1900. 174 pp. 8°. 
(56th Cong., 1st sess. Senate doc. no. 59. ) 

1900. List of books ^with references to periodicals) relating to the 
theorv- of Colonization, government of dependencies, pro- 
tectorates, and related topics. By A. P. C. Griffin, Chief of 
Di\nsion of Bibliography. 1900. 131 pp. 8°. 

Same. Second edition with additions. 1900. 156 pp. 


Reprinted in Treasury Department. Bureau of Statistics. Colonial 

Administration, 1S00-1900. (In Summary of Commerce and Finance 

for October, 1901, pp. 1567-1626). 4^. 

1900. A list of books (with references to periodicals) relating to 

Trusts. By A. P. C. Griffin, chief, Division of Bibliography. 

1900. 20 pp. 8°. 

First printed as 56th Cong., ist sess., House concurrent resolution no. 55. 
May 31, 1900. 36 pp. 4°. 

1900. A list of books (with references to periodicals) on Mercantile 

Marine Subsidies. By A. P. C. Griffin, Chief of Di\-ision of 
Bibliography. 1900. 43 pp. 8°. 

Same. 1901. 43 pp. 8°. (56th Cong., 2d sess. 

Senate doc. no. 61.) 

1 90 1. A list of books (with references to periodicals) on the Danish 

West Indies. By A. P. C Griffin, Chief of Division of 
Bibliography. 1901. 18 pp. 8°. 

Same. 1901. 18 pp. 8°. (56th Cong., 2d sess. 

Senate doc. no. 223. ) 

1901. A list of books (with references to periodicals) on Porto 
Rico. By A. P. C. Griffin,Chief of Division of Bibliography. 

1901. 55 PP- S°. 

Same. 1901. 43 pp. 8°. (56th Cong., 2d sess. 

Senate doc. no. 222. ) 

366 Report of the Librarian of Congress. 

.igoi. A list of maps of America in the Library of Congress. Preceded 
by a list of works relating to Cartography. By P. Lee 
Phillips, Chief of the Division of Maps and Charts. 1901. 
1,137 pp. 8°- 

Same. 1901. 1,137 pp. 8°, (56th Cong., 2d sess. 

House doc. no. 516. ) 

igoi' A list of works relating to Cartography. By P. Lee Phillips, 

Chief of Division of Maps and Charts. 1901. 90 pp. 8°. 

\ Reprinted from the above. ) 
igoi. A calendar of Washington manuscripts in the Librarj- of 

Congress, Compiled under the direction of Herbert Frieden- 

wald, Ph. D. 1901. 315 pp. 8°. 
tiQoi. Union list of Periodicals currently received in the libraries of 

the District of Columbia. Compiled under the direction 

of A. P. C . Griffin, Chief of Division of Bibliography. 1901, 

315 pp. 4°. 
.1901. Check list of American newspapers in the Library of Congress. 

Compiled under the direction of Allan B. Slauson, Chief of 

Periodical Division. 1901. 292 pp. 4°. 
J901. List of books (witlj references to periodicals) on Samoa and 

Guam. Compiled under the direction of A, P. C. Griffin, 

Chief of Division of Bibliography. 1901. 54 pp. 8°. 

IV. Publications of Separate Offices. 

. /. Copyright Office. 

1897-1901. Catalogue of the Title Entries of Books and other articles 
entered in the office of the Register of Copyrights, Librarj- of 
Congress, at Washington, D. C, under the Copyright Law. 
1897-1901, etc. 8°. 

A continuation of the catalogue published by the I.ibrarian. Weekly. 
Vol. 13, no. 314, July 5 to 10, 1897, to vol. 29, no. 544, Dec. 5, 1901, etc. 

1898. Bulletin No. i. The Copyright Law of the United States. 
1898. 23 pp. 8°. 

New edition of this appeared in 1899, revised in 1899, revised in 1900. 

X899. Bulletin No. 2. Directions for securing copyrights. 1899. 

18 pp. 8°. 

New editions of this appeared in 1899 and 1900. 
xgoo. Bulletin No. 3. Copyright enactments, 1783-1900. 1900. 

83 pp. 8°. 
1900. Bulletin No. 4. Part i. Text of the convention creating the 

International Copyright Union. 1900. 13 pp. 8°. 
J900. Part 2. Instructions for registration for Copyright 

protection within the British Dominions. 1900. 14 pp. 8". 

Publications, i8oo-i^~. 367 

1900. Bulletin No. 4. Part 3. Rules and forms relating to Copy- 
right registration in Canada. 1900. 22 pp. 8°. 
1899-igoo. Information circular. 1899-1900, etc. 4°. 

An occasional publication, in circular-letter form. Numbers i to 35, ex- 
cepting numbers 2, 16. iS. 22. 32, 33, and 34. have been issued. 

2. Superintendent of the Library Building and Grounds. 

1897-1900. Annual report of the Superintendent of the Congressional 
Library- building. 1897-1900. 8°. 
Printed among the Congrressional documents. 

Appe»dix TIT. 


Argentine Republic: Jlinisterio de relaciones exteri- 
ores. Biblioteca Buenos Aires. 

Australia : Commonwealth Melbourne. 

Austria: K. K. Statistische Central-Commission. 

Bibliothek Vienna. 

Baden: Universitiits-Bibliothek Freiburg. 

Bavaria: Konigliche Hof- und Staats-Bibliothek Munich. 

Belgium: Bibliotheque royale Brussels. 

Brazil: Bibliotheca nacional Rio de Janeiro. 

Buenos Aires: Province. Library La Plata. 

Canada: Library of Parliament Ottawa. 

Chile: Biblioteca nacional Santiago. 

Colombia: Biblioteca nacional Bogota. 

Costa Rica: Oficina de deposito, reparto y canje inter- 

nacional San Jos^. 

Denmark: Store Kongelige Bibliotheket Copenhagen. 

England: British Museum London. 

France: Bibliotheque nationale Paris. 

Germany: Reichstag. Bibliothek Berlin. 

Greece: National Librarj' Athens. 

Haj^ti: Secretaire d'Etat des relations ext«^rieures .... Port au Prince. 

Hungary: of Delegates Budapest. 

India: Secretary to the Government of India Calcutta. 

Ireland: National Library Dublin. 

Italy: Biblioteca nazionale centrale Vittorio Emanuele . Rome. 

Japan: Foreign Office Tokio. 

Mexico: Mu.seo nacional Me.xico. 

Netherlands: Staten-generaal-Bibliotheek The Hague. 

New South Wales: Public Library Sydney. 

New Zealand: General As.sembly. Library Wellington. 

Norway: Departementet for det Indre Christiania. 

Ontario: Legislative Library Toronto. 

Peru: Biblioteca nacional Lima. 

Portugal: Bibliotheca nacional LisVK)n. 

Prussia: Konigliche Bibliothek Berlin. 

Quebec: Library of the Legislature Quebec. 

Queensland: Library of Parliament Bri.sbane. 

Russia: Imperatorskaia publichnaia biblioteka St. Petersburg 


List of Foreign Depositories. 369 

Saxony: Konigliche Bibliothek Dresden. 

South Australia: Parliamentary Librarj- Adelaide. 

Spain: Ministerio de Fomento. Seccion de propiedad 

intelectual Madrid. 

Sweden: Kongliga biblioteket Stockholm. 

Switzerland: Bibliotheque federale ... Bern. 

Tasmania: Librar\- of Parliament Hobart. 

Turkey: Ministry- of Public Instruction Constantinople. 

Uruguay: Oficina de dep<5sito, reparto y canje inter- 

nacional de publicaciones Montevideo. 

Venezuela: Biblioteca nacional Cardcas. 

Victoria: Public Librarj- ]Melboiu^e. 

Western Australia: Public Librarj- Perth. 

Wurttemberg: Konigliche Hofbibliothek Stuttgart. 

9957—01 24 

Appendix IV. 

Library of Congress, 
application for appointment to the library service. 

[This form is to be filled out in ink by the applicant himself. He .should first read 
the circular that accompanies it. He must not write upon the fourth page.] 

I hereby make application for the position of in the 

Division (a particular position or division need not be .specified; 
see below, questions 15 and 16) of the Library of Congress, and 
declare the information given below to be correct, and in my 
own handwriting. 

(Signature, every name in full:) 

(Post-office address:) 

(Legal residence:) 


1. Present occupation {if employed , give also name 0/ employer or 

institution, address, and precise position now held by you)} 

2. Date of birth? 3. Place of birth? 

4. Are you a citizen of the United States? 

5. Are you married or single? ( If widowed, please so 


White? Colored? 

7. Names of parents (living or deceased)? 

8. H^ve you any infirmity, physical or mental, of which you are 


9. Schools, Academy, College, at which you have been educated 

{state length of course, and degree, if taken. Give dates. ) 

10. Your past occupations {so far as employed, give dates, names, and 

addresses of employers; describe positions held by you)} 

11. Your special education, if any, for library work? 

12. Actual library experience, if any {institutions, dates, character of 

work done)} 

13. Any .special qualifications which you can present (in addition to 

what may be represented in your answers to the questions 
above), (for example: stenography, typewriting, a knowledge 
of bookkeeping, of foreign languages, special courses of study 

14. Have you ever been examined for the public service? If so, when, 

where, for what branch of the service, and with what 


15. {If you omit, as at your option you may, in paragraph one, to 
specify a particular position or Division) for what class of work 
in the Library of Congress do you consider yourself particularly 


Application for Appointment. 


fitted? For the purpose of this question you may consider the 
• existing work in the Library to be classified as follows: Admin- 
istrative (the purely executive work); clerical; ordering (hav- 
ing to do with the purchase or other acquisition of books); 
classification; cataloguing; maps and charts; manuscripts; fine 
arts; music; law; public documents; newspapers and period- 
icals; general reference; special reference (both of these deal- 
ing with the public and including the work at the delivery 
desk ) ; subordinate servnce ( pages, messengers, etc. )? 

16. If you do not specify a particular position, what is the lowest po- 

sition as to salary for which you desire this to be considered an 

17. Any other facts you desire to mention indicating (a) your special 

aptitude for librarj- work, or (^) your particular qualifications 
for service in this Libran,'. (^Be brief. ) 

18. References: The names below are to be written in by the appli- 

cant himself. They are not to be names of members of his 
immediate family, nor of members of the present Librarj- force. 
If you are, personally or as to capacity, known to any of the 
latter, append the names of such in a separate memorandum 
and refer to it under C below. ( Further references or testi- 
monials may be inclosed, but are not to be entered here.) 

A. The names and addresses of not exceeding six persons who 
know yon personally and will testify as to character. 



B. The names and addresses of not exceeding six persons 

(including, if need be, any of the above; who know 
personally of your capacity, 

C. Memorandum of certificates, testimonials, or other docu- 

ments inclosed \vith this application. Mention also 

any such previously filed. 

When completed, fold oblong tzcice, as indicated, and forward to 
the Librarian of Congress, Washington, D. C. 



Accessions, record of 218 

Africa, history and geography, present collections 303 

Agriculture, present collections 319 

Aid to readers 244 

Almanacs and yearbooks, present collections •. 321 

America, maps of, list 39. 4° 

American newspapers, check list of 38, 39 

American biography, present collections 297 

American history and topography, present collections 296, 297 

Americana, early, present collections 296 

Ana, proverbs, etc., present collections 311 

Anatomy and physiology, present collections 319 

Anglo-Saxon, present collections 307 

Appointments 210 

To library ser\'ice, application 370-371 

Appropriations, 1815-1875 1S9, 190 

Act, 1901-1902 358-361 

And expenditures 6-8 

And expenditures, 1900-1901, table 51 

Archaeology, select list of recent purchases 87-97 

Art and architecture, select list of recent purchases 97-102 

Asia, history- and geography, present collections 303 

Minor, histon,- and geography, present collections 303 

Astronomj-, present collections 316, 317 

Atlases, county 350 

Facsimile 349 

Foreign countries 346, 347 

Ptolemy ' 347 

Select list of recent purchases 145-150 

Australasia, history and geography, present collections 303 

Austria, histor\- and geography, present collections 301 

Beckley, John 1S4, 185 

Bibliography, Division of 41, 42; 241-243 

Bibliography, recent important accessions 76, 77 

Bindery 222 

Binding and repair 28 

Division 223 

Biography, general, present collections 301 

Blind, Reading room for the 44, 45, 196, 247, 248 

Book carriers 355-357 

Books, character of purchases 15-17 

Select list of recent purchases 75-150 

Special purchases, 1856-1883 190, 191 

Botany, present collections 3iq 


374 Index. 


Broadsides 343 

Britisli local history 76 

Building and grounds, organization 352-357 

Staff 180 

Canada, history and geography, present collections 298 

Carpenter, Matthew H., collection of 190 

Carriers, book .-. 355-357 

Carroll family, account books 22 

Catalogue cards, distribution of 29-37 

Distribution of, circular 69-74 

Catalogue Division, organization 224-241 

Estimates 9, 10 

Cataloguer, functions of 224, 225 

Catalogues, classed .- . . . 241 

Early 184, 185 

1S61-1865 188, 1S9 

Existing 235-240 

Cataloguing 229-233 

Classification and 28, 29 

Central America, history and geography, present collections . . 298 

Chemistry, present collections 317 

China, history and geography-, present collections 303 

Classical philology, present collections 308 

Classification 228, 229, 236 

Cataloguing and 28, 29 

Existing, of printed books 245, 246 

Classifier, functions of 224 

Cockburn, Martin, daybook and ledger 22 

Collections, select list of purchases 83-S7 

Colonization, list of books relating to 41, 42 

Columbus codex 23-25 

Commerce and statistics, present collections 304-305 

Confederate publications, present collections 297 

Congressional Reference Librarj- 49. 50, 247 

Constitution 198-208 

Conway, Gen. Henry Seymour, letters 22 

Copyright act, 1891, international 191, 192 

in foreign countries 290, 291 

Law 4^. 49 

Legislation 60, 61, 285, 286 

Union, International 290 

Copyright Office, register of copyrights, report, 1900-1901 52-66 

Organization 278-291 

Archives 280-282 

Articles deposited 66 

Business 64. 2S2 

Business prior to July i, 1897 59 

Cash receipts, 1897-1901 65 

Catalogue and Index 55. 56 

Index, 375 

CopjTight office — Continued. Page. 

Catalogue of Title Entries 55, 56, 283-284 

Current work 58, 59 

Deposits 54, 55. 285, 286 

Deposits, 1846-1S70 191 

Duties 288 

Entries 53-54-57, 282. 283 

Equipment 279, 280 

Expenditures 52, 53 

Fees 57, 288, 289 

Fees, table 62 

Force 280 

Functions 287 

Histor\' 278, 279 

Legal holidays 287 

Publications 283-285 

Receipts 52 

Receipts and expenses 8 

Receipts, table 59 

Statistics 8 

Correspondence, present collections 310 

Costume and orders of chivalry, present collections 301 

Cuba, copyright by inhabitants of 290, 291 

Histon.- and geography, present collections 298 

Cyclopaedias, present collections 320, 321 

Danish West Indies, list of books on 41 

Depositories, international exchanges 368-369 

Directories, present collections 321 

Distribution of printed catalogue cards 29-37 

Documents, Di\-ision of, organization 253-260 

Accessions 17-18 

Classified 331 

Exchanges 189, 270, 271, 368-369 

Foreign acquisitions of 257-258 

Joint resolution to regulate the distribution of 67, 68 

Parliamentary 329-330 

Present collections 327-331 

United States 256, 257 

Drama, present collections 311 

Dutch histor\- and literature, select list of recent purchases. . 108-119 

Ecclesiastical historj-, present collections 312-313 

Economics, select list of recent purchases 120-129 

Education, present collections 315-316 

Ellis papers 22 

English biography, present collections 299 

English genealogy' and heraldry-, present collections 299-300 

English history and topography, present collections 299 

Equipment 11, 12 

Estimates 9-1 1 

Essays, present collections 310 

376 Index. 


Ethics, present collections 315 

Ethnology, select list of recent purchases 142-145 

Europe, history and geography, present collections 301 

Exchanges 19 

International 189, 270, 271 

International, depositories 368-369 

Expenditures 6-8 

Fiction, American and English, present collections 311 

Foreign, present collections 311 

Juvenile, present collections 312 

Finance •. 6-8 

Fine arts and architecture, present collections 312 

Fires, 1825, 1851 188 

Florida, Spanish occupation, papers relating to 23 

Folklore, present collections . . 312 

Force collection 191, 336 

Prints 351 

France, history and geography, present collections 301-302 

Franco-Prussian war and the Commune of 1871, papers 26 

Franklin collection 190 

French history and memoirs, select list of recent purchases. . 102-108 

Genealogy, American, present collections 297 

English, present collections 299-300 

General, present collections 301 

Geography, present collections 300, 301 

Geology and mineralogy, present collections 318 

Germany, history and geography, present collections 302 

Gifts, manuscripts 19, 20 

Gifts, Orientiala -. 14, 15 

Greece, history and geography, present collections 302 

Hawaii, copyright by inhabitants of 291 

Heraldry, present collections 301 

Historical sketch 183-197 

History, general, present collections 300 

Hours, Library 44, 206, 207 

House of Representatives, Library of 203 

Hubbard, Gardiner Greene, collection 27, 193, 351 

Increase of the Librarj- 1 2-28 

Incunabula and printing, present collections 324 

India, history and geography, present collections 303 

Institutions, select list of recent purchases 129-139 

International copyright union 290 

International law, select list of recent purchases 139-142 

Irish history and topography, present collections 300 

Italy, history and geography, present collections 302 

Jefferson Librarj- 186, 187, 294 

Jefferson manuscripts 335 

Languages, Romance, present collections 307 

Semitic, present collections 308 

Index. 377 

Law, international, and foreign relations, present collections. 307, 334 

Select list of recent purchases 129-139 

Law Library-, organization 276-278 

Accessions 27, 77 

Catalogues 278 

Contents 334 

Establishment of, 1832 187 

History =76-277 

Number of volumes 333 

Present collections 333-335 

Privilege of use 276 

Law, present collections 306, 307 

Librarians, 1802-1901 179, 197 

Libran,- Company of Philadelphia 183, 184 

Librarv- of Congress, additional accommodations 192 

Committee on, report, 1S96-97 200, 201 

Constitution 198-20S 

Destruction of the, 1814 1S6 

Equipment 11,12 

Estimates 9-1 1 

General administration 209-211 

Historical sketch 183-197 

Hours 44, 206, 207 

Increase of the 12-28 

Maintenance 204 

New building 194, 195 

Organization 209-291 

Pri\-ileges of use 186, 205, 206 

Progress of 5, 6 

Publications, 1800-1901 362-367 

Regulations 186, 199, 200, 207 

Removal, 1897 195, 196 

Reorganization, 1897 196 

Staff 179 

Sunday opening 46-48 

Literature, present collections 310 

Loyalist papers 336 

Madison Debates, MSS 339 

Madison, Dolly, papers 335 

Mail and supply 211, 212 

Manuscripts, Division of, organization 261 

Accessions 19. 151-156 

Carroll family account books 22 

Central America 338 

Classification 262 

Cockbum, Martin, daybook 22 

Columbus codex 23-25 

Conwaj- letters 22 

Doll}- Madison papers 335 

Ellis papers 22 

9957—01 25 

378 Index. 

Manuscripts, Division of — Continued. Page. 

Estimates lo, n 

Force collection 191, 336 

Franco-Prussian war 26 



Great Britain 342-343 

Important purchases 20-26 

Jefferson rr. 335 

Loj-alist papers 336 

Madison's notes of debates 339 

Morris papers 20-22, 339 

North American 338 

Porter papers 25 

Present collections 335 

Repair of 261-262 

De Rochambeau papers I9I» 33^ 

Smithsonian collection 335, 336 

South American 338 

Spanish occupation of Florida 23 

United States 338-342 

Washington papers 342 

Watterston papers 20 

Maps and Charts, Division of, organization 263-266 

Accessions 26 

American maps 345 

Catalogues 266 

Classification ' 264-265 

Early American maps 345-346 

Eccentric maps 350 

Equipment 264 

Foreign maps :>47-349 

Foreign wars, :naps 349 

Geological maps 350 

Government maps 347 

Manuscript maps 345 

Present collections 344 

Repairing and mounting 264, 265-266 

United States maps 345 

Maps of America, list of 39. 40 

Marine subsidies, list of books on 41 

Marsh collection, prints 351 

Mathematics, present collections 316 

Mechanics and physics, present collections 317 

Medicine and surgery, present collections 320 

Mexico, history and geography, present collections 298 

Monumenta, select list of recent pixrchases 79-S3 

Morris, Robert, papers 2<t-22, 339 

Music, division of, organization 266-268 

Catalogues 267, 268 

Classification of 267-268 

Index. 379 


Music, present collections 350 

Processes 267 

Natural historj-, present collections 318 

Netherlands, history- and geograph}-, present collections 302 

Newspapers 248 

"Newspapers, American, check list of 38. 39 

List of, current!}- on file 157-176 

And periodicals, present collections 325-326 

Order division, organization 212-220 

Processes 216-220 

Organization 209 

Orientalia, gifts 14. 15 

Present collections 30S-310 

Paleography 344 

Present collections 323, 324 

Palestine history- and geography, present collections 303 

Periodicals, division of, organization 24S-253 

Catalogues 249 

Processes 250-253 

Union list of 37» 38 

Periodicals and newspapers, present collections 325-326 

Petigru, James Louis, Library- of 190 

Philolog}-, present collections 307 

Philosophy, present collections 315 

Photographing 208 

Poetn,-, present collections 311 

Political and economic science, present collections 303-306 

Politics, present collections 304 

Polj-graphy and collected works, present collections 320 

Porter papers 25 

Porto Rico, cop\-right by inhabitants of 290-291 

Historj- and geography, present collections 298 

List of books on 41 

Portugal, history- and geography, present collections 302 

Present collections 292-351 

Printing and incunabula, present collections 324 

Printing oflBce 221, 222 

Prints, di^•ision of, organization 268-269 

Accessions 27 

Catalogues 269 

Classification 269, 350-351 

Equipment 269 

Exhibits 46, 269-270 

Functions 268 

Hubbard collection 27, 193, 351 

Marsh collection 351 

Present collections 350-351 

Progress of the Library 5, 6 

Publications, Library- of Congress, 1800-1901 362-367 

1900-1901 37-42 

380 Index. 


Purchases, select list of recent 75-'50 

System of 214-216 

Readers 43 

Reading room for the blind 44, 45, 196, 247, 248 

Reading rooms 243-248 

Representatives' reading room 246 

Research 208 

Rhetoric and oratory, present collections 310 

Rich Library- 190 

Rochambeau, De, papers 191, 336 

Rockhill gift I4» ^5 

Rules and regulations 199, 200 

1808-1S15 1S6 

Russia, history and geography, present collections , 303 

St. ^lemin, portraits by, in Force collection 351 

Samoan islands, list of books on 42 

Scandinavia, histor\' and geography, present collections 302 

Scottish history and topography, present collections 300 

Senators' reading room 246 

Serials, current, accessions 27 

See also under Periodicals. 

Service, Library 9, 209 

Shorthand, present collections 323 

Smithsonian collection, manuscripts 335-336 

Smithsonian Deposit , 271-273 

present collections 332-333 

Smithsonian Division, organization 270-276 

Accessions 274-275 

Catalogues 274-275 

Smithsonian Library, transfer of 192 

Spain, copyright 290 

Spanish America, history and geography, present collections. . 298 

Social science, present collections 3i4"'3'5 

Soutli America, history and geography, present collections. 298-299 

Spain, history and geography, present collections 302 

Sunday opening 46-48 

Technology, present collections 317-318 

Theology, present collections 313 

Toner collection 192, 193, 298, 342 

Turkey in Europe, history and geography, present collections. . . 303 

L'se of the Library 43i 44 

Voyages and atlases, select list of recent purchases 145-' 50 

Washingtoniana, present collections 297-298 

Washington manuscripts, calendar of 40-41 

National monuments association 20 

Papers 342 

Watterston papers 20 

West Indies, history and geography, present collections 298 

Zoologj', present collections 3 19 


Z U.S. Library of Congress 
733 Report of the Librarian 
U$7A2 of Congress